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2 Chronicles 14:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And there came out against them Zerah the Ethiopian with an army of a thousand thousand, and three hundred chariots; and he came unto Mareshah.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And there came out against them Zerah the Ethiopian with an host of a thousand thousand, and three hundred chariots; and came unto Mareshah.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now Zerah the Ethiopian came out against them with an army of a million men and 300 chariots, and he came to Mareshah.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And there came out against them Zerah the Cushite, with a host of a thousand thousand, and three hundred chariots; and came to Mareshah.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Zerah the Ethiopian came out against him with a host of a thousand thousand, and three hundred chariots, and he came to Mareshah.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then came out against them Zerah the Ethiopian, with a force of a thousand thousand, and three hundred chariots,—and he came as far as Mareshah.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And come out unto them doth Zerah the Cushite with a force of a thousand thousand, and chariots three hundred, and he cometh in unto Mareshah,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Zara the Ethiopian came out against them with his army of ten hundred thousand men, and with three hundred chariots: and he came as far as Maresa.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And there came out against them Zerah the Ethiopian, with an host of a thousand thousand, and three hundred charets, and came vnto Mareshah.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Zerah{gr.Zare} the Ethiopian went out against them, with a force of a million, and three hundred chariots; and came to Maresa.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And there came out against them Zerach the Kushi with an host of a thousand thousand, and three hundred chariots; and came unto Mareshah.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And there came out 3318
{3318} Prime
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
against x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
them Zera זֶרַח 2226
{2226} Prime
זֶרַח
Zerach
{zeh'-rakh}
The same as H2225; Zerach, the name of three Israelites, also of an Idumaean and an Ethiopian prince.
the C כּוּשִׁי 3569
{3569} Prime
כּוּשִׁי
Kuwshiy
{koo-shee'}
Patronymic from H3568; a Cushite, or descendant of Cush.
with an host 2428
{2428} Prime
חַיִל
chayil
{khah'-yil}
From H2342; probably a force, whether of men, means or other resources; an army, wealth, virtue, valor, strength.
of a thousand 505
{0505} Prime
אֶלֶף
'eleph
{eh'-lef}
Properly the same as H0504; hence (an ox's head being the first letter of the alphabet, and this eventually used as a numeral) a thousand.
thousand, 505
{0505} Prime
אֶלֶף
'eleph
{eh'-lef}
Properly the same as H0504; hence (an ox's head being the first letter of the alphabet, and this eventually used as a numeral) a thousand.
and three 7969
{7969} Prime
שָׁלוֹשׁ
shalowsh
{shaw-loshe'}
The last two forms being masculine; a primitive number; three; occasionally (ordinal) third, or (multiplicative) thrice.
hundred 3967
{3967} Prime
מֵאָה
me'ah
{may-aw'}
Probably a primitive numeral; a hundred; also as a multiplicative and a fraction.
chariots; 4818
{4818} Prime
מֶרְכָּבָה
merkabah
{mer-kaw-baw'}
Feminine of H4817; a chariot.
and came 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
Mr봚 מָרֵאשָׁה. 4762
{4762} Prime
מָרֵאשָׁה
Mar'eshah
{mar-ay-shaw'}
Formed like H4761; summit; Mareshah, the name of two Israelites and of a place in Palestine.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Chronicles 14:9

_ _ 2 Chronicles 14:9-15. He overcomes Zerah, and spoils the Ethiopians.

_ _ there came out against them Zerah the Ethiopian — This could not have been from Ethiopia south of the cataracts of the Nile, for in the reign of Osorkon I, successor of Shishak, no foreign army would have been allowed a free passage through Egypt. Zerah must, therefore, have been chief of the Cushites, or Ethiopians of Arabia, as they were evidently a nomad horde who had a settlement of tents and cattle in the neighborhood of Gerar.

_ _ a thousand thousand, and three hundred chariots — “Twenty camels employed to carry couriers upon them might have procured that number of men to meet in a short time. As Zerah was the aggressor, he had time to choose when he would summon these men and attack the enemy. Every one of these Cushite shepherds, carrying with them their own provisions of flour and water, as is their invariable custom, might have fought with Asa without eating a loaf of Zerah’s bread or drinking a pint of his water” [Bruce, Travels].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

2 Chronicles 14:9-15

_ _ Here is, I. Disturbance given to the peace of Asa's kingdom by a formidable army of Ethiopians that invaded them, 2 Chronicles 14:9, 2 Chronicles 14:10. Though still they sought God, yet this fear came upon them, that their faith in God might be tried, and that God might have an opportunity of doing great things for them. It was a vast number that the Ethiopians brought against him: 1,000,000 men; and now he found the benefit of having an army ready raised against such a time of need. That provision which we thought needless may soon appear to be of great advantage.

