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2 Corinthians 1:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And in this confidence I was minded to come first unto you, that ye might have a second benefit;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And in this confidence I was minded to come unto you before, that ye might have a second benefit;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— In this confidence I intended at first to come to you, so that you might twice receive a blessing;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And in this confidence I purposed to come to you before, that ye might have a second benefit;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And with this confidence I purposed to come to you previously, that ye might have a second favour;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, in this confidence, I purposed, before, to come unto you,—in order that, a second joy, ye might have,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and in this confidence I was purposing to come unto you before, that a second favour ye might have,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And in this confidence I had a mind to come to you before, that you might have a second grace:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And in this confidence I was minded to come vnto you before, that you might haue a second benefit:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And in this confidence I have willed from the first to come to you, that doubly you may receive benefit,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And in this confidence, I was before disposed to come to you, that ye might receive the grace doubly;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
in this 5026
{5026} Prime
ταύτῃ
taute
{tow'-tay}
Dative, accusative and genitive case respectively of the feminine singular of G3778; (towards or of) this.
confidence 4006
{4006} Prime
πεποίθησις
pepoithesis
{pep-oy'-thay-sis}
From the perfect of the alternate of G3958; reliance.
I was minded 1014
{1014} Prime
βούλομαι
boulomai
{boo'-lom-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb; to 'will', that is, (reflexively) be willing.
z5711
<5711> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 184
to come 2064
{2064} Prime
ἔρχομαι
erchomai
{er'-khom-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb (used only in the present and imperfect tenses, the others being supplied by a kindred [middle voice] word, ἐλεύθομαι [[eleuthomai]], {el-yoo'-thom-ahee}; or [active] ἔλθω [[eltho]], {el'-tho}; which do not otherwise occur); to come or go (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z5629
<5629> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 454
unto 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
you 5209
{5209} Prime
ὑμᾶς
humas
{hoo-mas'}
Accusative of G5210; you (as the object of a verb or preposition).
before, 4386
{4386} Prime
πρότερον
proteron
{prot'-er-on}
Neuter of G4387 as adverb (with or without the article); previously.
that 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
ye might have 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5725
<5725> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 352
a second 1208
{1208} Prime
δεύτερος
deuteros
{dyoo'-ter-os}
As the compound of G1417; (ordinal) second (in time, place or rank; also adverbially).
benefit; 5485
{5485} Prime
χάρις
charis
{khar'-ece}
From G5463; graciousness (as gratifying), of manner or act (abstract or concrete; literal, figurative or spiritual; especially the divine influence upon the heart, and its reflection in the life; including gratitude).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Corinthians 1:15

_ _ in this confidence — of my character for sincerity being “acknowledged” by you (2 Corinthians 1:12-14).

_ _ was minded — I was intending.

_ _ before — “to come unto you before” visiting Macedonia (where he now was). Compare Note, see on 1 Corinthians 16:5; also see on 1 Corinthians 4:18, which, combined with the words here, implies that the insinuation of some at Corinth, that he would not come at all, rested on the fact of his having thus disappointed them. His change of intention, and ultimate resolution of going through Macedonia first, took place before his sending Timothy from Ephesus into Macedonia, and therefore (1 Corinthians 4:17) before his writing the first Epistle. Compare Acts 19:21, Acts 19:22 (the order there is “Macedonia and Achaia,” not Achaia, Macedonia); Acts 20:1, Acts 20:2.

_ _ that ye might have a second benefit — one in going to, the other in returning from, Macedonia. The “benefit” of his visits consisted in the grace and spiritual gifts which he was the means of imparting (Romans 1:11, Romans 1:12).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

2 Corinthians 1:15-24

_ _ The apostle here vindicates himself from the imputation of levity and inconstancy, in that he did not hold his purpose of coming to them at Corinth. His adversaries there sought all occasions to blemish his character, and reflect upon his conduct; and, it seemed, they took hold of this handle to reproach his person and discredit his ministry. Now, for his justification,

_ _ I. He avers the sincerity of his intention (2 Corinthians 1:15-17), and he does this in confidence of their good opinion of him, and that they would believe him, when he assured them he was minded, or did really intend, to come to them, and that with the design, not that he might receive, but that they might receive a second benefit, that is, a further advantage by his ministry. He tells them that he had not herein used lightness (2 Corinthians 1:17), that, as he aimed not at any secular advantage to himself (for his purpose was not according to the flesh, that is, with carnal views and aims), so it was not a rash and inconsiderate resolution that he had taken up, for he had laid his measures thus of passing by them to Macedonia, and coming again to them from Macedonia in his way to Judea (2 Corinthians 1:16), and therefore they might conclude that it was for some weighty reasons that he had altered his purpose; and that with him there was not yea yea, and nay nay, 2 Corinthians 1:17. He was not to be accused of levity and inconstancy, nor a contradiction between his words and intentions. Note, Good men should be careful to preserve the reputation of sincerity and constancy; they should not resolve but upon mature deliberation, and they will not change their resolves but for weighty reasons.

