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2 Corinthians 5:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and he died for all, that they that live should no longer live unto themselves, but unto him who for their sakes died and rose again.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And [that] he died for all, that they which live should not henceforth live unto themselves, but unto him which died for them, and rose again.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and He died for all, so that they who live might no longer live for themselves, but for Him who died and rose again on their behalf.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And [that] he died for all, that they who live should not henceforth live to themselves, but to him who died for them, and rose again.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and he died for all, that they who live should no longer live to themselves, but to him who died for them and has been raised.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and, in behalf of all, died he,—in order that, they who live, no longer for themselves, should live, but for him who, in their behalf, died and rose again.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and for all he died, that those living, no more to themselves may live, but to him who died for them, and was raised again.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Christ died for all: that they also who live may not now live to themselves, but unto him who died for them and rose again.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And that he died for all, that they which liue, should not hencefoorth liue vnto themselues, but vnto him which died for them, and rose againe.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And for every man he died, that they who live should not live to themselves, but to him who on their behalf died and arose.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And he died for all, that they who live should not live to themselves, but to him who died for them and rose again.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
[that] he died 599
{0599} Prime
ἀποθνῄσκω
apothnesko
{ap-oth-nace'-ko}
From G0575 and G2348; to die off (literally or figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
for 5228
{5228} Prime
ὑπέρ
huper
{hoop-er'}
A primary preposition; 'over', that is, (with the genitive case) of place, above, beyond, across, or causal, for the sake of, instead, regarding; with the accusative case superior to, more than. In compounds it retains many of the listed applications.
all, 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
that 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
they which live 2198
{2198} Prime
ζάω
zao
{dzah'-o}
A primary verb; to live (literally or figuratively).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
should y2198
[2198] Standard
ζάω
zao
{dzah'-o}
A primary verb; to live (literally or figuratively).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not henceforth 3371
{3371} Prime
μηκέτι
meketi
{may-ket'-ee}
From G3361 and G2089; no further.
live 2198
{2198} Prime
ζάω
zao
{dzah'-o}
A primary verb; to live (literally or figuratively).
z5725
<5725> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 352
unto themselves, 1438
{1438} Prime
ἑαυτοῦ
heautou
{heh-ow-too'}
(Including all the other cases); from a reflexive pronoun otherwise obsolete and the genitive (dative or accusative) of G0846; him (her, it, them, also [in conjunction with the personal pronoun of the other persons] my, thy, our, your) -self (-selves), etc.
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
unto him which died 599
{0599} Prime
ἀποθνῄσκω
apothnesko
{ap-oth-nace'-ko}
From G0575 and G2348; to die off (literally or figuratively).
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
for 5228
{5228} Prime
ὑπέρ
huper
{hoop-er'}
A primary preposition; 'over', that is, (with the genitive case) of place, above, beyond, across, or causal, for the sake of, instead, regarding; with the accusative case superior to, more than. In compounds it retains many of the listed applications.
them, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
rose again. 1453
{1453} Prime
ἐγείρω
egeiro
{eg-i'-ro}
Probably akin to the base of G0058 (through the idea of collecting one's faculties); to waken (transitively or intransitively), that is, rouse (literally from sleep, from sitting or lying, from disease, from death; or figuratively from obscurity, inactivity, ruins, nonexistence).
z5685
<5685> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 215
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Corinthians 5:15

_ _ they which live — in the present life (2 Corinthians 4:11, “we which live”) [Alford]; or, they who are thus indebted to Him for life of soul as well as body [Menochius].

_ _ died for them — He does not add, “rose again for them,” a phrase not found in Paul’s language [Bengel]. He died in their stead, He arose again for their good,for (the effecting of) their justification” (Romans 4:25), and that He might be their Lord (Romans 14:7-9). Ellicott and Alford join “for them” with both “died” and “rose again”; as Christ’s death is our death, so His resurrection is our resurrection; Greek, “Who for them died and rose again.”

_ _ not henceforthGreek, “no longer”; namely, now that His death for them has taken place, and that they know that His death saves them from death eternal, and His resurrection life brings spiritual and everlasting life to them.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Corinthians 5:12-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Corinthians 5:15

And that he died for all — That all might be saved. That they who live — That all who live upon the earth. Should not henceforth — From the moment they know him. Live unto themselves — Seek their own honour, profit, pleasure. But unto him — In all righteousness and true holiness.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Corinthians 5:15

And [that] he died for all, that they which live should not henceforth (n) live unto themselves, but unto him which died for them, and rose again.

