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2 Corinthians 2:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For we are a sweet savor of Christ unto God, in them that are saved, and in them that perish;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For we are unto God a sweet savour of Christ, in them that are saved, and in them that perish:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For we are a fragrance of Christ to God among those who are being saved and among those who are perishing;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For we are to God a sweet savor of Christ, in them that are saved, and in them that perish:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For we are a sweet odour of Christ to God, in the saved and in those that perish:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— That, of Christ, a grateful odour, are we, unto God,—in them who are being saved, and in them who are being lost:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— because of Christ a sweet fragrance we are to God, in those being saved, and in those being lost;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For we are the good odour of Christ unto God, in them that are saved and in them that perish.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For wee are vnto God, a sweet sauour of Christ, in them that are saued, and in them that perish.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For we are a fragrant perfume in the Meshiha unto Aloha in those who are saved, and in those who perish.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For, through the Messiah, we are unto God a sweet odor, in them that live and in them that perish:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
we are 2070
{2070} Prime
ἐσμέν
esmen
{es-men'}
Frist person plural indicative of G1510; we are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
unto God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
a sweet savour 2175
{2175} Prime
εὐωδία
euodia
{yoo-o-dee'-ah}
From a compound of G2095 and a derivative of G3605; good scentedness, that is, fragrance.
of Christ, 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
them that are saved, 4982
{4982} Prime
σῴζω
sozo
{sode'-zo}
From a primary word σῶς [[sos]] (contraction for the obsolete σάος [[saos]], 'safe'); to save, that is, deliver or protect (literally or figuratively).
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
them that perish: 622
{0622} Prime
ἀπόλλυμι
apollumi
{ap-ol'-loo-mee}
From G0575 and the base of G3639; to destroy fully (reflexively to perish, or lose), literally or figuratively.
z5730
<5730> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Either Middle or Passive (See G5787)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 13
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Corinthians 2:15

_ _ The order is in Greek, “For (it is) of Christ (that) we are a sweet savor unto God”; thus, the “for” justifies his previous words (2 Corinthians 2:14), “the savor of HIS (Christ’s) knowledge.” We not only scatter the savor; but “we are the sweet savor” itself (Song of Songs 1:3; compare John 1:14, John 1:16; Ephesians 5:2; 1 John 2:27).

_ _ in them that are saved — rather, “that are being saved ... that are perishing” (see on 1 Corinthians 1:18). As the light, though it blinds in darkness the weak, is for all that still light; and honey, though it taste bitter to the sick, is in itself still sweet; so the Gospel is still of a sweet savor, though many perish through unbelief [Chrysostom, Homilies, 5.467], (2 Corinthians 4:3, 2 Corinthians 4:4, 2 Corinthians 4:6). As some of the conquered foes led in triumph were put to death when the procession reached the capitol, and to them the smell of the incense was the “savor of death unto death,” while to those saved alive, it was the “savor of life,” so the Gospel was to the different classes respectively.

_ _ and in them — in the case of them. “Those being saved” (2 Corinthians 3:1-4:2): “Those that are perishing” (2 Corinthians 4:3-5).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Corinthians 2:12-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Corinthians 2:15

For we — The preachers of the gospel. Are to God a sweet odour of Christ — God is well — pleased with this perfume diffused by us, both in them that believe and are saved, treated of, 2 Corinthians 3:1; 2 Corinthians 4:2; and in them that obstinately disbelieve and, consequently, perish, treated of, 2 Corinthians 4:3-6.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Corinthians 2:15

(3) For we are unto God a sweet savour of Christ, in them that are saved, and in them that perish:

(3) He denies that anything should be taken away from the dignity of his apostleship, because they saw that it was not received with like success in every place. But rather very many rejected and detested him, seeing that he preached Christ not only as a saviour of those that believe, but also as a judge of those that condemn him.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
a sweet:

Genesis 8:21 And the LORD smelled a sweet savour; and the LORD said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man's sake; for the imagination of man's heart [is] evil from his youth; neither will I again smite any more every thing living, as I have done.
Exodus 29:18 And thou shalt burn the whole ram upon the altar: it [is] a burnt offering unto the LORD: it [is] a sweet savour, an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
Exodus 29:25 And thou shalt receive them of their hands, and burn [them] upon the altar for a burnt offering, for a sweet savour before the LORD: it [is] an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
Ezekiel 20:41 I will accept you with your sweet savour, when I bring you out from the people, and gather you out of the countries wherein ye have been scattered; and I will be sanctified in you before the heathen.
Ephesians 5:2 And walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us, and hath given himself for us an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweetsmelling savour.
Philippians 4:18 But I have all, and abound: I am full, having received of Epaphroditus the things [which were sent] from you, an odour of a sweet smell, a sacrifice acceptable, wellpleasing to God.

in them:

2 Corinthians 4:3-4 But if our gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost: ... In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.
Isaiah 49:5-6 And now, saith the LORD that formed me from the womb [to be] his servant, to bring Jacob again to him, Though Israel be not gathered, yet shall I be glorious in the eyes of the LORD, and my God shall be my strength. ... And he said, It is a light thing that thou shouldest be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel: I will also give thee for a light to the Gentiles, that thou mayest be my salvation unto the end of the earth.
1 Corinthians 1:18 For the preaching of the cross is to them that perish foolishness; but unto us which are saved it is the power of God.
2 Thessalonians 2:10 And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 8:21. Ex 29:18, 25. Is 49:5. Ezk 20:41. 1Co 1:18. 2Co 4:3. Ep 5:2. Php 4:18. 2Th 2:10.

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