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2 Corinthians 5:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For we know that if the earthly house of our tabernacle be dissolved, we have a building from God, a house not made with hands, eternal, in the heavens.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For we know that if our earthly house of [this] tabernacle were dissolved, we have a building of God, an house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For we know that if the earthly tent which is our house is torn down, we have a building from God, a house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For we know that if our earthly house of [this] tabernacle were dissolved, we have a building of God, a house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For we know that if our earthly tabernacle house be destroyed, we have a building from God, a house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For we know that—if, our earthly tent-dwelling, should be taken down, we have, a building of God, a dwelling not made by hand, age-abiding in the heavens.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For we have known that if our earthly house of the tabernacle may be thrown down, a building from God we have, an house not made with hands—age-during—in the heavens,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For we know, if our earthly house of this habitation be dissolved, that we have a building of God, a house not made with hands, eternal in heaven.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For we know, that if our earthly house of this Tabernacle were dissolued, wee haue a building of God, an house not made with hand, eternall in the heauens.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— FOR we know that if our earthly house of this body were dissolved, we have nevertheless a building that is by Aloha; a house which is not made with hands, in the heaven, eternal.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For we know that, if our house on earth -this of the body, were dissolved, yet we have a building of God, a house not made with hands, eternal in heaven.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
we know 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
that 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
if 1437
{1437} Prime
ἐάν
ean
{eh-an'}
From G1487 and G0302; a conditional particle; in case that, provided, etc.; often used in connection with other particles to denote indefiniteness or uncertainty.
our 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
earthly 1919
{1919} Prime
ἐπίγειος
epigeios
{ep-ig'-i-os}
From G1909 and G1093; worldly (physically or morally).
house 3614
{3614} Prime
οἰκία
oikia
{oy-kee'-ah}
From G3624; properly residence (abstractly), but usually (concretely) an abode (literally or figuratively); by implication a family (especially domestics).
of [this] tabernacle 4636
{4636} Prime
σκῆνος
skenos
{skay'-nos}
From G4633; a hut or temporary residence, that is, (figuratively) the human body (as the abode of the spirit).
were dissolved, 2647
{2647} Prime
καταλύω
kataluo
{kat-al-oo'-o}
From G2596 and G3089; to loosen down (disintegrate), that is, (by implication) to demolish (literally or figuratively); specifically (compare G2646) to halt for the night.
z5686
<5686> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 219
we have 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
a building 3619
{3619} Prime
οἰκοδομή
oikodome
{oy-kod-om-ay'}
Feminine (abstraction) of a compound of G3624 and the base of G1430; architecture, that is, (concretely) a structure; figuratively confirmation.
of 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
an house 3614
{3614} Prime
οἰκία
oikia
{oy-kee'-ah}
From G3624; properly residence (abstractly), but usually (concretely) an abode (literally or figuratively); by implication a family (especially domestics).
not made with hands, 886
{0886} Prime
ἀχειροποίητος
acheiropoietos
{akh-i-rop-oy'-ay-tos}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G5499; unmanufactured, that is, inartificial.
eternal 166
{0166} Prime
αἰώνιος
aionios
{ahee-o'-nee-os}
From G0165; perpetual (also used of past time, or past and future as well).
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
heavens. 3772
{3772} Prime
οὐρανός
ouranos
{oo-ran-os'}
Perhaps from the same as G3735 (through the idea of elevation); the sky; by extension heaven (as the abode of God); by implication happiness, power, eternity; specifically the Gospel (Christianity).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Corinthians 5:1

_ _ 2 Corinthians 5:1-21. The hope (2 Corinthians 4:17, 2 Corinthians 4:18) of eternal glory in the resurrection body.

_ _ Hence arises his ambition to be accepted at the Lord’s coming judgment. Hence, too, his endeavor to deal openly with men, as with God, in preaching; thus giving the Corinthians whereof to boast concerning him against his adversaries. His constraining motive is the transforming love of Christ, by whom God has wrought reconciliation between Himself and men, and has committed to the apostle the ministry of reconciliation.

_ _ For — Assigning the reason for the statement (2 Corinthians 4:17), that affliction leads to exceeding glory.

_ _ we know — assuredly (2 Corinthians 4:14; Job 19:25).

_ _ if — For all shall not die; many shall be “changed” without “dissolution” (1 Corinthians 15:51-53). If this daily delivering unto death (2 Corinthians 3:11) should end in actual death.

