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2 Chronicles 32:30 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— This same Hezekiah also stopped the upper spring of the waters of Gihon, and brought them straight down on the west side of the city of David. And Hezekiah prospered in all his works.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— This same Hezekiah also stopped the upper watercourse of Gihon, and brought it straight down to the west side of the city of David. And Hezekiah prospered in all his works.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— It was Hezekiah who stopped the upper outlet of the waters of Gihon and directed them to the west side of the city of David. And Hezekiah prospered in all that he did.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— This same Hezekiah also stopped the upper watercourse of Gihon, and brought it straight down to the west side of the city of David. And Hezekiah prospered in all his works.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he, Hezekiah, stopped the upper outlet of the waters of Gihon, and brought it straight down to the west side of the city of David. And Hezekiah prospered in all his works.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, the same Hezekiah, stopped up the upper spring of the waters of Gihon, and brought them straight down the west side of the city of David,—and Hezekiah prospered in all his work.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Hezekiah himself hath stopped the upper source of the waters of Gihon, and directeth them beneath to the west of the city of David, and Hezekiah prospereth in all his work;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— This same Ezechias was, he that stopped the upper source of the waters of Gihon, and turned them away underneath toward the west of the city of David: in all his works he did prosperously what he would.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— This same Hezekiah also stopped the vpper water-course of Gihon, and brought it straight downe to the Westside of the City of Dauid. And Hezekiah prospered in all his workes.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The same Hezekiah{gr.Ezekias} stopped up the course of the water of Gion above, and brought the water down straight south of the city of David. And Hezekiah{gr.Ezekias} prospered in all his works.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— This same Chizqiyyah also stopped the upper watercourse of Gichon, and brought it straight down to the west side of the city of Dawid. And Chizqiyyah prospered in all his works.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
This same x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
izkiyy חִזקִיָּה 3169
{3169} Prime
יְחִזְקִיָּהוּ
Y@chizqiyah
{yekh-iz-kee-yaw'}
From H3388 and H3050; strengthened of Jah; Jechizkijah, the name of five Israelites.
also stopped 5640
{5640} Prime
סָתַם
catham
{saw-tham'}
A primitive root; to stop up; by implication to repair; figuratively to keep secret.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the upper 5945
{5945} Prime
עֶלְיוֹן
'elyown
{el-yone'}
From H5927; an elevation, that is, (adjectively) lofty (comparatively); as title, the Supreme.
watercourse 4161
{4161} Prime
מוֹצָא
mowtsa'
{mo-tsaw'}
From H3318; a going forth, that is, (the act) an egress, or (the place) an exit; hence a source or product; specifically dawn, the rising of the sun (the East), exportation, utterance, a gate, a fountain, a mine, a meadow (as producing grass).
4325
{4325} Prime
מַיִם
mayim
{mah'-yim}
Dual of a primitive noun (but used in a singular sense); water; figuratively juice; by euphemism urine, semen.
of Gn גִּיחוֹן, 1521
{1521} Prime
גִּיחוֹן
Giychown
{ghee-khone'}
From H1518; stream; Gichon, a river of Paradise; also a valley (or pool) near Jerusalem.
and brought it straight 3474
{3474} Prime
יָשַׁר
yashar
{yaw-shar'}
A primitive root; to be straight or even; figuratively to be (causatively to make) right, pleasant, prosperous.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
down 4295
{4295} Prime
מַטָּה
mattah
{mat'-taw}
From H5786 with directive enclitic appended; downward, below or beneath; often adverbially with or without prefixes.
to the west side 4628
{4628} Prime
מַעֲרָב
ma`arab
{mah-ar-awb'}
From H6150, in the sense of shading; the west (as the region of the evening sun).
of the city 5892
{5892} Prime
עִיר
`iyr
{eer}
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
of Dwi דָּוִד. 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
And izkiyy חִזקִיָּה 3169
{3169} Prime
יְחִזְקִיָּהוּ
Y@chizqiyah
{yekh-iz-kee-yaw'}
From H3388 and H3050; strengthened of Jah; Jechizkijah, the name of five Israelites.
prospered 6743
{6743} Prime
צָלַח
tsalach
{tsaw-lakh'}
A primitive root; to push forward, in various senses (literally or figuratively, transitively or intransitively).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
in all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
his works. 4639
{4639} Prime
מַעֲשֶׂה
ma`aseh
{mah-as-eh'}
From H6213; an action (good or bad); generally a transaction; abstractly activity; by implication a product (specifically a poem) or (generally) property.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Chronicles 32:30

