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2 Chronicles 3:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And in the most holy house he made two cherubim of image work; and they overlaid them with gold.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And in the most holy house he made two cherubims of image work, and overlaid them with gold.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then he made two sculptured cherubim in the room of the holy of holies and overlaid them with gold.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And in the most holy house he made two cherubim of image work, and overlaid them with gold.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And in the house of the most holy place he made two cherubim of image work, and they overlaid them with gold.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And he made, in the most holy house, two cherubim, of carved work,—and covered them with gold.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And he maketh in the most holy house two cherubs, image work, and he overlayeth them with gold;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He made also in the house of the holy of holies two cherubims of image work: and he overlaid them with gold.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And in the most holy place hee made two Cherubims of image work, and ouerlaid them with gold.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And he made two cherubs in the most holy house, wood-work, and he gilded them with gold.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And in the most holy house he made two cherubims of image work, and overlaid them with gold.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And in the most y6944
[6944] Standard
קֹדֶשׁ
qodesh
{ko'-desh}
From H6942; a sacred place or thing; rarely abstractly sanctity.
holy 6944
{6944} Prime
קֹדֶשׁ
qodesh
{ko'-desh}
From H6942; a sacred place or thing; rarely abstractly sanctity.
house 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
he made 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
two 8147
{8147} Prime
שְׁתַּיִם
sh@nayim
{shen-ah'-yim}
(The first form being dual of H8145; the second form being feminine); two; also (as ordinal) twofold.
cherubims 3742
{3742} Prime
כְּרוּב
k@ruwb
{ker-oob'}
Of uncertain derivation; a cherub or imaginary figure.
of image 6816
{6816} Prime
צַעֲוּעַ
tsa`tsua`
{tsah-tsoo'-ah}
From an unused root meaning to bestrew with carvings; sculpture.
work, 4639
{4639} Prime
מַעֲשֶׂה
ma`aseh
{mah-as-eh'}
From H6213; an action (good or bad); generally a transaction; abstractly activity; by implication a product (specifically a poem) or (generally) property.
and overlaid 6823
{6823} Prime
צָפָה
tsaphah
{tsaw-faw'}
A primitive root (probably rather identical with H6822 through the idea of expansion in outlook transformed to act); to sheet over (especially with metal).
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
them with gold. 2091
{2091} Prime
זָהָב
zahab
{zaw-hawb'}
From an unused root meaning to shimmer; gold; figuratively something gold colored (that is, yellow), as oil, a clear sky.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Chronicles 3:10-13

_ _ two cherubims — These figures in the tabernacle were of pure gold (Exodus 25:1-40) and overshadowed the mercy seat. The two placed in the temple were made of olive wood, overlaid with gold. They were of colossal size, like the Assyrian sculptures; for each, with expanded wings, covered a space of ten cubits in height and length — two wings touched each other, while the other two reached the opposite walls; their faces were inward, that is, towards the most holy house, conformably to their use, which was to veil the ark.

_ _ The united height is here given; and though the exact dimensions would be thirty-six cubits, each column was only seventeen cubits and a half, a half cubit being taken up by the capital or the base. They were probably described as they were lying together in the mold before they were set up [Poole]. They would be from eighteen to twenty-one feet in circumference, and stand forty feet in height. These pillars, or obelisks, as some call them, were highly ornamented, and formed an entrance in keeping with the splendid interior of the temple.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

2 Chronicles 3:10-17

_ _ Here is an account of 1. The two cherubim, which were set up in the holy of holies. There were two already over the ark, which covered the mercy-seat with their wings; these were small ones. Now that the most holy place was enlarged, though these were continued (being appurtenances to the ark, which was not to be made new, as all the other utensils of the tabernacle were), yet those two large ones were added, doubtless by divine appointment, to fill up the holy place, which otherwise would have looked bare, like a room unfurnished. These cherubim are said to be of image-work (2 Chronicles 3:10), designed, it is likely, to represent the angels who attend the divine Majesty. Each wing extended five cubits, so that the whole was twenty cubits (2 Chronicles 3:12, 2 Chronicles 3:13), which was just the breadth of the most holy place, 2 Chronicles 3:8. They stood on their feet, as servants, their faces inward toward the ark (2 Chronicles 3:13), that it might appear they were not set there to be adored (for then they would have been made sitting, as on a throne, and their faces towards their worshippers), but rather as themselves attendants on the invisible God. We must not worship angels, but we must worship with angels; for we have come into communion with them (Hebrews 12:22), and must do the will of God as the angels do it. The thought that we are worshipping him before whom the angels cover their faces will help to inspire us with reverence in all our approaches to God. Compare 1 Corinthians 11:10 with Isaiah 6:2. 2. The veil that parted between the temple and the most holy place, 2 Chronicles 3:14. This denoted the darkness of that dispensation, and the distance which the worshippers were kept at; but, at the death of Christ, this veil was rent; for through him we are made nigh, and have boldness not only to look, but to enter, into the holiest. On this he was wrought cherubim. Heb. he caused them to ascend, that is, they were made in raised work, embossed. Or he made them on the wing in an ascending posture, as the other two that stood on their feet in an attending posture, to remind the worshippers to lift up their hearts, and to soar upwards in their devotions. 3. The two pillars which were set up before the temple. Both together were somewhat above thirty-five cubits in length (2 Chronicles 3:15), about eighteen cubits high a-piece. See 1 Kings 7:15, etc., where we took a view of those pillars, Jachin and Boaz, establishment and strength in temple-work and by it.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Chronicles 3:10

Image work — Or, of moveable work, not fixed to the mercy — seat, as the Mosaical cherubim, but in a moving posture. It seems, they were designed to represent the angels, who attend the Divine Majesty.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
two cherubims:

1 Kings 6:23-28 And within the oracle he made two cherubims [of] olive tree, [each] ten cubits high. ... And he overlaid the cherubims with gold.

image work:
or, as some think, of movable work
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