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2 Corinthians 8:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and [this], not as we had hoped, but first they gave their own selves to the Lord, and to us through the will of God.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And [this they did], not as we hoped, but first gave their own selves to the Lord, and unto us by the will of God.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and [this], not as we had expected, but they first gave themselves to the Lord and to us by the will of God.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And [this they did], not as we hoped, but first gave their own selves to the Lord, and to us by the will of God:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And not according as we hoped, but they gave themselves first to the Lord, and to us by God's will.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, not merely as we hoped, but, themselves, gave they, first, unto the Lord and unto us through God's will,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and not according as we expected, but themselves they did give first to the Lord, and to us, through the will of God,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And not as we hoped: but they gave their own selves, first to the Lord, then to us by the will of God;
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And this [they did], not as we hoped, but first gaue their owne selues to the Lord, and vnto vs, by the will of God.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And not as we had supposed, but they gave themselves up first to the Lord, and also to us by the will of Aloha.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And not [only] as we had expected, but they first gave themselves unto the Lord, and to us by the will of God.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
[this they did], not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
as 2531
{2531} Prime
καθώς
kathos
{kath-oce'}
From G2596 and G5613; just (or inasmuch) as, that.
we hoped, 1679
{1679} Prime
ἐλπίζω
elpizo
{el-pid'-zo}
From G1680; to expect or confide.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
first 4412
{4412} Prime
πρῶτον
proton
{pro'-ton}
Neuter of G4413 as an adverb (with or without G3588); firstly (in time, place, order, or importance).
gave 1325
{1325} Prime
δίδωμι
didomi
{did'-o-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary verb (which is used as an alternate in most of the tenses); to give (used in a very wide application, properly or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
their own selves 1438
{1438} Prime
ἑαυτοῦ
heautou
{heh-ow-too'}
(Including all the other cases); from a reflexive pronoun otherwise obsolete and the genitive (dative or accusative) of G0846; him (her, it, them, also [in conjunction with the personal pronoun of the other persons] my, thy, our, your) -self (-selves), etc.
to the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Lord, 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
unto us 2254
{2254} Prime
ἡμῖν
hemin
{hay-meen'}
Dative plural of G1473; to (or for, with, by) us.
by 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
the will 2307
{2307} Prime
θέλημα
thelema
{thel'-ay-mah}
From the prolonged form of G2309; a determination (properly the thing), that is, (actively) choice (specifically purpose, decree; abstractly volition) or (passively) inclination.
of God. 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on 2 Corinthians 8:3-5.


2 Corinthians 8:5

_ _ And this they did, not as we hoped — Translate, “And not as we hoped (that is, far beyond our hopes), but their own selves gave they first to the Lord.” “First,” not indicating priority of time, but first of all, above all in importance. The giving of themselves takes precedency of their other gifts, as being the motive which led them to the latter (Romans 15:16).

_ _ by the will of God — not “according to the will of God,” but “moved by the will of God, who made them willing” (Philippians 2:13). It is therefore called (2 Corinthians 8:1), “the grace of God.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Corinthians 8:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Corinthians 8:5

And not as we hoped — That is, beyond all we could hope. They gave themselves to us, by the will of God — In obedience to his will, to be wholly directed by us.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Corinthians 8:5

(2) And [this they did], not as we hoped, but first gave their own selves to the Lord, and unto us by the will of God.

(2) He amplifies the eagerness of the Macedonians in this, that they also desired Paul to stir up the Corinthians to accomplish the giving of alms by sending Titus to them again.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
first:

2 Corinthians 5:14-15 For the love of Christ constraineth us; because we thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead: ... And [that] he died for all, that they which live should not henceforth live unto themselves, but unto him which died for them, and rose again.
1 Samuel 1:28 Therefore also I have lent him to the LORD; as long as he liveth he shall be lent to the LORD. And he worshipped the LORD there.
2 Chronicles 30:8 Now be ye not stiffnecked, as your fathers [were, but] yield yourselves unto the LORD, and enter into his sanctuary, which he hath sanctified for ever: and serve the LORD your God, that the fierceness of his wrath may turn away from you.
Isaiah 44:3-5 For I will pour water upon him that is thirsty, and floods upon the dry ground: I will pour my spirit upon thy seed, and my blessing upon thine offspring: ... One shall say, I [am] the LORD'S; and another shall call [himself] by the name of Jacob; and another shall subscribe [with] his hand unto the LORD, and surname [himself] by the name of Israel.
Jeremiah 31:33 But this [shall be] the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people.
Zechariah 13:9 And I will bring the third part through the fire, and will refine them as silver is refined, and will try them as gold is tried: they shall call on my name, and I will hear them: I will say, It [is] my people: and they shall say, The LORD [is] my God.
Romans 6:13 Neither yield ye your members [as] instruments of unrighteousness unto sin: but yield yourselves unto God, as those that are alive from the dead, and your members [as] instruments of righteousness unto God.
Romans 12:1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, [which is] your reasonable service.
Romans 14:7-9 For none of us liveth to himself, and no man dieth to himself. ... For to this end Christ both died, and rose, and revived, that he might be Lord both of the dead and living.
1 Corinthians 6:19-20 What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost [which is] in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own? ... For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's.

unto:

2 Corinthians 4:5 For we preach not ourselves, but Christ Jesus the Lord; and ourselves your servants for Jesus' sake.
1 Chronicles 12:18 Then the spirit came upon Amasai, [who was] chief of the captains, [and he said], Thine [are we], David, and on thy side, thou son of Jesse: peace, peace [be] unto thee, and peace [be] to thine helpers; for thy God helpeth thee. Then David received them, and made them captains of the band.
2 Chronicles 30:12 Also in Judah the hand of God was to give them one heart to do the commandment of the king and of the princes, by the word of the LORD.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 1:28. 1Ch 12:18. 2Ch 30:8, 12. Is 44:3. Jr 31:33. Zc 13:9. Ro 6:13; 12:1; 14:7. 1Co 6:19. 2Co 4:5; 5:14.

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