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1 Timothy 5:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But if any provideth not for his own, and specially his own household, he hath denied the faith, and is worse than an unbeliever.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But if any provide not for his own, and specially for those of his own house, he hath denied the faith, and is worse than an infidel.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But if anyone does not provide for his own, and especially for those of his household, he has denied the faith and is worse than an unbeliever.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But if any provideth not for his own, and especially for those of his own house, he hath denied the faith, and is worse than an infidel.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But if any one does not provide for his own, and specially for those of [his] house, he has denied the faith, and is worse than the unbeliever.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— If, however, anyone, for his own, and specially them of his household, taketh not forethought, his faith, hath he denied, and is worse, than one without faith!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and if any one for his own—and especially for those of the household—doth not provide, the faith he hath denied, and than an unbeliever he is worse.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But if any man have not care of his own and especially of those of his house, he hath denied the faith and is worse than an infidel.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But if any prouide not for his owne, & specially for those of his owne house, hee hath denied the faith, and is worse then an infidel.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For if a man hath not care of them who are his own, and especially of them who are children of the household of faith, he hath denied the faith, and is worse than those who believe not.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But if any one careth not for them who are his own, and especially for them who are of the household of faith, he hath rejected the faith, and is worse than the unbelievers.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
if x1487
(1487) Complement
εἰ
ei
{i}
A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.
any y1536
[1536] Standard
εἴ τις
ei tis
{i tis}
From G1487 and G5100; if any.
x5100
(5100) Complement
τὶς
tis
{tis}
An enclitic indefinite pronoun; some or any person or object.
provide y4306
[4306] Standard
προνοέω
pronoeo
{pron-o-eh'-o}
From G4253 and G3539; to consider in advance, that is, look out for beforehand (active voice by way of maintenance for others; middle voice by way of circumspection for oneself).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
not y3756
[3756] Standard
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
for x4306
(4306) Complement
προνοέω
pronoeo
{pron-o-eh'-o}
From G4253 and G3539; to consider in advance, that is, look out for beforehand (active voice by way of maintenance for others; middle voice by way of circumspection for oneself).
x3756
(3756) Complement
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
his own, 2398
{2398} Prime
ἴδιος
idios
{id'-ee-os}
Of uncertain affinity; pertaining to self, that is, one's own; by implication private or separate.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
specially 3122
{3122} Prime
μάλιστα
malista
{mal'-is-tah}
Neuter plural of the superlative of an apparently primary adverb μάλα [[mala]] (very); (adverb) most (in the greatest degree) or particularly.
for those of his own house, 3609
{3609} Prime
οἰκεῖος
oikeios
{oy-ki'-os}
From G3624; domestic, that is, (as noun), a relative, adherent.
he hath denied 720
{0720} Prime
ἀρνέομαι
arneomai
{ar-neh'-om-ahee}
Perhaps from G0001 (as a negative particle) and the middle of G4483; to contradict, that is, disavow, reject, abnegate.
z5763
<5763> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
faith, 4102
{4102} Prime
πίστις
pistis
{pis'-tis}
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
worse x5501
(5501) Complement
χείρων
cheiron
{khi'-rone}
Irregular comparative of G2556; from an obsolete equivalent χέρης [[cheres]] (of uncertain derivation); more evil or aggravated (physically, mentally or morally).
than y5501
[5501] Standard
χείρων
cheiron
{khi'-rone}
Irregular comparative of G2556; from an obsolete equivalent χέρης [[cheres]] (of uncertain derivation); more evil or aggravated (physically, mentally or morally).
an infidel. 571
{0571} Prime
ἄπιστος
apistos
{ap'-is-tos}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G4103; (actively) disbelieving, that is, without Christian faith (specifically a heathen); (passively) untrustworthy (person), or incredible (thing).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Timothy 5:8

_ _ But — reverting to 1 Timothy 5:4, “If any (a general proposition; therefore including in its application the widow’s children or grandchildren) provide not for his own (relations in general), and especially for those of his own house (in particular), he hath (practically) denied the faith.” Faith without love and its works is dead; “for the subject matter of faith is not mere opinion, but the grace and truth of God, to which he that believes gives up his spirit, as he that loves gives up his heart” [Mack]. If in any case a duty of love is plain, it is in relation to one’s own relatives; to fail in so plain an obligation is a plain proof of want of love, and therefore of want of faith. “Faith does not set aside natural duties, but strengthens them” [Bengel].

