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2 Corinthians 7:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For behold, this selfsame thing, that ye were made sorry after a godly sort, what earnest care it wrought in you, yea what clearing of yourselves, yea what indignation, yea what fear, yea what longing, yea what zeal, yea what avenging! In everything ye approved yourselves to be pure in the matter.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For behold this selfsame thing, that ye sorrowed after a godly sort, what carefulness it wrought in you, yea, [what] clearing of yourselves, yea, [what] indignation, yea, [what] fear, yea, [what] vehement desire, yea, [what] zeal, yea, [what] revenge! In all [things] ye have approved yourselves to be clear in this matter.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For behold what earnestness this very thing, this godly sorrow, has produced in you: what vindication of yourselves, what indignation, what fear, what longing, what zeal, what avenging of wrong! In everything you demonstrated yourselves to be innocent in the matter.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For behold this very thing, that ye sorrowed after a godly sort, what carefulness it wrought in you, yea, [what] clearing of yourselves, yea, [what] indignation, yea, [what] fear, yea, [what] vehement desire, yea, [what] zeal, yea, [what] avenging! In all [things] ye have approved yourselves to be clear in this matter.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For, behold, this same thing, your being grieved according to God, how much diligence it wrought in *you*, but [what] excusing [of yourselves], but [what] indignation, but [what] fear, but [what] ardent desire, but [what] zeal, but [what] vengeance: in every way ye have proved yourselves to be pure in the matter.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For lo! this very thing—the being caused to grieve, according to God:—what manner of diligence it wrought out in you,—nay! defence,—nay! sore displeasure,—nay! fear,—nay! earnest desire,—nay! jealousy,—nay! avenging. In every way, ye shewed yourselves to be, chaste, in the matter.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for, lo, this same thing—your being made sorry toward God—how much diligence it doth work in you! but defence, but displeasure, but fear, but longing desire, but zeal, but revenge; in every thing ye did approve yourselves to be pure in the matter.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For behold this selfsame thing, that you were made sorrowful according to God, how great carefulness it worketh in you: yea defence, yea indignation, yea fear, yea desire, yea zeal, yea revenge. In all things you have shewed yourselves to be undefiled in the matter.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For behold this selfe same thing that yee sorrowed after a godly sort, what carefulnesse it wrought in you, yea, [what] clearing of your selues, yea, [what] indignation, yea [what] feare, yea [what] vehement desire, yea [what] zeale, yea [what] reuenge; In all things yee haue approued your selues to be cleare in this matter.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For, behold, (in) this very (case) that you were made contrite for the sake of Aloha; what carefulness it wrought in you, and vindication, and displeasure, and fear, and love, and zeal, and punishment! And [thus] by every thing have you shown yourselves to be [now] pure in this matter.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For behold this same thing, that ye were distressed on account of God, what solicitude it wrought in you, and apologizing and indignation, and fear, and love, and zeal, and revenge? And in all things ye have shown, that ye are [now] pure in that matter.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
behold 2400
{2400} Prime
ἰδού
idou
{id-oo'}
Second person singular imperative middle voice of G1492; used as imperative lo!.
z5628
<5628> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 459
this 5124
{5124} Prime
τοῦτο
touto
{too'-to}
Neuter, singular, nomitive or accusative of G3778; that thing.
selfsame thing, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
that y5209
[5209] Standard
ὑμᾶς
humas
{hoo-mas'}
Accusative of G5210; you (as the object of a verb or preposition).
ye x5209
(5209) Complement
ὑμᾶς
humas
{hoo-mas'}
Accusative of G5210; you (as the object of a verb or preposition).
sorrowed 3076
{3076} Prime
λυπέω
lupeo
{loo-peh'-o}
From G3077; to distress; reflexively or passively to be sad.
z5683
<5683> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 159
after y2596
[2596] Standard
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
a godly sort, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
x2596
(2596) Complement
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
what 4214
{4214} Prime
πόσος
posos
{pos'-os}
From an obsolete 'pos' (who, what) and G3739; interrogitive pronoun (of amount) how much (large, long or [plural] many).
carefulness 4710
{4710} Prime
σπουδή
spoude
{spoo-day'}
From G4692; 'speed', that is, (by implication) despatch, eagerness, earnestness.
it wrought 2716
{2716} Prime
κατεργάζομαι
katergazomai
{kat-er-gad'-zom-ahee}
From G2596 and G2038; to work fully, that is, accomplish; by implication to finish, fashion.
z5662
<5662> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 352
in you, 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
yea, 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
[what] clearing of yourselves, 627
{0627} Prime
ἀπολογία
apologia
{ap-ol-og-ee'-ah}
From the same as G0626; a plea ('apology').
yea, 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
[what] indignation, 24
{0024} Prime
ἀγανάκτησις
aganaktesis
{ag-an-ak'-tay-sis}
From G0023; indignation.
yea, 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
[what] fear, 5401
{5401} Prime
φόβος
phobos
{fob'-os}
From a primary φέβομαι [[phebomai]] (to be put in fear); alarm or fright.
yea, 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
[what] vehement desire, 1972
{1972} Prime
ἐπιπόθησις
epipothesis
{ep-ee-poth'-ay-sis}
From G1971; a longing for.
yea, 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
[what] zeal, 2205
{2205} Prime
ζῆλος
zelos
{dzay'-los}
From G2204; properly heat, that is, (figuratively) 'zeal' (in a favorable sense, ardor; in an unfavorable one, jealousy, as of a husband [figuratively of God], or an enemy, malice).
yea, 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
[what] revenge! 1557
{1557} Prime
ἐκδίκησις
ekdikesis
{ek-dik'-ay-sis}
From G1556; vindication, retribution.
In 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
[things] ye have approved 4921
{4921} Prime
συνιστάω
sunistao
{soon-is-tah'-o}
From G4862 and G2476 (including its collateral forms); to set together, that is, (by implication) to introduce (favorably), or (figuratively) to exhibit; intransitively to stand near, or (figuratively) to constitute.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
yourselves 1438
{1438} Prime
ἑαυτοῦ
heautou
{heh-ow-too'}
(Including all the other cases); from a reflexive pronoun otherwise obsolete and the genitive (dative or accusative) of G0846; him (her, it, them, also [in conjunction with the personal pronoun of the other persons] my, thy, our, your) -self (-selves), etc.
to be 1511
{1511} Prime
εἶναι
einai
{i'-nahee}
Present infinitive from G1510; to exist.
z5750
<5750> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 135
clear 53
{0053} Prime
ἁγνός
hagnos
{hag-nos'}
From the same as G0040; properly clean, that is, (figuratively) innocent, modest, perfect.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
this matter. 4229
{4229} Prime
πρᾶγμα
pragma
{prag'-mah}
From G4238; a deed; by implication an affair; by extension an object (material).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Corinthians 7:11

