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2 Corinthians 5:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For the love of Christ constraineth us; because we thus judge, that one died for all, therefore all died;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For the love of Christ constraineth us; because we thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For the love of Christ controls us, having concluded this, that one died for all, therefore all died;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For the love of Christ constraineth us; because we thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For the love of the Christ constrains us, having judged this: that one died for all, then all have died;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, the love of the Christ, constraineth us;—Having judged this,—that, one, in behalf of all, died, hence, they all, died;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for the love of the Christ doth constrain us, having judged thus: that if one for all died, then the whole died,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For the charity of Christ presseth us: judging this, that if one died for all, then all were dead.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For the loue of Christ constreineth vs, because wee thus iudge: that if one died for all, then were all dead:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For the love of the Meshiha constraineth us, because we judge this, That if one for every man hath died, then (was) every man dead.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For the love of the Messiah constraineth us to reason thus: One died for all; therefore are all dead.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
love 26
{0026} Prime
ἀγάπη
agape
{ag-ah'-pay}
From G0025; love, that is, affection or benevolence; specifically (plural) a love feast.
of Christ 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
constraineth 4912
{4912} Prime
συνέχω
sunecho
{soon-ekh'-o}
From G4862 and G2192; to hold together, that is, to compress (the ears, with a crowd or siege) or arrest (a prisoner); figuratively to compel, perplex, afflict, preoccupy.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
us; 2248
{2248} Prime
ἡμᾶς
hemas
{hay-mas'}
Accusative plural of G1473; us.
because we thus 5124
{5124} Prime
τοῦτο
touto
{too'-to}
Neuter, singular, nomitive or accusative of G3778; that thing.
judge, 2919
{2919} Prime
κρίνω
krino
{kree'-no}
Properly to distinguish, that is, decide (mentally or judicially); by implication to try, condemn, punish.
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
that 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
if 1487
{1487} Prime
εἰ
ei
{i}
A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.
one 1520
{1520} Prime
εἷς
heis
{hice}
(Including the neuter [etc.] ἕν [[hen]]); a primary numeral; one.
died 599
{0599} Prime
ἀποθνῄσκω
apothnesko
{ap-oth-nace'-ko}
From G0575 and G2348; to die off (literally or figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
for 5228
{5228} Prime
ὑπέρ
huper
{hoop-er'}
A primary preposition; 'over', that is, (with the genitive case) of place, above, beyond, across, or causal, for the sake of, instead, regarding; with the accusative case superior to, more than. In compounds it retains many of the listed applications.
all, 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
then 686
{0686} Prime
άρα
ara
{ar'-ah}
Probably from G0142 (through the idea of drawing a conclusion); a particle denoting an inference more or less decisive (as follows).
were y599
[0599] Standard
ἀποθνῄσκω
apothnesko
{ap-oth-nace'-ko}
From G0575 and G2348; to die off (literally or figuratively).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
all y3956
[3956] Standard
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
dead: 599
{0599} Prime
ἀποθνῄσκω
apothnesko
{ap-oth-nace'-ko}
From G0575 and G2348; to die off (literally or figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
x3956
(3956) Complement
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Corinthians 5:14

_ _ For — Accounting for his being “beside himself” with enthusiasm: the love of Christ towards us (in His death for us, the highest proof of it, Romans 5:6-8), producing in turn love in us to Him, and not mere “terror” (2 Corinthians 5:11).

_ _ constraineth us — with irresistible power limits us to the one great object to the exclusion of other considerations. The Greek implies to compress forcibly the energies into one channel. Love is jealous of any rival object engrossing the soul (2 Corinthians 11:1-3).

_ _ because we thus judge — literally, “(as) having judged thus”; implying a judgment formed at conversion, and ever since regarded as a settled truth.

_ _ that if — that is, that since. But the oldest manuscripts omit “if.” “That one died for all (Greek, ‘in behalf of all’).” Thus the following clause will be, “Therefore all (literally, ‘the all,’ namely, for whom He ‘died’) died.” His dying is just the same as if they all died; and in their so dying, they died to sin and self, that they might live to God their Redeemer, whose henceforth they are (Romans 6:2-11; Galatians 2:20; Colossians 3:3; 1 Peter 4:1-3).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Corinthians 5:12-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Corinthians 5:14

For the love of Christ — To us, and our love to him. Constraineth us — Both to the one and the other; beareth us on with such a strong, steady, prevailing influence, as winds and tides exert when they waft the vessel to its destined harbour. While we thus judge, that if Christ died for all, then are all, even the best of men, naturally dead — In a state of spiritual death, and liable to death eternal. For had any man been otherwise, Christ had not needed to have died for him.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Corinthians 5:14

(8) For the love of Christ (l) constraineth us; because we thus judge, that if (m) one died for all, then were all dead:

(8) He continues dismissing all suspicion of desire of estimation and boasting. For the love of Christ, he says, compels us to this, that seeing he died for us all, who were dead when as we lived to ourselves (that is, while we were yet given to these earthly affections) we in like sort should consecrate our whole life which we have received from him, to him. That is, being endued with the Holy Spirit to this end and purpose, that we should meditate upon nothing but that which is heavenly.

(l) Wholly possesses us.

