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2 Corinthians 1:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Blessed [be] the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies and God of all comfort;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Blessed [be] God, even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies, and the God of all comfort;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Blessed [be] the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies and God of all comfort,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Blessed [be] God, even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies, and the God of all consolation.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Blessed [be] the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of compassions, and God of all encouragement;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Blessed, be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of compassions, and God of all encouragement,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Blessed [is] God, even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of the mercies, and God of all comfort,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies and the God of all comfort:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Blessed be God, euen the Father of our Lord Iesus Christ, the Father of mercies, and the God of all comfort,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Blessed be Aloha, the Father of our Lord Jeshu Meshiha, the Father of mercies, and the God of all consolation,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Blessed be God, the Father of our Lord Jesus the Messiah, the Father of mercies, and the God of all consolation;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Blessed 2128
{2128} Prime
εὐλογητός
eulogetos
{yoo-log-ay-tos'}
From G2127; adorable.
[be] God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
even 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the Father 3962
{3962} Prime
πατήρ
pater
{pat-ayr'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'father' (literally or figuratively, near or more remote).
of our 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
Lord 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
Jesus 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
Christ, 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Father 3962
{3962} Prime
πατήρ
pater
{pat-ayr'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'father' (literally or figuratively, near or more remote).
of mercies, 3628
{3628} Prime
οἰκτιρμός
oiktirmos
{oyk-tir-mos'}
From G3627; pity.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
of all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
comfort; 3874
{3874} Prime
παράκλησις
paraklesis
{par-ak'-lay-sis}
From G3870; imploration, hortation, solace.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Corinthians 1:3

_ _ This thanksgiving for his late deliverance forms a suitable introduction for conciliating their favorable reception of his reasons for not having fulfilled his promise of visiting them (2 Corinthians 1:15-24).

_ _ Father of mercies — that is, the SOURCE of all mercies (compare James 1:17; Romans 12:1).

_ _ comfort — which flows from His “mercies” experienced. Like a true man of faith, he mentions “mercies” and “comfort,” before he proceeds to speak of afflictions (2 Corinthians 1:4-6). The “tribulation” of believers is not inconsistent with God’s mercy, and does not beget in them suspicion of it; nay, in the end they feel that He is “the God of ALL comfort,” that is, who imparts the only true and perfect comfort in every instance (Psalms 146:3, Psalms 146:5, Psalms 146:8; James 5:11).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

2 Corinthians 1:3-6

_ _ After the foregoing preface, the apostle begins with the narrative of God's goodness to him and his fellow-labourers in their manifold tribulations, which he speaks of by way of thanksgiving to God, and to advance the divine glory (2 Corinthians 1:3-6); and it is fit that in all things, and in the first place, God be glorified. Observe,

_ _ I. The object of the apostle's thanksgiving, to whom he offers up blessing and praise, namely, the blessed God, who only is to be praised, whom he describes by several glorious and amiable titles. 1. The God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ: ho Theos kai patr kuriou hmn Isou Christou. God is the Father of Christ's divine nature by eternal generation, of his human nature by miraculous conception in the womb of the virgin, and of Christ as God-man, and our Redeemer, by covenant-relation, and in and through him as Mediator our God and our Father, John 20:17. In the Old Testament we often meet with this title, The God of Abraham, and of Isaac, and of Jacob, to denote God's covenant-relation to them and their seed; and in the New Testament God is styled the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, to denote his covenant-relation to the Mediator and his spiritual seed. Galatians 3:16. 2. The Father of mercies. There is a multitude of tender mercies in God essentially, and all mercies are from God originally: mercy in his genuine offspring and his delight. He delighteth in mercy, Micah 7:18. 3. The God of all comfort; from his proceedeth the COMFORTER, John 15:26. He giveth the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts, 2 Corinthians 1:22. All our comforts come from God, and our sweetest comforts are in him.

_ _ II. The reasons of the apostle's thanksgivings, which are these: —

_ _ 1. The benefits that he himself and his companions had received from God; for God had comforted them in all their tribulations, 2 Corinthians 1:4. In the world they had trouble, but in Christ they had peace. The apostles met with many tribulations, but they found comfort in them all: their sufferings (which are called the sufferings of Christ, 2 Corinthians 1:5, because Christ sympathized with his members when suffering for his sake) did abound, but their consolation by Christ did abound also. Note, (1.) Then are we qualified to receive the comfort of God's mercies when we set ourselves to give him the glory of them. (2.) Then we speak best of God and his goodness when we speak from our own experience, and, in telling others, tell God also what he has done for our souls.

