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1 Timothy 4:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— for bodily exercise is profitable for a little; but godliness is profitable for all things, having promise of the life which now is, and of that which is to come.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For bodily exercise profiteth little: but godliness is profitable unto all things, having promise of the life that now is, and of that which is to come.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— for bodily discipline is only of little profit, but godliness is profitable for all things, since it holds promise for the present life and [also] for the [life] to come.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For bodily exercise profiteth little: but godliness is profitable to all things, having promise of the life that now is, and of that which is to come.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— for bodily exercise is profitable for a little, but piety is profitable for everything, having promise of life, of the present one, and of that to come.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, the bodily training, for little, is profitable, whereas, godliness, for all things is profitable,—having, promise, of life—the present and the coming.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for the bodily exercise is unto little profit, and the piety is to all things profitable, a promise having of the life that now is, and of that which is coming;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For bodily exercise is profitable to little: but godliness is profitable to all things, having promise of the life that now is and of that which is to come.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For bodily exercise profiteth litle, but godlinesse is profitable vnto all things, hauing promise of the life that now is, and of that which is to come.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For the exercise of the body a little time profiteth; but righteousness in every thing profiteth, and hath the promise of the life of this time, and of the future.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For, exercising the body is profitable a little while; but righteousness is every way profitable and hath promise of the life of the present time and of that to come.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
bodily 4984
{4984} Prime
σωματικός
somatikos
{so-mat-ee-kos'}
From G4983; corporeal or physical.
exercise 1129
{1129} Prime
γυμνασία
gumnasia
{goom-nas-ee'-ah}
From G1128; training, that is, (figuratively) asceticism.
profiteth 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
5624
{5624} Prime
ὠφέλιμος
ophelimos
{o-fel'-ee-mos}
From a form of G3786; helpful or serviceable, that is, advantageous.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
little: 3641
{3641} Prime
ὀλίγος
oligos
{ol-ee'-gos}
Of uncertain affinity; puny (in extent, degree, number, duration or value); especially neuter (adverbially) somewhat.
y4314
[4314] Standard
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
but 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
godliness 2150
{2150} Prime
εὐσέβεια
eusebeia
{yoo-seb'-i-ah}
From G2152; piety; specifically the gospel scheme.
is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
profitable 5624
{5624} Prime
ὠφέλιμος
ophelimos
{o-fel'-ee-mos}
From a form of G3786; helpful or serviceable, that is, advantageous.
unto 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
all things, 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
having 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
promise 1860
{1860} Prime
ἐπαγγελία
epaggelia
{ep-ang-el-ee'-ah}
From G1861; an announcement (for information, assent or pledge; especially a divine assurance of good).
of the life 2222
{2222} Prime
ζωή
zoe
{dzo-ay'}
From G2198; life (literally or figuratively).
that now is, 3568
{3568} Prime
νῦν
nun
{noon}
A primary particle of present time; 'now' (as adverb of date, a transition or emphasis); also as noun or adjective present or immediate.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
of that which is to come. 3195
{3195} Prime
μέλλω
mello
{mel'-lo}
A strengthened form of G3199 (through the idea of expectation); to intend, that is, be about to be, do, or suffer something (of persons or things, especially events; in the sense of purpose, duty, necessity, probability, possibility, or hesitation).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Timothy 4:8

_ _ profiteth littleGreek, “profiteth to (but) a small extent.” Paul does not deny that fasting and abstinence from conjugal intercourse for a time, with a view to reaching the inward man through the outward, do profit somewhat, Acts 13:3; 1 Corinthians 7:5, 1 Corinthians 7:7; 1 Corinthians 9:26, 1 Corinthians 9:27 (though in its degenerate form, asceticism, dwelling solely on what is outward, 1 Timothy 4:3, is not only not profitable but injurious). Timothy seems to have had a leaning to such outward self-discipline (compare 1 Timothy 5:23). Paul, therefore, while not disapproving of this in its due proportion and place, shows the vast superiority of godliness or piety, as being profitable not merely “to a small extent,” but unto all things; for, having its seat within, it extends thence to the whole outward life of a man. Not unto one portion only of his being, but to every portion of it, bodily and spiritual, temporal and eternal [Alford]. “He who has piety (which is ‘profitable unto all things’) wants nothing needed to his well-being, even though he be without those helps which, ‘to a small extent,’ bodily exercise furnishes” [Calvin]. “Piety,” which is the end for which thou art to “exercise thyself” (1 Timothy 4:7), is the essential thing: the means are secondary.