(m) He speaks here of sanctification, by which it comes to pass that Christ lives in us.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the love:

2 Corinthians 8:8-9 I speak not by commandment, but by occasion of the forwardness of others, and to prove the sincerity of your love. ... For ye know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that, though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, that ye through his poverty might be rich.
Song of Songs 1:4 Draw me, we will run after thee: the king hath brought me into his chambers: we will be glad and rejoice in thee, we will remember thy love more than wine: the upright love thee.
Song of Songs 8:6-7 Set me as a seal upon thine heart, as a seal upon thine arm: for love [is] strong as death; jealousy [is] cruel as the grave: the coals thereof [are] coals of fire, [which hath a] most vehement flame. ... Many waters cannot quench love, neither can the floods drown it: if [a] man would give all the substance of his house for love, it would utterly be contemned.
Matthew 10:37-38 He that loveth father or mother more than me is not worthy of me: and he that loveth son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me. ... And he that taketh not his cross, and followeth after me, is not worthy of me.
Luke 7:42-47 And when they had nothing to pay, he frankly forgave them both. Tell me therefore, which of them will love him most? ... Wherefore I say unto thee, Her sins, which are many, are forgiven; for she loved much: but to whom little is forgiven, [the same] loveth little.
John 14:21-23 He that hath my commandments, and keepeth them, he it is that loveth me: and he that loveth me shall be loved of my Father, and I will love him, and will manifest myself to him. ... Jesus answered and said unto him, If a man love me, he will keep my words: and my Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode with him.
John 21:15-17 So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, [son] of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my lambs. ... He saith unto him the third time, Simon, [son] of Jonas, lovest thou me? Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep.
1 Corinthians 16:22 If any man love not the Lord Jesus Christ, let him be Anathema Maranatha.
Ephesians 3:18-19 May be able to comprehend with all saints what [is] the breadth, and length, and depth, and height; ... And to know the love of Christ, which passeth knowledge, that ye might be filled with all the fulness of God.
Ephesians 6:24 Grace [be] with all them that love our Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity. Amen. [[[To [the] Ephesians written from Rome, by Tychicus.]]]
Hebrews 6:10 For God [is] not unrighteous to forget your work and labour of love, which ye have shewed toward his name, in that ye have ministered to the saints, and do minister.
1 Peter 1:8 Whom having not seen, ye love; in whom, though now ye see [him] not, yet believing, ye rejoice with joy unspeakable and full of glory:

constraineth:

Job 32:18 For I am full of matter, the spirit within me constraineth me.
Luke 24:29 But they constrained him, saying, Abide with us: for it is toward evening, and the day is far spent. And he went in to tarry with them.
Acts 4:19-20 But Peter and John answered and said unto them, Whether it be right in the sight of God to hearken unto you more than unto God, judge ye. ... For we cannot but speak the things which we have seen and heard.

because:

Romans 2:2 But we are sure that the judgment of God is according to truth against them which commit such things.
1 Corinthians 2:14 But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know [them], because they are spiritually discerned.

one:

Isaiah 53:6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.
Matthew 20:28 Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.
John 1:29 The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.
John 11:50-52 Nor consider that it is expedient for us, that one man should die for the people, and that the whole nation perish not. ... And not for that nation only, but that also he should gather together in one the children of God that were scattered abroad.
1 Timothy 2:6 Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time.
Hebrews 2:9 But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man.
1 John 2:1-2 My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous: ... And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for [the sins of] the whole world.

then:

2 Corinthians 3:7 But if the ministration of death, written [and] engraven in stones, was glorious, so that the children of Israel could not stedfastly behold the face of Moses for the glory of his countenance; which [glory] was to be done away:
2 Corinthians 3:9 For if the ministration of condemnation [be] glory, much more doth the ministration of righteousness exceed in glory.
Luke 15:24 For this my son was dead, and is alive again; he was lost, and is found. And they began to be merry.
Luke 15:32 It was meet that we should make merry, and be glad: for this thy brother was dead, and is alive again; and was lost, and is found.
John 5:25 Verily, verily, I say unto you, The hour is coming, and now is, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God: and they that hear shall live.
John 11:25 Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live:
Romans 5:15 But not as the offence, so also [is] the free gift. For if through the offence of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, [which is] by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many.
Romans 14:7-9 For none of us liveth to himself, and no man dieth to himself. ... For to this end Christ both died, and rose, and revived, that he might be Lord both of the dead and living.
Ephesians 2:1-5 And you [hath he quickened], who were dead in trespasses and sins; ... Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved;)
Colossians 2:13 And you, being dead in your sins and the uncircumcision of your flesh, hath he quickened together with him, having forgiven you all trespasses;
1 Timothy 5:6 But she that liveth in pleasure is dead while she liveth.
Titus 3:3 For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, [and] hating one another.
1 John 5:19 [And] we know that we are of God, and the whole world lieth in wickedness.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 32:18. So 1:4; 8:6. Is 53:6. Mt 10:37; 20:28. Lk 7:42; 15:24, 32; 24:29. Jn 1:29; 5:25; 11:25, 50; 14:21; 21:15. Ac 4:19. Ro 2:2; 5:15; 14:7. 1Co 2:14; 16:22. 2Co 3:7, 9; 8:8. Ep 2:1; 3:18; 6:24. Col 2:13. 1Ti 2:6; 5:6. Tit 3:3. He 2:9; 6:10. 1P 1:8. 1Jn 2:1; 5:19.

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