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2 Corinthians 6:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Be not unequally yoked with unbelievers: for what fellowship have righteousness and iniquity? or what communion hath light with darkness?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Do not be bound together with unbelievers; for what partnership have righteousness and lawlessness, or what fellowship has light with darkness?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Be not diversely yoked with unbelievers; for what participation [is there] between righteousness and lawlessness? or what fellowship of light with darkness?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Be not getting diversely yoked with unbelievers; for what partnership have righteousness and lawlessness? Or what fellowship hath light with darkness?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Become not yoked with others—unbelievers, for what partaking [is there] to righteousness and lawlessness?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Bear not the yoke with unbelievers. For what participation hath justice with injustice? Or what fellowship hath light with darkness?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Be ye not vnequally yoked together with vnbeleeuers: for what fellowship hath righteousnesse with vnrighteousnesse? and what communion hath light with darknesse?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And be not sons of the yoke with them who believe not. For what participation hath righteousness with iniquity? Or what commixture hath the light with darkness?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And be ye not yoke-fellows with them that believe not: for what fellowship hath righteousness with iniquity? or what communion hath light with darkness?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Be x1096
(1096) Complement
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
ye y1096
[1096] Standard
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5737
<5737> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 152
not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
unequally yoked together 2086
{2086} Prime
ἑτεροζυγέω
heterozugeo
{het-er-od-zoog-eh'-o}
From a compound of G2087 and G2218; to yoke up differently, that is, (figuratively) to associate discordantly.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
with unbelievers: 571
{0571} Prime
ἄπιστος
apistos
{ap'-is-tos}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G4103; (actively) disbelieving, that is, without Christian faith (specifically a heathen); (passively) untrustworthy (person), or incredible (thing).
for 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
what 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
fellowship 3352
{3352} Prime
μετοχή
metoche
{met-okh-ay'}
From G3348; participation, that is, intercourse.
hath righteousness 1343
{1343} Prime
δικαιοσύνη
dikaiosune
{dik-ah-yos-oo'-nay}
From G1342; equity (of character or act); specifically (Christian) justification.
with 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
unrighteousness? 458
{0458} Prime
ἀνομία
anomia
{an-om-ee'-ah}
From G0459; illegality, that is, violation of law or (generally) wickedness.
and 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
what 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
communion 2842
{2842} Prime
κοινωνία
koinonia
{koy-nohn-ee'-ah}
From G2844; partnership, that is, (literally) participation, or (social) intercourse, or (pecuniary) benefaction.
hath light 5457
{5457} Prime
φῶς
phos
{foce}
From an obsolete φάω [[phao]] (to shine or make manifest, especially by rays; compare G5316 and G5346); luminousness (in the widest application, natural or artificial, abstract or concrete, literal or figurative).
with 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
darkness? 4655
{4655} Prime
σκότος
skotos
{skot'-os}
From the base of G4639; shadiness, that is, obscurity (literally or figuratively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Corinthians 6:14

_ _ Be notGreek,Become not.”

_ _ unequally yoked — “yoked with one alien in spirit.” The image is from the symbolical precept of the law (Leviticus 19:19), “Thou shalt not let thy cattle gender with a diverse kind”; or the precept (Deuteronomy 22:10), “Thou shalt not plough with an ox and an ass together.” Compare Deuteronomy 7:3, forbidding marriages with the heathen; also 1 Corinthians 7:39. The believer and unbeliever are utterly heterogeneous. Too close intercourse with unbelievers in other relations also is included (2 Corinthians 6:16; 1 Corinthians 8:10; 1 Corinthians 10:14).

_ _ fellowship — literally, “share,” or “participation.”

_ _ righteousness — the state of the believer, justified by faith.

_ _ unrighteousness — rather, as always translated elsewhere, “iniquity”; the state of the unbeliever, the fruit of unbelief.

_ _ light — of which believers are the children (1 Thessalonians 5:5).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Corinthians 6:11-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Corinthians 6:14

Be not unequally yoked with unbelievers — Christians with Jews or heathens. The apostle particularly speaks of marriage. But the reasons he urges equally hold against any needless intimacy with them. Of the five questions that follow, the three former contain the argument; the two latter, the conclusion.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Corinthians 6:14

(7) Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness?

