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2 Corinthians 3:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and [are] not as Moses, [who] put a veil upon his face, that the children of Israel should not look stedfastly on the end of that which was passing away:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And not as Moses, [which] put a vail over his face, that the children of Israel could not stedfastly look to the end of that which is abolished:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and [are] not like Moses, [who] used to put a veil over his face so that the sons of Israel would not look intently at the end of what was fading away.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And not as Moses, [who] put a vail over his face, that the children of Israel could not steadfastly look to the end of that which is abolished:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and not according as Moses put a veil on his own face, so that the children of Israel should not fix their eyes on the end of that annulled.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And are not just like Moses, [who] kept putting a veil upon his face, so that the sons of Israel should not look steadily unto the end of that which was to be done away.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and [are] not as Moses, who was putting a vail upon his own face, for the sons of Israel not stedfastly to look to the end of that which is being made useless,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And not as Moses put a veil upon his face, that the children of Israel might not steadfastly look on the face of that which is made void.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And not as Moses, which put a vaile ouer his face, that the children of Israel could not stedfastly looke to the end of that which is abolished;
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and (are) not as Musha, who threw the veil upon his face, that the sons of Israel might not look upon the End of that which was to be abolished.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and are not like Moses, who threw a vail over his face, that the children of Israel might not behold the termination of that which was abolished.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
as 2509
{2509} Prime
καθάπερ
kathaper
{kath-ap'-er}
From G2505 and G4007; exactly as.
Moses, 3475
{3475} Prime
Μωσεῦς
Moseus
{moce-yoos'}
Of Hebrew origin [H4872]; Moseus, Moses or Mouses (that is, Mosheh), the Hebrew lawgiver.
[which] put 5087
{5087} Prime
τίθημι
tithemi
{tith'-ay-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary word θέω [[theo]], {theh'-o} (which is used only as an alternate in certain tenses); to place (in the widest application, literally and figuratively; properly in a passive or horizontal posture, and thus different from G2476, which properly denotes an upright and active position, while G2749 is properly reflexive and utterly prostrate).
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
a vail 2571
{2571} Prime
κάλυμμα
kaluma
{kal'-oo-mah}
From G2572; a cover, that is, veil.
over 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
his 1438
{1438} Prime
ἑαυτοῦ
heautou
{heh-ow-too'}
(Including all the other cases); from a reflexive pronoun otherwise obsolete and the genitive (dative or accusative) of G0846; him (her, it, them, also [in conjunction with the personal pronoun of the other persons] my, thy, our, your) -self (-selves), etc.
face, 4383
{4383} Prime
πρόσωπον
prosopon
{pros'-o-pon}
From G4314 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the visage; from G3700); the front (as being towards view), that is, the countenance, aspect, appearance, surface; by implication presence, person.
that y4314
[4314] Standard
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
children 5207
{5207} Prime
υἱός
huios
{hwee-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'son' (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figurative kinship.
of Israel 2474
{2474} Prime
Ἰσραήλ
Israel
{is-rah-ale'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3478]; Israel (that is, Jisrael), the adopted name of Jacob, including his descendants (literally or figuratively).
could y816
[0816] Standard
ἀτενίζω
atenizo
{at-en-id'-zo}
From a compound of G0001 (as a particle of union) and τείνω [[teino]] (to stretch); to gaze intently.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
stedfastly look 816
{0816} Prime
ἀτενίζω
atenizo
{at-en-id'-zo}
From a compound of G0001 (as a particle of union) and τείνω [[teino]] (to stretch); to gaze intently.
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
to 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
end 5056
{5056} Prime
τέλος
telos
{tel'-os}
From a primary word τέλλω [[tello]] (to set out for a definite point or goal); properly the point aimed at as a limit, that is, (by implication) the conclusion of an act or state (termination [literally, figuratively or indefinitely], result [immediate, ultimate or prophetic], purpose); specifically an impost or levy (as paid).
of that which is abolished: 2673
{2673} Prime
καταργέω
katargeo
{kat-arg-eh'-o}
From G2596 and G0691; to be (render) entirely idle (useless), literally or figuratively.
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Corinthians 3:13

