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2 Corinthians 11:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Are they ministers of Christ? (I speak as one beside himself) I more; in labors more abundantly, in prisons more abundantly, in stripes above measure, in deaths oft.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Are they ministers of Christ? (I speak as a fool) I [am] more; in labours more abundant, in stripes above measure, in prisons more frequent, in deaths oft.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Are they servants of Christ?—I speak as if insane—I more so; in far more labors, in far more imprisonments, beaten times without number, often in danger of death.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Are they ministers of Christ? (I speak as a fool) I [am] more; in labors more abundant, in stripes above measure, in prisons more frequent, in deaths often.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Are they ministers of Christ? (I speak as being beside myself) *I* above measure [so]; in labours exceedingly abundant, in stripes to excess, in prisons exceedingly abundant, in deaths oft.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Ministers of Christ, are they? As one deranged I am talking, I, above measure!—in toils, superabundantly, in prisons, superabundantly, in stripes, to excess, in deaths, oft,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— ministrants of Christ are they?—as beside myself I speak—I more; in labours more abundantly, in stripes above measure, in prisons more frequently, in deaths many times;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— They are the ministers of Christ (I speak as one less wise): I am more; in many more labours, in prisons more frequently, in stripes above measure, in deaths often.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Are they ministers of Christ? I speake as a foole, I am more: in labors more abundant: in stripes aboue measure: in prisons more frequent: in deaths oft.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— if they are ministers of the Meshiha, -I speak with defectiveness of mind,- I exceed then! In labours I exceed them, in stripes I exceed them, in chains I exceed them, in deaths many times.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— If they are ministers of the Messiah, (in defect of understanding, I say it,) I am superior to them: in toils more than they, in stripes more than they, in bonds more than they, in deaths many times.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Are x1526
(1526) Complement
εἰσί
eisi
{i-see'}
Third person plural present indicative of G1510; they are.
they y1526
[1526] Standard
εἰσί
eisi
{i-see'}
Third person plural present indicative of G1510; they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
ministers 1249
{1249} Prime
διάκονος
diakonos
{dee-ak'-on-os}
Probably from διάκω [[diako]] (obsolete, to run on errands; compare G1377); an attendant, that is, (generally) a waiter (at table or in other menial duties); specifically a Christian teacher and pastor (technically a deacon or deaconess).
of Christ? y5547
[5547] Standard
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
(I x5547
(5547) Complement
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
speak 2980
{2980} Prime
λαλέω
laleo
{lal-eh'-o}
A prolonged form of an otherwise obsolete verb; to talk, that is, utter words.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
as a fool) 3912
{3912} Prime
παραφρονέω
paraphroneo
{par-af-ron-eh'-o}
From G3844 and G5426; to misthink, that is, be insane (silly).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
I 1473
{1473} Prime
ἐγώ
ego
{eg-o'}
A primary pronoun of the first person, 'I' (only expressed when emphatic).
[am] more; 5228
{5228} Prime
ὑπέρ
huper
{hoop-er'}
A primary preposition; 'over', that is, (with the genitive case) of place, above, beyond, across, or causal, for the sake of, instead, regarding; with the accusative case superior to, more than. In compounds it retains many of the listed applications.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
labours 2873
{2873} Prime
κόπος
kopos
{kop'-os}
From G2875; a cut, that is, (by analogy) toil (as reducing the strength), literally or figuratively; by implication pains.
more abundant, 4056
{4056} Prime
περισσοτέρως
perissoteros
{per-is-sot-er'-oce}
Adverb from G4055; more superabundantly.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
stripes 4127
{4127} Prime
πληγή
plege
{play-gay'}
From G4141; a stroke; by implication a wound; figuratively a calamity.
above measure, 5234
{5234} Prime
ὑπερβαλλόντως
huperballontos
{hoop-er-bal-lon'-toce}
Adverb from present participle active of G5235; excessively.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
prisons 5438
{5438} Prime
φυλακή
phulake
{foo-lak-ay'}
From G5442; a guarding or (concretely guard), the act, the parson; figuratively the place, the condition, or (specifically) the time (as a division of day or night), literally or figuratively.
more frequent, 4056
{4056} Prime
περισσοτέρως
perissoteros
{per-is-sot-er'-oce}
Adverb from G4055; more superabundantly.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
deaths 2288
{2288} Prime
θάνατος
thanatos
{than'-at-os}
From G2348; (properly an adjective used as a noun) death (literally or figuratively).
oft. 4178
{4178} Prime
πολλάκις
pollakis
{pol-lak'-is}
Multiplicative adverb from G4183; many times, that is, frequently.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Corinthians 11:23

