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1 Timothy 6:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Charge them that are rich in this present world, that they be not highminded, nor have their hope set on the uncertainty of riches, but on God, who giveth us richly all things to enjoy;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not highminded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the living God, who giveth us richly all things to enjoy;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Instruct those who are rich in this present world not to be conceited or to fix their hope on the uncertainty of riches, but on God, who richly supplies us with all things to enjoy.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not high-minded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the living God, who giveth us richly all things to enjoy;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Enjoin on those rich in the present age not to be high-minded, nor to trust on the uncertainty of riches; but in the God who affords us all things richly for [our] enjoyment;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Upon them who are rich in the present age, lay thou charge—not to be high-minded, nor to have set their hope on, riches', uncertainty,—but on God, who offereth us all things richly for enjoying,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Those rich in the present age charge thou not to be high-minded, nor to hope in the uncertainty of riches, but in the living God, who is giving to us all things richly for enjoyment;—
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Charge the rich of this world not to be highminded nor to trust in the uncertainty of riches, but in the living God (who giveth us abundantly all things to enjoy)
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Charge them that are rich in this world, that they bee not high minded, nor trust in vncertaine riches, but in the liuing God, who giueth vs richly all things to enioy,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— The rich of this world instruct, that they be not uplifted in their minds, nor be trustful upon riches which have no security, but upon Aloha the living, who giveth to us all abundantly for our comfort;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Charge the rich of this world, that they be not uplifted in their minds; and that they confide not in riches, in which is no security; but in the living God, who giveth us all things abundantly for our comfort:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Charge 3853
{3853} Prime
παραγγέλλω
paraggello
{par-ang-gel'-lo}
From G3844 and the base of G0032; to transmit a message, that is, (by implication) to enjoin.
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
them that are rich 4145
{4145} Prime
πλούσιος
plousios
{ploo'-see-os}
From G4149; wealthy; figuratively abounding with.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
this y3568
[3568] Standard
νῦν
nun
{noon}
A primary particle of present time; 'now' (as adverb of date, a transition or emphasis); also as noun or adjective present or immediate.
world, 165
{0165} Prime
αἰών
aion
{ahee-ohn'}
From the same as G0104; properly an age; by extension perpetuity (also past); by implication the world; specifically (Jewish) a Messianic period (present or future).
x3568
(3568) Complement
νῦν
nun
{noon}
A primary particle of present time; 'now' (as adverb of date, a transition or emphasis); also as noun or adjective present or immediate.
that they be y5309
[5309] Standard
ὑψηλοφρονέω
hupselophroneo
{hoop-say-lo-fron-eh'-o}
From a compound of G5308 and G5424; to be lofty in mind, that is, arrogant.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not y3361
[3361] Standard
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
highminded, 5309
{5309} Prime
ὑψηλοφρονέω
hupselophroneo
{hoop-say-lo-fron-eh'-o}
From a compound of G5308 and G5424; to be lofty in mind, that is, arrogant.
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
x3361
(3361) Complement
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
nor 3366
{3366} Prime
μηδέ
mede
{may-deh'}
From G3361 and G1161; but not, not even; in a continued negation, nor.
trust 1679
{1679} Prime
ἐλπίζω
elpizo
{el-pid'-zo}
From G1680; to expect or confide.
z5760
<5760> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 30
in 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
uncertain 83
{0083} Prime
ἀδηλότης
adelotes
{ad-ay-lot'-ace}
From G0082; uncertainty.
riches, 4149
{4149} Prime
πλοῦτος
ploutos
{ploo'-tos}
From the base of G4130; wealth (as fulness), that is, (literally) money, possessions, or (figuratively) abundance, richness, (specifically) valuable bestowment.
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
living 2198
{2198} Prime
ζάω
zao
{dzah'-o}
A primary verb; to live (literally or figuratively).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
who y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
giveth 3930
{3930} Prime
παρέχω
parecho
{par-ekh'-o}
From G3844 and G2192; to hold near, that is, present, afford, exhibit, furnish occasion.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
us 2254
{2254} Prime
ἡμῖν
hemin
{hay-meen'}
Dative plural of G1473; to (or for, with, by) us.
richly 4146
{4146} Prime
πλουσίως
plousios
{ploo-see'-oce}
From G4145; copiously.
all things 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
to 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
enjoy; 619
{0619} Prime
ἀπόλαυσις
apolausis
{ap-ol'-ow-sis}
From a compound of G0575 and λαύω [[lauo]] (to enjoy); full enjoyment.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Timothy 6:17

