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2 Corinthians 4:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— but we have renounced the hidden things of shame, not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceitfully; but by the manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceitfully; but by manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— but we have renounced the things hidden because of shame, not walking in craftiness or adulterating the word of God, but by the manifestation of truth commending ourselves to every man’s conscience in the sight of God.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty; not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceitfully; but, by manifestation of the truth, commending ourselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But we have rejected the hidden things of shame, not walking in deceit, nor falsifying the word of God, but by manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every conscience of men before God.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But have renounced the hidden things of shame, not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceitfully,—but, by the manifestation of the truth, commending ourselves unto every conscience of men, in the sight of God.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— but did renounce for ourselves the hidden things of shame, not walking in craftiness, nor deceitfully using the word of God, but by the manifestation of the truth recommending ourselves unto every conscience of men, before God;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But we renounce the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness nor adulterating the word of God: but by manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every man's conscience, in the sight of God.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But haue renounced the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftines, nor handling the word of God deceitfully, but by manifestation of the trueth, commending our selues to euery mans conscience, in the sight of God.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But we have rejected the secrets of shamefulness; and walk not with craft, nor deal deceitfully (with) the word of Aloha; but by the revelation of the truth make we ourselves manifest to the minds of all men before Aloha.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But we have renounced the concealments of dishonor, and we walk not in craftiness, nor do we treat the word of God deceitfully; but by the manifestation of the truth, we exhibit ourselves to all the consciences of men before God.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
have renounced 550
{0550} Prime
ἀπειπόμην
apeipomen
{ap-i-pom'-ane}
Reflexive past of a compound of G0575 and G2036; to say off for oneself, that is, disown.
z5639
<5639> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 65
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
hidden things 2927
{2927} Prime
κρυπτός
kruptos
{kroop-tos'}
From G2928; concealed, that is, private.
of dishonesty, 152
{0152} Prime
αἰσχύνη
aischune
{ahee-skhoo'-nay}
From G0153; shame or disgrace (abstractly or concretely).
not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
walking 4043
{4043} Prime
περιπατέω
peripateo
{per-ee-pat-eh'-o}
From G4012 and G3961; to tread all around, that is, walk at large (especially as proof of ability); figuratively to live, deport oneself, follow (as a companion or votary).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
craftiness, 3834
{3834} Prime
πανουργία
panourgia
{pan-oorg-ee'-ah}
From G3835; adroitness, that is, (in a bad sense) trickery or sophistry.
nor 3366
{3366} Prime
μηδέ
mede
{may-deh'}
From G3361 and G1161; but not, not even; in a continued negation, nor.
handling y1389
[1389] Standard
δολόω
doloo
{dol-o'-o}
From G1388; to ensnare, that is, (figuratively) adulterate.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
the word y3056
[3056] Standard
λόγος
logos
{log'-os}
From G3004; something said (including the thought); by implication a topic (subject of discourse), also reasoning (the mental faculty) or motive; by extension a computation; specifically (with the article in John) the Divine Expression (that is, Christ).
of God y2316
[2316] Standard
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
deceitfully; 1389
{1389} Prime
δολόω
doloo
{dol-o'-o}
From G1388; to ensnare, that is, (figuratively) adulterate.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
x3056
(3056) Complement
λόγος
logos
{log'-os}
From G3004; something said (including the thought); by implication a topic (subject of discourse), also reasoning (the mental faculty) or motive; by extension a computation; specifically (with the article in John) the Divine Expression (that is, Christ).
x2316
(2316) Complement
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
by manifestation 5321
{5321} Prime
φανέρωσις
phanerosis
{fan-er'-o-sis}
From G5319; exhibition, that is, (figuratively) expression, (by extension) a bestowment.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
truth 225
{0225} Prime
ἀλήθεια
aletheia
{al-ay'-thi-a}
From G0227; truth.
commending 4921
{4921} Prime
συνιστάω
sunistao
{soon-is-tah'-o}
From G4862 and G2476 (including its collateral forms); to set together, that is, (by implication) to introduce (favorably), or (figuratively) to exhibit; intransitively to stand near, or (figuratively) to constitute.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
ourselves 1438
{1438} Prime
ἑαυτοῦ
heautou
{heh-ow-too'}
(Including all the other cases); from a reflexive pronoun otherwise obsolete and the genitive (dative or accusative) of G0846; him (her, it, them, also [in conjunction with the personal pronoun of the other persons] my, thy, our, your) -self (-selves), etc.
to 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
every 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
man's 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
conscience 4893
{4893} Prime
συνείδησις
suneidesis
{soon-i'-day-sis}
From a prolonged form of G4894; co-perception, that is, moral consciousness.
in the sight 1799
{1799} Prime
ἐνώπιον
enopion
{en-o'-pee-on}
Neuter of a compound of G1722 and a derivation of G3700; in the face of (literally or figuratively).
of God. 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Corinthians 4:2

_ _ renounced — literally, “bid farewell to.”