_ _ II. The application Asa made to God on occasion of the threatening cloud which now hung over his head, 2 Chronicles 14:11. He that sought God in the day of his peace and prosperity could with holy boldness cry to God in the day of his trouble, and call him his God. His prayer is short, but has much in it. 1. He gives to God the glory of his infinite power and sovereignty: It is nothing with thee to help and save by many or few, by those that are mighty or by those that have no power. See 1 Samuel 14:6. God works in his own strength, not in the strength of instruments (Psalms 21:13), nay, it is his glory to help the weakest and to perfect strength out of the mouth of babes and sucklings. “We do not say, Lord, take our part, for we have a good army for thee to work by; but, take our part, for without thee we have no power.” 2. He takes hold of their covenant-relation to God as theirs. O Lord, our God! and again, “Thou art our God, whom we have chosen and cleave to as ours, and who hast promised to be ours.” 3. He pleads their dependence upon God, and the eye they had to him in this expedition. he was well prepared for it, yet trusted not to his preparations; but, “Lord, we rest on thee, and in thy name we go against this multitude, by warrant from thee, aiming at thy glory, and trusting to thy strength.” 4. He interests God in their cause: “Let not man (mortal man, so the word is) “prevail against thee. If he prevail against us, it will be said that he prevails against thee, because thou art our God, and we rest on thee and go forth in thy name, which thou hast encouraged us to do. The enemy is a mortal man; make it to appear what an unequal match he is for an immortal God. Lord, maintain thy own honour; hallowed by thy name.

_ _ III. The glorious victory God gave him over his enemies. 1. God defeated the enemy, and put their forces into disorder (2 Chronicles 14:12): The Lord smote the Ethiopians, smote them with terror, and an unaccountable consternation, so that they fled, and knew neither why nor whither. 2. Asa and his soldiers took the advantage God gave them against the enemy. (1.) They destroyed them. They fell before the Lord (for who can stand before him?) and before his host, either an invisible host of angels that were employed to destroy them or the host of Israel, called God's host because owned by him. (2.) They took the plunder of their camp, carried away very much spoil from the slain and from the baggage. (3.) They smote the cities that were in league with them, to which they fled for shelter, and carried off the spoil of them (2 Chronicles 14:14); and they were not able to make any resistance, for the fear of the Lord came upon them, that is, a fear which God struck them with to such a degree that they had no heart to withstand the conquerors. (4.) They fetched away the cattle out of the enemy's country, in vast numbers, 2 Chronicles 14:15. Thus the wealth of the sinner is laid up for the just.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Chronicles 14:9

Ethiopian — Or, the Arabian, as the Hebrew word Cush is commonly used: these being much nearer to Asa than the Ethiopians.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Chronicles 14:9

And there came out against them Zerah the (d) Ethiopian with an host of a million, and three hundred chariots; and came unto (e) Mareshah.

(d) The king of Ethiopia, or Egypt.

(e) Which was a city in Judah, (Joshua 15:44) where Michaiah the prophet was born.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
am 3063, bc 941

Zerah:

2 Chronicles 12:2-3 And it came to pass, [that] in the fifth year of king Rehoboam Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem, because they had transgressed against the LORD, ... With twelve hundred chariots, and threescore thousand horsemen: and the people [were] without number that came with him out of Egypt; the Lubims, the Sukkiims, and the Ethiopians.
2 Chronicles 16:8 Were not the Ethiopians and the Lubims a huge host, with very many chariots and horsemen? yet, because thou didst rely on the LORD, he delivered them into thine hand.
2 Kings 19:9 And when he heard say of Tirhakah king of Ethiopia, Behold, he is come out to fight against thee: he sent messengers again unto Hezekiah, saying,
Isaiah 8:9-10 Associate yourselves, O ye people, and ye shall be broken in pieces; and give ear, all ye of far countries: gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces; gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces. ... Take counsel together, and it shall come to nought; speak the word, and it shall not stand: for God [is] with us.
Ezekiel 30:5 Ethiopia, and Libya, and Lydia, and all the mingled people, and Chub, and the men of the land that is in league, shall fall with them by the sword.
Revelation 16:14 For they are the spirits of devils, working miracles, [which] go forth unto the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty.

Mareshah:

Joshua 15:44 And Keilah, and Achzib, and Mareshah; nine cities with their villages:
Micah 1:15 Yet will I bring an heir unto thee, O inhabitant of Mareshah: he shall come unto Adullam the glory of Israel.
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Jsh 15:44. 2K 19:9. 2Ch 12:2; 16:8. Is 8:9. Ezk 30:5. Mi 1:15. Rv 16:14.

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