Parallel Bible VersionsGreek Bible Study Tools

2 Corinthians 11:27 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [in] labor and travail, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— In weariness and painfulness, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [I have been] in labor and hardship, through many sleepless nights, in hunger and thirst, often without food, in cold and exposure.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— In weariness and painfulness, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— in labour and toil, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— in toil and hardship, in watchings, oft, in hunger and thirst, in fasting, oft, in cold and nakedness:—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— in labouriousness and painfulness, in watchings many times, in hunger and thirst, in fastings many times, in cold and nakedness;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— In labour and painfulness, in much watchings, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— In wearinesse and painfulnesse, in watchings often, in hunger & thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakednes.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— in labour and weariness, in much watching, in hunger and thirst, in much fasting, in cold and in nakedness;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— In toil and weariness, in much watching, in hunger and thirst, in much fasting, in cold and nakedness:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
In 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
weariness 2873
{2873} Prime
κόπος
kopos
{kop'-os}
From G2875; a cut, that is, (by analogy) toil (as reducing the strength), literally or figuratively; by implication pains.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
painfulness, 3449
{3449} Prime
μόχθος
mochthos
{mokh'-thos}
From the base of G3425; toil, that is, (by implication) sadness.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
watchings 70
{0070} Prime
ἀγρυπνία
agrupnia
{ag-roop-nee'-ah}
From G0069; sleeplessness, that is, a keeping awake.
often, 4178
{4178} Prime
πολλάκις
pollakis
{pol-lak'-is}
Multiplicative adverb from G4183; many times, that is, frequently.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
hunger 3042
{3042} Prime
λιμός
limos
{lee-mos'}
Probably from G3007 (through the idea of destitution); a scarcity of food.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
thirst, y1373
[1373] Standard
δίψος
dipsos
{dip'-sos}
Of uncertain affinity; thirst.
x1372
(1372) Complement
διψάω
dipsao
{dip-sah'-o}
From a variation of G1373; to thirst for (literally or figuratively).
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
fastings 3521
{3521} Prime
νηστεία
nesteia
{nace-ti'-ah}
From G3522; abstinence (from lack of food, or voluntary and religious); specifically the fast of the Day of Atonement.
often, 4178
{4178} Prime
πολλάκις
pollakis
{pol-lak'-is}
Multiplicative adverb from G4183; many times, that is, frequently.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
cold 5592
{5592} Prime
ψῦχος
psuchos
{psoo'-khos}
From G5594; coolness.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
nakedness. 1132
{1132} Prime
γυμνότης
gumnotes
{goom-not'-ace}
From G1131; nudity (absolutely or comparatively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Corinthians 11:27

_ _ fastingsvoluntary, in order to kindle devotions (Acts 13:2, Acts 13:3; Acts 14:23; 1 Corinthians 9:27); for they are distinguished from “hunger and thirst,” which were involuntary [Grotius]. However, see on 2 Corinthians 6:5. The context refers solely to hardships, not to self-imposed devotional mortification. “Hunger and thirst” are not synonymous with “foodlessness” (as the Greek of “fasting” means), but are its consequences.

_ _ cold ... nakedness — “cold” resulting from “nakedness,” or insufficient clothing, as the Greek often means: as “hunger and thirst” result from “foodlessness.” (Compare Acts 28:2; Romans 8:35). “When we remember that he who endured all this was a man constantly suffering from infirm health (2 Corinthians 4:7-12; 2 Corinthians 12:7-10; Galatians 4:13, Galatians 4:14), such heroic self-devotion seems almost superhuman” [Conybeare and Howson].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Corinthians 11:22-33.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Corinthians 11:27

In cold and nakedness — Having no place where to lay my head; no convenient raiment to cover me; yet appearing before noble — men, governors, kings; and not being ashamed.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Corinthians 11:27

In weariness and (r) painfulness, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness.

(r) Painfulness is a troublesome sickness, as when a man who is weary and wants rest is forced to begin new labour.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
weariness:

2 Corinthians 11:23 Are they ministers of Christ? (I speak as a fool) I [am] more; in labours more abundant, in stripes above measure, in prisons more frequent, in deaths oft.
2 Corinthians 6:5 In stripes, in imprisonments, in tumults, in labours, in watchings, in fastings;
Acts 20:5-11 These going before tarried for us at Troas. ... When he therefore was come up again, and had broken bread, and eaten, and talked a long while, even till break of day, so he departed.
Acts 20:34-35 Yea, ye yourselves know, that these hands have ministered unto my necessities, and to them that were with me. ... I have shewed you all things, how that so labouring ye ought to support the weak, and to remember the words of the Lord Jesus, how he said, It is more blessed to give than to receive.
1 Thessalonians 2:9 For ye remember, brethren, our labour and travail: for labouring night and day, because we would not be chargeable unto any of you, we preached unto you the gospel of God.
2 Thessalonians 3:8 Neither did we eat any man's bread for nought; but wrought with labour and travail night and day, that we might not be chargeable to any of you:

in watchings:

Acts 20:31 Therefore watch, and remember, that by the space of three years I ceased not to warn every one night and day with tears.

in hunger:

Jeremiah 38:9 My lord the king, these men have done evil in all that they have done to Jeremiah the prophet, whom they have cast into the dungeon; and he is like to die for hunger in the place where he is: for [there is] no more bread in the city.
1 Corinthians 4:11-12 Even unto this present hour we both hunger, and thirst, and are naked, and are buffeted, and have no certain dwellingplace; ... And labour, working with our own hands: being reviled, we bless; being persecuted, we suffer it:
Philippians 4:12 I know both how to be abased, and I know how to abound: every where and in all things I am instructed both to be full and to be hungry, both to abound and to suffer need.

fastings:

2 Corinthians 6:5 In stripes, in imprisonments, in tumults, in labours, in watchings, in fastings;
Acts 13:2-3 As they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them. ... And when they had fasted and prayed, and laid [their] hands on them, they sent [them] away.
Acts 14:23 And when they had ordained them elders in every church, and had prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord, on whom they believed.
1 Corinthians 7:5 Defraud ye not one the other, except [it be] with consent for a time, that ye may give yourselves to fasting and prayer; and come together again, that Satan tempt you not for your incontinency.

nakedness:

Romans 8:35-36 Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? [shall] tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword? ... As it is written, For thy sake we are killed all the day long; we are accounted as sheep for the slaughter.
Hebrews 11:37 They were stoned, they were sawn asunder, were tempted, were slain with the sword: they wandered about in sheepskins and goatskins; being destitute, afflicted, tormented;
James 2:15-16 If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food, ... And one of you say unto them, Depart in peace, be [ye] warmed and filled; notwithstanding ye give them not those things which are needful to the body; what [doth it] profit?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jr 38:9. Ac 13:2; 14:23; 20:5, 31, 34. Ro 8:35. 1Co 4:11; 7:5. 2Co 6:5; 11:23. Php 4:12. 1Th 2:9. 2Th 3:8. He 11:37. Jm 2:15.

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