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2 Chronicles 21:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And their father gave them great gifts, of silver, and of gold, and of precious things, with fortified cities in Judah: but the kingdom gave he to Jehoram, because he was the first-born.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And their father gave them great gifts of silver, and of gold, and of precious things, with fenced cities in Judah: but the kingdom gave he to Jehoram; because he [was] the firstborn.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Their father gave them many gifts of silver, gold and precious things, with fortified cities in Judah, but he gave the kingdom to Jehoram because he was the firstborn.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And their father gave them great gifts of silver, and of gold, and of precious things, with fortified cities in Judah: but the kingdom he gave to Jehoram; because he [was] the first-born.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And their father had given them great gifts of silver and of gold and of precious things, besides fortified cities in Judah; but the kingdom he gave to Jehoram, for he was the firstborn.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and their father gave them large presents—of silver and of gold and of precious things, with cities of defence, in Judah,—but, the kingdom, gave he unto Jehoram, for, he, was the firstborn.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and their father giveth to them many gifts of silver and of gold, and of precious things, with fenced cities in Judah, and the kingdom he hath given to Jehoram, for He [is] the first-born.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And their father gave them great gifts of silver, and of gold, and pensions, with strong cities in Juda: but the kingdom he gave to Joram, because he was the eldest.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And their father gaue them great giftes of siluer and of golde, and of precious things, with fenced cities in Iudah: but the kingdome gaue hee to Iehoram, because he [was] the first borne.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And their father gave them many gifts, silver, and gold, and arms, together with fortified cities in Judah{gr.Juda}: but he gave the kingdom to Joram, for he [was] the first-born.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And their father gave them great gifts of silver, and of gold, and of precious things, with fenced cities in Yehudah: but the kingdom gave he to Yehoram; because he [was] the firstborn.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And their father 1
{0001} Prime
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
gave 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
them great 7227
{7227} Prime
רַב
rab
{rab}
By contraction from H7231; abundant (in quantity, size, age, number, rank, quality).
gifts 4979
{4979} Prime
מַתָּנָה
mattanah
{mat-taw-naw'}
Feminine of H4976; a present; specifically (in a good sense) a sacrificial offering, (in a bad sense) a bribe.
of silver, 3701
{3701} Prime
כֶּסֶף
keceph
{keh'-sef}
From H3700; silver (from its pale color); by implication money.
and of gold, 2091
{2091} Prime
זָהָב
zahab
{zaw-hawb'}
From an unused root meaning to shimmer; gold; figuratively something gold colored (that is, yellow), as oil, a clear sky.
and of precious things, 4030
{4030} Prime
מִגְדָּנָה
migdanah
{mig-daw-naw'}
From the same as H4022; preciousness, that is, a gem.
with x5973
(5973) Complement
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
fenced 4694
{4694} Prime
מְצוּרָה
m@tsuwrah
{mets-oo-raw'}
Feminine of H4692; a hemming in, that is, (objectively) a mound (of siege), or (subjectively) a rampart (of protection), (abstractly) fortification.
cities 5892
{5892} Prime
עִיר
`iyr
{eer}
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
in Yh יְהוּדָה: 3063
{3063} Prime
יְהוּדָה
Y@huwdah
{yeh-hoo-daw'}
From H3034; celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory.
but the kingdom 4467
{4467} Prime
מַמְלָכָה
mamlakah
{mam-law-kaw'}
From H4427; dominion, that is, (abstractly) the estate (rule) or (concretely) the country (realm).
gave 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
he to Yhrm יְהוֹרָם; 3088
{3088} Prime
יְהוֹרָם
Y@howram
{yeh-ho-rawm'}
From H3068 and H7311; Jehovah-raised; Jehoram, the name of a Syrian and of three Israelites.
because x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
he x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
[was] the firstborn. 1060
{1060} Prime
בְּכוֹר
b@kowr
{bek-ore'}
From H1069; firstborn; hence chief.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on 2 Chronicles 21:1-4.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Chronicles 21:1-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
gave them:

2 Chronicles 11:23 And he dealt wisely, and dispersed of all his children throughout all the countries of Judah and Benjamin, unto every fenced city: and he gave them victual in abundance. And he desired many wives.
Genesis 25:6 But unto the sons of the concubines, which Abraham had, Abraham gave gifts, and sent them away from Isaac his son, while he yet lived, eastward, unto the east country.
Deuteronomy 21:15-17 If a man have two wives, one beloved, and another hated, and they have born him children, [both] the beloved and the hated; and [if] the firstborn son be hers that was hated: ... But he shall acknowledge the son of the hated [for] the firstborn, by giving him a double portion of all that he hath: for he [is] the beginning of his strength; the right of the firstborn [is] his.

the kingdom:
He associated him with himself in the kingdom about three years before his death, and in the fifth year of Joram king of Israel; so that Jehoram reigned three years with his father, and five years alone, in all eight years.

Jehoram:
"Jehoram made partner of the kingdom with his father,
1 Kings 8:16 Since the day that I brought forth my people Israel out of Egypt, I chose no city out of all the tribes of Israel to build an house, that my name might be therein; but I chose David to be over my people Israel.
."
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Gn 25:6. Dt 21:15. 1K 8:16. 2Ch 11:23.

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