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2 Chronicles 28:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria came unto him, and distressed him, but strengthened him not.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria came unto him, and distressed him, but strengthened him not.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— So Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria came against him and afflicted him instead of strengthening him.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria came to him, and distressed him, but strengthened him not.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Tilgath-Pilneser king of Assyria came to him, and troubled him, and did not support him.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria, came against him,—and distressed him, but strengthened him not.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Tilgath-Pilneser king of Asshur cometh in unto him, and doth distress him, and hath not strengthened him,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he brought against him Thelgathphalnasar king of the Assyrians, who also afflicted him, and plundered him without any resistance.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Tilgath-Pilneser king of Assyria came vnto him, and distressed him, but strengthened him not.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And there came against him Thalgaphellasar king of Assyria, and he afflicted him.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Tillegath Pilneeser king of Ashshur came unto him, and distressed him, but strengthened him not.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Tillqa Pilneser תִּלְּגַת־פִּלנְאֶסֶר 8407
{8407} Prime
תִּלְּגַת פִּלְאֶסֶר
Tiglath Pil'ecer
{tig-lath' pil-eh'-ser}
Of foreign derivation; Tiglath-Pileser or Tilgath-pilneser, an Assyrian king.
king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of Ar אַשּׁוּר 804
{0804} Prime
אַשּׁוּר
'Ashshuwr
{ash-shoor'}
Apparently from H0833 (in the sense of successful); Ashshur, the second son of Shem; also his descendants and the country occupied by them (that is, Assyria), its region and its empire.
came 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
him, and distressed 6696
{6696} Prime
צוּר
tsuwr
{tsoor}
A primitive root; to cramp, that is, confine (in many applications, literally and figuratively, formative or hostile).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
him, but strengthened 2388
{2388} Prime
חָזַק
chazaq
{khaw-zak'}
A primitive root; to fasten upon; hence to seize, be strong (figuratively courageous, causatively strengthen, cure, help, repair, fortify), obstinate; to bind, restrain, conquer.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
him not. x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Chronicles 28:20

_ _ Tilgath-pilneser ... distressed him, but strengthened him not — that is, notwithstanding the temporary relief which Tilgath-pilneser afforded him by the conquest of Damascus and the slaughter of Rezin (2 Kings 16:9), little advantage resulted from it, for Tilgath-pilneser spent the winter in voluptuous revelry at Damascus; and the connection formed with the Assyrian king was eventually a source of new and greater calamities and humiliation to the kingdom of Judah (2 Chronicles 28:2, 2 Chronicles 28:3).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Chronicles 28:16-27.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Chronicles 28:20

Distressed — Or, straitened him, by robbing him of his treasures. Strengthened not — A most emphatical expression: for tho' he weakened his present enemy the Syrian, yet all things considered, he did not strengthen Ahaz and his kingdom, but weaken them; for by removing the Syrian, who, tho' a troublesome neighbour, was a kind of bulwark to him, he smoothed the way for himself, a far more dangerous enemy, as appears in the very next king's reign.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
am 3264, bc 740

Tilgathpilneser:

2 Kings 15:29 In the days of Pekah king of Israel came Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, and took Ijon, and Abelbethmaachah, and Janoah, and Kedesh, and Hazor, and Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali, and carried them captive to Assyria.
2 Kings 16:7-10 So Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, saying, I [am] thy servant and thy son: come up, and save me out of the hand of the king of Syria, and out of the hand of the king of Israel, which rise up against me. ... And king Ahaz went to Damascus to meet Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, and saw an altar that [was] at Damascus: and king Ahaz sent to Urijah the priest the fashion of the altar, and the pattern of it, according to all the workmanship thereof.
, Tiglath-pileser,
1 Chronicles 5:26 And the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria, and he carried them away, even the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh, and brought them unto Halah, and Habor, and Hara, and to the river Gozan, unto this day.
Hosea 5:13 When Ephraim saw his sickness, and Judah [saw] his wound, then went Ephraim to the Assyrian, and sent to king Jareb: yet could he not heal you, nor cure you of your wound.

distressed him:

2 Kings 17:5 Then the king of Assyria came up throughout all the land, and went up to Samaria, and besieged it three years.
Isaiah 7:20 In the same day shall the Lord shave with a razor that is hired, [namely], by them beyond the river, by the king of Assyria, the head, and the hair of the feet: and it shall also consume the beard.
Isaiah 30:3 Therefore shall the strength of Pharaoh be your shame, and the trust in the shadow of Egypt [your] confusion.
Isaiah 30:16 But ye said, No; for we will flee upon horses; therefore shall ye flee: and, We will ride upon the swift; therefore shall they that pursue you be swift.
Jeremiah 2:37 Yea, thou shalt go forth from him, and thine hands upon thine head: for the LORD hath rejected thy confidences, and thou shalt not prosper in them.
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2K 15:29; 16:7; 17:5. 1Ch 5:26. Is 7:20; 30:3, 16. Jr 2:37. Ho 5:13.

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