(n) See See Romans 6:1-7:25

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
that they:

2 Corinthians 3:6 Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament; not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life.
Ezekiel 16:6 And when I passed by thee, and saw thee polluted in thine own blood, I said unto thee [when thou wast] in thy blood, Live; yea, I said unto thee [when thou wast] in thy blood, Live.
Ezekiel 37:9 Then said he unto me, Prophesy unto the wind, prophesy, son of man, and say to the wind, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe upon these slain, that they may live.
Ezekiel 37:14 And shall put my spirit in you, and ye shall live, and I shall place you in your own land: then shall ye know that I the LORD have spoken [it], and performed [it], saith the LORD.
Habakkuk 2:4 Behold, his soul [which] is lifted up is not upright in him: but the just shall live by his faith.
Zechariah 10:9 And I will sow them among the people: and they shall remember me in far countries; and they shall live with their children, and turn again.
John 3:15-16 That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life. ... For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
John 5:24 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life.
John 6:57 As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father: so he that eateth me, even he shall live by me.
Romans 6:2 God forbid. How shall we, that are dead to sin, live any longer therein?
Romans 6:11-12 Likewise reckon ye also yourselves to be dead indeed unto sin, but alive unto God through Jesus Christ our Lord. ... Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body, that ye should obey it in the lusts thereof.
Romans 8:2 For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death.
Romans 8:6 For to be carnally minded [is] death; but to be spiritually minded [is] life and peace.
Romans 8:10 And if Christ [be] in you, the body [is] dead because of sin; but the Spirit [is] life because of righteousness.
Romans 14:7-8 For none of us liveth to himself, and no man dieth to himself. ... For whether we live, we live unto the Lord; and whether we die, we die unto the Lord: whether we live therefore, or die, we are the Lord's.
1 Corinthians 6:19-20 What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost [which is] in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own? ... For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's.
Galatians 2:20 I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me.
Galatians 5:25 If we live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit.
Ephesians 5:14 Wherefore he saith, Awake thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall give thee light.
Colossians 2:12 Buried with him in baptism, wherein also ye are risen with [him] through the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him from the dead.
Colossians 3:1 If ye then be risen with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ sitteth on the right hand of God.
1 Peter 4:6 For for this cause was the gospel preached also to them that are dead, that they might be judged according to men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit.
1 John 4:9 In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him.

henceforth:

2 Corinthians 5:16 Wherefore henceforth know we no man after the flesh: yea, though we have known Christ after the flesh, yet now henceforth know we [him] no more.
2 Kings 5:17 And Naaman said, Shall there not then, I pray thee, be given to thy servant two mules' burden of earth? for thy servant will henceforth offer neither burnt offering nor sacrifice unto other gods, but unto the LORD.
Romans 6:6 Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with [him], that the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin.
Ephesians 4:17 This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that ye henceforth walk not as other Gentiles walk, in the vanity of their mind,
1 Peter 1:14-15 As obedient children, not fashioning yourselves according to the former lusts in your ignorance: ... But as he which hath called you is holy, so be ye holy in all manner of conversation;
1 Peter 4:2-4 That he no longer should live the rest of [his] time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to the will of God. ... Wherein they think it strange that ye run not with [them] to the same excess of riot, speaking evil of [you]:

live unto:

Luke 1:74 That he would grant unto us, that we being delivered out of the hand of our enemies might serve him without fear,
Romans 6:13 Neither yield ye your members [as] instruments of unrighteousness unto sin: but yield yourselves unto God, as those that are alive from the dead, and your members [as] instruments of righteousness unto God.
Romans 12:1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, [which is] your reasonable service.
Romans 14:7-9 For none of us liveth to himself, and no man dieth to himself. ... For to this end Christ both died, and rose, and revived, that he might be Lord both of the dead and living.
1 Corinthians 6:20 For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's.
1 Corinthians 10:33 Even as I please all [men] in all [things], not seeking mine own profit, but the [profit] of many, that they may be saved.
Galatians 2:19 For I through the law am dead to the law, that I might live unto God.
Philippians 1:20-21 According to my earnest expectation and [my] hope, that in nothing I shall be ashamed, but [that] with all boldness, as always, [so] now also Christ shall be magnified in my body, whether [it be] by life, or by death. ... For to me to live [is] Christ, and to die [is] gain.
Colossians 3:17 And whatsoever ye do in word or deed, [do] all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God and the Father by him.
Colossians 3:23 And whatsoever ye do, do [it] heartily, as to the Lord, and not unto men;
1 Thessalonians 5:10 Who died for us, that, whether we wake or sleep, we should live together with him.
Titus 2:14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.
Hebrews 13:20-21 Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant, ... Make you perfect in every good work to do his will, working in you that which is wellpleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ; to whom [be] glory for ever and ever. Amen.
Revelation 1:18 I [am] he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.
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2K 5:17. Ezk 16:6; 37:9, 14. Hab 2:4. Zc 10:9. Lk 1:74. Jn 3:15; 5:24; 6:57. Ro 6:2, 6, 11, 13; 8:2, 6, 10; 12:1; 14:7. 1Co 6:19, 20; 10:33. 2Co 3:6; 5:16. Ga 2:19, 20; 5:25. Ep 4:17; 5:14. Php 1:20. Col 2:12; 3:1, 17, 23. 1Th 5:10. Tit 2:14. He 13:20. 1P 1:14; 4:2, 6. 1Jn 4:9. Rv 1:18.

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