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2 Chronicles 17:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the fear of Jehovah fell upon all the kingdoms of the lands that were round about Judah, so that they made no war against Jehoshaphat.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the fear of the LORD fell upon all the kingdoms of the lands that [were] round about Judah, so that they made no war against Jehoshaphat.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now the dread of the LORD was on all the kingdoms of the lands which [were] around Judah, so that they did not make war against Jehoshaphat.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the fear of the LORD fell upon all the kingdoms of the lands that [were] around Judah, so that they made no war against Jehoshaphat.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the terror of Jehovah was upon all the kingdoms of the lands that were round about Judah, and they made no war against Jehoshaphat.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And it came to pass, that, the dread of Yahweh, was upon all the kingdoms of the countries, that were round about Judah,—and they warred not against Jehoshaphat.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And here is a fear of Jehovah on all kingdoms of the lands that [are] round about Judah, and they have not fought with Jehoshaphat;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the fear of the Lord came upon all the kingdoms of the lands that were round about Juda, and they durst not make war against Josaphat.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the feare of the LORD fell vpon all the kingdomes of the lands that [were] round about Iudah, so that they made no warre against Iehoshaphat.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And a terror of the Lord was upon all the kingdoms of the land round about Judah{gr.Juda}, and they made no war against Jehoshaphat{gr.Josaphat}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the fear of Yahweh fell upon all the kingdoms of the lands that [were] round about Yehudah, so that they made no war against Yehoshafat.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the fear 6343
{6343} Prime
From H6342; a (sudden) alarm (properly the object feared, by implication the feeling).
of Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
fell x1961
(1961) Complement
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
all x3605
(3605) Complement
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the kingdoms 4467
{4467} Prime
From H4427; dominion, that is, (abstractly) the estate (rule) or (concretely) the country (realm).
of the lands 776
{0776} Prime
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
that x834
(0834) Complement
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
[were] round about 5439
{5439} Prime
From H5437; (as noun) a circle, neighbor, or environs; but chiefly (as adverb, with or without preposition) around.
Yh יְהוּדָה, 3063
{3063} Prime
From H3034; celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory.
so that they made no war 3898
{3898} Prime
A primitive root; to feed on; figuratively to consume; by implication to battle (as destruction).
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
(3808) Complement
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
against x5973
(5973) Complement
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
Yhf+ יְהוֹשָׁפָט. 3092
{3092} Prime
From H3068 and H8199; Jehovah-judged; Jehoshaphat, the name of six Israelites; also of a valley near Jerusalem.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on 2 Chronicles 17:7-11.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

2 Chronicles 17:10-19

_ _ We have here a further account of Jehoshaphat's great prosperity and the flourishing state of his kingdom.

_ _ I. He had good interest in the neighbouring princes and nations. Though he was not perhaps so great a soldier as David (which might have made him their terror), nor so great a scholar as Solomon (which might have made him their oracle), yet the fear of the Lord fell so upon them (that is, God so influenced and governed their spirits) that they had all a reverence for him, 2 Chronicles 17:10. And, 1. None of them made war against him. God's good providence so ordered it that, while the princes and priests were instructing and reforming the country, none of his neighbours gave him any molestations, to take him off from that good work. Thus when Jacob and his sons were going to worship at Bethel the terror of God was upon the neighbouring cities, that they did not pursue after them, Genesis 35:5, and see Exodus 34:24. 2. Many of them brought presents to him (2 Chronicles 17:11), to secure his friendship. Perhaps these were a tribute imposed upon them by Asa, who made himself master of the cities of the Philistines, and the tents of the Arabians, 2 Chronicles 14:14, 2 Chronicles 14:15. With the 7700 rams, and the same number of he-goats, which the Arabians brought, there was probably a proportionable number of ewes and lambs, she-goats and kids.

_ _ II. He had a very considerable stores laid up in the cities of Judah. He pulled down his barns, and built larger (2 Chronicles 17:12), castles and cities of store, for arms and victuals. He was a man of business, and aimed at the public good in all his undertakings, either to preserve the peace or prepare for war.

