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1 Timothy 5:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Now she that is a widow indeed, and desolate, hath her hope set on God, and continueth in supplications and prayers night and day.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Now she that is a widow indeed, and desolate, trusteth in God, and continueth in supplications and prayers night and day.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now she who is a widow indeed and who has been left alone, has fixed her hope on God and continues in entreaties and prayers night and day.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Now she that is a widow indeed, and desolate, trusteth in God, and continueth in supplications and prayers night and day.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Now she who [is] a widow indeed, and is left alone, has put [her] hope in God, and continues in supplications and prayers night and day.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, she who is indeed a widow, and is left alone, hath turned her hope towards God, and is giving attendance unto the supplications and the prayers, night and day,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And she who is really a widow and desolate, hath hoped upon God, and doth remain in the supplications and in the prayers night and day,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But she that is a widow indeed, and desolate, let her trust in God and continue in supplications and prayers night and day.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Now she that is a widow in deed, and desolate, trusteth in God, and continueth in supplications and prayers night and day.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But she who is truly a widow and solitary (is one) whose hope is in Aloha, and who persevereth in prayer and in supplication by night and by day.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Now she who is truly a widow, and solitary, her hope is in God; and she persevereth in prayers, and in supplications, by night and by day:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Now 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
she that is a widow 5503
{5503} Prime
χήρα
chera
{khay'-rah}
Feminine of a presumed derivation apparently from the base of G5490 through the idea of deficiency; a widow (as lacking a husband), literally or figuratively.
indeed, 3689
{3689} Prime
ὄντως
ontos
{on'-toce}
Adverb of the oblique cases of G5607; really.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
desolate, 3443
{3443} Prime
μονόω
monoo
{mon-o'-o}
From G3441; to isolate, that is, bereave.
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
trusteth 1679
{1679} Prime
ἐλπίζω
elpizo
{el-pid'-zo}
From G1680; to expect or confide.
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
in 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
continueth 4357
{4357} Prime
προσμένω
prosmeno
{pros-men'-o}
From G4314 and G3306; to stay further, that is, remain in a place, with a person; figuratively to adhere to, persevere in.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
in supplications 1162
{1162} Prime
δέησις
deesis
{deh'-ay-sis}
From G1189; a petition.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
prayers 4335
{4335} Prime
προσευχή
proseuche
{pros-yoo-khay'}
From G4336; prayer (worship); by implication an oratory (chapel).
night 3571
{3571} Prime
νύξ
nux
{noox}
A primary word; 'night' (literally or figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
day. 2250
{2250} Prime
ἡμέρα
hemera
{hay-mer'-ah}
Feminine (with G5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι [[hemai]] (to sit; akin to the base of G1476) meaning tame, that is, gentle; day, that is, (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Timothy 5:5

_ _ widow indeed, and desolate — contrasted with her who has children or grandchildren to support her (1 Timothy 5:4).

_ _ trusteth in God — perfect tense in Greek, “hath rested, and doth rest her hope in God.” 1 Timothy 5:5 adds another qualification in a widow for Church maintenance, besides her being” desolate” or destitute of children to support her. She must be not one “that liveth in pleasure” (1 Timothy 5:6), but one making God her main hope (the accusative in Greek expresses that God is the ultimate aim whereto her hope is directed; whereas, 1 Timothy 4:10, dative expresses hope resting on God as her present stay [Wiesinger]), and continuing constantly in prayers. Her destitution of children and of all ties to earth would leave her more unencumbered for devoting the rest of her days to God and the Church (1 Corinthians 7:33, 1 Corinthians 7:34). Compare also “Anna a widow,” who remained unmarried after her husband’s death and “departed not from the temple, but served God with fastings and prayers day and night” (Luke 2:36, Luke 2:37). Such a one, Paul implies, would be the fittest object for the Church’s help (1 Timothy 5:3); for such a one is promoting the cause of Christ’s Church by her prayers for it. “Ardor in prayers flows from hoping confidence in God” [Leo].