_ _ Resuming the subject from above, 1 Timothy 6:5, 1 Timothy 6:10. The immortality of God, alone rich in glory, and of His people through Him, is opposed to the lust of money (compare 1 Timothy 6:14-16). From speaking of the desire to be rich, he here passes to those who are rich: (1) What ought to be their disposition; (2) What use they ought to make of their riches, and, (3) The consequences of their so using them.

_ _ rich in this world — contrasted with the riches of the future kingdom to be the portion of believers at Christ’s “appearing,” 1 Timothy 6:14.

_ _ high-minded — often the character of the rich (see Romans 12:16).

_ _ trustGreek, “to have their trust resting.”

_ _ in ... in — rather, “upon ... upon,” as the oldest manuscripts.

_ _ uncertain riches — rather as Greek, “the uncertainty of riches.” They who rest their trust on riches, rest trust on uncertainty itself (Proverbs 23:5). Now they belong to one person, now to another, and that which has many masters is possessed by none [Theodoret].

_ _ living God — The best manuscripts and versions omit “living.” He who trusts in riches transfers to them the duty he owes to God [Calvin].

_ _ who givethGreek, “affordeth.”

_ _ all things richly — temporal and eternal, for the body and for the soul. In order to be truly rich, seek to be blessed of, and in, God (Proverbs 10:22; 2 Peter 1:3).

_ _ to enjoyGreek, “for enjoyment.” Not that the heart may cleave to them as its idol and trust (1 Timothy 4:3). Enjoyment consists in giving, not in holding fast. Non-employment should be far removed, as from man, so from his resources (James 5:2, James 5:3) [Bengel].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Timothy 6:13-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Timothy 6:17

What follows seems to be a kind of a postscript. Charge the rich in this world — Rich in such beggarly riches as this world affords. Not to be highminded — O who regards this! Not to think better of themselves for their money, or anything it can purchase. Neither to trust in uncertain riches — Which they may lose in an hour; either for happiness or defence. But in the living God — All the rest is dead clay. Who giveth us — As it were holding them out to us in his hand. All things — Which we have. Richly — Freely, abundantly. To enjoy — As his gift, in him and for him. When we use them thus, we do indeed enjoy all things. Where else is there any notice taken of the rich, in all the apostolic writings, save to denounce woes and vengeance upon them?

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Timothy 6:17

(11) Charge them that are rich in (g) this world, that they be not highminded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the (h) living God, who giveth us richly all things to enjoy;

(11) He adds as an overabundance as it were a sharp admonition to the rich, that they mainly take heed of two evils, that is, of pride, and deceitful hope, against which he sets three excellent virtues, hope in the living God, liberality towards their neighbour, and gentle conditions.

(g) In things pertaining to this life, with whom those men are compared who are rich in good works.

(h) Who alone is, and that everlasting: for he sets the frail nature of riches against God.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Charge:

1 Timothy 6:13 I give thee charge in the sight of God, who quickeneth all things, and [before] Christ Jesus, who before Pontius Pilate witnessed a good confession;
1 Timothy 1:3 As I besought thee to abide still at Ephesus, when I went into Macedonia, that thou mightest charge some that they teach no other doctrine,
1 Timothy 5:21 I charge [thee] before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, and the elect angels, that thou observe these things without preferring one before another, doing nothing by partiality.

rich:

Genesis 13:2 And Abram [was] very rich in cattle, in silver, and in gold.
Job 1:1-3 There was a man in the land of Uz, whose name [was] Job; and that man was perfect and upright, and one that feared God, and eschewed evil. ... His substance also was seven thousand sheep, and three thousand camels, and five hundred yoke of oxen, and five hundred she asses, and a very great household; so that this man was the greatest of all the men of the east.
Matthew 19:23 Then said Jesus unto his disciples, Verily I say unto you, That a rich man shall hardly enter into the kingdom of heaven.
Matthew 27:57 When the even was come, there came a rich man of Arimathaea, named Joseph, who also himself was Jesus' disciple:
Luke 19:2 And, behold, [there was] a man named Zacchaeus, which was the chief among the publicans, and he was rich.
Luke 19:9-10 And Jesus said unto him, This day is salvation come to this house, forsomuch as he also is a son of Abraham. ... For the Son of man is come to seek and to save that which was lost.

