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1 Timothy 6:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— he is puffed up, knowing nothing, but doting about questionings and disputes of words, whereof cometh envy, strife, railings, evil surmisings,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— He is proud, knowing nothing, but doting about questions and strifes of words, whereof cometh envy, strife, railings, evil surmisings,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— he is conceited [and] understands nothing; but he has a morbid interest in controversial questions and disputes about words, out of which arise envy, strife, abusive language, evil suspicions,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He is proud, knowing nothing, but doting about questions and strifes of words, from which cometh envy, strife, railings, evil surmisings,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— he is puffed up, knowing nothing, but sick about questions and disputes of words, out of which arise envy, strife, injurious words, evil suspicions,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— He is beclouded, knowing, nothing, rightly, but is diseased about questionings, and word-battles—out of which spring envy, strife, defamations, wicked surmising,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— he is proud, knowing nothing, but doting about questions and word-striving, out of which doth come envy, strife, evil-speakings, evil-surmisings,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He is proud, knowing nothing, but sick about questions and strifes of words; from which arise envies, contentions, blasphemies, evil suspicions,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Hee is proud, knowing nothing, but doting about questions, and strifes of wordes, whereof commeth enuie, strife, railings, euill surmisings,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— this (is one) who extolleth himself while knowing nothing, but is infirm with disputation and questioning of words, from which are envy, and contention, and evil speaking, and supposition in the evil mind,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— he is one that exalteth himself, while he knoweth nothing; and he languisheth in the search and inquiry about words, from which come envy, and contention, and railing, and evil surmising,

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He is proud, 5187
{5187} Prime
τυφόω
tuphoo
{toof-o'-o}
From a derivative of G5188; to envelop with smoke, that is, (figuratively) to inflate with self conceit.
z5769
<5769> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 215
knowing 1987
{1987} Prime
ἐπίσταμαι
epistamai
{ep-is'-tam-ahee}
Apparently a middle voice of G2186 (with G3563 implied); to put the mind upon, that is, comprehend, or be acquainted with.
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
nothing, 3367
{3367} Prime
μηδείς
medeis
{may-dice'}
The masculine, feminine irregular (second form) and neuter (third form) from G3361 and G1520; not even one (man, woman, thing).
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
doting 3552
{3552} Prime
νοσέω
noseo
{nos-eh'-o}
From G3554; to be sick, that is, (by implication of a diseased appetite) to hanker after (figuratively to harp upon).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
about 4012
{4012} Prime
περί
peri
{per-ee'}
From the base of G4008; properly through (all over), that is, around; figuratively with respect to; used in various applications, of place, cause or time (with the genitive case denoting the subject or occasion or superlative point; with the accusative case the locality, circuit, matter, circumstance or general period).
questions 2214
{2214} Prime
ζήτησις
zetesis
{dzay'-tay-sis}
From G2212; a searching (properly the act), that is, a dispute or its theme.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
strifes of words, 3055
{3055} Prime
λογομαχία
logomachia
{log-om-akh-ee'-ah}
From the same as G3054; disputation about trifles ('logomachy').
whereof 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
cometh 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
envy, 5355
{5355} Prime
φθόνος
phthonos
{fthon'-os}
Probably akin to the base of G5351; ill will (as detraction), that is, jealousy (spite).
strife, 2054
{2054} Prime
ἔρις
eris
{er'-is}
Of uncertain affinity; a quarrel, that is, (by implication) wrangling.
railings, 988
{0988} Prime
βλασφημία
blasphemia
{blas-fay-me'-ah}
From G0989; vilification (especially against God).
evil 4190
{4190} Prime
πονηρός
poneros
{pon-ay-ros'}
From a derivative of G4192; hurtful, that is, evil (properly in effect or influence, and thus differing from G2556, which refers rather to essential character, as well as from G4550, which indicates degeneracy from original virtue); figuratively calamitous; also (passively) ill, that is, diseased; but especially (morally) culpable, that is, derelict, vicious, facinorous; neuter (singular) mischief, malice, or (plural) guilt; masculine (singular) the devil, or (plural) sinners.
surmisings, 5283
{5283} Prime
ὑπόνοια
huponoia
{hoop-on'-oy-ah}
From G5282; suspicion.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Timothy 6:4

_ _ He is proud — literally, “wrapt in smoke”; filled with the fumes of self-conceit (1 Timothy 3:6) while “knowing nothing,” namely, of the doctrine which is according to godliness (1 Timothy 6:3), though arrogating pre-eminent knowledge (1 Timothy 1:7).

