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1 Timothy 6:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— that they do good, that they be rich in good works, that they be ready to distribute, willing to communicate;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— That they do good, that they be rich in good works, ready to distribute, willing to communicate;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [Instruct them] to do good, to be rich in good works, to be generous and ready to share,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— That they do good, that they be rich in good works, ready to distribute, willing to communicate;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— to do good, to be rich in good works, to be liberal in distributing, disposed to communicate [of their substance],
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— To be doing good, to be rich in noble works, to be, generous in giving, ready for fellowship,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— to do good, to be rich in good works, to be ready to impart, willing to communicate,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— To do good, to be rich in good work, to give easily, to communicate to others,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— That they doe good, that they be rich in good works, ready to distribute, willing to communicate,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and that they perform good works, and become rich in welldoings, and be ready to give and to communicate,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and that they do good works, and be rich in well-doings; and be ready to give and to communicate:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
That they do good, 14
{0014} Prime
ἀγαθοεργέω
agathoergeo
{ag-ath-er-gheh'-o}
From G0018 and G2041; to work good.
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
that they be rich 4147
{4147} Prime
πλουτέω
plouteo
{ploo-teh'-o}
From G4148; to be (or become) wealthy (literally or figuratively).
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
good 2570
{2570} Prime
καλός
kalos
{kal-os'}
Of uncertain affinity; properly beautiful, but chiefly (figuratively) good (literally or morally), that is, valuable or virtuous (for appearance or use, and thus distinguished from G0018, which is properly intrinsic).
works, 2041
{2041} Prime
ἔργον
ergon
{er'-gon}
From ἔργω [[ergo]] (a primary but obsolete word; to work); toil (as an effort or occupation); by implication an act.
x1511
(1511) Complement
εἶναι
einai
{i'-nahee}
Present infinitive from G1510; to exist.
ready to distribute, 2130
{2130} Prime
εὐμετάδοτος
eumetadotos
{yoo-met-ad'-ot-os}
From G2095 and a presumed derivative of G3330; good at imparting, that is, liberal.
y1511
[1511] Standard
εἶναι
einai
{i'-nahee}
Present infinitive from G1510; to exist.
z5750
<5750> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 135
willing to communicate; 2843
{2843} Prime
κοινωνικός
koinonikos
{koy-no-nee-kos'}
From G2844; communicative, that is, (pecuniarily) liberal.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Timothy 6:18

_ _ do good — like God Himself (Psalms 119:68; Acts 14:17) and Christ (Acts 10:38). Tittmann translates, “to do,” or “act well”; as the Greek for “to be beneficent” is a distinct word, agathopoiein.

_ _ rich in good works — so “rich in faith,” which produces good works (James 2:5). Contrasted with “rich in this world,” 1 Timothy 6:17. Literally, it is “rich in honorable (right) works.” Greek,kalois,” “ergois,” are works good or right in themselves: “agathois,” good to another.

_ _ ready to distribute — free givers [Alford]; the heart not cleaving to possessions, but ready to impart to others.

_ _ willing to communicate — ready contributors [Alford]: liberal in admitting others to share our goods in common with ourselves (Galatians 6:6; Hebrews 13:16).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Timothy 6:13-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Timothy 6:18

To do good — To make this their daily employ, that they may be rich — May abound in all good works. Ready to distribute — Singly to particular persons. Willing to communicate — To join in all public works of charity.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
they do:

2 Chronicles 24:16 And they buried him in the city of David among the kings, because he had done good in Israel, both toward God, and toward his house.
Psalms 37:3 Trust in the LORD, and do good; [so] shalt thou dwell in the land, and verily thou shalt be fed.
Ecclesiastes 3:12 I know that [there is] no good in them, but for [a man] to rejoice, and to do good in his life.
Luke 6:33-35 And if ye do good to them which do good to you, what thank have ye? for sinners also do even the same. ... But love ye your enemies, and do good, and lend, hoping for nothing again; and your reward shall be great, and ye shall be the children of the Highest: for he is kind unto the unthankful and [to] the evil.
Acts 10:38 How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him.
Galatians 6:10 As we have therefore opportunity, let us do good unto all [men], especially unto them who are of the household of faith.
Hebrews 13:16 But to do good and to communicate forget not: for with such sacrifices God is well pleased.
1 Peter 3:11 Let him eschew evil, and do good; let him seek peace, and ensue it.
3 John 1:11 Beloved, follow not that which is evil, but that which is good. He that doeth good is of God: but he that doeth evil hath not seen God.

rich:

1 Timothy 5:10 Well reported of for good works; if she have brought up children, if she have lodged strangers, if she have washed the saints' feet, if she have relieved the afflicted, if she have diligently followed every good work.
Luke 12:21 So [is] he that layeth up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God.
Acts 9:36 Now there was at Joppa a certain disciple named Tabitha, which by interpretation is called Dorcas: this woman was full of good works and almsdeeds which she did.
Titus 2:14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.
Titus 3:8 [This is] a faithful saying, and these things I will that thou affirm constantly, that they which have believed in God might be careful to maintain good works. These things are good and profitable unto men.
James 2:5 Hearken, my beloved brethren, Hath not God chosen the poor of this world rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which he hath promised to them that love him?