_ _ I speak as a fool — rather, as Greek, “I speak as if beside myself”; stronger than “as a fool.”

_ _ I am more — namely, in respect to the credentials and manifestations of my ministry, more faithful and self-denying; and richer in tokens of God’s recognition of my ministry. Old authorities read the order thus, “In prisons above measures, in stripes more abundantly” (English Version, less accurately, “more frequent”). Acts 16:23-40 records one case of his imprisonment with stripes. Clement of Rome [First Epistle to the Corinthians] describes him as having suffered bonds seven times.

_ _ in death oft — (2 Corinthians 4:10; Acts 9:23; Acts 13:50; Acts 14:5, Acts 14:6, Acts 14:19; Acts 17:5, Acts 17:13).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Corinthians 11:22-33.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Corinthians 11:23

I am more so than they. In deaths often — Surrounding me in the most dreadful forms.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Corinthians 11:23

Are they ministers of Christ? (I speak as a fool) I [am] (n) more; in labours more abundant, in stripes above measure, in prisons more frequent, in (o) deaths oft.

(n) Paul being honourable indeed, defends his ministry openly, not for his own sake, but because he saw his doctrine come into danger.

(o) In danger of present death.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
ministers:

2 Corinthians 3:6 Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament; not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life.
2 Corinthians 6:4 But in all [things] approving ourselves as the ministers of God, in much patience, in afflictions, in necessities, in distresses,
1 Corinthians 3:5 Who then is Paul, and who [is] Apollos, but ministers by whom ye believed, even as the Lord gave to every man?
1 Corinthians 4:1 Let a man so account of us, as of the ministers of Christ, and stewards of the mysteries of God.
1 Thessalonians 3:2 And sent Timotheus, our brother, and minister of God, and our fellowlabourer in the gospel of Christ, to establish you, and to comfort you concerning your faith:
1 Timothy 4:6 If thou put the brethren in remembrance of these things, thou shalt be a good minister of Jesus Christ, nourished up in the words of faith and of good doctrine, whereunto thou hast attained.

I am:

2 Corinthians 11:5 For I suppose I was not a whit behind the very chiefest apostles.
2 Corinthians 12:11-12 I am become a fool in glorying; ye have compelled me: for I ought to have been commended of you: for in nothing am I behind the very chiefest apostles, though I be nothing. ... Truly the signs of an apostle were wrought among you in all patience, in signs, and wonders, and mighty deeds.

in labours:

1 Corinthians 15:10 But by the grace of God I am what I am: and his grace which [was bestowed] upon me was not in vain; but I laboured more abundantly than they all: yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me.
Colossians 1:29 Whereunto I also labour, striving according to his working, which worketh in me mightily.

in stripes:

2 Corinthians 11:24-25 Of the Jews five times received I forty [stripes] save one. ... Thrice was I beaten with rods, once was I stoned, thrice I suffered shipwreck, a night and a day I have been in the deep;
2 Corinthians 6:4-5 But in all [things] approving ourselves as the ministers of God, in much patience, in afflictions, in necessities, in distresses, ... In stripes, in imprisonments, in tumults, in labours, in watchings, in fastings;
Acts 9:16 For I will shew him how great things he must suffer for my name's sake.

in prisons:

Acts 9:16 For I will shew him how great things he must suffer for my name's sake.
Acts 16:24 Who, having received such a charge, thrust them into the inner prison, and made their feet fast in the stocks.
Acts 20:23 Save that the Holy Ghost witnesseth in every city, saying that bonds and afflictions abide me.
Acts 21:11 And when he was come unto us, he took Paul's girdle, and bound his own hands and feet, and said, Thus saith the Holy Ghost, So shall the Jews at Jerusalem bind the man that owneth this girdle, and shall deliver [him] into the hands of the Gentiles.
Acts 24:26-27 He hoped also that money should have been given him of Paul, that he might loose him: wherefore he sent for him the oftener, and communed with him. ... But after two years Porcius Festus came into Felix' room: and Felix, willing to shew the Jews a pleasure, left Paul bound.
Acts 25:14 And when they had been there many days, Festus declared Paul's cause unto the king, saying, There is a certain man left in bonds by Felix:
Acts 27:1 And when it was determined that we should sail into Italy, they delivered Paul and certain other prisoners unto [one] named Julius, a centurion of Augustus' band.
Acts 28:16 And when we came to Rome, the centurion delivered the prisoners to the captain of the guard: but Paul was suffered to dwell by himself with a soldier that kept him.
Acts 28:30 And Paul dwelt two whole years in his own hired house, and received all that came in unto him,
Ephesians 3:1 For this cause I Paul, the prisoner of Jesus Christ for you Gentiles,
Ephesians 4:1 I therefore, the prisoner of the Lord, beseech you that ye walk worthy of the vocation wherewith ye are called,
Ephesians 6:20 For which I am an ambassador in bonds: that therein I may speak boldly, as I ought to speak.
Philippians 1:13 So that my bonds in Christ are manifest in all the palace, and in all other [places];
2 Timothy 1:8 Be not thou therefore ashamed of the testimony of our Lord, nor of me his prisoner: but be thou partaker of the afflictions of the gospel according to the power of God;
2 Timothy 1:16 The Lord give mercy unto the house of Onesiphorus; for he oft refreshed me, and was not ashamed of my chain:
2 Timothy 2:9 Wherein I suffer trouble, as an evil doer, [even] unto bonds; but the word of God is not bound.
Philemon 1:9 Yet for love's sake I rather beseech [thee], being such an one as Paul the aged, and now also a prisoner of Jesus Christ.
Hebrews 10:34 For ye had compassion of me in my bonds, and took joyfully the spoiling of your goods, knowing in yourselves that ye have in heaven a better and an enduring substance.

in deaths:

2 Corinthians 1:9-10 But we had the sentence of death in ourselves, that we should not trust in ourselves, but in God which raiseth the dead: ... Who delivered us from so great a death, and doth deliver: in whom we trust that he will yet deliver [us];
2 Corinthians 4:11 For we which live are alway delivered unto death for Jesus' sake, that the life also of Jesus might be made manifest in our mortal flesh.
2 Corinthians 6:9 As unknown, and [yet] well known; as dying, and, behold, we live; as chastened, and not killed;
Acts 14:19 And there came thither [certain] Jews from Antioch and Iconium, who persuaded the people, and, having stoned Paul, drew [him] out of the city, supposing he had been dead.
1 Corinthians 15:30-32 And why stand we in jeopardy every hour? ... If after the manner of men I have fought with beasts at Ephesus, what advantageth it me, if the dead rise not? let us eat and drink; for to morrow we die.
Philippians 2:17 Yea, and if I be offered upon the sacrifice and service of your faith, I joy, and rejoice with you all.
Colossians 1:24 Who now rejoice in my sufferings for you, and fill up that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ in my flesh for his body's sake, which is the church:
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Ac 9:16; 14:19; 16:24; 20:23; 21:11; 24:26; 25:14; 27:1; 28:16, 30. 1Co 3:5; 4:1; 15:10, 30. 2Co 1:9; 3:6; 4:11; 6:4, 9; 11:5, 24; 12:11. Ep 3:1; 4:1; 6:20. Php 1:13; 2:17. Col 1:24, 29. 1Th 3:2. 1Ti 4:6. 2Ti 1:8, 16; 2:9. Phm 1:9. He 10:34.

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