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2 Chronicles 33:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And when he was in distress, he besought Jehovah his God, and humbled himself greatly before the God of his fathers.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And when he was in affliction, he besought the LORD his God, and humbled himself greatly before the God of his fathers,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— When he was in distress, he entreated the LORD his God and humbled himself greatly before the God of his fathers.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And when he was in affliction, he besought the LORD his God, and humbled himself greatly before the God of his fathers,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And when he was in affliction, he besought Jehovah his God, and humbled himself greatly before the God of his fathers,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, in his distress, he appeased the face of Yahweh his God,—and humbled himself greatly, before the God of his fathers;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And when he is in distress he hath appeased the face of Jehovah his God, and is humbled exceedingly before the God of his fathers,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And after that he was in distress he prayed to the Lord his God: and did penance exceedingly before the God of his fathers.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And when hee was in affliction, he besought the LORD his God, and humbled himselfe greatly before the God of his fathers,
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And when he was afflicted, he sought the face of the Lord his God, and was greatly humbled before the face of the God of his fathers;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And when he was in affliction, he besought Yahweh his Elohim, and humbled himself greatly before the Elohim of his fathers,

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And when he was in affliction, 6887
{6887} Prime
צָרַר
tsarar
{tsaw-rar'}
A primitive root; to cramp, literally or figuratively, transitively or intransitively.
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
he besought 2470
{2470} Prime
חָלָה
chalah
{khaw-law'}
A primitive root (compare H2342, H2490); properly to be rubbed or worn; hence (figuratively) to be weak, sick, afflicted; or (causatively) to grieve, make sick; also to stroke (in flattering), entreat.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
x6440
(6440) Complement
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
his lhm אֱלֹהִים, 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
and humbled y3665
[3665] Standard
כָּנַע
kana`
{kaw-nah'}
A primitive root; properly to bend the knee; hence to humiliate, vanquish.
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
himself x3665
(3665) Complement
כָּנַע
kana`
{kaw-nah'}
A primitive root; properly to bend the knee; hence to humiliate, vanquish.
greatly 3966
{3966} Prime
מְאֹד
m@`od
{meh-ode'}
From the same as H0181; properly vehemence, that is, (with or without preposition) vehemently; by implication wholly, speedily, etc. (often with other words as an intensive or superlative; especially when repeated).
before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
the lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
of his fathers, 1
{0001} Prime
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Chronicles 33:12-13

_ _ when he was in affliction, he besought the Lord his God — In the solitude of exile or imprisonment, Manasseh had leisure for reflection. The calamities forced upon him a review of his past life, under a conviction that the miseries of his dethronement and captive condition were owing to his awful and unprecedented apostasy (2 Chronicles 33:7) from the God of his fathers. He humbled himself, repented, and prayed for an opportunity of bringing forth the fruits of repentance. His prayer was heard; for his conqueror not only released him, but, after two years’ exile, restored him, with honor and the full exercise of royal power, to a tributary and dependent kingdom. Some political motive, doubtless, prompted the Assyrian king to restore Manasseh, and that was most probably to have the kingdom of Judah as a barrier between Egypt and his Assyrian dominions. But God overruled this measure for higher purposes. Manasseh now showed himself, by the influence of sanctified affliction, a new and better man. He made a complete reversal of his former policy, by not only destroying all the idolatrous statues and altars he had formerly erected in Jerusalem, but displaying the most ardent zeal in restoring and encouraging the worship of God.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Chronicles 33:11-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Chronicles 33:12

Besought — It becomes sinners to humble themselves before that God, whom they have offended. It becomes sufferers to humble themselves before him that corrects them, and to accept of the punishment of their iniquity.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
And when:

2 Chronicles 28:22 And in the time of his distress did he trespass yet more against the LORD: this [is that] king Ahaz.
Leviticus 26:39-42 And they that are left of you shall pine away in their iniquity in your enemies' lands; and also in the iniquities of their fathers shall they pine away with them. ... Then will I remember my covenant with Jacob, and also my covenant with Isaac, and also my covenant with Abraham will I remember; and I will remember the land.
Deuteronomy 4:30-31 When thou art in tribulation, and all these things are come upon thee, [even] in the latter days, if thou turn to the LORD thy God, and shalt be obedient unto his voice; ... (For the LORD thy God [is] a merciful God;) he will not forsake thee, neither destroy thee, nor forget the covenant of thy fathers which he sware unto them.
Jeremiah 31:18-20 I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself [thus]; Thou hast chastised me, and I was chastised, as a bullock unaccustomed [to the yoke]: turn thou me, and I shall be turned; for thou [art] the LORD my God. ... [Is] Ephraim my dear son? [is he] a pleasant child? for since I spake against him, I do earnestly remember him still: therefore my bowels are troubled for him; I will surely have mercy upon him, saith the LORD.
Hosea 5:15 I will go [and] return to my place, till they acknowledge their offence, and seek my face: in their affliction they will seek me early.
Micah 6:9 The LORD'S voice crieth unto the city, and [the man of] wisdom shall see thy name: hear ye the rod, and who hath appointed it.
Luke 15:16-18 And he would fain have filled his belly with the husks that the swine did eat: and no man gave unto him. ... I will arise and go to my father, and will say unto him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and before thee,

he besought:

2 Chronicles 33:18-19 Now the rest of the acts of Manasseh, and his prayer unto his God, and the words of the seers that spake to him in the name of the LORD God of Israel, behold, they [are written] in the book of the kings of Israel. ... His prayer also, and [how God] was intreated of him, and all his sin, and his trespass, and the places wherein he built high places, and set up groves and graven images, before he was humbled: behold, they [are] written among the sayings of the seers.
Psalms 50:15 And call upon me in the day of trouble: I will deliver thee, and thou shalt glorify me.
Acts 9:11 And the Lord [said] unto him, Arise, and go into the street which is called Straight, and enquire in the house of Judas for [one] called Saul, of Tarsus: for, behold, he prayeth,

the LORD[YHWH]:

2 Chronicles 28:5 Wherefore the LORD his God delivered him into the hand of the king of Syria; and they smote him, and carried away a great multitude of them captives, and brought [them] to Damascus. And he was also delivered into the hand of the king of Israel, who smote him with a great slaughter.

humbled:

2 Chronicles 33:19 His prayer also, and [how God] was intreated of him, and all his sin, and his trespass, and the places wherein he built high places, and set up groves and graven images, before he was humbled: behold, they [are] written among the sayings of the seers.
2 Chronicles 33:23 And humbled not himself before the LORD, as Manasseh his father had humbled himself; but Amon trespassed more and more.
2 Chronicles 32:26 Notwithstanding Hezekiah humbled himself for the pride of his heart, [both] he and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, so that the wrath of the LORD came not upon them in the days of Hezekiah.
Exodus 10:3 And Moses and Aaron came in unto Pharaoh, and said unto him, Thus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews, How long wilt thou refuse to humble thyself before me? let my people go, that they may serve me.
Luke 18:14-15 I tell you, this man went down to his house justified [rather] than the other: for every one that exalteth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted. ... And they brought unto him also infants, that he would touch them: but when [his] disciples saw [it], they rebuked them.
James 4:10 Humble yourselves in the sight of the Lord, and he shall lift you up.
1 Peter 5:5-6 Likewise, ye younger, submit yourselves unto the elder. Yea, all [of you] be subject one to another, and be clothed with humility: for God resisteth the proud, and giveth grace to the humble. ... Humble yourselves therefore under the mighty hand of God, that he may exalt you in due time:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 10:3. Lv 26:39. Dt 4:30. 2Ch 28:5, 22; 32:26; 33:18, 19, 23. Ps 50:15. Jr 31:18. Ho 5:15. Mi 6:9. Lk 15:16; 18:14. Ac 9:11. Jm 4:10. 1P 5:5.

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