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2 Corinthians 4:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For our light affliction, which is for the moment, worketh for us more and more exceedingly an eternal weight of glory;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For our light affliction, which is but for a moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding [and] eternal weight of glory;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For momentary, light affliction is producing for us an eternal weight of glory far beyond all comparison,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For our light affliction, which is but for a moment, worketh out for us a far more exceeding [and] eternal weight of glory;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For our momentary [and] light affliction works for us in surpassing measure an eternal weight of glory;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, the momentary lightness of the tribulation, in a manner yet more and more excelling, is working out for us, an age-abiding weight of glory,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for the momentary light matter of our tribulation, more and more exceedingly an age-during weight of glory doth work out for us—
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For that which is at present momentary and light of our tribulation worketh for us above measure, exceedingly an eternal weight of glory.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For our light affliction, which is but for a momet, worketh for vs a farre more exceeding [and] eternall waight of glory,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For the affliction of this time, while small and light, a glory without end for ever and ever prepareth for us.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For the affliction of the present time, though very small and light, prepareth for us great glory, without end, for ever and ever;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
our 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
light 1645
{1645} Prime
ἐλαφρός
elaphros
{el-af-ros'}
Probably akin to G1643 and the base of G1640; light, that is, easy.
affliction, 2347
{2347} Prime
θλῖψις
thlipsis
{thlip'-sis}
From G2346; pressure (literally or figuratively).
which y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
is but for a moment, 3910
{3910} Prime
παραυτίκα
parautika
{par-ow-tee'-kah}
From G3844 and a derivative of G0846; at the very instant, that is, momentary.
worketh 2716
{2716} Prime
κατεργάζομαι
katergazomai
{kat-er-gad'-zom-ahee}
From G2596 and G2038; to work fully, that is, accomplish; by implication to finish, fashion.
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
for us 2254
{2254} Prime
ἡμῖν
hemin
{hay-meen'}
Dative plural of G1473; to (or for, with, by) us.
a far y2596
[2596] Standard
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
y5236
[5236] Standard
ὑπερβολή
huperbole
{hoop-er-bol-ay'}
From G5235; a throwing beyond others, that is, (figuratively) supereminence; adverbially (with G1519 or G2596) pre-eminently.
more exceeding 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
5236
{5236} Prime
ὑπερβολή
huperbole
{hoop-er-bol-ay'}
From G5235; a throwing beyond others, that is, (figuratively) supereminence; adverbially (with G1519 or G2596) pre-eminently.
x2596
(2596) Complement
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
[and] eternal 166
{0166} Prime
αἰώνιος
aionios
{ahee-o'-nee-os}
From G0165; perpetual (also used of past time, or past and future as well).
weight 922
{0922} Prime
βάρος
baros
{bar'-os}
Probably from the same as G0939 (through the notion of going down; compare G0899); weight; in the New Testament only, figuratively a load, abundance, authority.
of glory; 1391
{1391} Prime
δόξα
doxa
{dox'-ah}
From the base of G1380; glory (as very apparent), in a wide application (literally or figuratively, objectively or subjectively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Corinthians 4:17

_ _ which is but for a moment — “Our PRESENT light (burden of) affliction” (so the Greek; compare Matthew 11:30), [Alford]. Compare “now for a season ... in heaviness” (1 Peter 1:6). The contrast, however, between this and the “ETERNAL weight of glory” requires, I think, the translation, “Which is but for the present passing moment.” So Wahl. “The lightness of affliction” (he does not express “burden” after “light”; the Greek is “the light of affliction”) contrasts beautifully with the “weight of the glory.”

_ _ worketh — rather, “worketh out.”

_ _ a far more exceeding and — rather, “in a surpassing and still more surpassing manner” [Alford]; “more and more exceedingly” [Ellicott, Trench, and others]. Greek, “in excess and to excess.” The glory exceeds beyond all measure the affliction.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Corinthians 4:8-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Corinthians 4:17

Our light affliction — The beauty and sublimity of St. Paul's expressions here, as descriptive of heavenly glory, opposed to temporal afflictions, surpass all imagination, and cannot be preserved in any translation or paraphrase, which after all must sink infinitely below the astonishing original.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Corinthians 4:17

For our (p) light affliction, which is but for a moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding [and] eternal weight of (q) glory;

(p) Afflictions are not called light, as though they were light in themselves, but because they pass away quickly, as indeed our whole life is not of very long continuance.

