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2 Corinthians 8:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I speak not by way of commandment, but as proving through the earnestness of others the sincerity also of your love.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I speak not by commandment, but by occasion of the forwardness of others, and to prove the sincerity of your love.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— I am not speaking [this] as a command, but as proving through the earnestness of others the sincerity of your love also.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I speak not by commandment, but by occasion of the forwardness of others, and to prove the sincerity of your love.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I do not speak as commanding [it], but through the zeal of others, and proving the genuineness of your love.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Not by way of injunction, do I speak, but through, others', earnestness, and, the genuineness of your own love, putting to the test.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— not according to command do I speak, but because of the diligence of others, and of your love proving the genuineness,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I speak not as commanding: but by the carefulness of others, approving also the good disposition of your charity.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I speake not by commandement, but by occasion of the forwardnesse of others, and to prooue the sinceritie of your loue.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Not as though commanding I command you, but, from the diligence of your companions, the truth of your love would I put to the test.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— I do not actually command you, but by the promptitude of your fellow [disciples], I would test the sincerity of your love.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I speak 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
by 2596
{2596} Prime
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
commandment, 2003
{2003} Prime
ἐπιταγή
epitage
{ep-ee-tag-ay'}
From G2004; an injunction or decree; by implication authoritativeness.
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
by occasion y1223
[1223] Standard
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
of x1223
(1223) Complement
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
forwardness 4710
{4710} Prime
σπουδή
spoude
{spoo-day'}
From G4692; 'speed', that is, (by implication) despatch, eagerness, earnestness.
of others, 2087
{2087} Prime
ἕτερος
heteros
{het'-er-os}
Of uncertain affinity; (an-, the) other or different.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
to prove 1381
{1381} Prime
δοκιμάζω
dokimazo
{dok-im-ad'-zo}
From G1384; to test (literally or figuratively); by implication to approve.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
sincerity 1103
{1103} Prime
γνήσιος
gnesios
{gnay'-see-os}
From the same as G1077; legitimate (of birth), that is, genuine.
of your 5212
{5212} Prime
ὑμέτερος
humeteros
{hoo-met'-er-os}
From G5210; yours, that is, pertaining to you.
love. 26
{0026} Prime
ἀγάπη
agape
{ag-ah'-pay}
From G0025; love, that is, affection or benevolence; specifically (plural) a love feast.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Corinthians 8:8

_ _ not by commandment — “not by way of commandment.”

_ _ but by occasion of the forwardness of others, and etc. — rather, “But by (mention of) the forwardness of others (as an inducement to you), and to prove (literally, ‘proving’) the sincerity of your love.” The Greek is “by means of,” not “on account of the forwardness,” etc. Bengel, Ellicott, and others translate, “By means of the forwardness of others, proving the sincerity of your love ALSO.” The former is the simpler construction in the Greek.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Corinthians 8:7-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Corinthians 8:8

(3) I speak not by commandment, but by occasion of the (e) forwardness of others, and to prove the (f) sincerity of your love.

(3) Thirdly, he warns them to live up to the expectation which Paul and his companions have conceived of them.

(e) At the request of the Macedonians.

(f) The naturalness of our love appears when we truly, and that frankly and freely, help our brethren even for Christ's sake.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
speak:

2 Corinthians 8:10 And herein I give [my] advice: for this is expedient for you, who have begun before, not only to do, but also to be forward a year ago.
2 Corinthians 9:7 Every man according as he purposeth in his heart, [so let him give]; not grudgingly, or of necessity: for God loveth a cheerful giver.
1 Corinthians 7:6 But I speak this by permission, [and] not of commandment.
1 Corinthians 7:12 But to the rest speak I, not the Lord: If any brother hath a wife that believeth not, and she be pleased to dwell with him, let him not put her away.
1 Corinthians 7:25 Now concerning virgins I have no commandment of the Lord: yet I give my judgment, as one that hath obtained mercy of the Lord to be faithful.

by occasion:

2 Corinthians 8:1-3 Moreover, brethren, we do you to wit of the grace of God bestowed on the churches of Macedonia; ... For to [their] power, I bear record, yea, and beyond [their] power [they were] willing of themselves;
2 Corinthians 9:2 For I know the forwardness of your mind, for which I boast of you to them of Macedonia, that Achaia was ready a year ago; and your zeal hath provoked very many.
Romans 11:12-14 Now if the fall of them [be] the riches of the world, and the diminishing of them the riches of the Gentiles; how much more their fulness? ... If by any means I may provoke to emulation [them which are] my flesh, and might save some of them.
Hebrews 10:24 And let us consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works:

prove:

2 Corinthians 8:24 Wherefore shew ye to them, and before the churches, the proof of your love, and of our boasting on your behalf.
2 Corinthians 6:6 By pureness, by knowledge, by longsuffering, by kindness, by the Holy Ghost, by love unfeigned,
Joshua 24:14 Now therefore fear the LORD, and serve him in sincerity and in truth: and put away the gods which your fathers served on the other side of the flood, and in Egypt; and serve ye the LORD.
Ezekiel 33:31 And they come unto thee as the people cometh, and they sit before thee [as] my people, and they hear thy words, but they will not do them: for with their mouth they shew much love, [but] their heart goeth after their covetousness.
Romans 12:9 [Let] love be without dissimulation. Abhor that which is evil; cleave to that which is good.
Ephesians 4:15 But speaking the truth in love, may grow up into him in all things, which is the head, [even] Christ:
*marg.
Ephesians 6:24 Grace [be] with all them that love our Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity. Amen. [[[To [the] Ephesians written from Rome, by Tychicus.]]]
James 2:14-16 What [doth it] profit, my brethren, though a man say he hath faith, and have not works? can faith save him? ... And one of you say unto them, Depart in peace, be [ye] warmed and filled; notwithstanding ye give them not those things which are needful to the body; what [doth it] profit?
1 Peter 1:22 Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren, [see that ye] love one another with a pure heart fervently:
1 John 3:17-19 But whoso hath this world's good, and seeth his brother have need, and shutteth up his bowels [of compassion] from him, how dwelleth the love of God in him? ... And hereby we know that we are of the truth, and shall assure our hearts before him.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jsh 24:14. Ezk 33:31. Ro 11:12; 12:9. 1Co 7:6, 12, 25. 2Co 6:6; 8:1, 10, 24; 9:2, 7. Ep 4:15; 6:24. He 10:24. Jm 2:14. 1P 1:22. 1Jn 3:17.

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