_ _ worse than an infidel — because even an infidel (or unbeliever) is taught by nature to provide for his own relatives, and generally recognizes the duty; the Christian who does not so, is worse (Matthew 5:46, Matthew 5:47). He has less excuse with his greater light than the infidel who may break the laws of nature.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Timothy 5:3-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Timothy 5:8

If any provide not — Food and raiment. For his own — Mother and grandmother, being desolate widows. He hath — Virtually. Denied the faith — Which does not destroy, but perfect, natural duties. What has this to do with heaping up money for our children, for which it is often so impertinently alleged? But all men have their reasons for laying up money. One will go to hell for fear of want; another acts like a heathen, lest he should be worse than an infidel.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
and specially:

Genesis 30:30 For [it was] little which thou hadst before I [came], and it is [now] increased unto a multitude; and the LORD hath blessed thee since my coming: and now when shall I provide for mine own house also?
Isaiah 58:7 [Is it] not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou bring the poor that are cast out to thy house? when thou seest the naked, that thou cover him; and that thou hide not thyself from thine own flesh?
Matthew 7:11 If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children, how much more shall your Father which is in heaven give good things to them that ask him?
Luke 11:11-13 If a son shall ask bread of any of you that is a father, will he give him a stone? or if [he ask] a fish, will he for a fish give him a serpent? ... If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children: how much more shall [your] heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him?
2 Corinthians 12:14 Behold, the third time I am ready to come to you; and I will not be burdensome to you: for I seek not yours, but you: for the children ought not to lay up for the parents, but the parents for the children.
Galatians 6:10 As we have therefore opportunity, let us do good unto all [men], especially unto them who are of the household of faith.

house:
or, kindred,
1 Timothy 5:4 But if any widow have children or nephews, let them learn first to shew piety at home, and to requite their parents: for that is good and acceptable before God.

he hath:

2 Timothy 3:5 Having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof: from such turn away.
Titus 1:16 They profess that they know God; but in works they deny [him], being abominable, and disobedient, and unto every good work reprobate.
Revelation 2:13 I know thy works, and where thou dwellest, [even] where Satan's seat [is]: and thou holdest fast my name, and hast not denied my faith, even in those days wherein Antipas [was] my faithful martyr, who was slain among you, where Satan dwelleth.
Revelation 3:8 I know thy works: behold, I have set before thee an open door, and no man can shut it: for thou hast a little strength, and hast kept my word, and hast not denied my name.

and is:

Matthew 18:17 And if he shall neglect to hear them, tell [it] unto the church: but if he neglect to hear the church, let him be unto thee as an heathen man and a publican.
Luke 12:47-48 And that servant, which knew his lord's will, and prepared not [himself], neither did according to his will, shall be beaten with many [stripes]. ... But he that knew not, and did commit things worthy of stripes, shall be beaten with few [stripes]. For unto whomsoever much is given, of him shall be much required: and to whom men have committed much, of him they will ask the more.
John 15:22 If I had not come and spoken unto them, they had not had sin: but now they have no cloke for their sin.
2 Corinthians 2:15-16 For we are unto God a sweet savour of Christ, in them that are saved, and in them that perish: ... To the one [we are] the savour of death unto death; and to the other the savour of life unto life. And who [is] sufficient for these things?
2 Corinthians 6:15 And what concord hath Christ with Belial? or what part hath he that believeth with an infidel?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 30:30. Is 58:7. Mt 7:11; 18:17. Lk 11:11; 12:47. Jn 15:22. 2Co 2:15; 6:15; 12:14. Ga 6:10. 1Ti 5:4. 2Ti 3:5. Tit 1:16. Rv 2:13; 3:8.

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A friend has a friend who is about do something immoral and possibly illegal under the guise of taking care of his household. Who is the our household as a man of God.
- DDD (10/3/2011 8:35:29 AM)
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