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2 Chronicles 23:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Then they brought out the king's son, and put the crown upon him, and [gave him] the testimony, and made him king: and Jehoiada and his sons anointed him; and they said, [Long] live the king.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then they brought out the king's son, and put upon him the crown, and [gave him] the testimony, and made him king. And Jehoiada and his sons anointed him, and said, God save the king.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then they brought out the king’s son and put the crown on him, and [gave him] the testimony and made him king. And Jehoiada and his sons anointed him and said, “[Long] live the king!”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then they brought out the king's son, and put upon him the crown, and [gave him] the testimony, and made him king. And Jehoiada and his sons anointed him, and said, God save the king.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And they brought forth the king's son, and put the crown upon him, and [gave him] the testimony, and made him king. And Jehoiada and his sons anointed him, and said, Long live the king!
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then brought they forth the king's son, and set upon him the crown and the testimony, and made him king,—and Jehoiada and his sons anointed him, and said, May the king live!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And they bring out the son of the king, and put upon him the crown, and the testimony, and cause him to reign; and Jehoiada and his sons anoint him, and say, 'Let the king live!'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And they brought out the king's son, and put the crown upon him, and the testimony, and gave him the law to hold in his hand, and they made him king: and Joiada the high priest and his sons anointed him: and they prayed for him, and said: God save the king.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then they brought out the kings sonne, and put vpon him the Crowne, and [gaue him] the Testimony, and made him King: and Iehoiada and his sonnes anointed him, and said, God saue the King.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And he brought out the king's son, and put on him the crown and the testimony, and Jehoiada{gr.Jodae} the priest and his sons proclaimed him king, and anointed him, and said, Long live the king!
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then they brought out the king's son, and put upon him the crown, and [gave him] the testimony, and made him king. And Yehoyada and his sons anointed him, and said, God save the king.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then they brought out 3318
{3318} Prime
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the king's 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
son, 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
and put 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
him x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the crown, 5145
{5145} Prime
נֶזֶר
nezer
{neh'-zer}
From H5144; properly something set apart, that is, (abstractly) dedication (of a priest or Nazirite); hence (concretely) unshorn locks; also (by implication) a chaplet (especially of royalty).
and [gave him] the testimony, 5715
{5715} Prime
עֵדוּת
`eduwth
{ay-dooth'}
Feminine of H5707; testimony.
and made him king. 4427
{4427} Prime
מָלַךְ
malak
{maw-lak'}
A primitive root; to reign; inceptively to ascend the throne; causatively to induct into royalty; hence (by implication) to take counsel.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
And Yhy` יְהוֹיָדָע 3077
{3077} Prime
יְהוֹיָדָע
Y@howyada`
{yeh-ho-yaw-daw'}
From H3068 and H3045; Jehovah-known; Jehojada, the name of three Israelites.
and his sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
anointed 4886
{4886} Prime
משׁח
mashach
{maw-shakh'}
A primitive root; to rub with oil, that is, to anoint; by implication to consecrate; also to paint.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
him, and said, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
God save 2421
{2421} Prime
חָיַה
chayah
{khaw-yaw'}
A prim root (compare H2331, H2424); to live, whether literally or figuratively; causatively to revive.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the king. 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Chronicles 23:11

_ _ Then they brought out the king’s son, and put upon him the crown, and gave him the testimony — Some think that the original word rendered “testimony,” as its derivation warrants, may signify here the regalia, especially the bracelet (2 Samuel 1:10); and this view they support on the ground that “gave him” being supplemented, the text properly runs thus, “put upon him the crown and testimony.” At the same time, it seems equally pertinent to take “the testimony” in the usual acceptation of that term; and, accordingly, many are of opinion that a roll containing a copy of the law (Deuteronomy 17:18) was placed in the king’s hands, which he held as a scepter or truncheon. Others, referring to a custom of Oriental people, who when receiving a letter or document from a highly respected quarter, lift it up to their heads before opening it, consider that Joash, besides the crown, had the book of the law laid upon his head (see Job 31:35, Job 31:36).

_ _ God save the king — literally, “Long live the king.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Chronicles 23:1-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Chronicles 23:11

His sons — And Zechariah among the rest, whom afterwards he ungratefully slew, 2 Chronicles 24:21.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Chronicles 23:11

Then they brought out the king's son, and put upon him the crown, and [gave him] the (g) testimony, and made him king. And Jehoiada and his sons anointed him, and said, God save the king.

