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2 Corinthians 1:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But I call God for a witness upon my soul, that to spare you I forbare to come unto Corinth.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Moreover I call God for a record upon my soul, that to spare you I came not as yet unto Corinth.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But I call God as witness to my soul, that to spare you I did not come again to Corinth.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Moreover, I call God for a witness upon my soul, that to spare you I have not as yet come to Corinth.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But I call God to witness upon my soul that to spare you I have not yet come to Corinth.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, I, call upon God, as a witness, against my own soul,—that, to spare you, not yet, have I come unto Corinth:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And I for a witness on God do call upon my soul, that sparing you, I came not yet to Corinth;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But I call God to witness upon my soul that to spare you, I came not any more to Corinth:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Moreouer, I call God for a record vpon my soule, that to spare you I came not as yet vnto Corinth.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— BUT I testify to Aloha on my soul that because I am sparing of you, I have not come to Kurinthos.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Moreover, I call God for a witness on my soul, that it was in order to spare you, that I came not to Corinth.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Moreover 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
I 1473
{1473} Prime
ἐγώ
ego
{eg-o'}
A primary pronoun of the first person, 'I' (only expressed when emphatic).
call 1941
{1941} Prime
ἐπικαλέομαι
epikaleomai
{ep-ee-kal-eh'-om-ahee}
Middle voice from G1909 and G2564; to entitle; by implication to invoke (for aid, worship, testimony, decision, etc.).
z5731
<5731> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 69
God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
for a record 3144
{3144} Prime
μάρτυς
martus
{mar'-toos}
Of uncertain affinity; a witness (literally [judicially] or figuratively [generally]); by analogy a 'martyr'.
upon 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
my 1699
{1699} Prime
ἐμός
emos
{em-os'}
From the oblique cases of G1473 (G1698, G1700, G1691); my.
soul, 5590
{5590} Prime
ψυχή
psuche
{psoo-khay'}
From G5594; breath, that is, (by implication) spirit, abstractly or concretely (the animal sentient principle only; thus distinguished on the one hand from G4151, which is the rational and immortal soul; and on the other from G2222, which is mere vitality, even of plants: these terms thus exactly correspond respectively to the Hebrew [H5315], [H7307] and [H2416].
that 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
to spare 5339
{5339} Prime
φείδομαι
pheidomai
{fi'-dom-ahee}
Of uncertain affinity; to be chary of, that is, (subjectively) to abstain or (objectively) to treat leniently.
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
you 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
I came 2064
{2064} Prime
ἔρχομαι
erchomai
{er'-khom-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb (used only in the present and imperfect tenses, the others being supplied by a kindred [middle voice] word, ἐλεύθομαι [[eleuthomai]], {el-yoo'-thom-ahee}; or [active] ἔλθω [[eltho]], {el'-tho}; which do not otherwise occur); to come or go (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
not as yet 3765
{3765} Prime
οὐκέτι
ouketi
{ook-et'-ee}
From G3756 and G2089; not yet, no longer.
unto 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
Corinth. 2882
{2882} Prime
Κόρινθος
Korinthos
{kor'-in-thos}
Of uncertain derivation; Corinthus, a city of Greece.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Corinthians 1:23

_ _ Moreover IGreek, “But I (for my part),” in contrast to God who hath assured us of His promises being hereafter fulfilled certainly (2 Corinthians 1:20-22).

_ _ call God — the all-knowing One, who avenges willful unfaithfulness to promises.

_ _ for a record upon my soul — As a witness as to the secret purposes of my soul, and a witness against it, if I lie (Malachi 3:5).

_ _ to spare you — in order not to come in a rebuking spirit, as I should have had to come to you, if I had come then.

_ _ I came not as yetGreek, “no longer”; that is, I gave up my purpose of then visiting Corinth. He wished to give them time for repentance, that he might not have to use severity towards them. Hence he sent Titus before him. Compare 2 Corinthians 10:10, 2 Corinthians 10:11, which shows that his detractors represented him as threatening what he had not courage to perform (1 Corinthians 4:18, 1 Corinthians 4:19).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Corinthians 1:15-24.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Corinthians 1:23

I call God for a record upon my soul — Was not St. Paul now speaking by the Spirit? And can a more solemn oath be conceived? Who then can imagine that Christ ever designed to forbid all swearing? That to spare you I came not yet to Corinth — Lest I should be obliged to use severity. He says elegantly to Corinth, not to you, when be is intimating his power to punish.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Corinthians 1:23

(14) Moreover I call God for a record upon my (z) soul, that to spare you I came not as yet unto Corinth.

(14) Now coming to the matter, he swears that he did not lightly alter his purpose of coming to them, but rather that he did not come to them for this reason, that he, being present, might not be forced to deal more sharply with them than he would like.

(z) Against myself, and to the danger of my own life.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I call:

2 Corinthians 1:18 But [as] God [is] true, our word toward you was not yea and nay.
2 Corinthians 11:11 Wherefore? because I love you not? God knoweth.
2 Corinthians 11:31 The God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which is blessed for evermore, knoweth that I lie not.
Romans 1:9 For God is my witness, whom I serve with my spirit in the gospel of his Son, that without ceasing I make mention of you always in my prayers;
Romans 9:1 I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Ghost,
Galatians 1:20 Now the things which I write unto you, behold, before God, I lie not.
Philippians 1:8 For God is my record, how greatly I long after you all in the bowels of Jesus Christ.
1 Thessalonians 2:5 For neither at any time used we flattering words, as ye know, nor a cloke of covetousness; God [is] witness:

that:

2 Corinthians 2:1-3:18 But I determined this with myself, that I would not come again to you in heaviness. ... But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, [even] as by the Spirit of the Lord.
2 Corinthians 10:2 But I beseech [you], that I may not be bold when I am present with that confidence, wherewith I think to be bold against some, which think of us as if we walked according to the flesh.
2 Corinthians 10:6-11 And having in a readiness to revenge all disobedience, when your obedience is fulfilled. ... Let such an one think this, that, such as we are in word by letters when we are absent, such [will we be] also in deed when we are present.
2 Corinthians 12:20 For I fear, lest, when I come, I shall not find you such as I would, and [that] I shall be found unto you such as ye would not: lest [there be] debates, envyings, wraths, strifes, backbitings, whisperings, swellings, tumults:
2 Corinthians 13:2 I told you before, and foretell you, as if I were present, the second time; and being absent now I write to them which heretofore have sinned, and to all other, that, if I come again, I will not spare:
2 Corinthians 13:10 Therefore I write these things being absent, lest being present I should use sharpness, according to the power which the Lord hath given me to edification, and not to destruction.
1 Corinthians 4:21 What will ye? shall I come unto you with a rod, or in love, and [in] the spirit of meekness?
1 Corinthians 5:5 To deliver such an one unto Satan for the destruction of the flesh, that the spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus.
1 Timothy 1:20 Of whom is Hymenaeus and Alexander; whom I have delivered unto Satan, that they may learn not to blaspheme.
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Ro 1:9; 9:1. 1Co 4:21; 5:5. 2Co 1:18; 2:1; 10:2, 6; 11:11, 31; 12:20; 13:2, 10. Ga 1:20. Php 1:8. 1Th 2:5. 1Ti 1:20.

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