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2 Chronicles 35:22 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Nevertheless Josiah would not turn his face from him, but disguised himself, that he might fight with him, and hearkened not unto the words of Neco from the mouth of God, and came to fight in the valley of Megiddo.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Nevertheless Josiah would not turn his face from him, but disguised himself, that he might fight with him, and hearkened not unto the words of Necho from the mouth of God, and came to fight in the valley of Megiddo.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— However, Josiah would not turn away from him, but disguised himself in order to make war with him; nor did he listen to the words of Neco from the mouth of God, but came to make war on the plain of Megiddo.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Nevertheless Josiah would not turn his face from him, but disguised himself that he might fight with him, and hearkened not to the words of Necho from the mouth of God, and came to fight in the valley of Megiddo.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But Josiah would not turn his face from him, but disguised himself, that he might fight against him; and he hearkened not to the words of Necho from the mouth of God; and he came to fight in the valley of Megiddo.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Howbeit Josiah turned not his face from him, for, to fight against him, he had disguised himself, and he hearkened not unto the words of Neco, from the mouth of God,—so he came to fight in the valley of Megiddo.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Josiah hath not turned round his face from him, but to fight against him hath disguised himself, and hath not hearkened unto the words of Necho, from the mouth of God, and cometh in to fight in the valley of Megiddo;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Josias would not return, but prepared to fight against him, and hearkened not to the words of Nechao from the mouth of God, but went to fight in the field of Mageddo.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Neuerthelesse Iosiah would not turne his face from him, but disguised himselfe that he might fight with him, and hearkened not vnto the wordes of Necho from the mouth of God, and came to fight in the valley of Megiddo.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— However, Josiah{gr.Josias} turned not his face from him, but strengthened himself to fight against him, and hearkened not to the words of Nechoh{gr.Nechao} by the mouth of God, and he came to fight in the plain of Megiddo{gr.Mageddo}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Nevertheless Yoshiyyah would not turn his face from him, but disguised himself, that he might fight with him, and hearkened not unto the words of Nekho from the mouth of Elohim, and came to fight in the valley of Megiddo.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Nevertheless Yiyy יֹאשִׁיָּה 2977
{2977} Prime
יֹאשִׁיָּה
Yo'shiyah
{yo-shee-yaw'}
From the same root as H0803 and H3050; founded of Jah; Joshijah, the name of two Israelites.
would not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
turn 5437
{5437} Prime
סָבַב
cabab
{saw-bab'}
A primitive root; to revolve, surround or border; used in various applications, literally and figuratively.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
his face 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
from x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
him, but x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
disguised y2664
[2664] Standard
חָפַשׂ
chaphas
{khaw-fas'}
A primitive root; to seek; causatively to conceal oneself (that is, let be sought), or mask.
z8694
<8694> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 157
himself, x2664
(2664) Complement
חָפַשׂ
chaphas
{khaw-fas'}
A primitive root; to seek; causatively to conceal oneself (that is, let be sought), or mask.
that he might fight 3898
{3898} Prime
לָחַם
lacham
{law-kham'}
A primitive root; to feed on; figuratively to consume; by implication to battle (as destruction).
z8736
<8736> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 240
with him, and hearkened 8085
{8085} Prime
שָׁמַע
shama`
{shaw-mah'}
A primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively to tell, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the words 1697
{1697} Prime
דָּבָר
dabar
{daw-baw'}
From H1696; a word; by implication a matter (as spoken of) or thing; adverbially a cause.
of N נְכוֹ 5224
{5224} Prime
נְכֹה
N@kow
{nek-o'}
Probably of Egyptian origin; Neko an Egyptian king.
from the mouth 6310
{6310} Prime
פֶּה
peh
{peh}
From H6284; the mouth (as the means of blowing), whether literally or figuratively (particularly speech); specifically edge, portion or side; adverbially (with preposition) according to.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of lhm אֱלֹהִים, 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
and came 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
to fight 3898
{3898} Prime
לָחַם
lacham
{law-kham'}
A primitive root; to feed on; figuratively to consume; by implication to battle (as destruction).
z8736
<8736> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 240
in the valley 1237
{1237} Prime
בִּקְעָה
biq`ah
{bik-aw'}
From H1234; properly a split, that is, a wide level valley between mountains.
of Mqidd מְגִדּוֹ. 4023
{4023} Prime
מְגִדּוֹן
M@giddown
{meg-id-done'}
From H1413; rendezvous; Megiddon or Megiddo, a place in Palestine.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on 2 Chronicles 35:21-22.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Chronicles 35:20-27.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Chronicles 35:22

Hearkened not — How can we think to prosper in our ways, if we do not acknowledge God in them!