(g) That is, the book of the law or as some read they put on him his royal apparel.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
They brought:

2 Chronicles 22:11 But Jehoshabeath, the daughter of the king, took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him from among the king's sons that were slain, and put him and his nurse in a bedchamber. So Jehoshabeath, the daughter of king Jehoram, the wife of Jehoiada the priest, (for she was the sister of Ahaziah,) hid him from Athaliah, so that she slew him not.
2 Kings 11:12 And he brought forth the king's son, and put the crown upon him, and [gave him] the testimony; and they made him king, and anointed him; and they clapped their hands, and said, God save the king.

put upon:

2 Samuel 1:10 So I stood upon him, and slew him, because I was sure that he could not live after that he was fallen: and I took the crown that [was] upon his head, and the bracelet that [was] on his arm, and have brought them hither unto my lord.
Psalms 21:3 For thou preventest him with the blessings of goodness: thou settest a crown of pure gold on his head.
Psalms 89:39 Thou hast made void the covenant of thy servant: thou hast profaned his crown [by casting it] to the ground.
Psalms 132:18 His enemies will I clothe with shame: but upon himself shall his crown flourish.
Hebrews 2:9 But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man.
James 1:12 Blessed [is] the man that endureth temptation: for when he is tried, he shall receive the crown of life, which the Lord hath promised to them that love him.
James 2:5 Hearken, my beloved brethren, Hath not God chosen the poor of this world rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which he hath promised to them that love him?
Revelation 4:4 And round about the throne [were] four and twenty seats: and upon the seats I saw four and twenty elders sitting, clothed in white raiment; and they had on their heads crowns of gold.
Revelation 4:10 The four and twenty elders fall down before him that sat on the throne, and worship him that liveth for ever and ever, and cast their crowns before the throne, saying,
Revelation 5:10 And hast made us unto our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth.
Revelation 19:12 His eyes [were] as a flame of fire, and on his head [were] many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself.

the testimony:

Exodus 25:16 And thou shalt put into the ark the testimony which I shall give thee.
Exodus 31:18 And he gave unto Moses, when he had made an end of communing with him upon mount Sinai, two tables of testimony, tables of stone, written with the finger of God.
Deuteronomy 17:18-20 And it shall be, when he sitteth upon the throne of his kingdom, that he shall write him a copy of this law in a book out of [that which is] before the priests the Levites: ... That his heart be not lifted up above his brethren, and that he turn not aside from the commandment, [to] the right hand, or [to] the left: to the end that he may prolong [his] days in his kingdom, he, and his children, in the midst of Israel.
Psalms 2:10-12 Be wise now therefore, O ye kings: be instructed, ye judges of the earth. ... Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish [from] the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed [are] all they that put their trust in him.
Psalms 78:5 For he established a testimony in Jacob, and appointed a law in Israel, which he commanded our fathers, that they should make them known to their children:
Isaiah 8:16 Bind up the testimony, seal the law among my disciples.
Isaiah 8:20 To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, [it is] because [there is] no light in them.
Isaiah 49:23 And kings shall be thy nursing fathers, and their queens thy nursing mothers: they shall bow down to thee with [their] face toward the earth, and lick up the dust of thy feet; and thou shalt know that I [am] the LORD: for they shall not be ashamed that wait for me.

anointed him:

1 Samuel 10:1 Then Samuel took a vial of oil, and poured [it] upon his head, and kissed him, and said, [Is it] not because the LORD hath anointed thee [to be] captain over his inheritance?
2 Samuel 5:3 So all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron; and king David made a league with them in Hebron before the LORD: and they anointed David king over Israel.
1 Kings 1:39 And Zadok the priest took an horn of oil out of the tabernacle, and anointed Solomon. And they blew the trumpet; and all the people said, God save king Solomon.
Psalms 89:20 I have found David my servant; with my holy oil have I anointed him:
Acts 4:26-27 The kings of the earth stood up, and the rulers were gathered together against the Lord, and against his Christ. ... For of a truth against thy holy child Jesus, whom thou hast anointed, both Herod, and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles, and the people of Israel, were gathered together,

God save the king:
Heb. Let the king live,
1 Samuel 10:24 And Samuel said to all the people, See ye him whom the LORD hath chosen, that [there is] none like him among all the people? And all the people shouted, and said, God save the king.
2 Samuel 16:16 And it came to pass, when Hushai the Archite, David's friend, was come unto Absalom, that Hushai said unto Absalom, God save the king, God save the king.
1 Kings 1:34 And let Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet anoint him there king over Israel: and blow ye with the trumpet, and say, God save king Solomon.
Matthew 21:9 And the multitudes that went before, and that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna to the Son of David: Blessed [is] he that cometh in the name of the Lord; Hosanna in the highest.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 25:16; 31:18. Dt 17:18. 1S 10:1, 24. 2S 1:10; 5:3; 16:16. 1K 1:34, 39. 2K 11:12. 2Ch 22:11. Ps 2:10; 21:3; 78:5; 89:20, 39; 132:18. Is 8:16, 20; 49:23. Mt 21:9. Ac 4:26. He 2:9. Jm 1:12; 2:5. Rv 4:4, 10; 5:10; 19:12.

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