(7) Now he rebukes them boldly, because they became fellows with infidels in outward idolatry, as though it were an indifferent thing. And this is the fourth part of this epistle, the conclusion of which is, that those whom the Lord has condescended to in calling them his children, must keep themselves pure, not only in mind, but also in body, that they may be completely holy to the Lord.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
unequally:

Exodus 34:16 And thou take of their daughters unto thy sons, and their daughters go a whoring after their gods, and make thy sons go a whoring after their gods.
Leviticus 19:19 Ye shall keep my statutes. Thou shalt not let thy cattle gender with a diverse kind: thou shalt not sow thy field with mingled seed: neither shall a garment mingled of linen and woollen come upon thee.
Deuteronomy 7:2-3 And when the LORD thy God shall deliver them before thee; thou shalt smite them, [and] utterly destroy them; thou shalt make no covenant with them, nor shew mercy unto them: ... Neither shalt thou make marriages with them; thy daughter thou shalt not give unto his son, nor his daughter shalt thou take unto thy son.
Deuteronomy 22:9-11 Thou shalt not sow thy vineyard with divers seeds: lest the fruit of thy seed which thou hast sown, and the fruit of thy vineyard, be defiled. ... Thou shalt not wear a garment of divers sorts, [as] of woollen and linen together.
Ezra 9:1-2 Now when these things were done, the princes came to me, saying, The people of Israel, and the priests, and the Levites, have not separated themselves from the people of the lands, [doing] according to their abominations, [even] of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Jebusites, the Ammonites, the Moabites, the Egyptians, and the Amorites. ... For they have taken of their daughters for themselves, and for their sons: so that the holy seed have mingled themselves with the people of [those] lands: yea, the hand of the princes and rulers hath been chief in this trespass.
Ezra 9:11-12 Which thou hast commanded by thy servants the prophets, saying, The land, unto which ye go to possess it, is an unclean land with the filthiness of the people of the lands, with their abominations, which have filled it from one end to another with their uncleanness. ... Now therefore give not your daughters unto their sons, neither take their daughters unto your sons, nor seek their peace or their wealth for ever: that ye may be strong, and eat the good of the land, and leave [it] for an inheritance to your children for ever.
Ezra 10:19 And they gave their hands that they would put away their wives; and [being] guilty, [they offered] a ram of the flock for their trespass.
Nehemiah 13:1-3 On that day they read in the book of Moses in the audience of the people; and therein was found written, that the Ammonite and the Moabite should not come into the congregation of God for ever; ... Now it came to pass, when they had heard the law, that they separated from Israel all the mixed multitude.
Nehemiah 13:23-26 In those days also saw I Jews [that] had married wives of Ashdod, of Ammon, [and] of Moab: ... Did not Solomon king of Israel sin by these things? yet among many nations was there no king like him, who was beloved of his God, and God made him king over all Israel: nevertheless even him did outlandish women cause to sin.
Psalms 106:35 But were mingled among the heathen, and learned their works.
Proverbs 22:24 Make no friendship with an angry man; and with a furious man thou shalt not go:
Malachi 2:11 Judah hath dealt treacherously, and an abomination is committed in Israel and in Jerusalem; for Judah hath profaned the holiness of the LORD which he loved, and hath married the daughter of a strange god.
Malachi 2:15 And did not he make one? Yet had he the residue of the spirit. And wherefore one? That he might seek a godly seed. Therefore take heed to your spirit, and let none deal treacherously against the wife of his youth.
1 Corinthians 5:9 I wrote unto you in an epistle not to company with fornicators:
1 Corinthians 7:39 The wife is bound by the law as long as her husband liveth; but if her husband be dead, she is at liberty to be married to whom she will; only in the Lord.
1 Corinthians 15:33 Be not deceived: evil communications corrupt good manners.
James 4:4 Ye adulterers and adulteresses, know ye not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God? whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God.

for:

1 Samuel 5:2-3 When the Philistines took the ark of God, they brought it into the house of Dagon, and set it by Dagon. ... And when they of Ashdod arose early on the morrow, behold, Dagon [was] fallen upon his face to the earth before the ark of the LORD. And they took Dagon, and set him in his place again.
1 Kings 18:21 And Elijah came unto all the people, and said, How long halt ye between two opinions? if the LORD [be] God, follow him: but if Baal, [then] follow him. And the people answered him not a word.
2 Chronicles 19:2 And Jehu the son of Hanani the seer went out to meet him, and said to king Jehoshaphat, Shouldest thou help the ungodly, and love them that hate the LORD? therefore [is] wrath upon thee from before the LORD.
Psalms 16:3 [But] to the saints that [are] in the earth, and [to] the excellent, in whom [is] all my delight.
Psalms 26:4-5 I have not sat with vain persons, neither will I go in with dissemblers. ... I have hated the congregation of evil doers; and will not sit with the wicked.
Psalms 26:9-10 Gather not my soul with sinners, nor my life with bloody men: ... In whose hands [is] mischief, and their right hand is full of bribes.
Psalms 44:20-21 If we have forgotten the name of our God, or stretched out our hands to a strange god; ... Shall not God search this out? for he knoweth the secrets of the heart.
Psalms 101:3-5 I will set no wicked thing before mine eyes: I hate the work of them that turn aside; [it] shall not cleave to me. ... Whoso privily slandereth his neighbour, him will I cut off: him that hath an high look and a proud heart will not I suffer.
Psalms 119:63 I [am] a companion of all [them] that fear thee, and of them that keep thy precepts.
Psalms 139:21-22 Do not I hate them, O LORD, that hate thee? and am not I grieved with those that rise up against thee? ... I hate them with perfect hatred: I count them mine enemies.
Proverbs 29:27 An unjust man [is] an abomination to the just: and [he that is] upright in the way [is] abomination to the wicked.
John 7:7 The world cannot hate you; but me it hateth, because I testify of it, that the works thereof are evil.
John 15:18-19 If the world hate you, ye know that it hated me before [it hated] you. ... If ye were of the world, the world would love his own: but because ye are not of the world, but I have chosen you out of the world, therefore the world hateth you.
Acts 4:23 And being let go, they went to their own company, and reported all that the chief priests and elders had said unto them.
1 Corinthians 10:21 Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils: ye cannot be partakers of the Lord's table, and of the table of devils.
Ephesians 5:6-11 Let no man deceive you with vain words: for because of these things cometh the wrath of God upon the children of disobedience. ... And have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather reprove [them].
1 John 3:12-14 Not as Cain, [who] was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And wherefore slew he him? Because his own works were evil, and his brother's righteous. ... We know that we have passed from death unto life, because we love the brethren. He that loveth not [his] brother abideth in death.

and what:

Proverbs 8:18-19 Riches and honour [are] with me; [yea], durable riches and righteousness. ... My fruit [is] better than gold, yea, than fine gold; and my revenue than choice silver.
Romans 13:12-14 The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light. ... But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to [fulfil] the lusts [thereof].
Ephesians 4:17-20 This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that ye henceforth walk not as other Gentiles walk, in the vanity of their mind, ... But ye have not so learned Christ;
Ephesians 5:8-14 For ye were sometimes darkness, but now [are ye] light in the Lord: walk as children of light: ... Wherefore he saith, Awake thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall give thee light.
Philippians 2:15 That ye may be blameless and harmless, the sons of God, without rebuke, in the midst of a crooked and perverse nation, among whom ye shine as lights in the world;
1 Thessalonians 5:4-8 But ye, brethren, are not in darkness, that that day should overtake you as a thief. ... But let us, who are of the day, be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love; and for an helmet, the hope of salvation.
1 Peter 2:9-10 But ye [are] a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light: ... Which in time past [were] not a people, but [are] now the people of God: which had not obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy.
1 Peter 4:2-4 That he no longer should live the rest of [his] time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to the will of God. ... Wherein they think it strange that ye run not with [them] to the same excess of riot, speaking evil of [you]:
1 John 1:5-7 This then is the message which we have heard of him, and declare unto you, that God is light, and in him is no darkness at all. ... But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin.
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Ex 34:16. Lv 19:19. Dt 7:2; 22:9. 1S 5:2. 1K 18:21. 2Ch 19:2. Ezr 9:1, 11; 10:19. Ne 13:1, 23. Ps 16:3; 26:4, 9; 44:20; 101:3; 106:35; 119:63; 139:21. Pv 8:18; 22:24; 29:27. Mal 2:11, 15. Jn 7:7; 15:18. Ac 4:23. Ro 13:12. 1Co 5:9; 7:39; 10:21; 15:33. Ep 4:17; 5:6, 8. Php 2:15. 1Th 5:4. Jm 4:4. 1P 2:9; 4:2. 1Jn 1:5; 3:12.

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