_ _ in supplications and prayersGreek, “in her supplications and prayers”; the former signifies asking under a sense of need, the latter, prayer (see on 1 Timothy 2:1; see on Philippians 4:6).

_ _ night and day — another coincidence with Luke (Luke 18:7, “cry day and night”); contrast Satan’s accusations “day and night” (Revelation 12:10).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Timothy 5:3-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Timothy 5:5

Widows indeed — Who have no near relations to provide for them; and who are wholly devoted to God. Desolate — Having neither children, nor grandchildren to relieve her.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Timothy 5:5

(7) Now she that is a widow indeed, and desolate, trusteth in God, and continueth in supplications and prayers night and day.

(7) The second rule. Let the church take care of those who are indeed widows, that is to say, those who are poor and destitute of help from their own friends, and live godly and religiously.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
a widow:

1 Timothy 5:3 Honour widows that are widows indeed.
Romans 1:5 By whom we have received grace and apostleship, for obedience to the faith among all nations, for his name:
Romans 1:12 That is, that I may be comforted together with you by the mutual faith both of you and me.
Romans 1:20-21 For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, [even] his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse: ... Because that, when they knew God, they glorified [him] not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened.
1 Corinthians 7:32 But I would have you without carefulness. He that is unmarried careth for the things that belong to the Lord, how he may please the Lord:

and desolate:

Isaiah 3:26 And her gates shall lament and mourn; and she [being] desolate shall sit upon the ground.
Isaiah 49:21 Then shalt thou say in thine heart, Who hath begotten me these, seeing I have lost my children, and am desolate, a captive, and removing to and fro? and who hath brought up these? Behold, I was left alone; these, where [had] they [been]?
Isaiah 54:1 Sing, O barren, thou [that] didst not bear; break forth into singing, and cry aloud, thou [that] didst not travail with child: for more [are] the children of the desolate than the children of the married wife, saith the LORD.
Lamentations 1:13 From above hath he sent fire into my bones, and it prevaileth against them: he hath spread a net for my feet, he hath turned me back: he hath made me desolate [and] faint all the day.

trusteth:

Ruth 2:12 The LORD recompense thy work, and a full reward be given thee of the LORD God of Israel, under whose wings thou art come to trust.
Psalms 91:4 He shall cover thee with his feathers, and under his wings shalt thou trust: his truth [shall be thy] shield and buckler.
Isaiah 12:2 Behold, God [is] my salvation; I will trust, and not be afraid: for the LORD JEHOVAH [is] my strength and [my] song; he also is become my salvation.
Isaiah 50:10 Who [is] among you that feareth the LORD, that obeyeth the voice of his servant, that walketh [in] darkness, and hath no light? let him trust in the name of the LORD, and stay upon his God.
1 Corinthians 7:32 But I would have you without carefulness. He that is unmarried careth for the things that belong to the Lord, how he may please the Lord:
1 Peter 3:5 For after this manner in the old time the holy women also, who trusted in God, adorned themselves, being in subjection unto their own husbands:

continueth:

Luke 2:37 And she [was] a widow of about fourscore and four years, which departed not from the temple, but served [God] with fastings and prayers night and day.
Luke 18:1 And he spake a parable unto them [to this end], that men ought always to pray, and not to faint;
Luke 18:7 And shall not God avenge his own elect, which cry day and night unto him, though he bear long with them?
Acts 26:7 Unto which [promise] our twelve tribes, instantly serving [God] day and night, hope to come. For which hope's sake, king Agrippa, I am accused of the Jews.
Ephesians 6:18 Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance and supplication for all saints;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ru 2:12. Ps 91:4. Is 3:26; 12:2; 49:21; 50:10; 54:1. Lm 1:13. Lk 2:37; 18:1, 7. Ac 26:7. Ro 1:5, 12, 20. 1Co 7:32. Ep 6:18. 1Ti 5:3. 1P 3:5.

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