_ _ earthly — not the same as earthy (1 Corinthians 15:47). It stands in contrast to “in the heavens.”

_ _ house of this tabernacle — rather, “house of the tabernacle.” “House” expresses more permanency than belongs to the body; therefore the qualification, “of the tabernacle” (implying that it is shifting, not stationary), is added (compare Job 4:19; 2 Peter 1:13, 2 Peter 1:14). It thus answers to the tabernacle in the wilderness. Its wooden frame and curtains wore out in course of time when Israel dwelt in Canaan, and a fixed temple was substituted for it. The temple and the tabernacle in all essentials were one; there was the same ark, the same cloud of glory. Such is the relation between the “earthly” body and the resurrection body. The Holy Spirit is enshrined in the believer’s body as in a sanctuary (1 Corinthians 3:16). As the ark went first in taking down the wilderness tabernacle, so the soul (which like the ark is sprinkled with blood of atonement, and is the sacred deposit in the inmost shrine, 2 Timothy 1:12) in the dissolution of the body; next the coverings were removed, answering to the flesh; lastly, the framework and boards, answering to the bones, which are last to give way (Numbers 4:1-49). Paul, as a tent-maker, uses an image taken from his trade (Acts 18:3).

_ _ dissolved — a mild word for death, in the case of believers.

_ _ we have — in assured prospect of possession, as certain as if it were in our hands, laid up “in the heavens” for us. The tense is present (compare John 3:36; John 6:47, “hath”).

_ _ a building of God — rather “from God.” A solid building, not a temporary tabernacle or tent.Our” body stands in contrast to “from God.” For though our present body be also from God, yet it is not fresh and perfect from His hands, as our resurrection body shall be.

_ _ not made with hands — contrasted with houses erected by man’s hands (1 Corinthians 15:44-49). So Christ’s body is designated, as contrasted with the tabernacle reared by Moses (Mark 14:58; Hebrews 9:11). This “house” can only be the resurrection body, in contrast to the “earthly house of the tabernacle,” our present body. The intermediate state is not directly taken into account. A comma should separate “eternal,” and “in the heavens.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

2 Corinthians 5:1-11

_ _ The apostle in these verses pursues the argument of the former chapter, concerning the grounds of their courage and patience under afflictions. And,

_ _ I. He mentions their expectation, and desire, and assurance, of eternal happiness after death, 2 Corinthians 5:1-5. Observe particularly,

_ _ 1. The believer's expectation of eternal happiness after death, 2 Corinthians 5:1. He does not only know, or is well assured by faith of the truth and reality of the thing itself — that there is another and a happy life after this present life is ended, but he has good hope through grace of his interest in that everlasting blessedness of the unseen world: “We know that we have a building of God, we have a firm and well-grounded expectation of the future felicity.” Let us take notice, (1.) What heaven is in the eye and hope of a believer. He looks upon it as a house, or habitation, a dwelling-place, a resting-place, a hiding-place, our Father's house, where there are many mansions, and our everlasting home. It is a house in the heavens, in that high and holy place which as far excels all the palaces of this earth as the heavens are high above the earth. It is a building of God, whose builder and maker is God, and therefore is worthy of its author; the happiness of the future state is what God hath prepared for those that love him. It is eternal in the heavens, everlasting habitations, not like the earthly tabernacles, the poor cottages of clay in which our souls now dwell, which are mouldering and decaying, and whose foundations are in the dust. (2.) When it is expected this happiness shall be enjoyed — immediately after death, so soon as our house of this earthly tabernacle is dissolved. Note, [1.] That the body, this earthly house, is but a tabernacle, that must be dissolved shortly; the nails or pins will be drawn, and the cords be loosed, and then the body will return to dust as it was. [2.] When this comes to pass, then comes the house not made with hands. The spirit returns to God who gave it; and such as have walked with God here shall dwell with God for ever.

