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1 Timothy 5:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Let none be enrolled as a widow under threescore years old, [having been] the wife of one man,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Let not a widow be taken into the number under threescore years old, having been the wife of one man,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— A widow is to be put on the list only if she is not less than sixty years old, [having been] the wife of one man,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Let not a widow be taken into the number under sixty years old, having been the wife of one man.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Let a widow be put upon the list, being of not less than sixty years, [having been] wife of one man,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Let, a widow, be put on the list—having become, not less than sixty years old, one man's, wife,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A widow—let her not be enrolled under sixty years of age, having been a wife of one husband,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Let a widow be chosen of no less than threescore years of age, who hath been the wife of one husband.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Let not a widow bee taken into the number, vnder threescore yeeres old, hauing bene the wife of one man,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Elect, then, the widow who is not less than sixty years, who hath had one husband,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Therefore elect thou the widow, who is not less than sixty years [old], and who hath been the wife of one man,

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Let y2639
[2639] Standard
καταλέγω
katalego
{kat-al-eg'-o}
From G2596 and G3004 (in its original meaning); to lay down, that is, (figuratively) to enrol.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
a widow 5503
{5503} Prime
χήρα
chera
{khay'-rah}
Feminine of a presumed derivation apparently from the base of G5490 through the idea of deficiency; a widow (as lacking a husband), literally or figuratively.
be taken into the number 2639
{2639} Prime
καταλέγω
katalego
{kat-al-eg'-o}
From G2596 and G3004 (in its original meaning); to lay down, that is, (figuratively) to enrol.
z5744
<5744> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 48
under 1640
{1640} Prime
ἐλάσσων
elasson
{el-as'-sone}
Comparative of the same as G1646; smaller (in size, quantity, age or quality).
threescore 1835
{1835} Prime
ἑξήκοντα
hexekonta
{hex-ay'-kon-tah}
The tenth multiple of G1803; sixty.
years x2094
(2094) Complement
ἔτος
etos
{et'-os}
Apparently a primary word; a year.
old, y2094
[2094] Standard
ἔτος
etos
{et'-os}
Apparently a primary word; a year.
having been 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5756
<5756> Grammar
Tense - Second Perfect (See G5782)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 43
the wife 1135
{1135} Prime
γυνή
gune
{goo-nay'}
Probably from the base of G1096; a woman; specifically a wife.
of one 1520
{1520} Prime
εἷς
heis
{hice}
(Including the neuter [etc.] ἕν [[hen]]); a primary numeral; one.
man, 435
{0435} Prime
ἀνήρ
aner
{an'-ayr}
A primary word (compare G0444); a man (properly as an individual male).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Timothy 5:9

_ _ Translate, “As a widow (that is, of the ecclesiastical order of widowhood; a kind of female presbytery), let none be enrolled (in the catalogue) who is less than sixty years old.” These were not deaconesses, who were chosen at a younger age (forty was the age fixed at the Council of Chalcedon), and who had virgins (in a later age called widows) as well as widows among them, but a band of widows set apart, though not yet formally and finally, to the service of God and the Church. Traces of such a class appear in Acts 9:41. Dorcas herself was such a one. As it was expedient (see on 1 Timothy 3:2; Titus 1:6) that the presbyter or bishop should have been but once married, so also in her case. There is a transition here to a new subject. The reference here cannot be, as in 1 Timothy 5:3, to providing Church sustenance for them. For the restriction to widows above sixty would then be needless and harsh, since many widows might be in need of help at a much earlier age; as also the rule that the widow must not have been twice married, especially since he himself, below (1 Timothy 5:14) enjoins the younger widows to marry again; as also that she must have brought up children. Moreover, 1 Timothy 5:10 presupposes some competence, at least in past times, and so poor widows would be excluded, the very class requiring charity. Also, 1 Timothy 5:11 would then be senseless, for then their remarrying would be a benefit, not an injury, to the Church, as relieving it of the burden of their sustenance. Tertullian [On the Veiling of Virgins, 9], Hermas [Shepherd, 1.2], and Chrysostom [Homily, 31], mention such an order of ecclesiastical widowhood, each one not less than sixty years old, and resembling the presbyters in the respect paid to them, and in some of their duties; they ministered with sympathizing counsel to other widows and to orphans, a ministry to which their own experimental knowledge of the feelings and sufferings of the bereaved adapted them, and had a general supervision of their sex. Age was doubtless a requisite in presbyters, as it is here stated to have been in presbyteresses, with a view to their influence on the younger persons of their sex They were supported by the Church, but not the only widows so supported (1 Timothy 5:3, 1 Timothy 5:4).

_ _ wife of one man — in order not to throw a stumbling-block in the way of Jews and heathen, who regarded with disfavor second marriages (see on 1 Timothy 3:2; Titus 1:6). This is the force of “blameless,” giving no offense, even in matters indifferent.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Timothy 5:3-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Timothy 5:9

Let not a widow be chosen — Into the number of deaconesses, who attended sick women or travelling preachers. Under threescore — Afterwards they were admitted at forty, if they were eminent for holiness. Having been the wife of one husband — That is, having lived in lawful marriage, whether with one or more persons successively.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Timothy 5:9

(9) Let not a widow be taken into the number under threescore years old, having been the wife of (b) one man,

(9) The fourth rule: let none under sixty years old be taken into the number of widows, to serve the congregations or churches. And they must be those who are free from every reproach of immorality, and are well reported of, for their diligence, charity, and integrity.

(b) That has only ever had one husband at a time.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
a widow:

1 Timothy 5:3-4 Honour widows that are widows indeed. ... But if any widow have children or nephews, let them learn first to shew piety at home, and to requite their parents: for that is good and acceptable before God.

taken:
or, chosen

under:

1 Timothy 5:11 But the younger widows refuse: for when they have begun to wax wanton against Christ, they will marry;
1 Timothy 5:14 I will therefore that the younger women marry, bear children, guide the house, give none occasion to the adversary to speak reproachfully.
Luke 2:36-37 And there was one Anna, a prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Aser: she was of a great age, and had lived with an husband seven years from her virginity; ... And she [was] a widow of about fourscore and four years, which departed not from the temple, but served [God] with fastings and prayers night and day.

having:

1 Timothy 3:2 A bishop then must be blameless, the husband of one wife, vigilant, sober, of good behaviour, given to hospitality, apt to teach;
1 Timothy 3:12 Let the deacons be the husbands of one wife, ruling their children and their own houses well.
1 Corinthians 7:10-11 And unto the married I command, [yet] not I, but the Lord, Let not the wife depart from [her] husband: ... But and if she depart, let her remain unmarried, or be reconciled to [her] husband: and let not the husband put away [his] wife.
1 Corinthians 7:39-40 The wife is bound by the law as long as her husband liveth; but if her husband be dead, she is at liberty to be married to whom she will; only in the Lord. ... But she is happier if she so abide, after my judgment: and I think also that I have the Spirit of God.
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Lk 2:36. 1Co 7:10, 39. 1Ti 3:2, 12; 5:3, 11, 14.

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