ready:

Deuteronomy 15:7-11 If there be among you a poor man of one of thy brethren within any of thy gates in thy land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, thou shalt not harden thine heart, nor shut thine hand from thy poor brother: ... For the poor shall never cease out of the land: therefore I command thee, saying, Thou shalt open thine hand wide unto thy brother, to thy poor, and to thy needy, in thy land.
Psalms 112:9 He hath dispersed, he hath given to the poor; his righteousness endureth for ever; his horn shall be exalted with honour.
Proverbs 11:24-25 There is that scattereth, and yet increaseth; and [there is] that withholdeth more than is meet, but [it tendeth] to poverty. ... The liberal soul shall be made fat: and he that watereth shall be watered also himself.
Ecclesiastes 11:1-2 Cast thy bread upon the waters: for thou shalt find it after many days. ... Give a portion to seven, and also to eight; for thou knowest not what evil shall be upon the earth.
Ecclesiastes 11:6 In the morning sow thy seed, and in the evening withhold not thine hand: for thou knowest not whether shall prosper, either this or that, or whether they both [shall be] alike good.
Isaiah 32:8 But the liberal deviseth liberal things; and by liberal things shall he stand.
Isaiah 58:7 [Is it] not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou bring the poor that are cast out to thy house? when thou seest the naked, that thou cover him; and that thou hide not thyself from thine own flesh?
Luke 6:35 But love ye your enemies, and do good, and lend, hoping for nothing again; and your reward shall be great, and ye shall be the children of the Highest: for he is kind unto the unthankful and [to] the evil.
Luke 14:12-14 Then said he also to him that bade him, When thou makest a dinner or a supper, call not thy friends, nor thy brethren, neither thy kinsmen, nor [thy] rich neighbours; lest they also bid thee again, and a recompence be made thee. ... And thou shalt be blessed; for they cannot recompense thee: for thou shalt be recompensed at the resurrection of the just.
Acts 2:44-45 And all that believed were together, and had all things common; ... And sold their possessions and goods, and parted them to all [men], as every man had need.
Acts 4:34-37 Neither was there any among them that lacked: for as many as were possessors of lands or houses sold them, and brought the prices of the things that were sold, ... Having land, sold [it], and brought the money, and laid [it] at the apostles' feet.
Acts 11:29 Then the disciples, every man according to his ability, determined to send relief unto the brethren which dwelt in Judaea:
Romans 12:8 Or he that exhorteth, on exhortation: he that giveth, [let him do it] with simplicity; he that ruleth, with diligence; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness.
Romans 12:13 Distributing to the necessity of saints; given to hospitality.
1 Corinthians 16:2 Upon the first [day] of the week let every one of you lay by him in store, as [God] hath prospered him, that there be no gatherings when I come.
2 Corinthians 8:1-2 Moreover, brethren, we do you to wit of the grace of God bestowed on the churches of Macedonia; ... How that in a great trial of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty abounded unto the riches of their liberality.
2 Corinthians 8:9 For ye know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that, though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, that ye through his poverty might be rich.
2 Corinthians 8:12 For if there be first a willing mind, [it is] accepted according to that a man hath, [and] not according to that he hath not.
2 Corinthians 9:6-15 But this [I say], He which soweth sparingly shall reap also sparingly; and he which soweth bountifully shall reap also bountifully. ... Thanks [be] unto God for his unspeakable gift.
Philippians 4:18-19 But I have all, and abound: I am full, having received of Epaphroditus the things [which were sent] from you, an odour of a sweet smell, a sacrifice acceptable, wellpleasing to God. ... But my God shall supply all your need according to his riches in glory by Christ Jesus.
Hebrews 13:16 But to do good and to communicate forget not: for with such sacrifices God is well pleased.
1 John 3:17 But whoso hath this world's good, and seeth his brother have need, and shutteth up his bowels [of compassion] from him, how dwelleth the love of God in him?

willing to communicate:
or, sociable
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 15:7. 2Ch 24:16. Ps 37:3; 112:9. Pv 11:24. Ec 3:12; 11:1, 6. Is 32:8; 58:7. Lk 6:33, 35; 12:21; 14:12. Ac 2:44; 4:34; 9:36; 10:38; 11:29. Ro 12:8, 13. 1Co 16:2. 2Co 8:1, 9, 12; 9:6. Ga 6:10. Php 4:18. 1Ti 5:10. Tit 2:14; 3:8. He 13:16. Jm 2:5. 1P 3:11. 1Jn 3:17. 3Jn 1:11.

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