_ _ having promise, etc. — Translate as Greek, “Having promise of life, that which now is, and that which is to come.” “Life” in its truest and best sense now and hereafter (2 Timothy 1:1). Length of life now so far as it is really good for the believer; life in its truest enjoyments and employments now, and life blessed and eternal hereafter (Matthew 6:33; Mark 10:29, Mark 10:30). “Now in this time” (Psalms 84:11; Psalms 112:1-10; Romans 8:28; 1 Corinthians 3:21, 1 Corinthians 3:22, “all things are yours ... the world, life ... things present, things to come”). Christianity, which seems to aim only at our happiness hereafter, effectually promotes it here (1 Timothy 6:6; 2 Peter 1:3). Compare Solomon’s prayer and the answer (1 Kings 3:7-13).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Timothy 4:6-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Timothy 4:8

Bodily exercise profiteth a little — Increases the health and strength of the body.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Timothy 4:8

(12) For bodily exercise profiteth little: but godliness is profitable unto all things, having promise of the life that now is, and of that which is to come.

(12) Godliness consists in spiritual exercise, and not in outward strictness of life, which though it is something to be esteemed, if it is used correctly, yet it is in no way comparable with godliness. For it profits not in and of itself, but through the benefit of another; but godliness has the promise both of the present life, and of that which is to come.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
bodily:

1 Samuel 15:22 And Samuel said, Hath the LORD [as great] delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the LORD? Behold, to obey [is] better than sacrifice, [and] to hearken than the fat of rams.
Psalms 50:7-15 Hear, O my people, and I will speak; O Israel, and I will testify against thee: I [am] God, [even] thy God. ... And call upon me in the day of trouble: I will deliver thee, and thou shalt glorify me.
Isaiah 1:11-16 To what purpose [is] the multitude of your sacrifices unto me? saith the LORD: I am full of the burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I delight not in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of he goats. ... Wash you, make you clean; put away the evil of your doings from before mine eyes; cease to do evil;
Isaiah 58:3-5 Wherefore have we fasted, [say they], and thou seest not? [wherefore] have we afflicted our soul, and thou takest no knowledge? Behold, in the day of your fast ye find pleasure, and exact all your labours. ... Is it such a fast that I have chosen? a day for a man to afflict his soul? [is it] to bow down his head as a bulrush, and to spread sackcloth and ashes [under him]? wilt thou call this a fast, and an acceptable day to the LORD?
Jeremiah 6:20 To what purpose cometh there to me incense from Sheba, and the sweet cane from a far country? your burnt offerings [are] not acceptable, nor your sacrifices sweet unto me.
Amos 5:21-24 I hate, I despise your feast days, and I will not smell in your solemn assemblies. ... But let judgment run down as waters, and righteousness as a mighty stream.
1 Corinthians 8:8 But meat commendeth us not to God: for neither, if we eat, are we the better; neither, if we eat not, are we the worse.
Colossians 2:21-23 (Touch not; taste not; handle not; ... Which things have indeed a shew of wisdom in will worship, and humility, and neglecting of the body; not in any honour to the satisfying of the flesh.
Hebrews 13:9 Be not carried about with divers and strange doctrines. For [it is] a good thing that the heart be established with grace; not with meats, which have not profited them that have been occupied therein.

little:
or, for a little time,
Hebrews 9:9-10 Which [was] a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience; ... [Which stood] only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed [on them] until the time of reformation.

godliness:

1 Timothy 6:6 But godliness with contentment is great gain.
Job 22:2 Can a man be profitable unto God, as he that is wise may be profitable unto himself?
Titus 3:8 [This is] a faithful saying, and these things I will that thou affirm constantly, that they which have believed in God might be careful to maintain good works. These things are good and profitable unto men.

having:

Deuteronomy 28:1-14 And it shall come to pass, if thou shalt hearken diligently unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to observe [and] to do all his commandments which I command thee this day, that the LORD thy God will set thee on high above all nations of the earth: ... And thou shalt not go aside from any of the words which I command thee this day, [to] the right hand, or [to] the left, to go after other gods to serve them.
Job 5:19-26 He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. ... Thou shalt come to [thy] grave in a full age, like as a shock of corn cometh in in his season.
Psalms 37:3-4 Trust in the LORD, and do good; [so] shalt thou dwell in the land, and verily thou shalt be fed. ... Delight thyself also in the LORD; and he shall give thee the desires of thine heart.
Psalms 37:16-19 A little that a righteous man hath [is] better than the riches of many wicked. ... They shall not be ashamed in the evil time: and in the days of famine they shall be satisfied.
Psalms 37:29 The righteous shall inherit the land, and dwell therein for ever.
Psalms 84:11 For the LORD God [is] a sun and shield: the LORD will give grace and glory: no good [thing] will he withhold from them that walk uprightly.
Psalms 91:10-16 There shall no evil befall thee, neither shall any plague come nigh thy dwelling. ... With long life will I satisfy him, and shew him my salvation.
Psalms 112:1-3 Praise ye the LORD. Blessed [is] the man [that] feareth the LORD, [that] delighteth greatly in his commandments. ... Wealth and riches [shall be] in his house: and his righteousness endureth for ever.
Psalms 128:1-6 [[A Song of degrees.]] Blessed [is] every one that feareth the LORD; that walketh in his ways. ... Yea, thou shalt see thy children's children, [and] peace upon Israel.
Psalms 145:19 He will fulfil the desire of them that fear him: he also will hear their cry, and will save them.
Proverbs 3:16-18 Length of days [is] in her right hand; [and] in her left hand riches and honour. ... She [is] a tree of life to them that lay hold upon her: and happy [is every one] that retaineth her.
Ecclesiastes 8:12 Though a sinner do evil an hundred times, and his [days] be prolonged, yet surely I know that it shall be well with them that fear God, which fear before him:
Isaiah 3:10 Say ye to the righteous, that [it shall be] well [with him]: for they shall eat the fruit of their doings.
Isaiah 32:17-18 And the work of righteousness shall be peace; and the effect of righteousness quietness and assurance for ever. ... And my people shall dwell in a peaceable habitation, and in sure dwellings, and in quiet resting places;
Isaiah 33:16 He shall dwell on high: his place of defence [shall be] the munitions of rocks: bread shall be given him; his waters [shall be] sure.
Isaiah 65:13-14 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, my servants shall eat, but ye shall be hungry: behold, my servants shall drink, but ye shall be thirsty: behold, my servants shall rejoice, but ye shall be ashamed: ... Behold, my servants shall sing for joy of heart, but ye shall cry for sorrow of heart, and shall howl for vexation of spirit.
Matthew 5:3-12 Blessed [are] the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. ... Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: for great [is] your reward in heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets which were before you.
Matthew 6:33 But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness; and all these things shall be added unto you.
Matthew 19:29 And every one that hath forsaken houses, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for my name's sake, shall receive an hundredfold, and shall inherit everlasting life.
Mark 10:19-20 Thou knowest the commandments, Do not commit adultery, Do not kill, Do not steal, Do not bear false witness, Defraud not, Honour thy father and mother. ... And he answered and said unto him, Master, all these have I observed from my youth.
Luke 12:31 But rather seek ye the kingdom of God; and all these things shall be added unto you.
Luke 12:32 Fear not, little flock; for it is your Father's good pleasure to give you the kingdom.
Romans 8:28 And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to [his] purpose.
1 Corinthians 3:22 Whether Paul, or Apollos, or Cephas, or the world, or life, or death, or things present, or things to come; all are yours;
2 Peter 1:3-4 According as his divine power hath given unto us all things that [pertain] unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue: ... Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.
1 John 2:25 And this is the promise that he hath promised us, [even] eternal life.
Revelation 3:12 Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, [which is] new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God: and [I will write upon him] my new name.
Revelation 3:21 To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father in his throne.
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Dt 28:1. 1S 15:22. Jb 5:19; 22:2. Ps 37:3, 16, 29; 50:7; 84:11; 91:10; 112:1; 128:1; 145:19. Pv 3:16. Ec 8:12. Is 1:11; 3:10; 32:17; 33:16; 58:3; 65:13. Jr 6:20. Am 5:21. Mt 5:3; 6:33; 19:29. Mk 10:19. Lk 12:31, 32. Ro 8:28. 1Co 3:22; 8:8. Col 2:21. 1Ti 6:6. Tit 3:8. He 9:9; 13:9. 2P 1:3. 1Jn 2:25. Rv 3:12, 21.

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