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Chronicles 35:22

Nevertheless Josiah would not turn his face from him, but (l) disguised himself, that he might fight with him, and hearkened not unto the words of Necho from the mouth of God, and came to fight in the valley of Megiddo.

(l) That is, armed or disguised himself so that he would not be recognized.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Nevertheless:
Josiah's conduct in this affair has been treated with great severity; and he has been charged with engaging rashly in an unjust war, and disregarding the express command of God. But Scripture no where condemns him; and Pharaoh, in marching through Josiah's territories, against his will, certainly committed an act of hostility. It is evident that Josiah was in possession of the whole land of Israel (
2 Chronicles 26:6 And he went forth and warred against the Philistines, and brake down the wall of Gath, and the wall of Jabneh, and the wall of Ashdod, and built cities about Ashdod, and among the Philistines.
); and probably he held the northern parts of it as a grant from the king of Babylon; and was not only in alliance with him, but bound to guard his frontiers against hostile invaders. He may, therefore, be fairly justified from the charge of unjustly meddling in a war that did not belong him. It is true the ambassadors assured Josiah, that "God had commanded Pharaoh to make haste;" and he is therefore said not to have "hearkened to the words of Necho, from the mouth of God." But Necho produced no proof that he was a prophet of Jehovah; and the word he employed, elohim, may denote gods or idols; and critics have noticed that the expression, "from the mouth of God," is not used when the true God is meant.

but disguised:

2 Chronicles 18:29 And the king of Israel said unto Jehoshaphat, I will disguise myself, and will go to the battle; but put thou on thy robes. So the king of Israel disguised himself; and they went to the battle.
1 Kings 14:2 And Jeroboam said to his wife, Arise, I pray thee, and disguise thyself, that thou be not known to be the wife of Jeroboam; and get thee to Shiloh: behold, there [is] Ahijah the prophet, which told me that [I should be] king over this people.
1 Kings 22:30 And the king of Israel said unto Jehoshaphat, I will disguise myself, and enter into the battle; but put thou on thy robes. And the king of Israel disguised himself, and went into the battle.
1 Kings 22:34 And a [certain] man drew a bow at a venture, and smote the king of Israel between the joints of the harness: wherefore he said unto the driver of his chariot, Turn thine hand, and carry me out of the host; for I am wounded.

the mouth:

2 Chronicles 35:21 But he sent ambassadors to him, saying, What have I to do with thee, thou king of Judah? [I come] not against thee this day, but against the house wherewith I have war: for God commanded me to make haste: forbear thee from [meddling with] God, who [is] with me, that he destroy thee not.
2 Chronicles 18:4-6 And Jehoshaphat said unto the king of Israel, Enquire, I pray thee, at the word of the LORD to day. ... But Jehoshaphat said, [Is there] not here a prophet of the LORD besides, that we might enquire of him?
Joshua 9:14 And the men took of their victuals, and asked not [counsel] at the mouth of the LORD.

Megiddo:

Judges 5:19 The kings came [and] fought, then fought the kings of Canaan in Taanach by the waters of Megiddo; they took no gain of money.
2 Kings 9:27 But when Ahaziah the king of Judah saw [this], he fled by the way of the garden house. And Jehu followed after him, and said, Smite him also in the chariot. [And they did so] at the going up to Gur, which [is] by Ibleam. And he fled to Megiddo, and died there.
2 Kings 23:30 And his servants carried him in a chariot dead from Megiddo, and brought him to Jerusalem, and buried him in his own sepulchre. And the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and anointed him, and made him king in his father's stead.
Zechariah 12:11 In that day shall there be a great mourning in Jerusalem, as the mourning of Hadadrimmon in the valley of Megiddon.
, Megiddon,
Revelation 16:16 And he gathered them together into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon.
, Armageddon
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Jsh 9:14. Jg 5:19. 1K 14:2; 22:30, 34. 2K 9:27; 23:30. 2Ch 18:4, 29; 26:6; 35:21. Zc 12:11. Rv 16:16.

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