(q) Which remains forever firm and stable, and can never be shaken.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
our:

2 Corinthians 11:23-28 Are they ministers of Christ? (I speak as a fool) I [am] more; in labours more abundant, in stripes above measure, in prisons more frequent, in deaths oft. ... Beside those things that are without, that which cometh upon me daily, the care of all the churches.
Psalms 30:5 For his anger [endureth but] a moment; in his favour [is] life: weeping may endure for a night, but joy [cometh] in the morning.
Isaiah 54:8 In a little wrath I hid my face from thee for a moment; but with everlasting kindness will I have mercy on thee, saith the LORD thy Redeemer.
Acts 20:23 Save that the Holy Ghost witnesseth in every city, saying that bonds and afflictions abide me.
Romans 8:18 For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time [are] not worthy [to be compared] with the glory which shall be revealed in us.
Romans 8:34 Who [is] he that condemneth? [It is] Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us.
Romans 8:37 Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him that loved us.
1 Peter 1:6 Wherein ye greatly rejoice, though now for a season, if need be, ye are in heaviness through manifold temptations:
1 Peter 4:7 But the end of all things is at hand: be ye therefore sober, and watch unto prayer.
1 Peter 5:10 But the God of all grace, who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after that ye have suffered a while, make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle [you].

worketh:

Psalms 119:67 Before I was afflicted I went astray: but now have I kept thy word.
Psalms 119:71 [It is] good for me that I have been afflicted; that I might learn thy statutes.
Matthew 5:12 Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: for great [is] your reward in heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets which were before you.
Romans 5:3-5 And not only [so], but we glory in tribulations also: knowing that tribulation worketh patience; ... And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us.
Philippians 1:19 For I know that this shall turn to my salvation through your prayer, and the supply of the Spirit of Jesus Christ,
2 Thessalonians 1:4 So that we ourselves glory in you in the churches of God for your patience and faith in all your persecutions and tribulations that ye endure:
2 Thessalonians 1:6 Seeing [it is] a righteous thing with God to recompense tribulation to them that trouble you;
Hebrews 12:10-11 For they verily for a few days chastened [us] after their own pleasure; but he for [our] profit, that [we] might be partakers of his holiness. ... Now no chastening for the present seemeth to be joyous, but grievous: nevertheless afterward it yieldeth the peaceable fruit of righteousness unto them which are exercised thereby.
James 1:3-4 Knowing [this], that the trying of your faith worketh patience. ... But let patience have [her] perfect work, that ye may be perfect and entire, wanting nothing.
James 1:12 Blessed [is] the man that endureth temptation: for when he is tried, he shall receive the crown of life, which the Lord hath promised to them that love him.

far:

2 Corinthians 3:18 But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, [even] as by the Spirit of the Lord.
Genesis 15:1 After these things the word of the LORD came unto Abram in a vision, saying, Fear not, Abram: I [am] thy shield, [and] thy exceeding great reward.
Psalms 31:19 [Oh] how great [is] thy goodness, which thou hast laid up for them that fear thee; [which] thou hast wrought for them that trust in thee before the sons of men!
Psalms 73:24 Thou shalt guide me with thy counsel, and afterward receive me [to] glory.
Isaiah 64:4 For since the beginning of the world [men] have not heard, nor perceived by the ear, neither hath the eye seen, O God, beside thee, [what] he hath prepared for him that waiteth for him.
Luke 6:23 Rejoice ye in that day, and leap for joy: for, behold, your reward [is] great in heaven: for in the like manner did their fathers unto the prophets.
Romans 2:7 To them who by patient continuance in well doing seek for glory and honour and immortality, eternal life:
1 Corinthians 2:9 But as it is written, Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love him.
1 Peter 1:7-8 That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ: ... Whom having not seen, ye love; in whom, though now ye see [him] not, yet believing, ye rejoice with joy unspeakable and full of glory:
1 Peter 5:10 But the God of all grace, who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after that ye have suffered a while, make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle [you].
1 John 3:2 Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is.
Jude 1:24 Now unto him that is able to keep you from falling, and to present [you] faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding joy,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 15:1. Ps 30:5; 31:19; 73:24; 119:67, 71. Is 54:8; 64:4. Mt 5:12. Lk 6:23. Ac 20:23. Ro 2:7; 5:3; 8:18, 34, 37. 1Co 2:9. 2Co 3:18; 11:23. Php 1:19. 2Th 1:4, 6. He 12:10. Jm 1:3, 12. 1P 1:6, 7; 4:7; 5:10. 1Jn 3:2. Jde 1:24.

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