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2 Corinthians 10:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— (for the weapons of our warfare are not of the flesh, but mighty before God to the casting down of strongholds),
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— (For the weapons of our warfare [are] not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds;)
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— for the weapons of our warfare are not of the flesh, but divinely powerful for the destruction of fortresses.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— (For the weapons of our warfare [are] not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds;)
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For the arms of our warfare [are] not fleshly, but powerful according to God to [the] overthrow of strongholds;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, the weapons of our warfare, are not fleshly, but mighty, by God, unto a pulling down of strongholds,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for the weapons of our warfare [are] not fleshly, but powerful to God for bringing down of strongholds,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For the weapons of our warfare are not carnal but mighty to God, unto the pulling down of fortifications, destroying counsels,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— (For the weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling downe of strong holds.)
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For the armour of our warfare is not of the flesh, but of the power of Aloha; and by it we cast down the strong-holds of rebels,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For the arms of our warfare are not those of the flesh, but those of the power of God; by which we subdue rebellious castles.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
(For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
weapons 3696
{3696} Prime
ὅπλον
hoplon
{hop'-lon}
Probably from the primary word ἕπω [[hepo]] (to be busy about); an implement or utensil or tool (literally or figuratively, especially offensive for war).
of our 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
warfare 4752
{4752} Prime
στρατεία
strateia
{strat-i'-ah}
From G4754; military service, that is, (figuratively) the apostolic career (as one of hardship and danger).
[are] not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
carnal, 4559
{4559} Prime
σαρκικός
sarkikos
{sar-kee-kos'}
From G4561; pertaining to flesh, that is, (by extension) bodily, temporal, or (by implication) animal, unregenerate.
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
mighty 1415
{1415} Prime
δυνατός
dunatos
{doo-nat-os'}
From G1410; powerful or capable (literally or figuratively); neuter possible.
through God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
to 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
the pulling down 2506
{2506} Prime
καθαίρεσις
kathairesis
{kath-ah'-ee-res-is}
From G2507; demolition; figuratively extinction.
of strong holds;) 3794
{3794} Prime
ὀχύρωμα
ochuroma
{okh-oo'-ro-mah}
From a remote derivative of G2192 (meaning to fortify, through the idea of holding safely); a castle (figuratively argument).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Corinthians 10:4

_ _ A confutation of those who try to propagate their creed by force and persecution (compare Luke 9:54-56).

_ _ weapons — for punishing offending members (2 Corinthians 10:6; 1 Corinthians 4:21; 1 Corinthians 5:5, 1 Corinthians 5:13); boldness of speech, ecclesiastical discipline (2 Corinthians 10:8; 2 Corinthians 13:10), the power of the word, and of the sacraments, the various extraordinary gifts of the Spirit.

_ _ carnal — Translate, “fleshly,” to preserve the allusion to 2 Corinthians 10:2, 2 Corinthians 10:3.

_ _ mighty through GodGreek, “mighty to God,” that is, mighty before God: not humanly, but divinely powerful. The power is not ours, but God’s. Compare “fair to God,” that is, divinely fair (Acts 7:20, Margin). Also above (2 Corinthians 2:15), “unto God a sweet savor.” “The efficacy of the Christian religion proves its truth” [Bengel].

_ _ pulling down — As the Greek is the same as in 2 Corinthians 10:5, translate, “casting down.” Compare Jeremiah 1:10 : the inspired servants of God inherit the commission of the Old Testament prophets.

_ _ strongholds — (Proverbs 21:22); namely, in which sinners entrench themselves against reproof; all that opposes itself to Christ; the learning, and eloquence, and philosophical subtleties on which the Corinthians prided themselves. So Joshua’s trumpet blast was “mighty” under God to overthrow the walls of Jericho.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Corinthians 10:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Corinthians 10:4

For the weapons of our warfare — Those we use in this war. Are not carnal — But spiritual, and therefore mighty to the throwing down of strong holds — Of all the difficulties which men or devils can raise in our way. Though faith and prayer belong also to the Christian armour, Ephesians 6:15, &c., yet the word of God seems to be here chiefly intended.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Corinthians 10:4

(For the weapons of our warfare [are] not (c) carnal, but mighty through (d) God to the pulling down of strong holds;)

(c) Are not those weapons that men get authority over one another with, and do great acts.

