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2 Chronicles 23:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And when Athaliah heard the noise of the people running and praising the king, she came to the people into the house of Jehovah:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Now when Athaliah heard the noise of the people running and praising the king, she came to the people into the house of the LORD:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— When Athaliah heard the noise of the people running and praising the king, she came into the house of the LORD to the people.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Now when Athaliah heard the noise of the people running and praising the king, she came to the people into the house of the LORD:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Athaliah heard the noise of the people running and praising the king, and she came to the people into the house of Jehovah.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now, when Athaliah heard the noise of the people who were running, and those who were praising the king,—then came she unto the people in the house of Yahweh;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Athaliah heareth the voice of the people who are running, and who are praising the king, and she cometh in unto the people in the house of Jehovah,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now when Athalia heard the noise of the people running and praising the king, she came in to the people, into the temple of the Lord.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Now when Athaliah heard the noise of the people running and praising the King; she came to the people into the house of the LORD.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Athaliah{gr.Gotholia} heard the sound of the people running, and acknowledging and praising the king: and she went in to the king into the house of the Lord.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Now when Athalyah heard the noise of the people running and praising the king, she came to the people into the house of Yahweh:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Now when `aly עֲתַליָה 6271
{6271} Prime
עֲתַלְיָה
`Athalyah
{ath-al-yaw'}
From the same as H6270 and H3050; Jah has constrained; Athaljah, the name of an Israelitess and two Israelites.
heard 8085
{8085} Prime
שָׁמַע
shama`
{shaw-mah'}
A primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively to tell, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the noise 6963
{6963} Prime
קוֹל
qowl
{kole}
From an unused root meaning to call aloud; a voice or sound.
of the people 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
running 7323
{7323} Prime
רוּץ
ruwts
{roots}
A primitive root; to run (for whatever reason, especially to rush).
z8801
<8801> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 309
and praising 1984
{1984} Prime
הָלַל
halal
{haw-lal'}
A primitive root; to be clear (originally of sound, but usually of color); to shine; hence to make a show; to boast; and thus to be (clamorously) foolish; to rave; causatively to celebrate; also to stultify.
z8764
<8764> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 685
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the king, 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
she came 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
to x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the people 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
into the house 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
of Yhw יָהוֶה: 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Chronicles 23:12

_ _ 2 Chronicles 23:12-15. Athaliah slain.

_ _ Athaliah heard the noise of the people — The unusual commotion, indicated by the blast of the trumpets and the vehement acclamations of the people, drew her attention, or excited her fears. She might have flattered herself that, having slain all the royal family, she was in perfect security; but it is just as likely that, finding on reflection, one had escaped her murderous hands, she might not deem it expedient to institute any inquiries; but the very idea would keep her constantly in a state of jealous suspicion and irritation. In that state of mind, the wicked usurper, hearing across the Tyropoeon the outburst of popular joy, rushed across the bridge to the temple grounds, and, penetrating from a single glance the meaning of the whole scene, raised a shriek of “Treason!”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

2 Chronicles 23:12-21

_ _ Here we have, I. The people pleased, 2 Chronicles 23:12, 2 Chronicles 23:13. When the king stood at his pillar, whose right it was to stand there, all the people of the land rejoiced to see a rod sprung out of the stem of Jesse, Isaiah 11:1. When it seemed a withered root in a dry ground, to see what they despaired of ever seeing — a king of the house of David, what a pleasing surprise was it to them! They ran in transports of joy to see this sight, praised the king, and praised God, for they had with them such as taught to sing praise.

_ _ II. Athaliah slain. She ran upon the point of the sword of justice; for, imagining her interest much better than it was, she ventured into the house of the Lord at that time, and cried, Treason, treason! But nobody seconded her, or sided with her. The pride of her heart deceived her. She thought all her own, whereas none were cordially so. Jehoiada, as protector in the king's minority, ordered her to be slain (2 Chronicles 23:14), which was done immediately (2 Chronicles 23:15), only care was taken that she should not be slain in the house of the Lord, that sacred place must not be so far disgraced, nor that wicked woman so far honoured.

_ _ III. The original contract agreed to, 2 Chronicles 23:16. In the Kings it is said that Jehoiada made a covenant between the Lord, the people, and the king, 2 Kings 11:17. Here it is said to be between himself, the people, and the king; for he, as God's priest, was his representative in this transaction, or a sort of mediator, as Moses was. The indenture was tripartite, but the true intent and meaning of the whole was that they should be the Lord's people. God covenanted by Jehoiada to take them for his people; the king and people covenanted with him to be his; and then the king covenanted with the people to govern them as the people of God, and the people with the king to be subject to him as the Lord's people, in his fear and for his sake. Let us look upon ourselves and one another as the Lord's people, and this will have a powerful influence upon us in the discharge of all our duty both to God and man.

_ _ IV. Baal destroyed, 2 Chronicles 23:17. They would not have done half their work if they had only destroyed the usurper of the king's right, and not the usurper of God's right — if they had asserted the honour of the throne, and not that of the altar. The greatest grievance of Athaliah's reign was the bringing in of the worship of Baal, and supporting of that; therefore that must be abolished in the first place. Down with Baal's house, his altars, his images; down with them all, and let the blood of his priests be mingled with his sacrifices; for God had commanded that seducers to idolatry should be put to death, Deuteronomy 13:5, Deuteronomy 13:6.

_ _ V. The temple service revived, 2 Chronicles 23:18, 2 Chronicles 23:19. This had been neglected in the last reigns, the priest and people wanting either power or zeal to keep it up when they had princes that were disaffected to it. But Jehoiada restored the offices of the house of the Lord, which in the late times had been disturbed and invaded, to the proper course and proper hands. 1. He appointed the priests to their courses, for the due offering of sacrifices, according to the law of Moses. 2. The singers to theirs, according to the appointment of David. The sacrifices (it should seem) were offered with rejoicing and singing, and with good reason. We joy in God when we receive the atonement, Romans 5:11. 3. The porters were put in their respective posts as David ordered (2 Chronicles 23:19), and their office was to take care that none who were upon any account ceremonially unclean should be admitted into the courts of the temple.

_ _ VI. The civil government re-established, 2 Chronicles 23:20. They brought the king in state to his own palace, and set him upon the throne of the kingdom, to give law, and give judgment, either in his own person or by Jehoiada his tutor. Thus was this happy revolution perfected. The generality of the people rejoiced in it, and the rest were quiet and made no opposition, 2 Chronicles 23:21. When the Son of David is enthroned in the soul all is quiet and springs of joy are opened.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Now when:

2 Kings 11:13-16 And when Athaliah heard the noise of the guard [and] of the people, she came to the people into the temple of the LORD. ... And they laid hands on her; and she went by the way by the which the horses came into the king's house: and there was she slain.

she came:

2 Kings 9:32-37 And he lifted up his face to the window, and said, Who [is] on my side? who? And there looked out to him two [or] three eunuchs. ... And the carcase of Jezebel shall be as dung upon the face of the field in the portion of Jezreel; [so] that they shall not say, This [is] Jezebel.
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2K 9:32; 11:13.

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