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2 Chronicles 33:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Now after this he built an outer wall to the city of David, on the west side of Gihon, in the valley, even to the entrance at the fish gate; and he compassed Ophel about [with it], and raised it up to a very great height: and he put valiant captains in all the fortified cities of Judah.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Now after this he built a wall without the city of David, on the west side of Gihon, in the valley, even to the entering in at the fish gate, and compassed about Ophel, and raised it up a very great height, and put captains of war in all the fenced cities of Judah.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now after this he built the outer wall of the city of David on the west side of Gihon, in the valley, even to the entrance of the Fish Gate; and he encircled the Ophel [with it] and made it very high. Then he put army commanders in all the fortified cities of Judah.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Now after this, he built a wall without the city of David, on the west side of Gihon, in the valley, even to the entrance at the fish-gate, and compassed about Ophel, and raised it up a very great highth, and put captains of war in all the fortified cities of Judah.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And after this he built the outer wall of the city of David, on the west, toward Gihon, in the valley, even to the entrance of the fish-gate, and carried it round Ophel, and raised it up a very great height; and he put captains of war in all the fortified cities of Judah.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, after this, he built an outer wall to the city of David on the west of the Gihon in the ravine, even to the entering in through the fish-gate, and went round to Ophel, and carried it up very high,—and put captains of valour in all the fortified cities, throughout Judah.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And after this he hath built an outer wall to the city of David, on the west of Gihon, in the valley, and at the entering in at the fish-gate, and it hath gone round to the tower, and he maketh it exceeding high, and he putteth heads of the force in all the cities of the bulwarks in Judah.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— After this he built a wall without the city of David, on the west side of Gihon in the valley, from the entering in of the gate round about to Ophel, and raised it up to a great height: and he appointed captains of the army in all the fenced cities of Juda:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Now after this, hee built a wall without the citie of Dauid, on the Westside of Gihon, in the valley, euen to the entring in at the fish-gate, and compassed about Ophel, and raised it vp a very great height, and put captaines of warre in all the fenced cities of Iudah.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And afterward he built a wall without the city of David, from the southwest southward in the valleys and at the entrance through the fish-gate, as men go out by the gate round about, even as far as Opel: and he raised it much, and set captains of the host in all the fortified cities in Judah{gr.Juda}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Now after this he built a wall without the city of Dawid, on the west side of Gichon, in the valley, even to the entering in at the fish gate, and compassed about Ofel, and raised it up a very great height, and put captains of war in all the fenced cities of Yehudah.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Now after x310
(0310) Complement
אַחַר
'achar
{akh-ar'}
From H0309; properly the hind part; generally used as an adverb or conjugation, after (in various senses).
this y310
[0310] Standard
אַחַר
'achar
{akh-ar'}
From H0309; properly the hind part; generally used as an adverb or conjugation, after (in various senses).
x3651
(3651) Complement
כֵּן
ken
{kane}
From H3559; properly set upright; hence (figuratively as adjective) just; but usually (as adverb or conjugation) rightly or so (in various applications to manner, time and relation; often with other particles).
he built 1129
{1129} Prime
בָּנָה
banah
{baw-naw'}
A primitive root; to build (literally and figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
a wall 2346
{2346} Prime
חוֹמָה
chowmah
{kho-maw'}
Feminine active participle of an unused root apparently meaning to join; a wall of protection.
without 2435
{2435} Prime
חִיצוֹן
chiytsown
{khee-tsone'}
From H2434; properly the (outer) wall side; hence exterior; figuratively secular (as opposed to sacred).
the city 5892
{5892} Prime
עִיר
`iyr
{eer}
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
of Dwi דָּוִד, 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
on the west side 4628
{4628} Prime
מַעֲרָב
ma`arab
{mah-ar-awb'}
From H6150, in the sense of shading; the west (as the region of the evening sun).
of Gn גִּיחוֹן, 1521
{1521} Prime
גִּיחוֹן
Giychown
{ghee-khone'}
From H1518; stream; Gichon, a river of Paradise; also a valley (or pool) near Jerusalem.
in the valley, 5158
{5158} Prime
נַחַל
nachal
{nakh'-al}
From H5157 in its original sense; a stream, especially a winter torrent; (by implication) a (narrow) valley (in which a brook runs); also a shaft (of a mine).
even to the entering in 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
at the fish 1709
{1709} Prime
דָּג
dag
{dawg}
From H1711; a fish (as prolific); or perhaps rather from H1672 (as timid); but still better from H1672 (in the sense of squirming, that is, moving by the vibratory action of the tail); a fish (often used collectively).
gate, 8179
{8179} Prime
שַׁעַר
sha`ar
{shah'-ar}
From H8176 in its original sense; an opening, that is, door or gate.
and compassed y5437
[5437] Standard
סָבַב
cabab
{saw-bab'}
A primitive root; to revolve, surround or border; used in various applications, literally and figuratively.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
about x5437
(5437) Complement
סָבַב
cabab
{saw-bab'}
A primitive root; to revolve, surround or border; used in various applications, literally and figuratively.
`fel עֹפֶל, 6077
{6077} Prime
עֹפֶל
`Ophel
{o'-fel}
The same as H6076; Ophel, a ridge in Jerusalem.
and raised it up y1361
[1361] Standard
גּבהּ
gabahh
{gaw-bah'}
A primitive root; to soar, that is, be lofty; figuratively to be haughty.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
a very great height, 3966
{3966} Prime
מְאֹד
m@`od
{meh-ode'}
From the same as H0181; properly vehemence, that is, (with or without preposition) vehemently; by implication wholly, speedily, etc. (often with other words as an intensive or superlative; especially when repeated).
x1361
(1361) Complement
גּבהּ
gabahh
{gaw-bah'}
A primitive root; to soar, that is, be lofty; figuratively to be haughty.
and put 7760
{7760} Prime
שׂוּם
suwm
{soom}
A primitive root; to put (used in a great variety of applications, literally, figuratively, inferentially and elliptically).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
captains 8269
{8269} Prime
שַׂר
sar
{sar}
From H8323; a head person (of any rank or class).
of war 2428
{2428} Prime
חַיִל
chayil
{khah'-yil}
From H2342; probably a force, whether of men, means or other resources; an army, wealth, virtue, valor, strength.
in all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the fenced 1219
{1219} Prime
בָּצַר
batsar
{baw-tsar'}
A primitive root; to clip off; specifically (as denominative from H1210) to gather grapes; also to be isolated (that is, inaccessible by height or fortification).
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
cities 5892
{5892} Prime
עִיר
`iyr
{eer}
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
of Yh יְהוּדָה. 3063
{3063} Prime
יְהוּדָה
Y@huwdah
{yeh-hoo-daw'}
From H3034; celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Chronicles 33:14

