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2 Chronicles 36:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Then the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and made him king in his father's stead in Jerusalem.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and made him king in his father's stead in Jerusalem.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then the people of the land took Joahaz the son of Josiah, and made him king in place of his father in Jerusalem.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and made him king in his father's stead in Jerusalem.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and made him king in his father's stead, in Jerusalem.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And the people of the land took Jehoahaz, son of Josiah,—and made him king instead of his father, in Jerusalem.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the people of the land take Jehoahaz son of Josiah, and cause him to reign instead of his father in Jerusalem.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Then the people of the land took Joachaz the son of Josias, and made him king instead of his father in Jerusalem.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then the people of the land tooke Iehoahaz the son of Iosiah, and made him King in his fathers stead in Ierusalem.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the people of the land took Jehoahaz{gr.Joachaz} the son of Josiah{gr.Josias}, and anointed him, and made him king over Jerusalem in the room of his father.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then the people of the land took Yehoachaz the son of Yoshiyyah, and made him king in his father's stead in Yerushalaim.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then the people 5971
{5971} Prime
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
of the land 776
{0776} Prime
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
took 3947
{3947} Prime
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
(0853) Complement
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Yhz יְהוֹאָחָז 3059
{3059} Prime
From H3068 and H0270; Jehovah seized; Jehoachaz, the name of three Israelites.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Yiyy יֹאשִׁיָּה, 2977
{2977} Prime
From the same root as H0803 and H3050; founded of Jah; Joshijah, the name of two Israelites.
and made him king 4427
{4427} Prime
A primitive root; to reign; inceptively to ascend the throne; causatively to induct into royalty; hence (by implication) to take counsel.
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
in his father's y1
[0001] Standard
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
stead x8478
(8478) Complement
From the same as H8430; the bottom (as depressed); only adverbially below (often with prepositional prefix underneath), in lieu of, etc.
(0001) Complement
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
in Yrlaim יְרוּשָׁלִַם. 3389
{3389} Prime
A dual (in allusion to its two main hills (the true pointing, at least of the former reading, seems to be that of H3390)); probably from (the passive participle of) H3384 and H7999; founded peaceful; Jerushalaim or Jerushalem, the capital city of Palestine.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Chronicles 36:1

_ _ 2 Chronicles 36:1-4. Jehoahaz, succeeding, is deposed by Pharaoh.

_ _ the people of the land took Jehoahaz — Immediately after Josiah’s overthrow and death, the people raised to the throne Shallum (1 Chronicles 3:15), afterwards called Jehoahaz, in preference to his older brother Eliakim, from whom they expected little good. Jehoahaz is said (2 Kings 23:30) to have received at Jerusalem the royal anointing — a ceremony not usually deemed necessary, in circumstances of regular and undisputed succession. But, in the case of Jehoahaz, it seems to have been resorted to in order to impart greater validity to the act of popular election; and, it may be, to render it less likely to be disturbed by Necho, who, like all Egyptians, would associate the idea of sanctity with the regal anointing. He was the youngest son of Josiah, but the popular favorite, probably on account of his martial spirit (Ezekiel 19:3) and determined opposition to the aggressive views of Egypt. At his accession the land was free from idolatry; but this prince, instead of following the footsteps of his excellent father, adopted the criminal policy of his apostatizing predecessors. Through his influence, directly or indirectly used, idolatry rapidly increased (see 2 Kings 23:32).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