_ _ 2. The believer's earnest desire after this future blessedness, which is expressed by this word, stenazomenwe groan, which denotes, (1.) A groaning of sorrow under a heavy load; so believers groan under the burden of life: In this we groan earnestly, 2 Corinthians 5:2. We that are in this tabernacle groan, being burdened, 2 Corinthians 5:4. The body of flesh is a heavy burden, the calamities of life are a heavy load. But believers groan because burdened with a body of sin, and the many corruptions that are still remaining and raging in them. This makes them complain, O wretched man that I am! Romans 7:24. (2.) There is a groaning of desire after the happiness of another life; and thus believers groan: Earnestly desiring to be clothed upon with our house which is from heaven (2 Corinthians 5:2), to obtain a blessed immortality, that mortality might be swallowed up of life (2 Corinthians 5:4), that being found clothed, we may not be naked (2 Corinthians 5:3), that, if it were the will of God, we might not sleep, but be changed; for it is not desirable in itself to be unclothed. Death considered merely as a separation of soul and body is not to be desired, but rather dreaded; but, considered as a passage to glory, the believer is willing rather to die than live, to be absent from the body, that he may be present with the Lord (2 Corinthians 5:1), to leave this body that he may go to Christ, and to put off these rags of mortality that he may put on the robes of glory. Note, [1.] Death will strip us of the clothing of flesh, and all the comforts of life, as well as put an end to all our troubles here below. Naked we came into this world, and naked shall we go out of it. But, [2.] Gracious souls are not found naked in the other world; no, they are clothed with garments of praise, with robes of righteousness and glory. They shall be delivered out of all their troubles, and shall have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb, Revelation 7:14.

_ _ 3. The believer's assurance of his interest in this future blessedness, on a double account: — (1.) From the experience of the grace of God, in preparing and making him meet for this blessedness. He that hath wrought us for the self-same thing is God, 2 Corinthians 5:5. Note, All who are designed for heaven hereafter are wrought or prepared for heaven while they are here; the stones of that spiritual building and temple above are squared and fashioned here below. And he that hath wrought us for this is God, because nothing less than a divine power can make a soul partaker of a divine nature; no hand less than the hand of God can work us for this thing. A great deal is to be done to prepare our souls for heaven, and that preparation of the heart is from the Lord. (2.) The earnest of the Spirit gave them this assurance: for an earnest is part of payment, and secures the full payment. The present graces and comforts of the Spirit are earnests of everlasting grace and comfort.

_ _ II. The apostle deduces an inference for the comfort of believers in their present state and condition in this world, 2 Corinthians 5:6-8. Here observe, 1. What their present state or condition is: they are absent from the Lord (2 Corinthians 5:6); they are pilgrims and strangers in this world; they do but sojourn here in their earthly home, or in this tabernacle; and though God is with us here, by his Spirit, and in his ordinances, yet we are not with him as we hope to be: we cannot see his face while we live: For we walk by faith, not by sight, 2 Corinthians 5:7. We have not the vision and fruition of God, as of an object that is present with us, and as we hope for hereafter, when we shall see as we are seen. Note, Faith is for this world, and sight is reserved for the other world: and it is our duty, and will be our interest, to walk by faith, till we come to live by sight. 2. How comfortable and courageous we ought to be in all the troubles of life, and in the hour of death: Therefore we are, or ought to be, always confident (2 Corinthians 5:6), and again (2 Corinthians 5:8), We are confident, and willing rather to be absent from the body. True Christians, if they duly considered the prospect faith gives them of another world, and the good reasons of their hope of blessedness after death, would be comforted under the troubles of life, and supported in the hour of death: they should take courage, when they are encountering the last enemy, and be willing rather to die than live, when it is the will of God that they should put off this tabernacle. Note, As those who are born from above long to be there, so it is but being absent from the body, and we shall very soon be present with the Lord — but to die, and be with Christ — but to close our eyes to all things in this world, and we shall open them in a world of glory. Faith will be turned into sight.

_ _ III. He proceeds to deduce an inference to excite and quicken himself and others to duty, 2 Corinthians 5:9-11. So it is that well-grounded hopes of heaven will be far from giving the least encouragement to sloth and sinful security; on the contrary, they should stir us up to use the greatest care and diligence in religion: Wherefore, or because we hope to be present with the Lord, we labour and take pains, 2 Corinthians 5:9. PhilotimoumethaWe are ambitious, and labour as industriously as the most ambitious men do to obtain what they aim at. Here observe, 1. What it was that the apostle was thus ambitious of — acceptance with God. We labour that, living and dying, whether present in the body or absent from the body, we may be accepted of him, the Lord (2 Corinthians 5:9), that we may please him who hath chosen us, that our great Lord may say to us, Well done. This they coveted as the greatest favour and the highest honour: it was the summit of their ambition. 2. What further quickening motives they had to excite their diligence, from the consideration of the judgment to come, 2 Corinthians 5:10, 2 Corinthians 5:11. There are many things relating to this great matter that should awe the best of men into the utmost care and diligence in religion; for example, the certainty of this judgment, for we must appear; the universality of it, for we must all appear; the great Judge before whose judgment-seat we must appear, the Lord Jesus Christ, who himself will appear in flaming fire; the recompence to be then received, for things done in the body, which will be very particular (unto every one), and very just, according to what we have done, whether good or bad. The apostle calls this awful judgment the terror of the Lord (2 Corinthians 5:11), and, by the consideration thereof, was excited to persuade men to repent, and live a holy life, that, when Christ shall appear terribly, they may appear before him comfortably. And, concerning his fidelity and diligence, he comfortably appeals unto God, and the consciences of those he wrote to: We are made manifest unto God, and I trust also are made manifest in your consciences.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Corinthians 5:1