_ _ he built a wall without the city ... on the west side of Gihon ... even to the entering in at the fish gate — “The well-ascertained position of the fish gate, shows that the valley of Gihon could be no other than that leading northwest of Damascus gate, and gently descending southward, uniting with the Tyropoeon at the northeast corner of Mount Zion, where the latter turns at right angles and runs towards Siloam. The wall thus built by Manasseh on the west side of the valley of Gihon, would extend from the vicinity of the northeast corner of the wall of Zion in a northerly direction, until it crossed over the valley to form a junction with the outer wall at the trench of Antonia, precisely in the quarter where the temple would be most easily assailed” [Barclay].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Chronicles 33:11-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Chronicles 33:14

Now after this he built a wall without the city of David, on the west side of (e) Gihon, in the valley, even to the entering in at the fish gate, and compassed about (f) Ophel, and raised it up a very great height, and put captains of war in all the fenced cities of Judah.

(e) Read (2 Chronicles 32:30).

(f) Read (2 Chronicles 27:3).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
am 3327-3361, bc 677-643

he built:

2 Chronicles 32:5 Also he strengthened himself, and built up all the wall that was broken, and raised [it] up to the towers, and another wall without, and repaired Millo [in] the city of David, and made darts and shields in abundance.

Gihon:

2 Chronicles 32:30 This same Hezekiah also stopped the upper watercourse of Gihon, and brought it straight down to the west side of the city of David. And Hezekiah prospered in all his works.
1 Kings 1:33 The king also said unto them, Take with you the servants of your lord, and cause Solomon my son to ride upon mine own mule, and bring him down to Gihon:
1 Kings 1:45 And Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet have anointed him king in Gihon: and they are come up from thence rejoicing, so that the city rang again. This [is] the noise that ye have heard.

fish gate:

Nehemiah 3:3 But the fish gate did the sons of Hassenaah build, who [also] laid the beams thereof, and set up the doors thereof, the locks thereof, and the bars thereof.
Nehemiah 12:39 And from above the gate of Ephraim, and above the old gate, and above the fish gate, and the tower of Hananeel, and the tower of Meah, even unto the sheep gate: and they stood still in the prison gate.
Zephaniah 1:10 And it shall come to pass in that day, saith the LORD, [that there shall be] the noise of a cry from the fish gate, and an howling from the second, and a great crashing from the hills.

Ophel:
or, the tower,
2 Chronicles 27:3 He built the high gate of the house of the LORD, and on the wall of Ophel he built much.
Nehemiah 3:26-27 Moreover the Nethinims dwelt in Ophel, unto [the place] over against the water gate toward the east, and the tower that lieth out. ... After them the Tekoites repaired another piece, over against the great tower that lieth out, even unto the wall of Ophel.

put:

2 Chronicles 11:11-12 And he fortified the strong holds, and put captains in them, and store of victual, and of oil and wine. ... And in every several city [he put] shields and spears, and made them exceeding strong, having Judah and Benjamin on his side.
2 Chronicles 17:19 These waited on the king, beside [those] whom the king put in the fenced cities throughout all Judah.
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1K 1:33, 45. 2Ch 11:11; 17:19; 27:3; 32:5, 30. Ne 3:3, 26; 12:39. Zp 1:10.

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