_ _ of dishonesty — rather, “of shame.” “I am not ashamed of the Gospel of Christ” (Romans 1:16). Shame would lead to hiding (2 Corinthians 4:3); whereas “we use great plainness of speech” (2 Corinthians 3:12); “by manifestation of the truth.” Compare 2 Corinthians 3:3, “manifestly declared.” He refers to the disingenuous artifices of “many” teachers at Corinth (2 Corinthians 2:17; 2 Corinthians 3:1; 2 Corinthians 11:13-15).

_ _ handling ... deceitfully — so “corrupt” or adulterate “the word of God” (2 Corinthians 2:17; compare 1 Thessalonians 2:3, 1 Thessalonians 2:4).

_ _ commending — recommending ourselves: recurring to 2 Corinthians 3:1.

_ _ to — to the verdict of.

_ _ every man’s conscience — (2 Corinthians 5:11). Not to men’s carnal judgment, as those alluded to (2 Corinthians 3:1).

_ _ in the sight of God — (2 Corinthians 2:17; Galatians 1:10).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Corinthians 4:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Corinthians 4:2

But have renounced — Set at open defiance. The hidden things of shame — All things which men need to hide, or to be ashamed of. Not walking in craftiness — Using no disguise, subtlety, guile. Nor privily corrupting the pure word of God — By any additions or alterations, or by attempting to accommodate it to the taste of the hearers.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Corinthians 4:2

But have renounced the (b) hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God (c) deceitfully; but by manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God.

(b) Subtilty and every type of deceit which men hunt after, as it were dens and lurking holes, to cover their shameless dealings with.

(c) This is that which he called in the former chapter, making merchandise of the word of God.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
renounced:

1 Corinthians 4:5 Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord come, who both will bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and will make manifest the counsels of the hearts: and then shall every man have praise of God.

dishonesty:
or, shame,
Romans 1:16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.
Romans 6:21 What fruit had ye then in those things whereof ye are now ashamed? for the end of those things [is] death.
Ephesians 5:12 For it is a shame even to speak of those things which are done of them in secret.

not:

2 Corinthians 1:12 For our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our conscience, that in simplicity and godly sincerity, not with fleshly wisdom, but by the grace of God, we have had our conversation in the world, and more abundantly to you-ward.
2 Corinthians 2:17 For we are not as many, which corrupt the word of God: but as of sincerity, but as of God, in the sight of God speak we in Christ.
2 Corinthians 11:3 But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtilty, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ.
2 Corinthians 11:6 But though [I be] rude in speech, yet not in knowledge; but we have been throughly made manifest among you in all things.
2 Corinthians 11:13-15 For such [are] false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ. ... Therefore [it is] no great thing if his ministers also be transformed as the ministers of righteousness; whose end shall be according to their works.
Ephesians 4:14 That we [henceforth] be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, [and] cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive;
1 Thessalonians 2:3-5 For our exhortation [was] not of deceit, nor of uncleanness, nor in guile: ... For neither at any time used we flattering words, as ye know, nor a cloke of covetousness; God [is] witness:

by:

2 Corinthians 5:11 Knowing therefore the terror of the Lord, we persuade men; but we are made manifest unto God; and I trust also are made manifest in your consciences.
2 Corinthians 6:4-7 But in all [things] approving ourselves as the ministers of God, in much patience, in afflictions, in necessities, in distresses, ... By the word of truth, by the power of God, by the armour of righteousness on the right hand and on the left,
2 Corinthians 7:14 For if I have boasted any thing to him of you, I am not ashamed; but as we spake all things to you in truth, even so our boasting, which [I made] before Titus, is found a truth.
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Ro 1:16; 6:21. 1Co 4:5. 2Co 1:12; 2:17; 5:11; 6:4; 7:14; 11:3, 6, 13. Ep 4:14; 5:12. 1Th 2:3.

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