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2 Chronicles 28:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— At that time did king Ahaz send unto the kings of Assyria to help him.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— At that time did king Ahaz send unto the kings of Assyria to help him.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— At that time King Ahaz sent to the kings of Assyria for help.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— At that time king Ahaz sent to the kings of Assyria to help him.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— At that time king Ahaz sent to the kings of Assyria to help him.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— At that time, sent King Ahaz unto the kings of Assyria to help him.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— At that time hath king Ahaz sent unto the king of Asshur to give help to him;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— At that time king Achaz sent to the king of the Assyrians asking help.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— At that time did king Ahaz send vnto the kings of Assyria to helpe him.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— At that time king Ahaz{gr.Achaz} sent to the king of Assyria to help him, and on this occasion,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— At that time did king Achaz send unto the kings of Ashshur to help him.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
At that x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
time 6256
{6256} Prime
עֵת
`eth
{ayth}
From H5703; time, especially (adverbially with preposition) now, when, etc.
did king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
z אָחָז 271
{0271} Prime
אָחָז
'Achaz
{aw-khawz'}
From H0270; possessor; Achaz, the name of a Jewish king and of an Israelite.
send 7971
{7971} Prime
שָׁלַח
shalach
{shaw-lakh'}
A primitive root; to send away, for, or out (in a great variety of applications).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
unto x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the kings 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of Ar אַשּׁוּר 804
{0804} Prime
אַשּׁוּר
'Ashshuwr
{ash-shoor'}
Apparently from H0833 (in the sense of successful); Ashshur, the second son of Shem; also his descendants and the country occupied by them (that is, Assyria), its region and its empire.
to help 5826
{5826} Prime
עָזַר
`azar
{aw-zar'}
A primitive root; to surround, that is, protect or aid.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
him.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Chronicles 28:16

_ _ At that time did king Ahaz send unto the kings of Assyria — “kings,” the plural for the singular, which is found in many ancient versions. “At that time,” refers to the period of Ahaz’ great distress, when, after a succession of defeats, he retreated within the walls of Jerusalem. Either in the same or a subsequent campaign, the Syrian and Israelitish allies marched there to besiege him (see on 2 Kings 16:7). Though delivered from this danger, other enemies infested his dominions both on the south and the west.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

2 Chronicles 28:16-27

_ _ Here is, I. The great distress which the kingdom of Ahaz was reduced to for his sin. In general, 1. The Lord brought Judah low, 2 Chronicles 28:19. They had lately been very high in wealth and power; but God found means to bring them down, and make them as despicable as they had been formidable. Those that will not humble themselves under the word of God will justly be humbled by his judgments. Iniquity brings men low, Psalms 106:43. 2. Ahaz made Judah naked. As his sin debased them, so it exposed them. It made them naked to their shame; for it exposed them to contempt, as a man unclothed. It made them naked to their danger; for it exposed them to assaults, as a man unarmed, Exodus 32:25. Sin strips men. In particular, the Edomites, to be revenged for Amaziah's cruel treatment of them (2 Chronicles 25:12), smote Judah, and carried off many captives, 2 Chronicles 28:17. The Philistines also insulted them, took and kept possession of several cities and villages that lay near them (2 Chronicles 28:18), and so they were revenged for the incursions which Uzziah had made upon them, 2 Chronicles 26:6. And, to show that it was purely the sin of Ahaz that brought the Philistines upon his country, in the very year that he died the prophet Isaiah foretold the destruction of the Philistines by his son, Isaiah 14:28, Isaiah 14:29.

_ _ II. The addition which Ahaz made both to the national distress and the national guilt.

_ _ 1. He added to the distress, by making court to strange kings, in hopes they would relieve him. When the Edomites and Philistines were vexatious to him, he sent to the kings of Assyria to help him (2 Chronicles 28:16); for he found his own kingdom weakened and made naked, and he could not put any confidence in God, and therefore was at a vast expense to get an interest in the king of Assyria. He pillaged the house of God, and the king's house, and squeezed the princes for money to hire these foreign forces into his service, 2 Chronicles 28:21. Though he had conformed to the idolatry of the heathen nations, his neighbours, they did not value him for that, nor love him the better, nor did his compliance, by which he lost God, gain them, nor could he make any interest in them, but with his money. It is often found that wicked men themselves have no real affection for those that revolt to them, nor do they care to do them a kindness. A degenerate branch is looked upon, on all sides, as an abominable branch, Isaiah 14:19. But what did Ahaz get by the king of Assyria? Why, he came to him, but he distressed him, and strengthened him not (2 Chronicles 28:20), helped him not, 2 Chronicles 28:21. The forces of the Assyrian quartered upon his country, and so impoverished and weakened it; they grew insolent and imperious, and created him a great deal of vexation, like a broken reed, which not only fails, but pierces the hand.

