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2 Chronicles 15:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the Spirit of God came upon Azariah the son of Oded:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the Spirit of God came upon Azariah the son of Oded:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now the Spirit of God came on Azariah the son of Oded,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the Spirit of God came upon Azariah the son of Oded:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the Spirit of God came upon Azariah the son of Oded.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now, as for Azariah son of Oded, there came upon him, the spirit of God.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And upon Azariah son of Oded hath been the Spirit of God,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the spirit of God came upon Azarias the son of Oded,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the Spirit of God came vpon Azariah the sonne of Oded.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Azariah{gr.Azarias} the son of Oded-- upon him came the Spirit of the Lord,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the Spirit of Elohim came upon Azaryah the son of Oded:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the Spirit 7307
{7307} Prime
רוּחַ
ruwach
{roo'-akh}
From H7306; wind; by resemblance breath, that is, a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions).
of lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
came x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
`zary עֲזַריָה 5838
{5838} Prime
עֲזַרְיָה
`Azaryah
{az-ar-yaw'}
From H5826 and H3050; Jah has helped; Azarjah, the name of nineteen Israelites.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of ` עוֹדֵד: 5752
{5752} Prime
עוֹדֵד
`Owded
{o-dade'}
From H5749; reiteration; Oded, the name of two Israelites.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Chronicles 15:1

_ _ 2 Chronicles 15:1-15. Judah makes a solemn covenant with God.

_ _ Azariah the son of Oded — This prophet, who is mentioned nowhere else, appears at this stage of the sacred story in the discharge of an interesting mission. He went to meet Asa, as he was returning from his victorious pursuit of the Ethiopians, and the congratulatory address here recorded was publicly made to the king in presence of his army.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

2 Chronicles 15:1-7

_ _ It was a great happiness to Israel that they had prophets among them; yet, while they were thus blessed, they were strangely addicted to idolatry, whereas, when the spirit of prophecy had ceased under the second temple, and the canon of the Old Temple was completed (which was constantly read in their synagogues), they were pure from idolatry; for the scriptures are of all other the most sure word of prophecy, and most effectual, and the church could not be so easily imposed upon by a counterfeit Bible as by a counterfeit prophet. Here was a prophet sent to Asa and his army, when they returned victorious from the war with the Ethiopians, not to compliment them and congratulate them on their success, but to quicken them to their duty; this is the proper business of God's ministers, even with princes and the greatest men. The Spirit of God came upon the prophet (2 Chronicles 15:1), both to instruct him what he should say and to enable him to say it with clearness and boldness.

_ _ I. He told them plainly upon what terms they stood with God. Let them not think that, having obtained this victory, all was their own for ever; no, he must let them know they were upon their good behaviour. Let them do well, and it will be well with them, otherwise not. 1. The Lord is with you while you are with him. This is both a word of comfort, that those who keep close to God shall always have his presence with them, and also a word of caution: “He is with you, while you are with him, but no longer; you have now a signal token of his favourable presence with you, but the continuance of it depends upon your perseverance in the way of your duty.” 2. “If you seek him, he will be found of you. Sincerely desire his favour, and aim at it, and you shall obtain it. Pray, and you shall prevail. He never said, nor ever will, Seek you me in vain.” See Hebrews 11:6. But, 3. “If you forsake him and his ordinances, he is not tied to you, but will certainly forsake you, and then you are undone, your present triumphs will be no security to you; woe to you when God departs.”

_ _ II. He set before them the dangerous consequence of forsaking God and his ordinances, and that there was no way of having grievances redressed, but by repenting, and returning unto God. When Israel forsook their duty they were over-run with a deluge of atheism, impiety, irreligion, and all irregularity (2 Chronicles 15:3), and were continually embarrassed with vexatious and destroying wars, foreign and domestic, 2 Chronicles 15:5, 2 Chronicles 15:6. But when their troubles drove them to God they found it not in vain to seek him, 2 Chronicles 15:4. But the question is, What time does this refer to? 1. Some think it looks as far back as the days of the Judges. A long season ago Israel was without the true God, for they worshipped false gods; it was a time of ignorance, for, though they had priests, they had no teaching priests, though they had elders, yet no law to any purpose, v. 3. These were sad times, when they were frequently oppressed by one enemy or other and grievously harassed by Moabites, Midianites, Ammonites, and other nations. They were vexed with all adversity (v. 6), yet when, in their perplexity, they turned to God by repentance, prayer, and reformation, he raised up deliverers for them. Then was that maxim often verified, that God is with us while we are with him. Whatsoever things of this kind were written aforetime were written for our admonition. 2. Others think it describes the state of the ten tribes (who were now properly called Israel) in the days of Asa. “Now, since Jeroboam set up the calves, though he pretended to honour the God that brought them out of Egypt, yet his idolatry has brought them to downright infidelity; they are without the true God,” and no marvel when they were without teaching priests. Jeroboam's priests were not teachers, and thus they came to be without law. It is next to impossible that any thing of religion should be kept up without a preaching ministry. In those times there was no peace, 2 Chronicles 15:5. Their war with Judah gave them frequent alarms; so did the late insurrection of Baasha and other occasions not mentioned. They provoked God with all iniquity, and then he vexed them with all adversity; yet, when they turned to God, he was entreated for them. Let Judah take notice of this; let their neighbours' harms be their warnings. Give no countenance to graven images for you see what mischiefs they produce. 3. Others think the whole passage may be read in the future tense, and that it looks forward: Hereafter Israel will be without the true God and a teaching priest, and they will be destroyed by one judgment after another till they return to God and seek him. See Hosea 3:4.

_ _ III. Upon this he grounded his exhortation to prosecute the work of reformation with vigour (2 Chronicles 15:7): Be strong, for your work shall be rewarded. Note, 1. God's work should be done with diligence and cheerfulness, but will not be done without resolution. 2. This should quicken us to the work of religion, that we shall be sure not to lose by it ultimately. It will not go unrewarded. How should it, when the work is its own reward?

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Chronicles 15:1

Spirit of God — Both to instruct him what to say, and to enable him to say it plainly and boldly.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Chronicles 15:1

And the Spirit of God came upon (a) Azariah the son of Oded:

(a) Who was called Obed as his father was, (2 Chronicles 15:8).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the Spirit:

2 Chronicles 20:14 Then upon Jahaziel the son of Zechariah, the son of Benaiah, the son of Jeiel, the son of Mattaniah, a Levite of the sons of Asaph, came the Spirit of the LORD in the midst of the congregation;
2 Chronicles 24:20 And the Spirit of God came upon Zechariah the son of Jehoiada the priest, which stood above the people, and said unto them, Thus saith God, Why transgress ye the commandments of the LORD, that ye cannot prosper? because ye have forsaken the LORD, he hath also forsaken you.
Numbers 24:2 And Balaam lifted up his eyes, and he saw Israel abiding [in his tents] according to their tribes; and the spirit of God came upon him.
Judges 3:10 And the Spirit of the LORD came upon him, and he judged Israel, and went out to war: and the LORD delivered Chushanrishathaim king of Mesopotamia into his hand; and his hand prevailed against Chushanrishathaim.
2 Samuel 23:2 The Spirit of the LORD spake by me, and his word [was] in my tongue.
2 Peter 1:21 For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake [as they were] moved by the Holy Ghost.
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Nu 24:2. Jg 3:10. 2S 23:2. 2Ch 20:14; 24:20. 2P 1:21.

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