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2 Chronicles 23:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And in the seventh year Jehoiada strengthened himself, and took the captains of hundreds, Azariah the son of Jeroham, and Ishmael the son of Jehohanan, and Azariah the son of Obed, and Maaseiah the son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat the son of Zichri, into covenant with him.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And in the seventh year Jehoiada strengthened himself, and took the captains of hundreds, Azariah the son of Jeroham, and Ishmael the son of Jehohanan, and Azariah the son of Obed, and Maaseiah the son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat the son of Zichri, into covenant with him.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now in the seventh year Jehoiada strengthened himself, and took captains of hundreds: Azariah the son of Jeroham, Ishmael the son of Johanan, Azariah the son of Obed, Maaseiah the son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat the son of Zichri, [and they entered] into a covenant with him.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And in the seventh year Jehoiada strengthened himself, and took the captains of hundreds, Azariah the son of Jeroham, and Ishmael the son of Jehohanan, and Azariah the son of Obed, and Maaseiah the son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat the son of Zichri, into covenant with him.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And in the seventh year Jehoiada strengthened himself, and took the captains of the hundreds, Azariah the son of Jeroham, and Ishmael the son of Jehohanan, and Azariah the son of Obed, and Maaseiah the son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat the son of Zichri, into covenant with him.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, in the seventh year, Jehoiada strengthened himself, and took the rulers of hundreds—even Azariah son of Jeroham, and Ishmael son of Jehohanan, and Azariah son of Obed, and Maaseiah son of Adaiah and Elishaphat son of Zichri—unto himself, in covenant.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And in the seventh year hath Jehoiada strengthened himself, and taketh the heads of the hundreds, even Azariah son of Jeroham, and Ishmael son of Jehohanan, and Azariah son of Obed, and Maaseiah son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat son of Zichri, with him into covenant.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And in the seventh year Joiada being encouraged, took the captains of hundreds, to wit, Azarias the son of Jeroham, and Ismahel the son of Johanan, and Azarias the son of Obed, and Maasias the son of Adaias, and Elisaphat the son of Zechri: and made a covenant with them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And in the seuenth yeere Iehoiada strengthened himselfe, and tooke the captaines of hundreds, Azariah the sonne of Ieroham, and Ishmael the sonne of Iehohanan, and Azariah the sonne of Obed, and Maasiah the sonne of Adaiah, and Elishaphat the sonne of Zichri, into couenant with him.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And in the eighth year Jehoiada{gr.Jodae} strengthened [himself], and took the captains of hundreds, Azariah{gr.Azarias} the son of Joram, and Ishmael{gr.Ismael} the son of Johanan{gr.Joanan}, and Azariah{gr.Azarias} the son of Obed, and Maaseiah{gr.Maasaeas} the son of Adia, and Elzaphan{gr.Elisaphan} the son of Zechariah{gr.Zacharias}, with him unto the house of the Lord.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And in the seventh year Yehoyada strengthened himself, and took the captains of hundreds, Azaryah the son of Yerocham, and Yishmael the son of Yehochanan, and Azaryah the son of Oved, and Maaseyah the son of Adayah, and Elishafat the son of Zikhri, into covenant with him.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And in the seventh 7637
{7637} Prime
שְׁבִיעִי
sh@biy`iy
{sheb-ee-ee'}
Ordinal from H7657; seventh.
year 8141
{8141} Prime
שָׁנֵה
shaneh
{shaw-neh'}
(The first form being in plural only, the second form being feminine); from H8138; a year (as a revolution of time).
Yhy` יְהוֹיָדָע 3077
{3077} Prime
יְהוֹיָדָע
Y@howyada`
{yeh-ho-yaw-daw'}
From H3068 and H3045; Jehovah-known; Jehojada, the name of three Israelites.
strengthened y2388
[2388] Standard
חָזַק
chazaq
{khaw-zak'}
A primitive root; to fasten upon; hence to seize, be strong (figuratively courageous, causatively strengthen, cure, help, repair, fortify), obstinate; to bind, restrain, conquer.
z8694
<8694> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 157
himself, x2388
(2388) Complement
חָזַק
chazaq
{khaw-zak'}
A primitive root; to fasten upon; hence to seize, be strong (figuratively courageous, causatively strengthen, cure, help, repair, fortify), obstinate; to bind, restrain, conquer.
and took 3947
{3947} Prime
לָקַח
laqach
{law-kakh'}
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the captains 8269
{8269} Prime
שַׂר
sar
{sar}
From H8323; a head person (of any rank or class).
of hundreds, 3967
{3967} Prime
מֵאָה
me'ah
{may-aw'}
Probably a primitive numeral; a hundred; also as a multiplicative and a fraction.
`zary עֲזַריָה 5838
{5838} Prime
עֲזַרְיָה
`Azaryah
{az-ar-yaw'}
From H5826 and H3050; Jah has helped; Azarjah, the name of nineteen Israelites.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Yrm יְרֹחָם, 3395
{3395} Prime
יְרֹחָם
Y@rocham
{yer-o-khawm'}
From H7355; compassionate; Jerocham, the name of seven or eight Israelites.
and Yim`l יִשׁמָעֵאל 3458
{3458} Prime
יִשְׁמָעֵאל
Yishma`e'l
{yish-maw-ale'}
From H8085 and H0410; God will hear; Jishmael, the name of Abraham's oldest son, and of five Israelites.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Yhnn יְהוֹחָנָן, 3076
{3076} Prime
יְהוֹחָנָן
Y@howchanan
{yeh-ho-khaw-nawn'}
From H3068 and H2603; Jehovah-favored; Jehochanan, the name of eight Israelites.
and `zary עֲזַריָה 5838
{5838} Prime
עֲזַרְיָה
`Azaryah
{az-ar-yaw'}
From H5826 and H3050; Jah has helped; Azarjah, the name of nineteen Israelites.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of `v עוֹבֵד, 5744
{5744} Prime
עוֹבֵד
`Owbed
{o-bade'}
Active participle of H5647; serving; Obed, the name of five Israelites.
and Ma`$y מַעֲשֵׂיָה 4641
{4641} Prime
מַעֲשֵׂיָה
Ma`aseyah
{mah-as-ay-yaw'}
From H4639 and H3050; work of Jah; Maasejah, the name of sixteen Israelites.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of `y עֲדָיָה, 5718
{5718} Prime
עֲדָיָה
`Adayah
{ad-aw-yaw'}
From H5710 and H3050; Jah has adorned; Adajah, the name of eight Israelites.
and lf+ אֱלִישָׁפָט 478
{0478} Prime
אֱלִישָׁפָט
'Eliyshaphat
{el-ee-shaw-fawt'}
From H0410 and H8199; God of judgment; Elishaphat, an Israelite.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Zir זִכרִי, 2147
{2147} Prime
זִכְרִי
Zikriy
{zik-ree'}
From H2142; memorable; Zicri, the name of twelve Israelites.
into covenant 1285
{1285} Prime
בְּרִית
b@riyth
{ber-eeth'}
From H1262 (in the sense of cutting (like H1254)); a compact (because made by passing between pieces of flesh).
with x5973
(5973) Complement
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
him.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Chronicles 23:1