_ _ 2. He added to the guilt, by making court to strange gods, in hopes they would relieve him. In his distress, instead of repenting of his idolatry, which he had reason enough to see the folly of, he trespassed yet more (2 Chronicles 28:22), was more mad than ever upon his idols. A brand of infamy is here set upon him for it: This is that king Ahaz, that wretched man, who was the scandal of the house of David and the curse and plague of his generation. Note, Those are wicked and vile indeed that are made worse by their afflictions, instead of being made better by them, who in their distress trespass yet more, have their corruptions exasperated by that which should mollify them, and their hearts more fully set in them to do evil. Let us see what his trespass was. (1.) He abused the house of God; for he cut in pieces the vessels of it, that the priests might not perform the service of the temple, or not as it should be performed, for want of vessels; and, at length, he shut up the doors, that the people might not attend it, 2 Chronicles 28:24. This was worse than the worst of the kings before him had done. (2.) He confronted the altar of God, for he made himself altars in every corner of Jerusalem; so that, as the prophet speaks, they were like heaps in the furrows of the fields, Hosea 12:11. And in the cities of Judah, either by his power or by his purse, perhaps by both, he erected high places for the people to burn incense to what idols they pleased, as if on purpose to provoke the God of his fathers, 2 Chronicles 28:25. (3.) He cast off God himself; for he sacrificed to the gods of Damascus (2 Chronicles 28:23), not because he loved them, for he thought they smote him; but because he feared them, thinking that they helped his enemies, and that, if he could bring them into his interest, they would help him. Foolish man! It was his own God that smote him and strengthened the Syrians against him, not the gods of Damascus; had he sacrificed to him, and to him only, he would have helped him. But no marvel that men's affections and devotions are misplaced when they mistake the author of their trouble and their help. And what comes of it? The gods of Syria befriend Ahaz no more than the kings of Assyria did; they were the ruin of him and of all Israel. This sin provoked God to bring judgments upon them, to cut him off in the midst of his days, when he was but thirty-six years old; and it debauched the people so that the reformation of the next reign could not prevail to cure them of their inclination to idolatry, but they retained that root of bitterness till the captivity in Babylon plucked it up.

_ _ The chapter concludes with the conclusion of the reign of Ahaz, 2 Chronicles 28:26, 2 Chronicles 28:27. For aught that appears, he died impenitent, and therefore died inglorious; for he was not buried in the sepulchres of the kings. Justly was he thought unworthy to be laid among them who was so unlike them — to be buried with kings who had used his kingly power for the destruction of the church and not for its protection or edification.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Chronicles 28:16

Kings — Princes, who may be called kings in a more general signification of the word.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Chronicles 28:16

At that time did king Ahaz send unto the (m) kings of Assyria to help him.

(m) To Tiglath Pileser and those kings who were under his dominion, (2 Kings 16:7).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
did king:

2 Kings 16:5-7 Then Rezin king of Syria and Pekah son of Remaliah king of Israel came up to Jerusalem to war: and they besieged Ahaz, but could not overcome [him]. ... So Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, saying, I [am] thy servant and thy son: come up, and save me out of the hand of the king of Syria, and out of the hand of the king of Israel, which rise up against me.
Isaiah 7:1-9 And it came to pass in the days of Ahaz the son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, king of Judah, [that] Rezin the king of Syria, and Pekah the son of Remaliah, king of Israel, went up toward Jerusalem to war against it, but could not prevail against it. ... And the head of Ephraim [is] Samaria, and the head of Samaria [is] Remaliah's son. If ye will not believe, surely ye shall not be established.
Isaiah 7:17 The LORD shall bring upon thee, and upon thy people, and upon thy father's house, days that have not come, from the day that Ephraim departed from Judah; [even] the king of Assyria.

the kings:
Instead of malchey, "kings," the Chaldee, Syriac, Arabic, and Vulgate, one manuscript, and the parallel place, have mailech, "king."
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2K 16:5. Is 7:1, 17.

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