that they:

Deuteronomy 6:10-12 And it shall be, when the LORD thy God shall have brought thee into the land which he sware unto thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give thee great and goodly cities, which thou buildedst not, ... [Then] beware lest thou forget the LORD, which brought thee forth out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage.
Deuteronomy 8:17 And thou say in thine heart, My power and the might of [mine] hand hath gotten me this wealth.
Deuteronomy 33:15 And for the chief things of the ancient mountains, and for the precious things of the lasting hills,
2 Chronicles 26:16 But when he was strong, his heart was lifted up to [his] destruction: for he transgressed against the LORD his God, and went into the temple of the LORD to burn incense upon the altar of incense.
2 Chronicles 32:25-26 But Hezekiah rendered not again according to the benefit [done] unto him; for his heart was lifted up: therefore there was wrath upon him, and upon Judah and Jerusalem. ... Notwithstanding Hezekiah humbled himself for the pride of his heart, [both] he and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, so that the wrath of the LORD came not upon them in the days of Hezekiah.
Psalms 10:3-4 For the wicked boasteth of his heart's desire, and blesseth the covetous, [whom] the LORD abhorreth. ... The wicked, through the pride of his countenance, will not seek [after God]: God [is] not in all his thoughts.
Psalms 73:5-9 They [are] not in trouble [as other] men; neither are they plagued like [other] men. ... They set their mouth against the heavens, and their tongue walketh through the earth.
Proverbs 30:9 Lest I be full, and deny [thee], and say, Who [is] the LORD? or lest I be poor, and steal, and take the name of my God [in vain].
Jeremiah 2:31 O generation, see ye the word of the LORD. Have I been a wilderness unto Israel? a land of darkness? wherefore say my people, We are lords; we will come no more unto thee?
Ezekiel 16:49-50 Behold, this was the iniquity of thy sister Sodom, pride, fulness of bread, and abundance of idleness was in her and in her daughters, neither did she strengthen the hand of the poor and needy. ... And they were haughty, and committed abomination before me: therefore I took them away as I saw [good].
Ezekiel 16:56 For thy sister Sodom was not mentioned by thy mouth in the day of thy pride,
Daniel 4:30 The king spake, and said, Is not this great Babylon, that I have built for the house of the kingdom by the might of my power, and for the honour of my majesty?
Daniel 5:19-23 And for the majesty that he gave him, all people, nations, and languages, trembled and feared before him: whom he would he slew; and whom he would he kept alive; and whom he would he set up; and whom he would he put down. ... But hast lifted up thyself against the Lord of heaven; and they have brought the vessels of his house before thee, and thou, and thy lords, thy wives, and thy concubines, have drunk wine in them; and thou hast praised the gods of silver, and gold, of brass, iron, wood, and stone, which see not, nor hear, nor know: and the God in whose hand thy breath [is], and whose [are] all thy ways, hast thou not glorified:
Hosea 13:6 According to their pasture, so were they filled; they were filled, and their heart was exalted; therefore have they forgotten me.
Habakkuk 1:15-16 They take up all of them with the angle, they catch them in their net, and gather them in their drag: therefore they rejoice and are glad. ... Therefore they sacrifice unto their net, and burn incense unto their drag; because by them their portion [is] fat, and their meat plenteous.
Romans 11:20 Well; because of unbelief they were broken off, and thou standest by faith. Be not highminded, but fear:
James 1:9-10 Let the brother of low degree rejoice in that he is exalted: ... But the rich, in that he is made low: because as the flower of the grass he shall pass away.
Revelation 18:6-7 Reward her even as she rewarded you, and double unto her double according to her works: in the cup which she hath filled fill to her double. ... How much she hath glorified herself, and lived deliciously, so much torment and sorrow give her: for she saith in her heart, I sit a queen, and am no widow, and shall see no sorrow.