_ _ 2. The advantage which others might receive; for God intended that they should be able to comfort others in trouble (2 Corinthians 1:4), by communicating to them their experiences of the divine goodness and mercy; and the sufferings of good men have a tendency to this good end (2 Corinthians 1:6) when they are endued with faith and patience. Note, (1.) What favours God bestows on us are intended not only to make us cheerful ourselves, but also that we may be useful to others. (2.) If we do imitate the faith and patience of good men in their afflictions, we may hope to partake of their consolations here and their salvation hereafter.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Corinthians 1:3

Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ — A solemn and beautiful introduction, highly suitable to the apostolical spirit. The Father of mercies, and God of all comfort — Mercies are the fountain of comfort; comfort is the outward expression of mercy. God shows mercy in the affliction itself. He gives comfort both in and after the affliction. Therefore is he termed, the God of all comfort. Blessed be this God!

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Corinthians 1:3

(2) (a) Blessed [be] God, even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of (b) mercies, and the God of all comfort;

(2) He begins after this manner with thanksgiving, which nonetheless (otherwise than he was accustomed to) he applies to himself: beginning his epistle with the setting forth of the dignity of his apostleship, forced (as it should seem) by their importunity which took an occasion to despise him, by reason of his miseries. But he answers, that he is not so afflicted but that his comforts do exceed his afflictions, showing the ground of them, even the mercy of God the Father in Jesus Christ.

(a) To him be praise and glory given.

(b) Most merciful.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Blessed:

Genesis 14:20 And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all.
1 Chronicles 29:10 Wherefore David blessed the LORD before all the congregation: and David said, Blessed [be] thou, LORD God of Israel our father, for ever and ever.
Nehemiah 9:5 Then the Levites, Jeshua, and Kadmiel, Bani, Hashabniah, Sherebiah, Hodijah, Shebaniah, [and] Pethahiah, said, Stand up [and] bless the LORD your God for ever and ever: and blessed be thy glorious name, which is exalted above all blessing and praise.
Job 1:21 And said, Naked came I out of my mother's womb, and naked shall I return thither: the LORD gave, and the LORD hath taken away; blessed be the name of the LORD.
Psalms 18:46 The LORD liveth; and blessed [be] my rock; and let the God of my salvation be exalted.
Psalms 72:19 And blessed [be] his glorious name for ever: and let the whole earth be filled [with] his glory; Amen, and Amen.
Daniel 4:34 And at the end of the days I Nebuchadnezzar lifted up mine eyes unto heaven, and mine understanding returned unto me, and I blessed the most High, and I praised and honoured him that liveth for ever, whose dominion [is] an everlasting dominion, and his kingdom [is] from generation to generation:
Ephesians 1:3 Blessed [be] the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly [places] in Christ:
1 Peter 1:3 Blessed [be] the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,

the Father of our:

2 Corinthians 11:31 The God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which is blessed for evermore, knoweth that I lie not.
John 5:22-23 For the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son: ... That all [men] should honour the Son, even as they honour the Father. He that honoureth not the Son honoureth not the Father which hath sent him.
John 10:30 I and [my] Father are one.
John 20:17 Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and [to] my God, and your God.
Romans 15:6 That ye may with one mind [and] one mouth glorify God, even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.
Ephesians 1:3 Blessed [be] the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly [places] in Christ:
Ephesians 1:17 That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him:
Philippians 2:11 And [that] every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ [is] Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
2 John 1:4 I rejoiced greatly that I found of thy children walking in truth, as we have received a commandment from the Father.
2 John 1:9 Whosoever transgresseth, and abideth not in the doctrine of Christ, hath not God. He that abideth in the doctrine of Christ, he hath both the Father and the Son.

the Father of mercies:

Psalms 86:5 For thou, Lord, [art] good, and ready to forgive; and plenteous in mercy unto all them that call upon thee.
Psalms 86:15 But thou, O Lord, [art] a God full of compassion, and gracious, longsuffering, and plenteous in mercy and truth.
Daniel 9:9 To the Lord our God [belong] mercies and forgivenesses, though we have rebelled against him;
Micah 7:18 Who [is] a God like unto thee, that pardoneth iniquity, and passeth by the transgression of the remnant of his heritage? he retaineth not his anger for ever, because he delighteth [in] mercy.

the God:

Romans 15:5 Now the God of patience and consolation grant you to be likeminded one toward another according to Christ Jesus:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 14:20. 1Ch 29:10. Ne 9:5. Jb 1:21. Ps 18:46; 72:19; 86:5, 15. Dn 4:34; 9:9. Mi 7:18. Jn 5:22; 10:30; 20:17. Ro 15:5, 6. 2Co 11:31. Ep 1:3, 17. Php 2:11. 1P 1:3. 2Jn 1:4, 9.

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