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1 Timothy 6:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Fight the good fight of the faith, lay hold on the life eternal, whereunto thou wast called, and didst confess the good confession in the sight of many witnesses.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Fight the good fight of faith, lay hold on eternal life, whereunto thou art also called, and hast professed a good profession before many witnesses.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Fight the good fight of faith; take hold of the eternal life to which you were called, and you made the good confession in the presence of many witnesses.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Fight the good fight of faith, lay hold on eternal life, to which thou art also called, and hast professed a good profession before many witnesses.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Strive earnestly [in] the good conflict of faith. Lay hold of eternal life, to which thou hast been called, and hast confessed the good confession before many witnesses.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Be contesting the noble contest of the faith,—lay hold of the age-abiding life—unto which thou wast called, and didst make the noble confession before many witnesses.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— be striving the good strife of the faith, be laying hold on the life age-during, to which also thou wast called, and didst profess the right profession before many witnesses.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Fight the good fight of faith. Lay hold on eternal life, whereunto thou art called and be it confessed a good confession before many witnesses.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Fight the good fight of faith, lay hold on eternall life, whereunto thou art also called, and hast professed a good profession before many witnesses.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And contend in the good agony of faith, and lay hold of the life which is eternal, unto which thou art called, and hast confessed a good confession before many witnesses.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And contend in the good contest of faith; and lay hold of life eternal, to which thou art called, and [of which] thou hast confessed a good confession before many witnesses.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Fight 75
{0075} Prime
ἀγωνίζομαι
agonizomai
{ag-o-nid'-zom-ahee}
From G0073; to struggle, literally (to compete for a prize), figuratively (to contend with an adversary), or generally (to endeavor to accomplish something).
z5737
<5737> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 152
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
good 2570
{2570} Prime
καλός
kalos
{kal-os'}
Of uncertain affinity; properly beautiful, but chiefly (figuratively) good (literally or morally), that is, valuable or virtuous (for appearance or use, and thus distinguished from G0018, which is properly intrinsic).
fight 73
{0073} Prime
ἀγών
agon
{ag-one'}
From G0071; properly a place of assembly (as if led), that is, (by implication) a contest (held there); figuratively an effort or anxiety.
of faith, 4102
{4102} Prime
πίστις
pistis
{pis'-tis}
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
lay hold on 1949
{1949} Prime
ἐπιλαμβάνομαι
epilambanomai
{ep-ee-lam-ban'-om-ahee}
Middle voice from G1909 and G2983; to seize (for help, injury, attainment or any other purpose; literally or figuratively).
z5634
<5634> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 7
eternal 166
{0166} Prime
αἰώνιος
aionios
{ahee-o'-nee-os}
From G0165; perpetual (also used of past time, or past and future as well).
life, 2222
{2222} Prime
ζωή
zoe
{dzo-ay'}
From G2198; life (literally or figuratively).
whereunto 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
thou art y2564
[2564] Standard
καλέω
kaleo
{kal-eh'-o}
Akin to the base of G2753; to 'call' (properly aloud, but used in a variety of applications, directly or otherwise).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
called, 2564
{2564} Prime
καλέω
kaleo
{kal-eh'-o}
Akin to the base of G2753; to 'call' (properly aloud, but used in a variety of applications, directly or otherwise).
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
hast professed 3670
{3670} Prime
ὁμολογέω
homologeo
{hom-ol-og-eh'-o}
From a compound of the base of G3674 and G3056; to assent, that is, covenant, acknowledge.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
a good 2570
{2570} Prime
καλός
kalos
{kal-os'}
Of uncertain affinity; properly beautiful, but chiefly (figuratively) good (literally or morally), that is, valuable or virtuous (for appearance or use, and thus distinguished from G0018, which is properly intrinsic).
profession 3671
{3671} Prime
ὁμολογία
homologia
{hom-ol-og-ee'-ah}
From the same as G3670; acknowledgment.
before 1799
{1799} Prime
ἐνώπιον
enopion
{en-o'-pee-on}
Neuter of a compound of G1722 and a derivation of G3700; in the face of (literally or figuratively).
many 4183
{4183} Prime
πολύς
polus
{pol-oos'}
Including the forms from the alternate 'pollos'; (singular) much (in any respect) or (plural) many; neuter (singular) as adverb largely; neuter (plural) as adverb or noun often, mostly, largely.
witnesses. 3144
{3144} Prime
μάρτυς
martus
{mar'-toos}
Of uncertain affinity; a witness (literally [judicially] or figuratively [generally]); by analogy a 'martyr'.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Timothy 6:12

_ _ Fight the good fight — Birks thinks this Epistle was written from Corinth, where contests in the national games recurred at stated seasons, which will account for the allusion here as in 1 Corinthians 9:24-26. Contrast “strifes of words” (1 Timothy 6:4). Compare 1 Timothy 1:18; 2 Timothy 4:7. The “good profession” is connected with the good fight (Psalms 60:4).

_ _ lay hold on eternal life — the crown, or garland, the prize of victory, laid hold of by the winner in the “good fight” (2 Timothy 4:7, 2 Timothy 4:8; Philippians 3:12-14). “Fight (literally, ‘strive’) with such striving earnestness as to lay hold on the prize, eternal life.

_ _ also — not in the oldest manuscripts.

_ _ professed a good professionGreek, “didst confess THE good confession,” namely, the Christian confession (as the Greek word is the same in this verse as that for “confession” in 1 Timothy 6:13, probably the profession here is the confession that Christ’s kingdom is the kingdom of the truth, John 18:36, John 18:37), at thy being set apart to thy ministerial function (whether in general, or as overseer at Ephesus): the same occasion as is referred to in 1 Timothy 1:18; 1 Timothy 4:14; 2 Timothy 1:4.