_ _ stopped the ... watercourse of Gihon, and brought it ... to the west side of the city, etc. — (Compare 2 Kings 20:20). Particular notice is here taken of the aqueduct, as among the greatest of Hezekiah’s works. “In exploring the subterranean channel conveying the water from Virgin’s Fount to Siloam, I discovered a similar channel entering from the north, a few yards from its commencement; and on tracing it up near the Mugrabin gate, where it became so choked with rubbish that it could be traversed no farther, I there found it turn to the west in the direction of the south end of the cleft, or saddle, of Zion, and if this channel was not constructed for the purpose of conveying the waters of Hezekiah’s aqueduct, I am unable to suggest any purpose to which it could have been applied. Perhaps the reason why it was not brought down on the Zion side, was that Zion was already well-watered in its lower portion by the Great Pool, ‘the lower pool of Gihon.’ And accordingly Williams [Holy City] renders this passage, ‘He stopped the upper outflow of the waters of Gihon, and led them down westward to the city’” [Barclay, City of the Great King]. The construction of this aqueduct required not only masonic but engineering skill; for the passage was bored through a continuous mass of rock. Hezekiah’s pool or reservoir made to receive the water within the northwest part of the city still remains. It is an oblong quadrangular tank, two hundred forty feet in length, from one hundred forty-four to one hundred fifty in breadth, but, from recent excavations, appears to have extended somewhat farther towards the north.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Chronicles 32:24-33.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Chronicles 32:30

Stopped, &c. — A rivulet near Jerusalem consisting of two streams, the upper which was brought into one pool, called the upper pool, Isaiah 7:3, and the lower which was brought into another, called the lower pool, Isaiah 22:9. The former he diverted and brought by pipes into Jerusalem, which was a work of great art and labour.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Chronicles 32:30

This same Hezekiah also stopped the upper watercourse of (t) Gihon, and brought it straight down to the west side of the city of David. And Hezekiah prospered in all his works.

(t) Which also was called Shiloh, of which mention is made in (Isaiah 8:6; John 9:7).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Hezekiah:
Or, "Hezekiah stopped the upper going out (motza, i.e., the egress into the open air), of the waters of Gihon, and brought them underneath (lemattah, by a subterraneous course), to the west of the city of David." See note on
1 Kings 1:45 And Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet have anointed him king in Gihon: and they are come up from thence rejoicing, so that the city rang again. This [is] the noise that ye have heard.
.

stopped:

2 Chronicles 32:4 So there was gathered much people together, who stopped all the fountains, and the brook that ran through the midst of the land, saying, Why should the kings of Assyria come, and find much water?
Isaiah 22:9-11 Ye have seen also the breaches of the city of David, that they are many: and ye gathered together the waters of the lower pool. ... Ye made also a ditch between the two walls for the water of the old pool: but ye have not looked unto the maker thereof, neither had respect unto him that fashioned it long ago.

Gihon:

1 Kings 1:33 The king also said unto them, Take with you the servants of your lord, and cause Solomon my son to ride upon mine own mule, and bring him down to Gihon:
1 Kings 1:38 So Zadok the priest, and Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and the Cherethites, and the Pelethites, went down, and caused Solomon to ride upon king David's mule, and brought him to Gihon.
1 Kings 1:45 And Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet have anointed him king in Gihon: and they are come up from thence rejoicing, so that the city rang again. This [is] the noise that ye have heard.

And Hezekiah:

Joshua 1:7-8 Only be thou strong and very courageous, that thou mayest observe to do according to all the law, which Moses my servant commanded thee: turn not from it [to] the right hand or [to] the left, that thou mayest prosper whithersoever thou goest. ... This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth; but thou shalt meditate therein day and night, that thou mayest observe to do according to all that is written therein: for then thou shalt make thy way prosperous, and then thou shalt have good success.
Psalms 1:1-3 Blessed [is] the man that walketh not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor standeth in the way of sinners, nor sitteth in the seat of the scornful. ... And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water, that bringeth forth his fruit in his season; his leaf also shall not wither; and whatsoever he doeth shall prosper.
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Jsh 1:7. 1K 1:33, 38, 45. 2Ch 32:4. Ps 1:1. Is 22:9.

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