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2 Corinthians 5:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For whether we are beside ourselves, it is unto God; or whether we are of sober mind, it is unto you.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For whether we be beside ourselves, [it is] to God: or whether we be sober, [it is] for your cause.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For if we are beside ourselves, it is for God; if we are of sound mind, it is for you.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For whether we are beside ourselves, [it is] to God: or whether we are sober, [it is] for your cause.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For whether we are beside ourselves, [it is] to God; or are sober, [it is] for you.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, whether we have been beside ourselves, it hath been for God, or, whether we are sober-minded, it is for you.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for whether we were beside ourselves, [it was] to God; whether we be of sound mind—[it is] to you,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For whether we be transported in mind, it is to God: or whether we be sober, it is for you.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For whether wee bee besides our selues, it is to God: or whether we bee sober, [it is] for your cause.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For if we be beside ourselves, (it is) unto Aloha; and if we be right, (it is) unto you.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For if we are extravagant, it is for God: and if we are discreet, it is for you.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
whether 1535
{1535} Prime
εἴτε
eite
{i'-teh}
From G1487 and G5037; if too.
we be beside ourselves, 1839
{1839} Prime
ἐξίστημι
existemi
{ex-is'-tay-mee}
From G1537 and G2476; to put (stand) out of wits, that is, astound, or (reflexively) become astounded, insane.
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
[it is] to God: 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
or whether 1535
{1535} Prime
εἴτε
eite
{i'-teh}
From G1487 and G5037; if too.
we be sober, 4993
{4993} Prime
σωφρονέω
sophroneo
{so-fron-eh'-o}
From G4998; to be of sound mind, that is, sane, (figuratively) moderate.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
[it is] for your cause. 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Corinthians 5:13

_ _ be — rather as Greek, “have been.” The contrast is between the single act implied by the past tense, “If we have ever been beside ourselves,” and the habitual state implied by the present, “Or whether we be sober,” that is, of sound mind. beside ourselves — The accusation brought by Festus against him (Acts 26:24). The holy enthusiasm with which he spake of what God effected by His apostolic ministry, seemed to many to be boasting madness.

_ _ sober — humbling myself before you, and not using my apostolic power and privileges.

_ _ to God ... for your cause — The glorifying of his office was not for his own, but for God’s glory. The abasing of himself was in adaptation to their infirmity, to gain them to Christ (1 Corinthians 9:22).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Corinthians 5:12-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Corinthians 5:13

For if we are transported beyond ourselves — Or at least, appear so to others, treated of, 2 Corinthians 5:15-21, speaking or writing with uncommon vehemence. It is to God — He understands (if men do not) the emotion which himself inspires. If we be sober — Treated of, 2 Corinthians 6:1-10. If I proceed in a more calm, sedate manner. It is for your sakes — Even good men bear this, rather than the other method, in their teachers. But these must obey God, whoever is offended by it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Corinthians 5:13

(7) For whether we be beside ourselves, [it is] to God: or whether we be sober, [it is] for your cause.

(7) The meaning is: even when I am mad (as some men think of me), while I seem as a fool to boast about myself, I do it for your profit, to the same extent that I do when I preach only the Gospel to you.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
we be beside:

2 Corinthians 11:1 Would to God ye could bear with me a little in [my] folly: and indeed bear with me.
2 Corinthians 11:16-17 I say again, Let no man think me a fool; if otherwise, yet as a fool receive me, that I may boast myself a little. ... That which I speak, I speak [it] not after the Lord, but as it were foolishly, in this confidence of boasting.
2 Corinthians 12:6 For though I would desire to glory, I shall not be a fool; for I will say the truth: but [now] I forbear, lest any man should think of me above that which he seeth me [to be], or [that] he heareth of me.
2 Corinthians 12:11 I am become a fool in glorying; ye have compelled me: for I ought to have been commended of you: for in nothing am I behind the very chiefest apostles, though I be nothing.
Acts 26:24-25 And as he thus spake for himself, Festus said with a loud voice, Paul, thou art beside thyself; much learning doth make thee mad. ... But he said, I am not mad, most noble Festus; but speak forth the words of truth and soberness.
1 Corinthians 4:10-13 We [are] fools for Christ's sake, but ye [are] wise in Christ; we [are] weak, but ye [are] strong; ye [are] honourable, but we [are] despised. ... Being defamed, we intreat: we are made as the filth of the world, [and are] the offscouring of all things unto this day.
1 Thessalonians 2:3-11 For our exhortation [was] not of deceit, nor of uncleanness, nor in guile: ... As ye know how we exhorted and comforted and charged every one of you, as a father [doth] his children,

it is to:

2 Samuel 6:21-22 And David said unto Michal, [It was] before the LORD, which chose me before thy father, and before all his house, to appoint me ruler over the people of the LORD, over Israel: therefore will I play before the LORD. ... And I will yet be more vile than thus, and will be base in mine own sight: and of the maidservants which thou hast spoken of, of them shall I be had in honour.

sober:

Acts 26:25 But he said, I am not mad, most noble Festus; but speak forth the words of truth and soberness.
Romans 12:3 For I say, through the grace given unto me, to every man that is among you, not to think [of himself] more highly than he ought to think; but to think soberly, according as God hath dealt to every man the measure of faith.

for:

2 Corinthians 7:12 Wherefore, though I wrote unto you, [I did it] not for his cause that had done the wrong, nor for his cause that suffered wrong, but that our care for you in the sight of God might appear unto you.
Colossians 1:24 Who now rejoice in my sufferings for you, and fill up that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ in my flesh for his body's sake, which is the church:
1 Thessalonians 1:5 For our gospel came not unto you in word only, but also in power, and in the Holy Ghost, and in much assurance; as ye know what manner of men we were among you for your sake.
2 Timothy 2:10 Therefore I endure all things for the elect's sakes, that they may also obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus with eternal glory.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2S 6:21. Ac 26:24, 25. Ro 12:3. 1Co 4:10. 2Co 7:12; 11:1, 16; 12:6, 11. Col 1:24. 1Th 1:5; 2:3. 2Ti 2:10.

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