_ _ doting about — literally, “sick about”; the opposite of “wholesome” (1 Timothy 6:3). Truth is not the center about which his investigations move, but mere word-strifes.

_ _ questions — of controversy.

_ _ strifes of words — rather than about realities (2 Timothy 2:14). These stand with them instead of “godliness” and “wholesome words” (1 Timothy 6:3; 1 Timothy 1:4; Titus 3:9).

_ _ evil surmisings — as to those who are of a different party from themselves.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Timothy 6:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Timothy 6:4

He is puffed up — Which is the cause of his not consenting to the doctrine which is after inward, practical religion. By this mark we may know them. Knowing nothing — As he ought to know. Sick of questions — Doatinglyy fond of dispute; an evil, but common, disease; especially where practice is forgotten. Such, indeed, contend earnestly for singular phrases, and favourite points of their own. Everything else, however, like the preaching of Christ and his apostles, is all "law," and "bondage," and "carnal reasoning." Strifes of words — Merely verbal controversies. Whereof cometh envy — Of the gifts and success of others. Contention — For the pre — eminence. Such disputants seldom like the prosperity of others, or to be less esteemed themselves. Evil surmisings — It not being their way to think well of those that differ from themselves in opinion.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Timothy 6:4

He is proud, knowing nothing, but doting about questions and (b) strifes of words, whereof cometh envy, strife, railings, evil surmisings,

(b) Strivings about words, and not about matter: and by words he means all those things which do not have substance in them, and by which we can reap no profit.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
He:

1 Timothy 1:7 Desiring to be teachers of the law; understanding neither what they say, nor whereof they affirm.
1 Timothy 3:6 Not a novice, lest being lifted up with pride he fall into the condemnation of the devil.
Proverbs 13:7 There is that maketh himself rich, yet [hath] nothing: [there is] that maketh himself poor, yet [hath] great riches.
Proverbs 25:14 Whoso boasteth himself of a false gift [is like] clouds and wind without rain.
Proverbs 26:12 Seest thou a man wise in his own conceit? [there is] more hope of a fool than of him.
Acts 8:9 But there was a certain man, called Simon, which beforetime in the same city used sorcery, and bewitched the people of Samaria, giving out that himself was some great one:
Acts 8:21-23 Thou hast neither part nor lot in this matter: for thy heart is not right in the sight of God. ... For I perceive that thou art in the gall of bitterness, and [in] the bond of iniquity.
Romans 12:16 [Be] of the same mind one toward another. Mind not high things, but condescend to men of low estate. Be not wise in your own conceits.
1 Corinthians 3:18 Let no man deceive himself. If any man among you seemeth to be wise in this world, let him become a fool, that he may be wise.
1 Corinthians 8:1-2 Now as touching things offered unto idols, we know that we all have knowledge. Knowledge puffeth up, but charity edifieth. ... And if any man think that he knoweth any thing, he knoweth nothing yet as he ought to know.
Galatians 6:3 For if a man think himself to be something, when he is nothing, he deceiveth himself.
Colossians 2:18 Let no man beguile you of your reward in a voluntary humility and worshipping of angels, intruding into those things which he hath not seen, vainly puffed up by his fleshly mind,
2 Thessalonians 2:4 Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God.
2 Timothy 3:4 Traitors, heady, highminded, lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God;
2 Peter 2:12 But these, as natural brute beasts, made to be taken and destroyed, speak evil of the things that they understand not; and shall utterly perish in their own corruption;
2 Peter 2:18 For when they speak great swelling [words] of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, [through much] wantonness, those that were clean escaped from them who live in error.
Jude 1:10 But these speak evil of those things which they know not: but what they know naturally, as brute beasts, in those things they corrupt themselves.
Jude 1:16 These are murmurers, complainers, walking after their own lusts; and their mouth speaketh great swelling [words], having men's persons in admiration because of advantage.
Revelation 3:17 Because thou sayest, I am rich, and increased with goods, and have need of nothing; and knowest not that thou art wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked:

proud:
or, a fool

doting:
or, sick

about:

