Parallel Bible VersionsGreek Bible Study Tools

1 Timothy 5:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I charge [thee] in the sight of God, and Christ Jesus, and the elect angels, that thou observe these things without prejudice, doing nothing by partiality.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I charge [thee] before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, and the elect angels, that thou observe these things without preferring one before another, doing nothing by partiality.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— I solemnly charge you in the presence of God and of Christ Jesus and of [His] chosen angels, to maintain these [principles] without bias, doing nothing in a [spirit of] partiality.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I charge [thee] before God and the Lord Jesus Christ, and the elect angels, that thou observe these things without preferring one before another, doing nothing by partiality.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I testify before God and Christ Jesus and the elect angels, that thou keep these things without prejudice, doing nothing by favour.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— I adjure thee, before God, and Christ Jesus, and the chosen messengers, that, these things, thou observe, apart from prejudgment, doing, nothing, by partiality.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— I testify fully, before God and the Lord Jesus Christ, and the choice messengers, that these things thou mayest keep, without forejudging, doing nothing by partiality.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I charge thee, before God and Christ Jesus and the elect angels, that thou observe these things without prejudice, doing nothing by declining to either side.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I charge thee before God, and the Lord Iesus Christ, and the elect Angels, that thou obserue these things without preferring one before another, doing nothing by partialitie.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— I attest thee before Aloha and our Lord Jeshu Meshiha and his elect angels, that thou keep these, (precepts,) and let not thy mind be pre-occupied by any thing, and do nothing with acceptance of persons.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— I charge thee, before God, and our Lord Jesus the Messiah, and his elect angels, that thou observe these things; and let not your mind be preoccupied by any thing: and do nothing with a respect for persons.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I charge 1263
{1263} Prime
διαμαρτύρομαι
diamarturomai
{dee-am-ar-too'-rom-ahee}
From G1223 and G3140; to attest or protest earnestly, or (by implication) hortatively.
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
[thee] before 1799
{1799} Prime
ἐνώπιον
enopion
{en-o'-pee-on}
Neuter of a compound of G1722 and a derivation of G3700; in the face of (literally or figuratively).
God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the Lord 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
Jesus 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
Christ, 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
elect 1588
{1588} Prime
ἐκλεκτός
eklektos
{ek-lek-tos'}
From G1586; select; by implication favorite.
angels, 32
{0032} Prime
ἄγγελος
aggelos
{ang'-el-os}
From ἀγγέλλω [[aggello]] (probably derived from G0071; compare G0034; to bring tidings); a messenger; especially an 'angel'; by implication a pastor.
that 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
thou observe 5442
{5442} Prime
φυλάσσω
phulasso
{foo-las'-so}
Probably from G5443 through the idea of isolation; to watch, that is, be on guard (literally or figuratively); by implication to preserve, obey, avoid.
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
these things 5023
{5023} Prime
ταῦτα
tauta
{tow'-tah}
Nomitive or accusative neuter plural of G3778; these things.
without 5565
{5565} Prime
χωρίς
choris
{kho-rece'}
Adverb from G5561; at a space, that is, separately or apart from (often as preposition).
preferring one before another, 4299
{4299} Prime
πρόκριμα
prokrima
{prok'-ree-mah}
From a compound of G4253 and G2919; a prejudgment (prejudice), that is, prepossession.
doing 4160
{4160} Prime
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
nothing 3367
{3367} Prime
μηδείς
medeis
{may-dice'}
The masculine, feminine irregular (second form) and neuter (third form) from G3361 and G1520; not even one (man, woman, thing).
by 2596
{2596} Prime
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
partiality. 4346
{4346} Prime
πρόσκλισις
prosklisis
{pros'-klis-is}
From a compound of G4314 and G2827; a leaning towards, that is, (figuratively) proclivity (favoritism).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Timothy 5:21

_ _ I charge thee — rather as Greek, “I adjure thee”; so it ought to be translated (2 Timothy 4:1).

_ _ before — “in the presence of God.”

_ _ Lord — omitted in the oldest manuscripts God the Father, and Christ the Son, will testify against thee, if thou disregardest my injunction. He vividly sets before Timothy the last judgment, in which God shall be revealed, and Christ seen face to face with His angels

_ _ elect angels — an epithet of reverence. The objects of divine electing love (1 Peter 2:6). Not only “elect” (according to the everlasting purpose of God) in contradistinction to the reprobate angels (2 Peter 2:4), but also to mark the excellence of the angels in general (as God’s chosen ministers, “holy angels,” “angels of light”), and so to give more solemnity to their testimony [Calvin] as witnesses to Paul’s adjuration. Angels take part by action and sympathy in the affairs of the earth (Luke 15:10; 1 Corinthians 4:9).

