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1 Timothy 5:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But she that giveth herself to pleasure is dead while she liveth.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But she that liveth in pleasure is dead while she liveth.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But she who gives herself to wanton pleasure is dead even while she lives.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But she that liveth in pleasure, is dead while she liveth.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But she that lives in habits of self-indulgence is dead [while] living.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Whereas, she that runneth riot, while living, is, dead:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and she who is given to luxury, living—hath died;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For she that liveth in pleasures is dead while she is living.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But she that liueth in pleasure, is dead while she liueth.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But she who serveth pleasure is dead while she liveth.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But she who followeth pleasure, is dead while she liveth.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
she that liveth in pleasure 4684
{4684} Prime
From σπατάλη [[spatale]] (luxury); to be voluptuous.
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
is dead 2348
{2348} Prime
A strengthened form of a simpler primary word θάνω [[thano]], {than'-o} (which is used for it only in certain tenses); to die (literally or figuratively).
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
while she liveth. 2198
{2198} Prime
A primary verb; to live (literally or figuratively).
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Timothy 5:6

_ _ she that liveth in pleasure — the opposite of such a widow as is described in 1 Timothy 5:5, and therefore one utterly undeserving of Church charity. The Greek expresses wanton prodigality and excess [Tittmann]. The root expresses weaving at a fast rate, and so lavish excess (see on James 5:5).

_ _ dead while she liveth — dead in the Spirit while alive in the flesh (Matthew 8:22; Ephesians 5:14).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Timothy 5:3-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Timothy 5:6

She that liveth in pleasure — Delicately, voluptuously, in elegant, regular sensuality, though not in the use of any such pleasures as are unlawful in themselves.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Timothy 5:6

(8) But she that liveth in pleasure is dead while she liveth.

(8) The third rule: let widows that live in pleasure, and neglect the care of their own family, be held and considered as fallers away from God and his religion, and worse than the unfaithful themselves.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

1 Samuel 25:6 And thus shall ye say to him that liveth [in prosperity], Peace [be] both to thee, and peace [be] to thine house, and peace [be] unto all that thou hast.
Job 21:11-15 They send forth their little ones like a flock, and their children dance. ... What [is] the Almighty, that we should serve him? and what profit should we have, if we pray unto him?
Psalms 73:5-7 They [are] not in trouble [as other] men; neither are they plagued like [other] men. ... Their eyes stand out with fatness: they have more than heart could wish.
Isaiah 22:13 And behold joy and gladness, slaying oxen, and killing sheep, eating flesh, and drinking wine: let us eat and drink; for to morrow we shall die.
Amos 6:5-6 That chant to the sound of the viol, [and] invent to themselves instruments of musick, like David; ... That drink wine in bowls, and anoint themselves with the chief ointments: but they are not grieved for the affliction of Joseph.
Luke 12:19 And I will say to my soul, Soul, thou hast much goods laid up for many years; take thine ease, eat, drink, [and] be merry.
Luke 15:13 And not many days after the younger son gathered all together, and took his journey into a far country, and there wasted his substance with riotous living.
Luke 16:19 There was a certain rich man, which was clothed in purple and fine linen, and fared sumptuously every day:
James 5:5 Ye have lived in pleasure on the earth, and been wanton; ye have nourished your hearts, as in a day of slaughter.
Revelation 18:7 How much she hath glorified herself, and lived deliciously, so much torment and sorrow give her: for she saith in her heart, I sit a queen, and am no widow, and shall see no sorrow.

in pleasure:
or, delicately,
Deuteronomy 28:54 [So that] the man [that is] tender among you, and very delicate, his eye shall be evil toward his brother, and toward the wife of his bosom, and toward the remnant of his children which he shall leave:
Deuteronomy 28:56 The tender and delicate woman among you, which would not adventure to set the sole of her foot upon the ground for delicateness and tenderness, her eye shall be evil toward the husband of her bosom, and toward her son, and toward her daughter,
1 Samuel 15:32 Then said Samuel, Bring ye hither to me Agag the king of the Amalekites. And Agag came unto him delicately. And Agag said, Surely the bitterness of death is past.
Proverbs 29:21 He that delicately bringeth up his servant from a child shall have him become [his] son at the length.
Isaiah 47:1 Come down, and sit in the dust, O virgin daughter of Babylon, sit on the ground: [there is] no throne, O daughter of the Chaldeans: for thou shalt no more be called tender and delicate.
Jeremiah 6:2 I have likened the daughter of Zion to a comely and delicate [woman].
Lamentations 4:5 They that did feed delicately are desolate in the streets: they that were brought up in scarlet embrace dunghills.
Luke 7:25 But what went ye out for to see? A man clothed in soft raiment? Behold, they which are gorgeously apparelled, and live delicately, are in kings' courts.


Matthew 8:22 But Jesus said unto him, Follow me; and let the dead bury their dead.
Luke 15:24 For this my son was dead, and is alive again; he was lost, and is found. And they began to be merry.
Luke 15:32 It was meet that we should make merry, and be glad: for this thy brother was dead, and is alive again; and was lost, and is found.
2 Corinthians 5:14-15 For the love of Christ constraineth us; because we thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead: ... And [that] he died for all, that they which live should not henceforth live unto themselves, but unto him which died for them, and rose again.
Ephesians 2:1 And you [hath he quickened], who were dead in trespasses and sins;
Ephesians 2:5 Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved;)
Ephesians 5:14 Wherefore he saith, Awake thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall give thee light.
Colossians 2:13 And you, being dead in your sins and the uncircumcision of your flesh, hath he quickened together with him, having forgiven you all trespasses;
Revelation 3:1 And unto the angel of the church in Sardis write; These things saith he that hath the seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars; I know thy works, that thou hast a name that thou livest, and art dead.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 28:54, 56. 1S 15:32; 25:6. Jb 21:11. Ps 73:5. Pv 29:21. Is 22:13; 47:1. Jr 6:2. Lm 4:5. Am 6:5. Mt 8:22. Lk 7:25; 12:19; 15:13, 24, 32; 16:19. 2Co 5:14. Ep 2:1, 5; 5:14. Col 2:13. Jm 5:5. Rv 3:1; 18:7.

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