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2 Corinthians 1:22 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— who also sealed us, and gave [us] the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Who hath also sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— who also sealed us and gave [us] the Spirit in our hearts as a pledge.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Who hath also sealed us, and given the earnest of the spirit in our hearts.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— who also has sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Who also hath sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— who also sealed us, and gave the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Who also hath sealed us and given the pledge of the Spirit in our hearts.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Who hath also sealed vs, and giuen the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and hath sealed us, and given us the earnest-pledge of his Spirit in our hearts.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and hath sealed us, and hath given the earnest of his Spirit in our hearts.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Who y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
hath y4972
[4972] Standard
σφραγίζω
sphragizo
{sfrag-id'-zo}
From G4973; to stamp (with a signet or private mark) for security or preservation (literally or figuratively); by implication to keep secret, to attest.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
also y2532
[2532] Standard
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
sealed 4972
{4972} Prime
σφραγίζω
sphragizo
{sfrag-id'-zo}
From G4973; to stamp (with a signet or private mark) for security or preservation (literally or figuratively); by implication to keep secret, to attest.
z5671
<5671> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 61
x2532
(2532) Complement
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
us, 2248
{2248} Prime
ἡμᾶς
hemas
{hay-mas'}
Accusative plural of G1473; us.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
given 1325
{1325} Prime
δίδωμι
didomi
{did'-o-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary verb (which is used as an alternate in most of the tenses); to give (used in a very wide application, properly or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection).
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
earnest 728
{0728} Prime
ἀρραβών
arrhabon
{ar-hrab-ohn'}
Of Hebrew origin [H6162]; a pledge, that is, part of the purchase money or property given in advance as security for the rest.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Spirit 4151
{4151} Prime
πνεῦμα
pneuma
{pnyoo'-mah}
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
our 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
hearts. 2588
{2588} Prime
καρδία
kardia
{kar-dee'-ah}
Prolonged from a primary κάρ [[kar]] (Latin cor, 'heart'); the heart, that is, (figuratively) the thoughts or feelings (mind); also (by analogy) the middle.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Corinthians 1:22

_ _ sealed — A seal is a token assuring the possession of property to one; “sealed” here answers to “stablisheth us” (2 Corinthians 1:21; 1 Corinthians 9:2).

_ _ the earnest of the Spirit — that is, the Spirit as the earnest (that is, money given by a purchaser as a pledge for the full payment of the sum promised). The Holy Spirit is given to the believer now as a first installment to assure him his full inheritance as a son of God shall be his hereafter (Ephesians 1:13, Ephesians 1:14). “Sealed with that Holy Spirit of promise which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession” (Romans 8:23). The Spirit is the pledge of the fulfillment of “all the promises” (2 Corinthians 1:20).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Corinthians 1:15-24.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Corinthians 1:22

Who also hath sealed us — Stamping his image on our hearts, thus marking and sealing us as his own property. And given us the earnest of his Spirit — There is a difference between an earnest and a pledge. A pledge is to be restored when the debt is paid; but an earnest is not taken away, but completed. Such an earnest is the Spirit. The first fruits of it we have Romans 8:23; and we wait for all the fulness.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Corinthians 1:22

Who hath also sealed us, and given the (y) earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.

(y) An earnest is whatever is given to confirm a promise.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
sealed:

John 6:27 Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that meat which endureth unto everlasting life, which the Son of man shall give unto you: for him hath God the Father sealed.
Romans 4:11 And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which [he had yet] being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also:
Ephesians 1:13-14 In whom ye also [trusted], after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise, ... Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory.
Ephesians 4:30 And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption.
2 Timothy 2:19 Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure, having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his. And, Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity.
Revelation 2:17 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna, and will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth [it].
Revelation 7:3 Saying, Hurt not the earth, neither the sea, nor the trees, till we have sealed the servants of our God in their foreheads.
Revelation 9:4 And it was commanded them that they should not hurt the grass of the earth, neither any green thing, neither any tree; but only those men which have not the seal of God in their foreheads.

the earnest:

2 Corinthians 5:5 Now he that hath wrought us for the selfsame thing [is] God, who also hath given unto us the earnest of the Spirit.
Romans 8:9 But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.
Romans 8:14-16 For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God. ... The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God:
Romans 8:23 And not only [they], but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, [to wit], the redemption of our body.
Ephesians 1:14 Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jn 6:27. Ro 4:11; 8:9, 14, 23. 2Co 5:5. Ep 1:13, 14; 4:30. 2Ti 2:19. Rv 2:17; 7:3; 9:4.

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