_ _ Confirmation of 2 Corinthians 7:10 from the Corinthians’ own experience.

_ _ carefulness — solicitude, literally, “diligence”; opposed to their past negligence in the matter.

_ _ in youGreek “for you.”

_ _ yea — not only “carefulness” or diligence, but also “clearing of yourselves,” namely, to me by Titus: anxiety to show you disapproved of the deed.

_ _ indignation — against the offender.

_ _ fear — of the wrath of God, and of sinning any more [Sclater and Calvin]; fear of Paul [Grotius], (1 Corinthians 4:2, 1 Corinthians 4:19-21).

_ _ vehement desire — longing for restoration to Paul’s approval [Conybeare and Howson]. “Fear” is in spite of one’s self. “Longing desire” is spontaneous, and implies strong love and an aspiration for correction [Calvin]. “Desire” for the presence of Paul, as he had given them the hope of it (1 Corinthians 4:19; 1 Corinthians 16:5) [Grotius and Estius].

_ _ zeal — for right and for God’s honor against what is wrong. Or, “for the good of the soul of the offender” [Bengel].

_ _ revengeTranslate, “Exacting of punishment” (1 Corinthians 5:2, 1 Corinthians 5:3). Their “carefulness” was exhibited in the six points just specified: “clearing of themselves,” and “indignation” in relation to themselves; “fear” and “vehement desire” in respect to the apostle; “zeal” and “revenge” in respect to the offender [Bengel]; (compare 2 Corinthians 7:7).

_ _ In all — the respects just stated.

