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1 Timothy 4:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— but refuse profane and old wives' fables. And exercise thyself unto godliness:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But refuse profane and old wives' fables, and exercise thyself [rather] unto godliness.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But have nothing to do with worldly fables fit only for old women. On the other hand, discipline yourself for the purpose of godliness;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But refuse profane and old wives' fables, and exercise thyself [rather] to godliness.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But profane and old wives' fables avoid, but exercise thyself unto piety;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, from the profane and old-wives' stories, excuse thyself, and be training thyself unto godliness;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the profane and old women's fables reject thou, and exercise thyself unto piety,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But avoid foolish and old wives fables: and exercise thyself unto godliness.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But refuse prophane and olde wiues fables, and exercise thy selfe [rather] vnto godlinesse.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But from the foolish stories of old women abstain; and exercise thy soul in righteousness.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But the silly tales of old women, shun thou; and occupy thyself with righteousness.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
refuse 3868
{3868} Prime
παραιτέομαι
paraiteomai
{par-ahee-teh'-om-ahee}
From G3844 and the middle of G0154; to beg off, that is, deprecate, decline, shun.
z5737
<5737> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 152
profane 952
{0952} Prime
βέβηλος
bebelos
{beb'-ay-los}
From the base of G0939 and βηλός [[belos]] (a threshold); accessible (as by crossing the door way), that is, (by implication of Jewish notions) heathenish, wicked.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
old wives' 1126
{1126} Prime
γραώδης
graodes
{grah-o'-dace}
From γραῦς [[graus]] (an old woman) and G1491; crone like, that is, silly.
fables, 3454
{3454} Prime
μῦθος
muthos
{moo'-thos}
Perhaps from the same as G3453 (through the idea of tuition); a tale, that is, fiction ('myth').
and 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
exercise 1128
{1128} Prime
γυμνάζω
gumnazo
{goom-nad'-zo}
From G1131; to practise naked (in the games), that is, train (figuratively).
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
thyself 4572
{4572} Prime
σεαυτοῦ
seautou
{seh-ow-too'}
The genitive case from G4571 and G0846, with the dative and accusative of the same with contractions, respectively, of (with, to) thyself.
[rather] unto 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
godliness. 2150
{2150} Prime
εὐσέβεια
eusebeia
{yoo-seb'-i-ah}
From G2152; piety; specifically the gospel scheme.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Timothy 4:7

_ _ refuse — reject, avoid, have nothing to do with (2 Timothy 2:23; Titus 3:10).

_ _ old wives’ fables — anile myths (1 Timothy 1:4, 1 Timothy 1:9; Titus 1:14). They are “profane,” because leading away from “godliness” or “piety” (1 Timothy 1:4-7; 1 Timothy 6:20; 2 Timothy 2:16; Titus 1:1, Titus 1:2).

_ _ exercise thyself — literally, “exercise thyself” as one undergoing training in a gymnasium. Let thy self-discipline be not in ascetical exercises as the false teachers (1 Timothy 4:3, 1 Timothy 4:8; compare 2 Timothy 2:22, 2 Timothy 2:23; Hebrews 5:14; Hebrews 12:11), but with a view to godliness or “piety” (1 Timothy 6:11, 1 Timothy 6:12).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Timothy 4:6-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Timothy 4:7

Like those who were to contend in the Grecian games, exercise thyself unto godliness — Train thyself up in holiness of heart and life, with the utmost labour, vigour, and diligence.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Timothy 4:7

(10) But refuse profane and old wives' fables, (11) and exercise thyself [rather] unto (g) godliness.

(10) He contrasts again true doctrine not only with the false and apostate doctrine, but also with all vain and curious wiles.

(11) It is not only necessary that the minister of the word be sound in doctrine, but also that his life is godly and religious.

(g) In the true serving of God.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
refuse:

1 Timothy 1:4 Neither give heed to fables and endless genealogies, which minister questions, rather than godly edifying which is in faith: [so do].
1 Timothy 6:20 O Timothy, keep that which is committed to thy trust, avoiding profane [and] vain babblings, and oppositions of science falsely so called:
2 Timothy 2:16 But shun profane [and] vain babblings: for they will increase unto more ungodliness.
2 Timothy 2:23 But foolish and unlearned questions avoid, knowing that they do gender strifes.
2 Timothy 4:4 And they shall turn away [their] ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables.
Titus 1:14 Not giving heed to Jewish fables, and commandments of men, that turn from the truth.
Titus 3:9 But avoid foolish questions, and genealogies, and contentions, and strivings about the law; for they are unprofitable and vain.

exercise:

1 Timothy 1:4 Neither give heed to fables and endless genealogies, which minister questions, rather than godly edifying which is in faith: [so do].
1 Timothy 2:10 But (which becometh women professing godliness) with good works.
1 Timothy 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.
1 Timothy 6:11 But thou, O man of God, flee these things; and follow after righteousness, godliness, faith, love, patience, meekness.
Acts 24:16 And herein do I exercise myself, to have always a conscience void of offence toward God, and [toward] men.
2 Timothy 3:12 Yea, and all that will live godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution.
Titus 2:12 Teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world;
Hebrews 5:14 But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, [even] those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.
2 Peter 1:5-8 And beside this, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge; ... For if these things be in you, and abound, they make [you that ye shall] neither [be] barren nor unfruitful in the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ac 24:16. 1Ti 1:4; 2:10; 3:16; 6:11, 20. 2Ti 2:16, 23; 3:12; 4:4. Tit 1:14; 2:12; 3:9. He 5:14. 2P 1:5.

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