_ _ II. He would not have the Corinthians to infer that his gospel was false or uncertain, nor that it was contradictory in itself, nor unto truth, 2 Corinthians 1:18, 2 Corinthians 1:19. For if it had been so, that he had been fickle in his purposes, or even false in the promises he made of coming to them (which he was not justly to be accused of, and so some understand his expression, 2 Corinthians 1:18, Our word towards you was not yea and nay), yet it would not follow that the gospel preached not only by him, but also by others in full agreement with him, was either false or doubtful. For God is true, and the Son of God, Jesus Christ, is true. The true God, and eternal life. Jesus Christ, whom the apostle preached, is not yea and nay, but in him was yea (2 Corinthians 1:19), nothing but infallible truth. And the promises of God in Christ are not yea and nay, but yea and amen, 2 Corinthians 1:20. There is an inviolable constancy and unquestionable sincerity and certainty in all the parts of the gospel of Christ. If in the promises that the ministers of the gospel make as common men, and about their own affairs, they see cause sometimes to vary from them, yet the promises of the gospel covenant, which they preach, stand firm and inviolable. Bad men are false; good men are fickle; but God is true, neither fickle nor false. The apostle, having mentioned the stability of the divine promises, makes a digression to illustrate this great and sweet truth, that all the promises of God are yea and amen. For, 1. They are the promises of the God of truth (2 Corinthians 1:20), of him that cannot lie, whose truth as well as mercy endureth for ever. 2. They are made in Christ Jesus (2 Corinthians 1:20), the Amen, the true and faithful witness; he hath purchased and ratified the covenant of promises, and is the surety of the covenant, Hebrews 7:22. 3. They are confirmed by the Holy Spirit. He does establish Christians in the faith of the gospel; he has anointed them with his sanctifying grace, which in scripture is often compared to oil; he has sealed them, for their security and confirmation; and he is given as an earnest in their hearts, 2 Corinthians 1:21, 2 Corinthians 1:22. An earnest secures the promise, and is part of the payment. The illumination of the Spirit is an earnest of everlasting life; and the comforts of the Spirit are an earnest of everlasting joy. Note, The veracity of God, the mediation of Christ, and the operation of the Spirit, are all engaged that the promises shall be sure to all the seed, and the accomplishment of them shall be to the glory of God (2 Corinthians 1:20) for the glory of his rich and sovereign grace, and never-failing truth and faithfulness.

_ _ III. The apostle gives a good reason why he did not come to Corinth, as was expected, 2 Corinthians 1:23. It was that he might spare them. They ought therefore to own his kindness and tenderness. He knew there were things amiss among them, and such as deserved censure, but was desirous to show tenderness. He assures them that this is the true reason, after this very solemn manner: I call God for a record upon my soul — a way of speaking not justifiable where used in trivial matters; but this was very justifiable in the apostle, for his necessary vindication, and for the credit and usefulness of his ministry, which was struck at by his opposers. He adds, to prevent mistakes, that he did not pretend to have any dominion over their faith, 2 Corinthians 1:24. Christ only is the Lord of our faith; he is the author and finisher of our faith, Hebrews 12:2. He reveals to us what we must believe. Paul, and Apollos, and the rest of the apostles, were but ministers by whom they believed (1 Corinthians 3:5), and so the helpers of their joy, even the joy of faith. For by faith we stand firmly, and live safely and comfortably. Our strength and ability are owing to faith, and our comfort and joy must flow from faith.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Corinthians 1:15

In this confidence — That is, being confident of this.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Corinthians 1:15

And in this confidence I was minded to come unto you before, that ye might have a (o) second benefit;

(o) Another benefit.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
in:

1 Corinthians 4:19 But I will come to you shortly, if the Lord will, and will know, not the speech of them which are puffed up, but the power.
1 Corinthians 11:34 And if any man hunger, let him eat at home; that ye come not together unto condemnation. And the rest will I set in order when I come.

that:

Romans 1:11 For I long to see you, that I may impart unto you some spiritual gift, to the end ye may be established;
Romans 15:29 And I am sure that, when I come unto you, I shall come in the fulness of the blessing of the gospel of Christ.
Philippians 1:25-26 And having this confidence, I know that I shall abide and continue with you all for your furtherance and joy of faith; ... That your rejoicing may be more abundant in Jesus Christ for me by my coming to you again.

benefit:
or, grace,
2 Corinthians 6:1 We then, [as] workers together [with him], beseech [you] also that ye receive not the grace of God in vain.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ro 1:11; 15:29. 1Co 4:19; 11:34. 2Co 6:1. Php 1:25.

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