_ _ We use no disguise, “as Moses put a veil over his face, that the children of Israel might not look steadfastly upon the end of that which was to be done away” [Ellicott and others]. The view of Exodus 34:30-35, according to the Septuagint is adopted by Paul, that Moses in going in to speak to God removed the veil till he came out and had spoken to the people; and then when he had done speaking, he put on the veil that they might not look on the end, or the fading, of that transitory glory. The veil was the symbol of concealment, put on directly after Moses’ speaking; so that God’s revelations by him were interrupted by intervals of concealment [Alford]. But Alford’s view does not accord with 2 Corinthians 3:7; the Israelites “could not look steadfastly on the face of Moses for the glory of his countenance.” Plainly Moses’ veil was put on because of their not having been able to “look steadfastly at him.” Paul here (2 Corinthians 3:13) passes from the literal fact to the truth symbolized by it, the blindness of Jews and Judaizers to the ultimate end of the law: stating that Moses put on the veil that they might not look steadfastly at (Christ, Romans 10:4) the end of that (law) which (like Moses’ glory) is done away. Not that Moses had this purpose; but often God attributes to His prophets the purpose which He has Himself. Because the Jews would not see, God judicially gave them up so as not to see. The glory of Moses’ face is antitypically Christ s glory shining behind the veil of legal ordinances. The veil which has been taken off to the believer is left on to the unbelieving Jew, so that he should not see (Isaiah 6:10; Acts 28:26, Acts 28:27). He stops short at the letter of the law, not seeing the end of it. The evangelical glory of the law, like the shining of Moses’ face, cannot be borne by a carnal people, and therefore remains veiled to them until the Spirit comes to take away the veil (2 Corinthians 3:14-17) [Cameron].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Corinthians 3:12-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Corinthians 3:13

And we do not act as Moses did, who put a veil over his face — Which is to be understood with regard to his writings also. So that the children of Israel could not look steadfastly to the end of that dispensation which is now abolished — The end of this was Christ. The whole Mosaic dispensation tended to, and terminated in, him; but the Israelites had only a dim, wavering sight of him, of whom Moses spake in an obscure, covert manner.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Corinthians 3:13

(4) And not as Moses, [which] put a vail over his face, that the children of Israel could not stedfastly look to the (m) end of that which is abolished:

(4) He expounds along the way the allegory of Moses' covering, which was a token of the darkness and weakness that is in men, who were rather dulled by the bright shining of the Law then given. And this covering was taken away by the coming of Christ, who enlightens the hearts, and turns them to the Lord, that we may be brought from the slavery of this blindness, and set in the liberty of the light by the power of Christ's Spirit.

(m) Into the very bottom of Moses' ministry.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
which:

Exodus 34:33-35 And [till] Moses had done speaking with them, he put a vail on his face. ... And the children of Israel saw the face of Moses, that the skin of Moses' face shone: and Moses put the vail upon his face again, until he went in to speak with him.

could not:

2 Corinthians 3:18 But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, [even] as by the Spirit of the Lord.

to the:

Romans 10:4 For Christ [is] the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth.
Galatians 3:23-24 But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed. ... Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster [to bring us] unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith.
Ephesians 2:14-15 For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition [between us]; ... Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, [even] the law of commandments [contained] in ordinances; for to make in himself of twain one new man, [so] making peace;
Colossians 2:17 Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body [is] of Christ.
Hebrews 10:1-9 For the law having a shadow of good things to come, [and] not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect. ... Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. He taketh away the first, that he may establish the second.
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Ex 34:33. Ro 10:4. 2Co 3:18. Ga 3:23. Ep 2:14. Col 2:17. He 10:1.

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