_ _ these things — the injunctions, 1 Timothy 5:19, 1 Timothy 5:20.

_ _ without preferring one before another — rather as Greek,prejudice”; “judging before” hearing all the facts of a case. There ought to be judgment, but not prejudging. Compare “suddenly,” 1 Timothy 5:22, also 1 Timothy 5:24.

_ _ partialityin favor of a man, as “prejudice” is bias against a man. Some of the oldest manuscripts read, “in the way of summoning (brethren) before a (heathen) judge.” But Vulgate and other good authorities favor the more probable reading in English Version.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Timothy 5:17-25.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Timothy 5:21

I charge thee before God — Referring to the last judgment, in which we shall stand before God and Christ, with his elect, that is, holy, angels, who are the witnesses of our conversation. The apostle looks through his own labours, and even through time itself, and seems to stand as one already in eternity. That thou observe these things without prejudging — Passing no sentence till the cause is fully heard. Or partiality — For or against any one.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Timothy 5:21

(17) I charge [thee] before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, and the elect angels, that thou observe these things without preferring one before another, doing nothing by partiality.

(17) The fourth rule: let sincerity be used without any prejudice or respect of persons in ecclesiastical proceedings (especially against the elders), because God himself is present there, and the Lord Jesus Christ with a multitude of angels.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
charge:

1 Timothy 6:13 I give thee charge in the sight of God, who quickeneth all things, and [before] Christ Jesus, who before Pontius Pilate witnessed a good confession;
1 Thessalonians 5:27 I charge you by the Lord that this epistle be read unto all the holy brethren.
2 Timothy 2:14 Of these things put [them] in remembrance, charging [them] before the Lord that they strive not about words to no profit, [but] to the subverting of the hearers.
2 Timothy 4:1 I charge [thee] therefore before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and the dead at his appearing and his kingdom;

the elect:

Matthew 16:27 For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels; and then he shall reward every man according to his works.
Matthew 25:41 Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels:
2 Peter 2:4 For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast [them] down to hell, and delivered [them] into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment;
Jude 1:6 And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day.
Revelation 12:7-9 And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels, ... And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.
Revelation 14:10 The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb:

that:

Psalms 107:43 Whoso [is] wise, and will observe these [things], even they shall understand the lovingkindness of the LORD.
Psalms 119:34 Give me understanding, and I shall keep thy law; yea, I shall observe it with [my] whole heart.
Matthew 28:20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, [even] unto the end of the world. Amen.

without preferring:
or, without prejudice,
Leviticus 19:15 Ye shall do no unrighteousness in judgment: thou shalt not respect the person of the poor, nor honour the person of the mighty: [but] in righteousness shalt thou judge thy neighbour.
Deuteronomy 1:7 Turn you, and take your journey, and go to the mount of the Amorites, and unto all [the places] nigh thereunto, in the plain, in the hills, and in the vale, and in the south, and by the sea side, to the land of the Canaanites, and unto Lebanon, unto the great river, the river Euphrates.
Deuteronomy 33:9 Who said unto his father and to his mother, I have not seen him; neither did he acknowledge his brethren, nor knew his own children: for they have observed thy word, and kept thy covenant.
Proverbs 18:5 [It is] not good to accept the person of the wicked, to overthrow the righteous in judgment.
Luke 20:21 And they asked him, saying, Master, we know that thou sayest and teachest rightly, neither acceptest thou the person [of any], but teachest the way of God truly:
Acts 15:37-38 And Barnabas determined to take with them John, whose surname was Mark. ... But Paul thought not good to take him with them, who departed from them from Pamphylia, and went not with them to the work.
2 Corinthians 5:16 Wherefore henceforth know we no man after the flesh: yea, though we have known Christ after the flesh, yet now henceforth know we [him] no more.

partiality:

Malachi 2:9 Therefore have I also made you contemptible and base before all the people, according as ye have not kept my ways, but have been partial in the law.
James 2:1-4 My brethren, have not the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ, [the Lord] of glory, with respect of persons. ... Are ye not then partial in yourselves, and are become judges of evil thoughts?
James 3:17 But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, [and] easy to be intreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy.
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes



Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 19:15. Dt 1:7; 33:9. Ps 107:43; 119:34. Pv 18:5. Mal 2:9. Mt 16:27; 25:41; 28:20. Lk 20:21. Ac 15:37. 2Co 5:16. 1Th 5:27. 1Ti 6:13. 2Ti 2:14; 4:1. Jm 2:1; 3:17. 2P 2:4. Jde 1:6. Rv 12:7; 14:10.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on 1 Timothy 5:21.
Name:

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on 1 Timothy 5:21


Recent Chat Bible Comments