2 Chronicles 36:1-10

_ _ The destruction of Judah and Jerusalem is here coming on by degrees. God so ordered it to show that he has no pleasure in the ruin of sinners, but had rather they would turn and live, and therefore gives them both time and inducement to repent and waits to be gracious. The history of these reigns was more largely recorded in the last three chapters of the second of Kings. 1. Jehoahaz was set up by the people (2 Chronicles 36:1), but in one quarter of a year was deposed by Pharaoh-necho, and carried a prisoner to Egypt, and the land fined for setting him up, 2 Chronicles 36:2-4. Of this young prince we hear no more. Had he trodden in the steps of his father's piety he might have reigned long and prospered; but we are told in the Kings that he did evil in the sight of the Lord, and therefore his triumphing was short and his joy but for a moment. 2. Jehoiakim was set up by the king of Egypt, an old enemy to their land, gave what king he pleased to the kingdom and what name he pleased to the king! 2 Chronicles 36:4. He made Eliakim king, and called him Jehoiakim, in token of his authority over him. Jehoiakim did that which was evil (2 Chronicles 36:5), nay, we read of the abominations which he did (2 Chronicles 36:8); he was very wild and wicked. Idolatries generally go under the name of abominations. We hear no more of the king of Egypt, but the king of Babylon came up against him (2 Chronicles 36:6), seized him, and bound him with a design to carry him to Babylon; but, it seems, he either changed his mind, and suffered him to reign as his vassal, or death released the prisoner before he was carried away. However the best and most valuable vessels of the temple were now carried away and made use of in Nebuchadnezzar's temple in Babylon (2 Chronicles 36:7); for, we may suppose, no temple in the world was so richly furnished as that of Jerusalem. The sin of Judah was that they had brought the idols of the heathen into God's temple; and now their punishment was that the vessels of the temple were carried away to the service of the gods of the nations. If men will profane God's institutions by their sins, it is just with God to suffer them to be profaned by their enemies. These were the vessels which the false prophets flattered the people with hopes of the return of, Jeremiah 27:16. But Jeremiah told them that the rest should go after them (Jeremiah 27:21, Jeremiah 27:22), and they did so. But, as the carrying away of these vessels to Babylon began the calamity of Jerusalem, so Belshazzar's daring profanation of them there filled the measure of the iniquity of Babylon; for, when he drank wine in them to the honour of his gods, the handwriting on the wall presented him with his doom, Daniel 5:3, etc. In the reference to the book of the Kings concerning this Jehoiakim mention is made of that which was found in him (2 Chronicles 36:8), which seems to be meant of the treachery that was found in him towards the king of Babylon; but some of the Jewish writers understand it of certain private marks or signatures found in his dead body, in honour of his idol, such cuttings as God had forbidden, Leviticus 19:28. 3. Jehoiachin, or Jeconiah, the son of Jehoiakim, attempted to reign in his stead, and reigned long enough to show his evil inclination; but, after three months and ten days, the king of Babylon sent and fetched him away captive, with more of the goodly vessels of the temple. He is here said to be eight years old, but in Kings he is said to be eighteen when he began to reign, so that this seems to be a mistake of the transcriber, unless we suppose that his father took him at eight years old to join with him in the government, as some think.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the people:

2 Chronicles 26:1 Then all the people of Judah took Uzziah, who [was] sixteen years old, and made him king in the room of his father Amaziah.
2 Chronicles 33:25 But the people of the land slew all them that had conspired against king Amon; and the people of the land made Josiah his son king in his stead.
2 Kings 23:30-37 And his servants carried him in a chariot dead from Megiddo, and brought him to Jerusalem, and buried him in his own sepulchre. And the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and anointed him, and made him king in his father's stead. ... And he did [that which was] evil in the sight of the LORD, according to all that his fathers had done.


2 Kings 23:31-34 Jehoahaz [was] twenty and three years old when he began to reign; and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. And his mother's name [was] Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah. ... And Pharaohnechoh made Eliakim the son of Josiah king in the room of Josiah his father, and turned his name to Jehoiakim, and took Jehoahaz away: and he came to Egypt, and died there.
1 Chronicles 3:15 And the sons of Josiah [were], the firstborn Johanan, the second Jehoiakim, the third Zedekiah, the fourth Shallum.
Jeremiah 22:11 For thus saith the LORD touching Shallum the son of Josiah king of Judah, which reigned instead of Josiah his father, which went forth out of this place; He shall not return thither any more:
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2K 23:30, 31. 1Ch 3:15. 2Ch 26:1; 33:25. Jr 22:11.

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