_ _ 2 Chronicles 23:1-11. Jehoiada makes Joash king.

_ _ in the seventh year Jehoiada ... took the captains of hundreds, etc. — (See on 2 Kings 11:4; see on 2 Kings 11:17). The five officers mentioned here had been probably of the royal guard, and were known to be strongly disaffected to the government of Athaliah.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

2 Chronicles 23:1-11

_ _ We may well imagine the bad posture of affairs in Jerusalem during Athaliah's six years' usurpation, and may wonder that God permitted it and his people bore it so long; but after such a dark and tedious night the returning day in this revolution was the brighter and the more welcome. The continuance of David's seed and throne was what God had sworn by his holiness (Psalms 89:35), and an interruption was no defeasance; the stream of government here runs again in the right channel. The instrument and chief manager of the restoration is Jehoiada, who appears to have been, 1. A man of great prudence, who reserved the young prince for so many years till he was fit to appear in public, and till the nation had grown weary of the usurper, who prepared his work beforehand, and then effected it with admirable secresy and expedition. When God has work to do he will qualify and animate men for it. 2. A man of great interest. The captains joined with him, 2 Chronicles 23:1. The Levites and the chief of the fathers of Israel came at his call to Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 23:2) and were there ready to receive his orders. See what a command wisdom and virtue will give men. The Levites and all Judah did as Jehoiada commanded (2 Chronicles 23:8), and, which is strange, all that were entrusted with the secret kept their own counsel till it was executed. Thus the words of the wise are heard in quiet, Ecclesiastes 9:17. 3. A man of great faith. It was not only common equity (much less his wife's relation to the royal family) that put him upon this undertaking, but a regard to the word of God, and the divine entail of the crown (2 Chronicles 23:3): The king's son shall reign, must reign, as the Lord hath said. His eye to the promise, and dependence upon that, added a great deal of glory to this undertaking. 4. A man of great religion. This matter was to be done in the temple, which might occasion some breach of rule, and the necessity of the case might be thought to excuse it; but he gave special order that none of the people should come into the house of the Lord, but the priests and Levites only, who were holy, upon pain of death, 2 Chronicles 23:6, 2 Chronicles 23:7. Never let sacred things be profaned, no, not for the support of civil rights. 5. A man of great resolution. When he had undertaken this business he went through with it, brought out the king, crowned him, and gave him the testimony, 2 Chronicles 23:11. He ventured his head, but it was in a good cause, and therefore he went on boldly. It is here said that his sons joined with him in anointing the young king. One of them, it is likely, was that Zechariah whom Joash afterwards put to death for reproving him (2 Chronicles 24:20), which was so much the more ungrateful because he bore a willing part in anointing him.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Chronicles 23:1

And (a) in the seventh year Jehoiada strengthened himself, and took the captains of hundreds, Azariah the son of Jeroham, and Ishmael the son of Jehohanan, and Azariah the son of Obed, and Maaseiah the son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat the son of Zichri, into covenant with him.

(a) Of the reign of Athaliah or after the death of Ahaziah.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
seventh year:

2 Kings 11:4-16 And the seventh year Jehoiada sent and fetched the rulers over hundreds, with the captains and the guard, and brought them to him into the house of the LORD, and made a covenant with them, and took an oath of them in the house of the LORD, and shewed them the king's son. ... And they laid hands on her; and she went by the way by the which the horses came into the king's house: and there was she slain.

covenant with him:

2 Chronicles 15:12 And they entered into a covenant to seek the LORD God of their fathers with all their heart and with all their soul;
1 Samuel 18:3 Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul.
Nehemiah 9:38 And because of all this we make a sure [covenant], and write [it]; and our princes, Levites, [and] priests, seal [unto it].
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