1 Timothy 1:4 Neither give heed to fables and endless genealogies, which minister questions, rather than godly edifying which is in faith: [so do].
2 Timothy 2:23 But foolish and unlearned questions avoid, knowing that they do gender strifes.

words:

Isaiah 58:4 Behold, ye fast for strife and debate, and to smite with the fist of wickedness: ye shall not fast as [ye do this] day, to make your voice to be heard on high.
Acts 15:2 When therefore Paul and Barnabas had no small dissension and disputation with them, they determined that Paul and Barnabas, and certain other of them, should go up to Jerusalem unto the apostles and elders about this question.
Romans 2:8 But unto them that are contentious, and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, indignation and wrath,
Romans 13:13 Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying.
Romans 14:1 Him that is weak in the faith receive ye, [but] not to doubtful disputations.
1 Corinthians 3:3 For ye are yet carnal: for whereas [there is] among you envying, and strife, and divisions, are ye not carnal, and walk as men?
1 Corinthians 11:16 But if any man seem to be contentious, we have no such custom, neither the churches of God.
1 Corinthians 11:18 For first of all, when ye come together in the church, I hear that there be divisions among you; and I partly believe it.
2 Corinthians 11:20 For ye suffer, if a man bring you into bondage, if a man devour [you], if a man take [of you], if a man exalt himself, if a man smite you on the face.
Galatians 5:15 But if ye bite and devour one another, take heed that ye be not consumed one of another.
Galatians 5:20-21 Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies, ... Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told [you] in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.
Galatians 5:26 Let us not be desirous of vain glory, provoking one another, envying one another.
Philippians 1:15 Some indeed preach Christ even of envy and strife; and some also of good will:
Philippians 2:3 [Let] nothing [be done] through strife or vainglory; but in lowliness of mind let each esteem other better than themselves.
Philippians 2:14 Do all things without murmurings and disputings:
Titus 3:9 But avoid foolish questions, and genealogies, and contentions, and strivings about the law; for they are unprofitable and vain.
James 1:19 Wherefore, my beloved brethren, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath:
James 2:14-18 What [doth it] profit, my brethren, though a man say he hath faith, and have not works? can faith save him? ... Yea, a man may say, Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without thy works, and I will shew thee my faith by my works.
James 4:1-2 From whence [come] wars and fightings among you? [come they] not hence, [even] of your lusts that war in your members? ... Ye lust, and have not: ye kill, and desire to have, and cannot obtain: ye fight and war, yet ye have not, because ye ask not.
James 4:5-6 Do ye think that the scripture saith in vain, The spirit that dwelleth in us lusteth to envy? ... But he giveth more grace. Wherefore he saith, God resisteth the proud, but giveth grace unto the humble.
1 Peter 2:1-2 Wherefore laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and envies, and all evil speakings, ... As newborn babes, desire the sincere milk of the word, that ye may grow thereby:
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Pv 13:7; 25:14; 26:12. Is 58:4. Ac 8:9, 21; 15:2. Ro 2:8; 12:16; 13:13; 14:1. 1Co 3:3, 18; 8:1; 11:16, 18. 2Co 11:20. Ga 5:15, 20, 26; 6:3. Php 1:15; 2:3, 14. Col 2:18. 2Th 2:4. 1Ti 1:4, 7; 3:6. 2Ti 2:23; 3:4. Tit 3:9. Jm 1:19; 2:14; 4:1, 5. 1P 2:1. 2P 2:12, 18. Jde 1:10, 16. Rv 3:17.

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