trust:

Job 31:24-25 If I have made gold my hope, or have said to the fine gold, [Thou art] my confidence; ... If I rejoiced because my wealth [was] great, and because mine hand had gotten much;
Psalms 52:7 Lo, [this is] the man [that] made not God his strength; but trusted in the abundance of his riches, [and] strengthened himself in his wickedness.
Psalms 62:10 Trust not in oppression, and become not vain in robbery: if riches increase, set not your heart [upon them].
Proverbs 11:28 He that trusteth in his riches shall fall: but the righteous shall flourish as a branch.
Jeremiah 9:23-24 Thus saith the LORD, Let not the wise [man] glory in his wisdom, neither let the mighty [man] glory in his might, let not the rich [man] glory in his riches: ... But let him that glorieth glory in this, that he understandeth and knoweth me, that I [am] the LORD which exercise lovingkindness, judgment, and righteousness, in the earth: for in these [things] I delight, saith the LORD.
Mark 10:24 And the disciples were astonished at his words. But Jesus answereth again, and saith unto them, Children, how hard is it for them that trust in riches to enter into the kingdom of God!
Luke 12:15-21 And he said unto them, Take heed, and beware of covetousness: for a man's life consisteth not in the abundance of the things which he possesseth. ... So [is] he that layeth up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God.
Ephesians 5:5 For this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God.

uncertain riches:
Gr. the uncertainty of riches,
Proverbs 23:5 Wilt thou set thine eyes upon that which is not? for [riches] certainly make themselves wings; they fly away as an eagle toward heaven.
Proverbs 27:24 For riches [are] not for ever: and doth the crown [endure] to every generation?
Ecclesiastes 5:13-14 There is a sore evil [which] I have seen under the sun, [namely], riches kept for the owners thereof to their hurt. ... But those riches perish by evil travail: and he begetteth a son, and [there is] nothing in his hand.

but:

Psalms 62:8 Trust in him at all times; [ye] people, pour out your heart before him: God [is] a refuge for us. Selah.
Psalms 84:11-12 For the LORD God [is] a sun and shield: the LORD will give grace and glory: no good [thing] will he withhold from them that walk uprightly. ... O LORD of hosts, blessed [is] the man that trusteth in thee.
Psalms 118:8-9 [It is] better to trust in the LORD than to put confidence in man. ... [It is] better to trust in the LORD than to put confidence in princes.
Jeremiah 17:7-8 Blessed [is] the man that trusteth in the LORD, and whose hope the LORD is. ... For he shall be as a tree planted by the waters, and [that] spreadeth out her roots by the river, and shall not see when heat cometh, but her leaf shall be green; and shall not be careful in the year of drought, neither shall cease from yielding fruit.

the living:

1 Timothy 3:15 But if I tarry long, that thou mayest know how thou oughtest to behave thyself in the house of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and ground of the truth.
1 Timothy 4:10 For therefore we both labour and suffer reproach, because we trust in the living God, who is the Saviour of all men, specially of those that believe.
1 Thessalonians 1:9 For they themselves shew of us what manner of entering in we had unto you, and how ye turned to God from idols to serve the living and true God;

who:

Psalms 104:28 [That] thou givest them they gather: thou openest thine hand, they are filled with good.
Matthew 6:32 (For after all these things do the Gentiles seek:) for your heavenly Father knoweth that ye have need of all these things.
Acts 14:27 And when they were come, and had gathered the church together, they rehearsed all that God had done with them, and how he had opened the door of faith unto the Gentiles.
Acts 17:25 Neither is worshipped with men's hands, as though he needed any thing, seeing he giveth to all life, and breath, and all things;

richly:

Ecclesiastes 5:18-19 Behold [that] which I have seen: [it is] good and comely [for one] to eat and to drink, and to enjoy the good of all his labour that he taketh under the sun all the days of his life, which God giveth him: for it [is] his portion. ... Every man also to whom God hath given riches and wealth, and hath given him power to eat thereof, and to take his portion, and to rejoice in his labour; this [is] the gift of God.
Colossians 3:16 Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom; teaching and admonishing one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing with grace in your hearts to the Lord.
Titus 3:6 Which he shed on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Saviour;
*marg.
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