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1 Timothy 5:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Them that sin reprove in the sight of all, that the rest also may be in fear.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Them that sin rebuke before all, that others also may fear.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Those who continue in sin, rebuke in the presence of all, so that the rest also will be fearful [of sinning].
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Them that sin rebuke before all, that others also may fear.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Those that sin convict before all, that the rest also may have fear.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, them who are sinning, before all, do thou reprove, that, the rest also, may have, fear:—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Those sinning, reprove before all, that the others also may have fear;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Them that sin reprove before all that the rest also may have fear.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Them that sinne rebuke before all, that others also may feare.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Those who sin before all men reprove, that the rest may be afraid.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Those who sin before all rebuke; that the rest of the people may fear.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Them that sin 264
{0264} Prime
ἁμαρτάνω
hamartano
{ham-ar-tan'-o}
Perhaps from G0001 (as a negative particle) and the base of G3313; properly to miss the mark (and so not share in the prize), that is, (figuratively) to err, especially (morally) to sin.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
rebuke 1651
{1651} Prime
ἐλέγχω
elegcho
{el-eng'-kho}
Of uncertain affinity; to confute, admonish.
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
before 1799
{1799} Prime
ἐνώπιον
enopion
{en-o'-pee-on}
Neuter of a compound of G1722 and a derivation of G3700; in the face of (literally or figuratively).
all, 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
that 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
others 3062
{3062} Prime
λοιποί
loipoy
{loy-poy'}
Masculine plural of a derivative of G3007; remaining ones.
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
may y2192
[2192] Standard
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5725
<5725> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 352
fear. 5401
{5401} Prime
φόβος
phobos
{fob'-os}
From a primary φέβομαι [[phebomai]] (to be put in fear); alarm or fright.
x2192
(2192) Complement
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Timothy 5:20

_ _ Them that sin — whether presbyters or laymen.

_ _ rebuke before all — publicly before the Church (Matthew 18:15-17; 1 Corinthians 5:9-13; Ephesians 5:11). Not until this “rebuke” was disregarded was the offender to be excommunicated.

_ _ others ... fear — that other members of the Church may have a wholesome fear of offending (Deuteronomy 13:11; Acts 5:11).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Timothy 5:17-25.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Timothy 5:20

Those — Elders. That sin — Scandalously, and are duly convicted. Rebuke before all — The church.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Timothy 5:20

(16) Them that sin rebuke before all, that others also may fear.

(16) The third rule: let the leaders so convicted be openly rebuked, so that they may be an example to others.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
rebuke:

Leviticus 19:17 Thou shalt not hate thy brother in thine heart: thou shalt in any wise rebuke thy neighbour, and not suffer sin upon him.
Galatians 2:11-14 But when Peter was come to Antioch, I withstood him to the face, because he was to be blamed. ... But when I saw that they walked not uprightly according to the truth of the gospel, I said unto Peter before [them] all, If thou, being a Jew, livest after the manner of Gentiles, and not as do the Jews, why compellest thou the Gentiles to live as do the Jews?
2 Timothy 4:2 Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine.
Titus 1:13 This witness is true. Wherefore rebuke them sharply, that they may be sound in the faith;

that others:

1 Timothy 1:20 Of whom is Hymenaeus and Alexander; whom I have delivered unto Satan, that they may learn not to blaspheme.
Deuteronomy 13:11 And all Israel shall hear, and fear, and shall do no more any such wickedness as this is among you.
Deuteronomy 17:13 And all the people shall hear, and fear, and do no more presumptuously.
Deuteronomy 19:20 And those which remain shall hear, and fear, and shall henceforth commit no more any such evil among you.
Deuteronomy 21:21 And all the men of his city shall stone him with stones, that he die: so shalt thou put evil away from among you; and all Israel shall hear, and fear.
Acts 5:5 And Ananias hearing these words fell down, and gave up the ghost: and great fear came on all them that heard these things.
Acts 5:11 And great fear came upon all the church, and upon as many as heard these things.
Acts 19:17 And this was known to all the Jews and Greeks also dwelling at Ephesus; and fear fell on them all, and the name of the Lord Jesus was magnified.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 19:17. Dt 13:11; 17:13; 19:20; 21:21. Ac 5:5, 11; 19:17. Ga 2:11. 1Ti 1:20. 2Ti 4:2. Tit 1:13.

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