_ _ III. He had the militia in good order. It was never in better since David modelled it. Five lord-lieutenants (if I may so call them) are here named, with the numbers of those under their command (the serviceable men, that were fit for war in their respective districts), three in Judah, and two in Benjamin. It is said of one of these great commanders, Amasiah, that he willingly offered himself unto the Lord (2 Chronicles 17:16), not only to the king, to serve him in this post, but to the Lord, to glorify him in it. He was the most eminent among them for religion, he accepted the place, not for the honour, or power, or profit of it, but for conscience' sake towards God, that he might serve his country,. It was usual for great generals then to offer of their spoils to the Lord, 1 Chronicles 26:26. But this good man offered himself first to the Lord, and then his dedicated things. The number of the soldiers under these five generals amounts to 1,160,000 men, a vast number for so small a compass of ground as Judah's and Benjamin's lot to furnish out and maintain. Abijah could bring into the field but 400,000 (2 Chronicles 13:3), Asa not 600,000 (2 Chronicles 14:8), yet Jehoshaphat has at command almost 1,200,000. But it must be considered, 1. That God had promised to make the seed of Abraham like the sand of the sea for number. 2. There had now been a long peace. 3. We may suppose that the city of Jerusalem was very much enlarged. 4. Many had come over to them from the kingdom of Israel (2 Chronicles 15:19), which would increase the numbers of the people. 5. Jehoshaphat was under a special blessing of God, which made his affairs to prosper greatly. The armies, we may suppose, were dispersed all the country over, and each man resided for the most part on his own estate; but they appeared often, to be mustered and trained, and were ready at call whenever there was occasion. The commanders waited on the king (2 Chronicles 17:19) as officers of his court, privy-counsellors, and ministers of state.

_ _ But, lastly, observe, It was not this formidable army that struck a terror upon the neighbouring nations, that restrained them from attempting any thing against Israel, or obliged them to pay tribute, but the fear of God which fell upon them when Jehoshaphat reformed his country and set up a preaching ministry in it, 2 Chronicles 17:10. The ordinances of God are more the strength and safety of a kingdom than its military force — its men of God more than its men of war.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Chronicles 17:10

Fear fell — Justly concluding from his singular piety that God would eminently appear for him, for even the Heathens could not but observe, that the kings of Judah were either prosperous or unhappy, according as they served God or forsook him.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Chronicles 17:10

And the fear of the LORD fell upon all the kingdoms of the lands that [were] round about Judah, so that they (e) made no war against Jehoshaphat.

(e) Thus God prospers all who with a pure heart seek his glory, and keeps their enemies in fear, so that they are not able to execute their rage against them.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the fear:

2 Chronicles 14:14 And they smote all the cities round about Gerar; for the fear of the LORD came upon them: and they spoiled all the cities; for there was exceeding much spoil in them.
Genesis 35:5 And they journeyed: and the terror of God was upon the cities that [were] round about them, and they did not pursue after the sons of Jacob.
Exodus 15:14-16 The people shall hear, [and] be afraid: sorrow shall take hold on the inhabitants of Palestina. ... Fear and dread shall fall upon them; by the greatness of thine arm they shall be [as] still as a stone; till thy people pass over, O LORD, till the people pass over, [which] thou hast purchased.
Joshua 2:9-11 And she said unto the men, I know that the LORD hath given you the land, and that your terror is fallen upon us, and that all the inhabitants of the land faint because of you. ... And as soon as we had heard [these things], our hearts did melt, neither did there remain any more courage in any man, because of you: for the LORD your God, he [is] God in heaven above, and in earth beneath.

Heb. was

so that:

2 Chronicles 16:9 For the eyes of the LORD run to and fro throughout the whole earth, to shew himself strong in the behalf of [them] whose heart [is] perfect toward him. Herein thou hast done foolishly: therefore from henceforth thou shalt have wars.
Exodus 34:24 For I will cast out the nations before thee, and enlarge thy borders: neither shall any man desire thy land, when thou shalt go up to appear before the LORD thy God thrice in the year.
Proverbs 16:7 When a man's ways please the LORD, he maketh even his enemies to be at peace with him.
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Gn 35:5. Ex 15:14; 34:24. Jsh 2:9. 2Ch 14:14; 16:9. Pv 16:7.

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