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2 Corinthians 5:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Now he that wrought us for this very thing is God, who gave unto us the earnest of the Spirit.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Now he that hath wrought us for the selfsame thing [is] God, who also hath given unto us the earnest of the Spirit.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now He who prepared us for this very purpose is God, who gave to us the Spirit as a pledge.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Now he that hath wrought us for this same thing [is] God, who also hath given to us the earnest of the Spirit.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Now he that has wrought us for this very thing [is] God, who also has given to us the earnest of the Spirit.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now, he that hath wrought us for this very thing, is, God,—who hath given unto us the earnest of the Spirit,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And He who did work us to this self-same thing [is] God, who also did give to us the earnest of the Spirit;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now he that maketh us for this very thing is God, who hath given us the pledge of the Spirit,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Now he that hath wrought vs for the selfe same thing, [is] God, who also hath giuen vnto vs the earnest of the spirit.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And he who prepareth us for this is Aloha, who hath given to us the earnest-pledge of his Spirit.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And he that prepareth us for this thing, is God: who hath given us the earnest of his Spirit.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Now 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
he that hath wrought 2716
{2716} Prime
κατεργάζομαι
katergazomai
{kat-er-gad'-zom-ahee}
From G2596 and G2038; to work fully, that is, accomplish; by implication to finish, fashion.
z5666
<5666> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 88
us 2248
{2248} Prime
ἡμᾶς
hemas
{hay-mas'}
Accusative plural of G1473; us.
for 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
the selfsame thing 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
5124
{5124} Prime
τοῦτο
touto
{too'-to}
Neuter, singular, nomitive or accusative of G3778; that thing.
[is] God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
who y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
also y2532
[2532] Standard
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
hath given 1325
{1325} Prime
δίδωμι
didomi
{did'-o-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary verb (which is used as an alternate in most of the tenses); to give (used in a very wide application, properly or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection).
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
x2532
(2532) Complement
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
unto us 2254
{2254} Prime
ἡμῖν
hemin
{hay-meen'}
Dative plural of G1473; to (or for, with, by) us.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
earnest 728
{0728} Prime
ἀρραβών
arrhabon
{ar-hrab-ohn'}
Of Hebrew origin [H6162]; a pledge, that is, part of the purchase money or property given in advance as security for the rest.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Spirit. 4151
{4151} Prime
πνεῦμα
pneuma
{pnyoo'-mah}
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Corinthians 5:5

_ _ wrought us — framed us by redemption, justification, and sanctification.

_ _ for the selfsame thing — “unto” it; namely, unto what is mortal of us being swallowed up in life (2 Corinthians 5:4).

_ _ who also — The oldest manuscripts omit “also.”

_ _ earnest of the Spirit — (See on 2 Corinthians 1:22). It is the Spirit (as “the first-fruits”) who creates in us the groaning desire for our coming deliverance and glory (Romans 8:23).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Corinthians 5:1-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Corinthians 5:5

Now he that hath wrought us to this very thing — This longing for immortality. Is God — For none but God, none less than the Almighty, could have wrought this in us.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Corinthians 5:5

Now he that hath (c) wrought us for the selfsame thing [is] God, who also hath given unto us the earnest of the Spirit.

(c) He means that first creation, to show us that our bodies were made to this end, that they should be clothed with heavenly immortality.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
wrought:

2 Corinthians 4:17 For our light affliction, which is but for a moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding [and] eternal weight of glory;
Isaiah 29:23 But when he seeth his children, the work of mine hands, in the midst of him, they shall sanctify my name, and sanctify the Holy One of Jacob, and shall fear the God of Israel.
Isaiah 60:21 Thy people also [shall be] all righteous: they shall inherit the land for ever, the branch of my planting, the work of my hands, that I may be glorified.
Isaiah 61:3 To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the LORD, that he might be glorified.
Ephesians 2:10 For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them.

the earnest:

2 Corinthians 1:22 Who hath also sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.
Numbers 13:23-27 And they came unto the brook of Eshcol, and cut down from thence a branch with one cluster of grapes, and they bare it between two upon a staff; and [they brought] of the pomegranates, and of the figs. ... And they told him, and said, We came unto the land whither thou sentest us, and surely it floweth with milk and honey; and this [is] the fruit of it.
Romans 8:23 And not only [they], but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, [to wit], the redemption of our body.
Ephesians 1:13-14 In whom ye also [trusted], after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise, ... Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory.
Ephesians 4:30 And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption.
1 John 3:24 And he that keepeth his commandments dwelleth in him, and he in him. And hereby we know that he abideth in us, by the Spirit which he hath given us.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 13:23. Is 29:23; 60:21; 61:3. Ro 8:23. 2Co 1:22; 4:17. Ep 1:13; 2:10; 4:30. 1Jn 3:24.

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