_ _ clearGreek, “pure,” namely, from complicity in the guilty deed. “Approved yourselves,” Greek, “commended yourselves.” Whatever suspicion of complicity rested on you (1 Corinthians 5:2, 1 Corinthians 5:6) through your former remissness, you have cleared off by your present strenuousness in reprobating the deed.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Corinthians 7:5-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Corinthians 7:11

How great diligence it wrought in you — Shown in all the following particulars. Yea, clearing of yourselves — Some had been more, some less, faulty; whence arose these various affections. Hence their apologizing and indignation, with respect to themselves; their fear and desire, with respect to the apostle; their zeal and revenge, with respect to the offender, yea, and themselves also. Clearing of yourselves — From either sharing in, or approving of, his sin. Indignation — That ye had not immediately corrected the offender. Fear — Of God's displeasure, or lest I should come with a rod. Vehement desire — To see me again. Zeal — For the glory of God, and the soul of that sinner. Yea, revenge — Ye took a kind of holy revenge upon yourselves, being scarce able to forgive yourselves. In all things ye — As a church. Have approved yourselves to be pure — That is, free from blame, since ye received my letter.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
that:

2 Corinthians 7:9 Now I rejoice, not that ye were made sorry, but that ye sorrowed to repentance: for ye were made sorry after a godly manner, that ye might receive damage by us in nothing.
Isaiah 66:2 For all those [things] hath mine hand made, and all those [things] have been, saith the LORD: but to this [man] will I look, [even] to [him that is] poor and of a contrite spirit, and trembleth at my word.
Zechariah 12:10-14 And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for [his] only [son], and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for [his] firstborn. ... All the families that remain, every family apart, and their wives apart.
1 Corinthians 5:2 And ye are puffed up, and have not rather mourned, that he that hath done this deed might be taken away from among you.

carefulness:

2 Corinthians 7:7 And not by his coming only, but by the consolation wherewith he was comforted in you, when he told us your earnest desire, your mourning, your fervent mind toward me; so that I rejoiced the more.
1 Corinthians 12:25 That there should be no schism in the body; but [that] the members should have the same care one for another.
Titus 3:8 [This is] a faithful saying, and these things I will that thou affirm constantly, that they which have believed in God might be careful to maintain good works. These things are good and profitable unto men.

clearing:

Genesis 44:6-7 And he overtook them, and he spake unto them these same words. ... And they said unto him, Wherefore saith my lord these words? God forbid that thy servants should do according to this thing:
1 Corinthians 5:13 But them that are without God judgeth. Therefore put away from among yourselves that wicked person.
Ephesians 5:11 And have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather reprove [them].
1 Timothy 5:21-22 I charge [thee] before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, and the elect angels, that thou observe these things without preferring one before another, doing nothing by partiality. ... Lay hands suddenly on no man, neither be partaker of other men's sins: keep thyself pure.

indignation:

2 Samuel 12:5-7 And David's anger was greatly kindled against the man; and he said to Nathan, [As] the LORD liveth, the man that hath done this [thing] shall surely die: ... And Nathan said to David, Thou [art] the man. Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, I anointed thee king over Israel, and I delivered thee out of the hand of Saul;
Nehemiah 5:6-13 And I was very angry when I heard their cry and these words. ... Also I shook my lap, and said, So God shake out every man from his house, and from his labour, that performeth not this promise, even thus be he shaken out, and emptied. And all the congregation said, Amen, and praised the LORD. And the people did according to this promise.
Nehemiah 13:25 And I contended with them, and cursed them, and smote certain of them, and plucked off their hair, and made them swear by God, [saying], Ye shall not give your daughters unto their sons, nor take their daughters unto your sons, or for yourselves.
Job 42:6 Wherefore I abhor [myself], and repent in dust and ashes.
Jeremiah 31:18-20 I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself [thus]; Thou hast chastised me, and I was chastised, as a bullock unaccustomed [to the yoke]: turn thou me, and I shall be turned; for thou [art] the LORD my God. ... [Is] Ephraim my dear son? [is he] a pleasant child? for since I spake against him, I do earnestly remember him still: therefore my bowels are troubled for him; I will surely have mercy upon him, saith the LORD.
Daniel 6:14 Then the king, when he heard [these] words, was sore displeased with himself, and set [his] heart on Daniel to deliver him: and he laboured till the going down of the sun to deliver him.
Mark 3:5 And when he had looked round about on them with anger, being grieved for the hardness of their hearts, he saith unto the man, Stretch forth thine hand. And he stretched [it] out: and his hand was restored whole as the other.
Ephesians 4:26 Be ye angry, and sin not: let not the sun go down upon your wrath:

fear:

