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2 Corinthians 2:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Now when I came to Troas for the gospel of Christ, and when a door was opened unto me in the Lord,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Furthermore, when I came to Troas to [preach] Christ's gospel, and a door was opened unto me of the Lord,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now when I came to Troas for the gospel of Christ and when a door was opened for me in the Lord,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Furthermore, when I came to Troas to [preach] the gospel of Christ, and a door was opened to me by the Lord,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Now when I came to Troas for the [publication of the] glad tidings of the Christ, a door also being opened to me in [the] Lord,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Moreover, although I came unto Troas for the glad-message of the Christ, and a door for me had been opened in the Lord,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And having come to Troas for the good news of the Christ, and a door to me having been opened in the Lord,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And when I was come to Troas for the gospel of Christ and a door was opened unto me in the Lord,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Furthermore when I came to Troas, to [preach] Christs Gospel, and a doore was opened vnto mee of the Lord,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— WHEN, in preaching the gospel of the Meshiha, I had come to Troas, and a door was opened to me by the Lord,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Moreover, when I came to Troas in announcing the Messiah, and a door was opened to me by the Lord,

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Furthermore, y1161
[1161] Standard
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
when I came 2064
{2064} Prime
Middle voice of a primary verb (used only in the present and imperfect tenses, the others being supplied by a kindred [middle voice] word, ἐλεύθομαι [[eleuthomai]], {el-yoo'-thom-ahee}; or [active] ἔλθω [[eltho]], {el'-tho}; which do not otherwise occur); to come or go (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
to 1519
{1519} Prime
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
Troas 5174
{5174} Prime
From Τρός [[Tros]] (a Trojan); the Troad (or plain of Troy), that is, Troas, a place in Asia Minor.
to 1519
{1519} Prime
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
[preach] Christ's 5547
{5547} Prime
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
gospel, 2098
{2098} Prime
From the same as G2097; a good message, that is, the gospel.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
a door 2374
{2374} Prime
Apparently a primary word (compare 'door'); a portal or entrance (the opening or the closure, literally or figuratively).
was opened 455
{0455} Prime
From G0303 and οἴγω [[oigo]] (to open); to open up (literally or figuratively, in various applications).
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
unto me 3427
{3427} Prime
The simpler form of G1698; to me.
of 1722
{1722} Prime
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the Lord, 2962
{2962} Prime
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Corinthians 2:12

_ _ Paul expected to meet Titus at Troas, to receive the tidings as to the effect of his first Epistle on the Corinthian Church; but, disappointed in his expectation there, he passed on to Macedonia, where he met him at last (2 Corinthians 7:5, 2 Corinthians 7:6, 2 Corinthians 7:7) The history (Acts) does not record his passing through Troas, in going from Ephesus to Macedonia; but it does in coming from that country (Acts 20:6); also, that he had disciples there (Acts 20:7), which accords with the Epistle (2 Corinthians 2:12, “a door was opened unto me of the Lord”). An undesigned coincidence marking genuineness [Paley, Horae Paulinae]. Doubtless Paul had fixed a time with Titus to meet him at Troas; and had desired him, if detained so as not to be able to be at Troas at that time, to proceed at once to Macedonia to Philippi, the next station on his own journey. Hence, though a wide door of Christian usefulness opened to him at Troas, his eagerness to hear from Titus the tidings from Corinth, led him not to stay longer there when the time fixed was past, but he hastened on to Macedonia to meet him there [Birks].

_ _ to preach — literally, “for the Gospel.” He had been at Troas before, but the vision of a man from Macedonia inviting him to come over, prevented his remaining there (Acts 16:8-12). On his return to Asia, after the longer visit mentioned here, he stayed seven days (Acts 20:6).

_ _ and — that is, though Paul would, under ordinary circumstances, have gladly stayed in Troas.

_ _ door ... opened ... of the LordGreek,in the Lord,” that is, in His work, and by His gracious Providence.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

2 Corinthians 2:12-17

_ _ After these directions concerning the excommunicated person the apostle makes a long digression, to give the Corinthians an account of his travels and labours for the furtherance of the gospel, and what success he had therein, declaring at the same time how much he was concerned for them in their affairs, how he had no rest in his spirit, when he found not Titus at Troas (2 Corinthians 2:13), as he expected, from whom he hoped to have understood more perfectly how it fared with them. And we find afterwards (2 Corinthians 7:5-7) that when the apostle had come into Macedonia he was comforted by the coming of Titus, and the information he gave him concerning them. So that we may look upon all that we read from this second chapter, v. 12, to ch. 7:5, as a kind of parenthesis. Observe here,

_ _ I. Paul's unwearied labour and diligence in his work, 2 Corinthians 2:12, 2 Corinthians 2:13. He travelled from place to place, to preach the gospel. He went to Troas from Philippi by sea (Acts 20:6), and thence he went to Macedonia; so that he was prevented from passing by Corinth, as he had designed, 2 Corinthians 1:16. But, though he was prevented in his design as to the place of working, yet he was unwearied in his work.