_ _ before many witnesses — who would testify against thee if thou shouldest fall away [Bengel].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Timothy 6:6-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Timothy 6:12

Fight the good fight of faith — Not about words. Lay hold on eternal life — Just before thee. Thou hast confessed the good confession — Perhaps at his baptism: so likewise, 1 Timothy 6:13; but with a remarkable variation of the expression. Thou hast confessed the good confession before many witnesses — To which they all assented. He witnessed the good confession; but Pilate did not assent to it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Fight:

1 Timothy 1:18 This charge I commit unto thee, son Timothy, according to the prophecies which went before on thee, that thou by them mightest war a good warfare;
Zechariah 10:5 And they shall be as mighty [men], which tread down [their enemies] in the mire of the streets in the battle: and they shall fight, because the LORD [is] with them, and the riders on horses shall be confounded.
1 Corinthians 9:25-26 And every man that striveth for the mastery is temperate in all things. Now they [do it] to obtain a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible. ... I therefore so run, not as uncertainly; so fight I, not as one that beateth the air:
2 Corinthians 6:7 By the word of truth, by the power of God, by the armour of righteousness on the right hand and on the left,
2 Corinthians 10:3-5 For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war after the flesh: ... Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ;
Ephesians 6:10-18 Finally, my brethren, be strong in the Lord, and in the power of his might. ... Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance and supplication for all saints;
1 Thessalonians 5:8-9 But let us, who are of the day, be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love; and for an helmet, the hope of salvation. ... For God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ,
2 Timothy 4:7 I have fought a good fight, I have finished [my] course, I have kept the faith:

lay:

1 Timothy 6:19 Laying up in store for themselves a good foundation against the time to come, that they may lay hold on eternal life.
Psalms 63:8 My soul followeth hard after thee: thy right hand upholdeth me.
Proverbs 3:18 She [is] a tree of life to them that lay hold upon her: and happy [is every one] that retaineth her.
Song of Songs 3:4 [It was] but a little that I passed from them, but I found him whom my soul loveth: I held him, and would not let him go, until I had brought him into my mother's house, and into the chamber of her that conceived me.
Philippians 3:12-14 Not as though I had already attained, either were already perfect: but I follow after, if that I may apprehend that for which also I am apprehended of Christ Jesus. ... I press toward the mark for the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus.
Hebrews 3:14 For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence stedfast unto the end;
Hebrews 6:18 That by two immutable things, in which [it was] impossible for God to lie, we might have a strong consolation, who have fled for refuge to lay hold upon the hope set before us:
1 John 2:25 And this is the promise that he hath promised us, [even] eternal life.
Revelation 3:3 Remember therefore how thou hast received and heard, and hold fast, and repent. If therefore thou shalt not watch, I will come on thee as a thief, and thou shalt not know what hour I will come upon thee.

whereunto:

Romans 8:28-30 And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to [his] purpose. ... Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.
Romans 9:23-24 And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory, ... Even us, whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles?
Colossians 3:15 And let the peace of God rule in your hearts, to the which also ye are called in one body; and be ye thankful.
1 Thessalonians 2:12 That ye would walk worthy of God, who hath called you unto his kingdom and glory.
2 Thessalonians 2:14 Whereunto he called you by our gospel, to the obtaining of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.
2 Timothy 1:9 Who hath saved us, and called [us] with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began,
1 Peter 3:9 Not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing: but contrariwise blessing; knowing that ye are thereunto called, that ye should inherit a blessing.
1 Peter 5:10 But the God of all grace, who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after that ye have suffered a while, make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle [you].

hast:

1 Timothy 6:13 I give thee charge in the sight of God, who quickeneth all things, and [before] Christ Jesus, who before Pontius Pilate witnessed a good confession;
Deuteronomy 26:3 And thou shalt go unto the priest that shall be in those days, and say unto him, I profess this day unto the LORD thy God, that I am come unto the country which the LORD sware unto our fathers for to give us.
Deuteronomy 26:17-19 Thou hast avouched the LORD this day to be thy God, and to walk in his ways, and to keep his statutes, and his commandments, and his judgments, and to hearken unto his voice: ... And to make thee high above all nations which he hath made, in praise, and in name, and in honour; and that thou mayest be an holy people unto the LORD thy God, as he hath spoken.
Isaiah 44:5 One shall say, I [am] the LORD'S; and another shall call [himself] by the name of Jacob; and another shall subscribe [with] his hand unto the LORD, and surname [himself] by the name of Israel.
Luke 12:8-9 Also I say unto you, Whosoever shall confess me before men, him shall the Son of man also confess before the angels of God: ... But he that denieth me before men shall be denied before the angels of God.
Romans 10:9-10 That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. ... For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.
Hebrews 13:23 Know ye that [our] brother Timothy is set at liberty; with whom, if he come shortly, I will see you.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 26:3, 17. Ps 63:8. Pv 3:18. So 3:4. Is 44:5. Zc 10:5. Lk 12:8. Ro 8:28; 9:23; 10:9. 1Co 9:25. 2Co 6:7; 10:3. Ep 6:10. Php 3:12. Col 3:15. 1Th 2:12; 5:8. 2Th 2:14. 1Ti 1:18; 6:13, 19. 2Ti 1:9; 4:7. He 3:14; 6:18; 13:23. 1P 3:9; 5:10. 1Jn 2:25. Rv 3:3.

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