Our earthly house — Which is only a tabernacle, or tent, not designed for a lasting habitation.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Corinthians 5:1

For (1) we know that if our earthly house of [this] tabernacle were dissolved, we have a building of God, an house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens.

(1) Taking occasion by the former comparison, he compares this miserable body as it is in this life, to a frail and brittle tabernacle. And contrasts this with the heavenly tabernacle, which he calls that sure and everlasting condition of this same body glorified in heaven. And this is so, he says, in that we are addicted to this tabernacle, but also with sobs and sighs desire rather that tabernacle. And so this place concerning the glory to come is put within the treatise of the dignity of the ministry, just as it also was in the beginning of the second chapter.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
we know:

Job 19:25-26 For I know [that] my redeemer liveth, and [that] he shall stand at the latter [day] upon the earth: ... And [though] after my skin [worms] destroy this [body], yet in my flesh shall I see God:
Psalms 56:9 When I cry [unto thee], then shall mine enemies turn back: this I know; for God [is] for me.
2 Timothy 1:12 For the which cause I also suffer these things: nevertheless I am not ashamed: for I know whom I have believed, and am persuaded that he is able to keep that which I have committed unto him against that day.
1 John 3:2 Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is.
1 John 3:14 We know that we have passed from death unto life, because we love the brethren. He that loveth not [his] brother abideth in death.
1 John 3:19 And hereby we know that we are of the truth, and shall assure our hearts before him.
1 John 5:19-20 [And] we know that we are of God, and the whole world lieth in wickedness. ... And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, [even] in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God, and eternal life.

our:

2 Corinthians 5:4 For we that are in [this] tabernacle do groan, being burdened: not for that we would be unclothed, but clothed upon, that mortality might be swallowed up of life.
2 Corinthians 4:7 But we have this treasure in earthen vessels, that the excellency of the power may be of God, and not of us.
Genesis 3:19 In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou [art], and unto dust shalt thou return.
Job 4:19 How much less [in] them that dwell in houses of clay, whose foundation [is] in the dust, [which] are crushed before the moth?
1 Corinthians 15:46-48 Howbeit that [was] not first which is spiritual, but that which is natural; and afterward that which is spiritual. ... As [is] the earthy, such [are] they also that are earthy: and as [is] the heavenly, such [are] they also that are heavenly.
2 Peter 1:13-14 Yea, I think it meet, as long as I am in this tabernacle, to stir you up by putting [you] in remembrance; ... Knowing that shortly I must put off [this] my tabernacle, even as our Lord Jesus Christ hath shewed me.

dissolved:

Job 30:22 Thou liftest me up to the wind; thou causest me to ride [upon it], and dissolvest my substance.
2 Peter 3:11 [Seeing] then [that] all these things shall be dissolved, what manner [of persons] ought ye to be in [all] holy conversation and godliness,

a building:

John 14:2-3 In my Father's house are many mansions: if [it were] not [so], I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you. ... And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you unto myself; that where I am, [there] ye may be also.
1 Corinthians 3:9 For we are labourers together with God: ye are God's husbandry, [ye are] God's building.
Hebrews 11:10 For he looked for a city which hath foundations, whose builder and maker [is] God.

an:

Colossians 2:11 In whom also ye are circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, in putting off the body of the sins of the flesh by the circumcision of Christ:
Hebrews 9:11 But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building;
Hebrews 9:24 For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, [which are] the figures of the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us:
1 Peter 1:4 To an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you,
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Gn 3:19. Jb 4:19; 19:25; 30:22. Ps 56:9. Jn 14:2. 1Co 3:9; 15:46. 2Co 4:7; 5:4. Col 2:11. 2Ti 1:12. He 9:11, 24; 11:10. 1P 1:4. 2P 1:13; 3:11. 1Jn 3:2, 14, 19; 5:19.

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