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2 Corinthians 8:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— how that in much proof of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty abounded unto the riches of their liberality.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— How that in a great trial of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty abounded unto the riches of their liberality.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— that in a great ordeal of affliction their abundance of joy and their deep poverty overflowed in the wealth of their liberality.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— That in a great trial of affliction, the abundance of their joy, and their deep poverty, abounded to the riches of their liberality.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— that in a great trial of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty has abounded to the riches of their [free-hearted] liberality.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— That, in a great testing of tribulation, the superabounding of their joy and their deep destitution, superabounded unto the riches of their liberality;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— because in much trial of tribulation the abundance of their joy, and their deep poverty, did abound to the riches of their liberality;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— That in much experience of tribulation, they have had abundance of joy and their very deep poverty hath abounded unto the riches of their simplicity.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— How that in a great trial of affliction, the abundance of their ioy, and their deepe pouertie, abounded vnto the riches of their liberalitie.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— that in the great trial of their affliction there hath been an abounding of their joy; and the depth of their poverty hath been exceeded by the riches of their simplicity.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— that in the great trial of their affliction, there was an abounding to their joy, and the depth of their poverty was exuberant in the riches of their liberality.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
How that 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
a great 4183
{4183} Prime
πολύς
polus
{pol-oos'}
Including the forms from the alternate 'pollos'; (singular) much (in any respect) or (plural) many; neuter (singular) as adverb largely; neuter (plural) as adverb or noun often, mostly, largely.
trial 1382
{1382} Prime
δοκιμή
dokime
{dok-ee-may'}
From the same as G1384; test (abstractly or concretely); by implication trustiness.
of affliction 2347
{2347} Prime
θλῖψις
thlipsis
{thlip'-sis}
From G2346; pressure (literally or figuratively).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
abundance 4050
{4050} Prime
περισσεία
perisseia
{per-is-si'-ah}
From G4052; surplusage, that is, superabundance.
of their 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
joy 5479
{5479} Prime
χαρά
chara
{khar-ah'}
From G5463; cheerfulness, that is, calm delight.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
their 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
deep 899
{0899} Prime
βάθος
bathos
{bath'-os}
From the same as G0901; profundity, that is, (by implication) extent; (figuratively) mystery.
poverty 4432
{4432} Prime
πτωχεία
ptocheia
{pto-khi'-ah}
From G4433; beggary, that is, indigence (literally or figuratively).
y2596
[2596] Standard
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
abounded 4052
{4052} Prime
περισσεύω
perisseuo
{per-is-syoo'-o}
From G4053; to superabound (in quantity or quality), be in excess, be superfluous; also (transitively) to cause to superabound or excel.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
unto 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
riches 4149
{4149} Prime
πλοῦτος
ploutos
{ploo'-tos}
From the base of G4130; wealth (as fulness), that is, (literally) money, possessions, or (figuratively) abundance, richness, (specifically) valuable bestowment.
of their 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
liberality. 572
{0572} Prime
ἁπλότης
haplotes
{hap-lot'-ace}
From G0573; singleness, that is, (subjectively) sincerity (without dissimulation or self seeking), or (objectively) generosity (copious bestowal).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Corinthians 8:2

_ _ trial of affliction — The Greek expresses, “in affliction (or, ‘tribulation’) which tested them”; literally, “in a great testing of affliction.”

_ _ abundance of their joy — The greater was the depth of their poverty, the greater was the abundance of their joy. A delightful contrast in terms, and triumph, in fact, of spirit over flesh.

_ _ their deep povertyGreek, “their poverty down to the death of it.”

_ _ abounded unto the riches of their liberality — another beautiful contrast in terms: their poverty had the effect, not of producing stinted gifts, but of “abounding in the riches of liberality” (not as Margin, “simplicity”; though the idea of singleness of motive to God’s glory and man’s good, probably enters into the idea); (compare Romans 12:8, and Margin; 2 Corinthians 9:11, Margin; see on 2 Corinthians 9:13; James 1:5).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Corinthians 8:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Corinthians 8:2

In a great trial of affliction — Being continually persecuted, harassed, and plundered.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Corinthians 8:2

How that in a (b) great trial of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty abounded unto the riches of their liberality.

(b) For those manifold afflictions with which the Lord tried them did not stop their joyful readiness, but also made it much more excellent and well-known.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
in:

1 Thessalonians 1:6 And ye became followers of us, and of the Lord, having received the word in much affliction, with joy of the Holy Ghost:
1 Thessalonians 2:14 For ye, brethren, became followers of the churches of God which in Judaea are in Christ Jesus: for ye also have suffered like things of your own countrymen, even as they [have] of the Jews:
1 Thessalonians 3:3-4 That no man should be moved by these afflictions: for yourselves know that we are appointed thereunto. ... For verily, when we were with you, we told you before that we should suffer tribulation; even as it came to pass, and ye know.

the abundance:

Nehemiah 8:10-12 Then he said unto them, Go your way, eat the fat, and drink the sweet, and send portions unto them for whom nothing is prepared: for [this] day [is] holy unto our Lord: neither be ye sorry; for the joy of the LORD is your strength. ... And all the people went their way to eat, and to drink, and to send portions, and to make great mirth, because they had understood the words that were declared unto them.
Acts 2:45-46 And sold their possessions and goods, and parted them to all [men], as every man had need. ... And they, continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, did eat their meat with gladness and singleness of heart,

their deep:

Mark 12:42-44 And there came a certain poor widow, and she threw in two mites, which make a farthing. ... For all [they] did cast in of their abundance; but she of her want did cast in all that she had, [even] all her living.
Luke 21:1-4 And he looked up, and saw the rich men casting their gifts into the treasury. ... For all these have of their abundance cast in unto the offerings of God: but she of her penury hath cast in all the living that she had.
James 2:5 Hearken, my beloved brethren, Hath not God chosen the poor of this world rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which he hath promised to them that love him?
Revelation 2:9 I know thy works, and tribulation, and poverty, (but thou art rich) and [I know] the blasphemy of them which say they are Jews, and are not, but [are] the synagogue of Satan.

the riches:

2 Corinthians 6:10 As sorrowful, yet alway rejoicing; as poor, yet making many rich; as having nothing, and [yet] possessing all things.
2 Corinthians 9:11 Being enriched in every thing to all bountifulness, which causeth through us thanksgiving to God.
2 Corinthians 9:13 Whiles by the experiment of this ministration they glorify God for your professed subjection unto the gospel of Christ, and for [your] liberal distribution unto them, and unto all [men];
Deuteronomy 15:4 Save when there shall be no poor among you; for the LORD shall greatly bless thee in the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee [for] an inheritance to possess it:
Proverbs 11:25 The liberal soul shall be made fat: and he that watereth shall be watered also himself.
Isaiah 32:5-8 The vile person shall be no more called liberal, nor the churl said [to be] bountiful. ... But the liberal deviseth liberal things; and by liberal things shall he stand.

liberality:
Gr. simplicity,
2 Corinthians 1:12 For our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our conscience, that in simplicity and godly sincerity, not with fleshly wisdom, but by the grace of God, we have had our conversation in the world, and more abundantly to you-ward.
Romans 12:8 Or he that exhorteth, on exhortation: he that giveth, [let him do it] with simplicity; he that ruleth, with diligence; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 15:4. Ne 8:10. Pv 11:25. Is 32:5. Mk 12:42. Lk 21:1. Ac 2:45. Ro 12:8. 2Co 1:12; 6:10; 9:11, 13. 1Th 1:6; 2:14; 3:3. Jm 2:5. Rv 2:9.

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