(d) Stand upon the foundation of God's infinite power.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the weapons:

2 Corinthians 6:7 By the word of truth, by the power of God, by the armour of righteousness on the right hand and on the left,
Romans 6:13 Neither yield ye your members [as] instruments of unrighteousness unto sin: but yield yourselves unto God, as those that are alive from the dead, and your members [as] instruments of righteousness unto God.
*marg.
Romans 13:12 The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light.
Ephesians 6:13-18 Wherefore take unto you the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand. ... Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance and supplication for all saints;
1 Thessalonians 5:8 But let us, who are of the day, be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love; and for an helmet, the hope of salvation.

our:

1 Timothy 1:18 This charge I commit unto thee, son Timothy, according to the prophecies which went before on thee, that thou by them mightest war a good warfare;
2 Timothy 2:3 Thou therefore endure hardness, as a good soldier of Jesus Christ.

mighty:

2 Corinthians 3:5 Not that we are sufficient of ourselves to think any thing as of ourselves; but our sufficiency [is] of God;
2 Corinthians 4:7 But we have this treasure in earthen vessels, that the excellency of the power may be of God, and not of us.
2 Corinthians 13:3-4 Since ye seek a proof of Christ speaking in me, which to you-ward is not weak, but is mighty in you. ... For though he was crucified through weakness, yet he liveth by the power of God. For we also are weak in him, but we shall live with him by the power of God toward you.
Judges 7:13-23 And when Gideon was come, behold, [there was] a man that told a dream unto his fellow, and said, Behold, I dreamed a dream, and, lo, a cake of barley bread tumbled into the host of Midian, and came unto a tent, and smote it that it fell, and overturned it, that the tent lay along. ... And the men of Israel gathered themselves together out of Naphtali, and out of Asher, and out of all Manasseh, and pursued after the Midianites.
Judges 15:14-16 [And] when he came unto Lehi, the Philistines shouted against him: and the Spirit of the LORD came mightily upon him, and the cords that [were] upon his arms became as flax that was burnt with fire, and his bands loosed from off his hands. ... And Samson said, With the jawbone of an ass, heaps upon heaps, with the jaw of an ass have I slain a thousand men.
1 Samuel 17:45-50 Then said David to the Philistine, Thou comest to me with a sword, and with a spear, and with a shield: but I come to thee in the name of the LORD of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom thou hast defied. ... So David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and with a stone, and smote the Philistine, and slew him; but [there was] no sword in the hand of David.
Psalms 110:2 The LORD shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion: rule thou in the midst of thine enemies.
Isaiah 41:14-16 Fear not, thou worm Jacob, [and] ye men of Israel; I will help thee, saith the LORD, and thy redeemer, the Holy One of Israel. ... Thou shalt fan them, and the wind shall carry them away, and the whirlwind shall scatter them: and thou shalt rejoice in the LORD, [and] shalt glory in the Holy One of Israel.
Zechariah 4:6-7 Then he answered and spake unto me, saying, This [is] the word of the LORD unto Zerubbabel, saying, Not by might, nor by power, but by my spirit, saith the LORD of hosts. ... Who [art] thou, O great mountain? before Zerubbabel [thou shalt become] a plain: and he shall bring forth the headstone [thereof with] shoutings, [crying], Grace, grace unto it.
Acts 7:22 And Moses was learned in all the wisdom of the Egyptians, and was mighty in words and in deeds.
1 Corinthians 1:18-24 For the preaching of the cross is to them that perish foolishness; but unto us which are saved it is the power of God. ... But unto them which are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God.
1 Corinthians 2:5 That your faith should not stand in the wisdom of men, but in the power of God.
2 Corinthians 13:3 Since ye seek a proof of Christ speaking in me, which to you-ward is not weak, but is mighty in you.
Hebrews 11:32-33 And what shall I more say? for the time would fail me to tell of Gedeon, and [of] Barak, and [of] Samson, and [of] Jephthae; [of] David also, and Samuel, and [of] the prophets: ... Who through faith subdued kingdoms, wrought righteousness, obtained promises, stopped the mouths of lions,

through God:
or, to God

to the:

Joshua 6:20 So the people shouted when [the priests] blew with the trumpets: and it came to pass, when the people heard the sound of the trumpet, and the people shouted with a great shout, that the wall fell down flat, so that the people went up into the city, every man straight before him, and they took the city.
Isaiah 30:25 And there shall be upon every high mountain, and upon every high hill, rivers [and] streams of waters in the day of the great slaughter, when the towers fall.
Jeremiah 1:10 See, I have this day set thee over the nations and over the kingdoms, to root out, and to pull down, and to destroy, and to throw down, to build, and to plant.
Hebrews 11:30 By faith the walls of Jericho fell down, after they were compassed about seven days.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jsh 6:20. Jg 7:13; 15:14. 1S 17:45. Ps 110:2. Is 30:25; 41:14. Jr 1:10. Zc 4:6. Ac 7:22. Ro 6:13; 13:12. 1Co 1:18; 2:5. 2Co 3:5; 4:7; 6:7; 13:3. Ep 6:13. 1Th 5:8. 1Ti 1:18. 2Ti 2:3. He 11:30, 32.

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