_ _ II. His success in his work: A great door was opened to him of the Lord, 2 Corinthians 2:12. He had a great deal of work to do wherever he came, and had good success in his work; for God made manifest the savour of his knowledge by him in every place where he came. He had an opportunity to open the door of his mouth freely, and God opened the hearts of his hearers, as the heart of Lydia (Acts 16:14), and the apostle speaks of this as a matter of thankfulness to God and of rejoicing to his soul: Thanks be to God, who always causeth us to triumph in Christ. Note, 1. A believer's triumphs are all in Christ. In ourselves we are weak, and have neither joy nor victory; but in Christ we may rejoice and triumph. 2. True believers have constant cause of triumph in Christ, for they are more than conquerors through him who hath loved them, Romans 8:37. 3. God causeth them to triumph in Christ. It is God who has given us matter for triumph, and hearts to triumph. To him therefore be the praise and glory of all. 4. The good success of the gospel is a good reason for a Christian's joy and rejoicing.

_ _ III. The comfort that the apostle and his companions in labour found, even when the gospel was not successful to the salvation of some who heard it, 2 Corinthians 2:15-17. Here observe,

_ _ 1. The different success of the gospel, and its different effects upon several sorts of persons to whom it is preached. The success is different; for some are saved by it, while others perish under it. Nor is this to be wondered at, considering the different effects the gospel has. For, (1.) Unto some it is a savour of death unto death. Those who are willingly ignorant, and wilfully obstinate, disrelish the gospel, as men dislike an ill savour, and therefore they are blinded and hardened by it: it stirs up their corruptions, and exasperates their spirits. They reject the gospel, to their ruin, even to spiritual and eternal death. (2.) Unto others the gospel is a savour of life unto life. To humble and gracious souls the preaching of the word is most delightful and profitable. As it is sweeter than honey to the taste, so it is more grateful than the most precious odours to the senses, and much more profitable; for as it quickened them at first, when they were dead in trespasses and sins, so it makes them more lively, and will end in eternal life.

_ _ 2. The awful impressions this matter made upon the mind of the apostle, and should also make upon our spirits: Who is sufficient for these things? 2 Corinthians 2:16. Tis hikanos — who is worthy to be employed in such weighty work, a work of such vast importance, because of so great consequence? Who is able to perform such a difficult work, that requires so much skill and industry? The work is great and our strength is small; yea, of ourselves we have no strength at all; all our sufficiency is of God. Note, If men did seriously consider what great things depend upon the preaching of the gospel, and how difficult the work of the ministry is, they would be very cautious how they enter upon it, and very careful to perform it well.

_ _ 3. The comfort which the apostle had under this serious consideration, (1.) Because faithful ministers shall be accepted of God, whatever their success be: We are, if faithful, unto God a sweet savour of Christ (2 Corinthians 2:15), in those who are saved and in those also who perish. God will accept of sincere intentions, and honest endeavours, though with many they are not successful. Ministers shall be accepted, and recompensed, not according to their success, but according to their fidelity. Though Israel be not gathered, yet shall I be glorious in the eyes of the Lord, Isaiah 49:5. (2.) Because his conscience witnessed to his faithfulness, 2 Corinthians 2:17. Though many did corrupt the word of God, yet the apostle's conscience witnessed to his fidelity. He did not mix his own notions with the doctrines and institutions of Christ; he durst not add to, nor diminish fRom. the word of God; he was faithful in dispensing the gospel, as he received it from the Lord, and had no secular turn to serve; his aim was to approve himself to God, remembering that his eye was always upon him; he therefore spoke and acted always as in the sight of God, and therefore in sincerity. Note, What we do in religion is not of God, does not come from God, will not reach to God, unless it be done in sincerity, as in the sight of God.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Corinthians 2:12

Now when I came to Troas — It seems, in that passage from Asia to Macedonia, of which a short account is given, Acts 20:1-2. Even though a door was opened to me — That is, there was free liberty to speak, and many were willing to hear: yet,

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Corinthians 2:12

(2) Furthermore, when I came to Troas to [preach] Christ's gospel, and a door was opened unto me of the Lord,

(2) He returns to the confirmation of his apostleship, and brings forth both the testimonies of his labours, and also of God's blessing.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Acts 16:8 And they passing by Mysia came down to Troas.
Acts 20:1-6 And after the uproar was ceased, Paul called unto [him] the disciples, and embraced [them], and departed for to go into Macedonia. ... And we sailed away from Philippi after the days of unleavened bread, and came unto them to Troas in five days; where we abode seven days.
Acts 20:8 And there were many lights in the upper chamber, where they were gathered together.

and a:

Acts 14:27 And when they were come, and had gathered the church together, they rehearsed all that God had done with them, and how he had opened the door of faith unto the Gentiles.
1 Corinthians 16:9 For a great door and effectual is opened unto me, and [there are] many adversaries.
Colossians 4:3 Withal praying also for us, that God would open unto us a door of utterance, to speak the mystery of Christ, for which I am also in bonds:
Revelation 3:7-8 And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; These things saith he that is holy, he that is true, he that hath the key of David, he that openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth; ... I know thy works: behold, I have set before thee an open door, and no man can shut it: for thou hast a little strength, and hast kept my word, and hast not denied my name.
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Ac 14:27; 16:8; 20:1, 8. 1Co 16:9. Col 4:3. Rv 3:7.

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