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2 Chronicles 22:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Now when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal of the house of Judah.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal of the house of Judah.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she rose and destroyed all the royal offspring of the house of Judah.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose, and destroyed all the seed royal of the house of Judah.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she rose up and exterminated all the royal seed of the house of Judah.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, when, Athaliah mother of Ahaziah, saw that her son was dead, she rose up and destroyed all the seed royal of the house of Judah.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Athaliah mother of Ahaziah hath seen that her son is dead, and she riseth and destroyeth the whole seed of the kingdom of the house of Judah.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For Athalia his mother, seeing that her son was dead, rose up, and killed all the royal family of the house of Joram.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah, sawe that her sonne was dead, shee arose, and destroyed all the seed royall of the house of Iudah.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Athaliah{gr.Gotholia} the mother of Ahaziah{gr.Ochozias} saw that her son was dead, and she arose and destroyed all the seed royal in the house of Judah{gr.Juda}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— But when Athalyah the mother of Achazyah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal of the house of Yehudah.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But when `aly עֲתַליָה 6271
{6271} Prime
עֲתַלְיָה
`Athalyah
{ath-al-yaw'}
From the same as H6270 and H3050; Jah has constrained; Athaljah, the name of an Israelitess and two Israelites.
the mother 517
{0517} Prime
אֵם
'em
{ame}
A primitive word; a mother (as the bond of the family); in a wide sense (both literally and figuratively); (like H0001).
of azy אֲחַזיָה 274
{0274} Prime
אֲחַזְיָהוּ
'Achazyah
{akh-az-yaw'}
From H0270 and H3050; Jah has seized; Achazjah, the name of a Jewish and an Israelitish king.
saw 7200
{7200} Prime
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
that x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
her son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
was dead, 4191
{4191} Prime
מָמוֹת
muwth
{mooth}
A primitive root; to die (literally or figuratively); causatively to kill.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
she arose 6965
{6965} Prime
קוּם
quwm
{koom}
A primitive root; to rise (in various applications, literally, figuratively, intensively and causatively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and destroyed 1696
{1696} Prime
דִּבֵּר
dabar
{daw-bar'}
A primitive root; perhaps properly to arrange; but used figuratively (of words) to speak; rarely (in a destructive sense) to subdue.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the seed 2233
{2233} Prime
זֶרַע
zera`
{zeh'-rah}
From H2232; seed; figuratively fruit, plant, sowing time, posterity.
royal 4467
{4467} Prime
מַמְלָכָה
mamlakah
{mam-law-kaw'}
From H4427; dominion, that is, (abstractly) the estate (rule) or (concretely) the country (realm).
of the house 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
of Yh יְהוּדָה. 3063
{3063} Prime
יְהוּדָה
Y@huwdah
{yeh-hoo-daw'}
From H3034; celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Chronicles 22:10

_ _ 2 Chronicles 22:10-12. Athaliah, destroying the seed royal save Joash, usurps the kingdom.

_ _ Athaliah ... arose and destroyed all the seed royal — (See on 2 Kings 11:1-3). Maddened by the massacre of the royal family of Ahab, she resolved that the royal house of David should have the same fate. Knowing the commission which Jehu had received to extirpate the whole of Ahab’s posterity, she expected that he would extend his sword to her. Anticipating his movements, she resolved, as her only defense and security, to usurp the throne and destroy “the seed royal,” both because they were hostile to the Phoenician worship of Baal, which she was determined to uphold, and because, if one of the young princes became king, his mother would supersede Athaliah in the dignity of queen mother.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

2 Chronicles 22:10-12

_ _ We have here what we had before, 2 Kings 11:1, etc. 1. A wicked woman endeavouring to destroy the house of David, that she might set up a throne for herself upon the ruins of it. Athaliah barbarously cut off all the seed-royal (2 Chronicles 22:10), perhaps intending to transmit the crown of Judah after herself to some of her own relations, that though her family was cut off in Israel by Jehu it might be planted in Judah. 2. A good woman effectually preserving it from being wholly extirpated. One of the late king's sons, a child of a year old, was rescued from among the dead, and saved alive by the care of Jehoiada's wife (2 Chronicles 22:11, 2 Chronicles 22:12), that a lamp might be ordained for God's anointed; for no word of God shall fall to the ground.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Chronicles 22:10

But when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and (h) destroyed all the seed royal of the house of Judah.

(h) So that there would be no one to claim the crown and so she might usurp the government.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Athaliah:

2 Chronicles 22:2-4 Forty and two years old [was] Ahaziah when he began to reign, and he reigned one year in Jerusalem. His mother's name also [was] Athaliah the daughter of Omri. ... Wherefore he did evil in the sight of the LORD like the house of Ahab: for they were his counsellors after the death of his father to his destruction.
2 Kings 11:1 And when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal.
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2K 11:1. 2Ch 22:2.

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