2 Corinthians 7:1 Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God.
Psalms 2:11 Serve the LORD with fear, and rejoice with trembling.
Proverbs 14:16 A wise [man] feareth, and departeth from evil: but the fool rageth, and is confident.
Proverbs 28:14 Happy [is] the man that feareth alway: but he that hardeneth his heart shall fall into mischief.
Romans 11:20 Well; because of unbelief they were broken off, and thou standest by faith. Be not highminded, but fear:
Philippians 2:12 Wherefore, my beloved, as ye have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling.
Hebrews 4:1 Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left [us] of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it.
Hebrews 12:15-16 Looking diligently lest any man fail of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble [you], and thereby many be defiled; ... Lest there [be] any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birthright.
1 Peter 1:17 And if ye call on the Father, who without respect of persons judgeth according to every man's work, pass the time of your sojourning [here] in fear:
Jude 1:23 And others save with fear, pulling [them] out of the fire; hating even the garment spotted by the flesh.

vehement:

Psalms 38:9 Lord, all my desire [is] before thee; and my groaning is not hid from thee.
Psalms 42:1 [[To the chief Musician, Maschil, for the sons of Korah.]] As the hart panteth after the water brooks, so panteth my soul after thee, O God.
Psalms 130:6 My soul [waiteth] for the Lord more than they that watch for the morning: [I say, more than] they that watch for the morning.
Psalms 145:19 He will fulfil the desire of them that fear him: he also will hear their cry, and will save them.
Song of Songs 8:6 Set me as a seal upon thine heart, as a seal upon thine arm: for love [is] strong as death; jealousy [is] cruel as the grave: the coals thereof [are] coals of fire, [which hath a] most vehement flame.
Isaiah 26:8 Yea, in the way of thy judgments, O LORD, have we waited for thee; the desire of [our] soul [is] to thy name, and to the remembrance of thee.
1 Peter 2:2 As newborn babes, desire the sincere milk of the word, that ye may grow thereby:

zeal:

2 Corinthians 9:2 For I know the forwardness of your mind, for which I boast of you to them of Macedonia, that Achaia was ready a year ago; and your zeal hath provoked very many.
Psalms 69:9 For the zeal of thine house hath eaten me up; and the reproaches of them that reproached thee are fallen upon me.
Psalms 119:139 My zeal hath consumed me, because mine enemies have forgotten thy words.
John 2:17 And his disciples remembered that it was written, The zeal of thine house hath eaten me up.
Acts 17:16 Now while Paul waited for them at Athens, his spirit was stirred in him, when he saw the city wholly given to idolatry.

revenge:

Psalms 35:13 But as for me, when they were sick, my clothing [was] sackcloth: I humbled my soul with fasting; and my prayer returned into mine own bosom.
Matthew 5:29-30 And if thy right eye offend thee, pluck it out, and cast [it] from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not [that] thy whole body should be cast into hell. ... And if thy right hand offend thee, cut it off, and cast [it] from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not [that] thy whole body should be cast into hell.
Mark 9:43-48 And if thy hand offend thee, cut it off: it is better for thee to enter into life maimed, than having two hands to go into hell, into the fire that never shall be quenched: ... Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched.
Revelation 3:19 As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent.

approved:

2 Corinthians 6:4 But in all [things] approving ourselves as the ministers of God, in much patience, in afflictions, in necessities, in distresses,
2 Corinthians 13:7 Now I pray to God that ye do no evil; not that we should appear approved, but that ye should do that which is honest, though we be as reprobates.
Romans 14:18 For he that in these things serveth Christ [is] acceptable to God, and approved of men.
2 Timothy 2:15 Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.
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Gn 44:6. 2S 12:5. Ne 5:6; 13:25. Jb 42:6. Ps 2:11; 35:13; 38:9; 42:1; 69:9; 119:139; 130:6; 145:19. Pv 14:16; 28:14. So 8:6. Is 26:8; 66:2. Jr 31:18. Dn 6:14. Zc 12:10. Mt 5:29. Mk 3:5; 9:43. Jn 2:17. Ac 17:16. Ro 11:20; 14:18. 1Co 5:2, 13; 12:25. 2Co 6:4; 7:1, 7, 9; 9:2; 13:7. Ep 4:26; 5:11. Php 2:12. 1Ti 5:21. 2Ti 2:15. Tit 3:8. He 4:1; 12:15. 1P 1:17; 2:2. Jde 1:23. Rv 3:19.

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